Investiture Rules and Formation of Minority Governments in Parliamentary Democracies

Seminar, February 13th, 2018 12:30 pm-2:30pm
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LIEPP is glad to invite you to the lunch-seminar with Bjørn Erik Rasch (the visiting professor):

"Investiture Rules and Formation of Minority Governments in 
Parliamentary Democracies"

Tuesday  February 13th 2018
12h30 pm - 2h30 pm
LIEPP's Seminar Room
254 bvd Saint-Germain 75007 Paris

Click here to register

  

Rasch

 

   Bjørn Erik Rasch

   Professor of Political Science at the University of Oslo

   Visiting Professor at LIEPP from 01/02 to 02/03/2018

 

 

Abstract :

Scholars have long pondered the degree to which institutions and rules impact the type of government that is formed in parliamentary democracies. For example, the presence or absence of a parliamentary investiture vote is said to affect whether minority governments will be formed. We argue that the mere existence of an investiture rule does not necessarily change the likelihood of minority government formation. We demonstrate that real-world investiture rules vary significantly across a number of dimensions and argue that, theoretically, investiture requirements can affect the emergence of a minority government through a transaction costs or a transparency mechanism. Using new data on investiture rules for 32 parliamentary democracies since 1946 we find support for the transparency effect of investiture rules on the likelihood of minority governments: the requirement that governments face an investiture vote only reduces the chances of minority governments when it requires the public and explicit support of an absolute majority of legislators. Parliamentary rules shape government formation, but only when the salient detail of the rules are accounted for. The wider suggestion is that scholars of government formation need to employ more nuanced measures of institutional variation. 

 

ECPR-SGEU Conference "Contradictions - Whither the Political, Economic and Social Integration of Europe?"

Sciences Po, Paris, June 13-15, 2018
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LIEPP in association with Centre d’études européennes et de politique comparée (CEE) co-organize the conference of European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) / Standing Group on the European Union (SGEU)  which will be held in Paris at Sciences Po from June 13th to June 15th 2018

The theme of the conference:

Contradictions – Whither the Political, Economic and Social Integration of Europe?

For some years, pundits have said that the European Union has been under stress and showing resilience, undergoing 'crises' requiring adaptation. Social scientists are trying to understand how current political tensions and policy contradictions affect the European project now that the 'permissive consensus' has come to an end, and the EU post-Lisbon 'constitutional compromise' looks fragile.

Scholars have been reflecting on the state of European integration with a diachronic perspective based on empirical work or theoretical endeavours. They shed light on the EU as a set of institutions and policies with elites and interest groups embedded in a wider international context. Analysis of the EU as a source of political cleavage are key to understanding populism, party realignment, territorial tensions in many member states, against the backdrop of inequalities within and across member states.

This conference will address the complex relationship between socioeconomic dynamics and EU developments, to understand the bases of political integration and its potential effects. Are the terms 'European society' or 'European economy' constructs reflecting an empirical reality and can they be linked to EU policies? In this era of 'lost illusions', our Paris meeting will also engage with debates in political, legal and social theory around key concepts including democracy, the rule of law, and legitimacy.

The conference provides space for researchers from various backgrounds – political science, history, sociology, law, anthropology, philosophy, geography, economics – to present and discuss cutting-edge research focused on the pressing questions of European integration. The ECPR's Standing Group on the European Union is committed to methodological pluralism, and encourages dialogue across academic disciplines.

For more information, see the ECPR website

What is the Impact of Grand Paris Express?

The LIEPP published two reports
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The LIEPP, in partnership with Société du Grand Paris, published the results of two research studies in order to inform investments in public infrastructures over the 2012-2019 period.

  • The fisrt study evaluates the impact of 'Grand Paris Express' (extension of subway network in Paris agglomeration) on labour and housing markets.

    For more information about the project
    For more information about the results: Policy Brief n°35
  • The second study evaluates the impact of 'Grand Paris Express' on foreign direct investments in Paris agglomeration. 

For more information about the project
For more information about the results: Policy Brief n°36

 

In the media

Article in Le Monde December 21, 2017: "Comment un réseau ferré peut-il créer 168 000 emplois ?".

Article in Le Monde Decemeber 28, 2017: "Le Grand Paris Express attirera-t-il des capitaux étrangers?" 

Article January 3, 2018 on the website of FNTP: "Les réseaux de métro déterminants de l'attractivité internationale des villes"

Article in Le journal du Grand Paris January 9, 2018: "Le Grand Paris express facteur d’attractivité des investissements étrangers"

LIEPP Newsletter January 10 2018

The latest news of the LIEPP
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For more information, please click on this link

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Cycle of seminars on Impact Evaluation of Public Policies, session 2

January 31st, 1:30 pm - 5:00 pm
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LIEPP & France Stratégie are glad to invite you to attend the second session of the seminar cycle on Impact Evaluation of Public Policies :

 

Séance 2. Quelle portée des résultats ? Le cas de la politique du logement
31 janvier 2018. Programme et inscriptions à la séance 2(inscription obligatoire)

Séance 1. La démarche d'évaluation et le choix des méthodes
17 novembre 2017. 
Compte-rendu de la séance 1.

France Stratégie coordonne un cycle de séminaires sur l’évaluation d’impact des politiques publiques, en partenariat avec différents laboratoires de recherche ou institutions dont l’Agence nouvelle des solidarités actives (Ansa), le Centre de recherche en économie et statistique (CREST), l’Insee, l’Institut d’économie publique (IDEP), le Laboratoire interdisciplinaire d’évaluation des politiques publiques de Sciences Po (LIEPP) et l’Institut des politiques publiques (École d’économie de Paris et GENES).

Six séances sont envisagées à raison d’une séance tous les deux mois environ, associant chacune un volet thématique et un volet transversal. Le volet thématique vise à illustrer l’apport de l’évaluation d’impact dans différents domaines de la politique publique sur des sujets précis (comme la taille des classes dans le domaine de l’éducation). Les domaines couverts porteront sur l’éducation, le logement, l’emploi, la santé, la criminalité et l’environnement.

Le volet transversal abordera différentes questions : la démarche d’évaluation et le choix des méthodes, la portée des résultats des évaluations, la place de l’évaluation d’impact dans le paysage de l’évaluation (y compris dans les évaluations administratives), les questions d’accès aux données confidentielles, la diffusion et la réception des résultats des évaluations d’impact et les défis pour l’évaluation d’impact.

Pour chaque séance, des personnes de profils variés (chercheurs, décideurs, praticiens), travaillant en France ou à l’étranger, interviendront pour croiser les points de vue.

Ce cycle de six séminaires s’adresse à un public large composé de praticiens de l’évaluation, d’entreprises, d’associations, des services d’études et de recherche de banques et compagnies d’assurance, d’organisations syndicales, d’étudiants, de chercheurs.

Selon les séances, le séminaire se tiendra dans les locaux de France Stratégie, à l’École d’Économie de Paris ou à Sciences Po.

 

For more information, please click on this link