The Middle Classes, Housing and Schooling in the City

Workshop LIEPP/OSC June 28th 2019, 9h30 - 19h00
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

LIEPP and OSC are glad to invite you to attend the workshop: 


The Middle Classes, Housing and Schooling in the City

Comparative Perspectives from Europe and South America

organisez by Marco Oberti and Quentin Ramond 

 

Friday June 28th 2019

9h30 - 19h00

Room LIEPP

254 boulevard Saint Germain, 75007 Paris

Please register here 

 

Presentation :

The workshop explores the interactions between middle-class housing and schooling practices and experiences in major cities across Europe and South America, calling into question their spatial dimension.

It will bring together scholars using theoretical and empirical tools from urban research, sociology of education and sociology of social stratification to reflect on the way space, housing and education interact in the definition of the middle classes and inform their role in the evolution of cities:

How are housing and schooling strategies articulated and foster uneven trajectories within the middle classes? 

What do these practices tell us about their relationships to other social groups and public institutions? 

What variations can we detect between cities? 

How do they relate to differences in terms of housing markets, school systems and middle-class characteristics?

Program: 

9h30 -10h00 : Welcome

10h00 - 10h15 : Introduction by Marco Oberti et Quentin Ramond 

10h15 - 12h30 :

  • The Middle Classes in the city : Theoretical Debates and Empirical Issues. Chair: Philippe Coulangeon
  • Social Reproduction and the Remaking of the Gentrified Inner City by Tim Butler and Chris Hamnett
  • Middle Classes Nomenclatures and Measurement : Comparative Perspectives between Europe and Latin America by Emmanuelle Barozet 
  • The Middle Classes in the Metropolises. A North-South Comparison by Adalberto Cardoso and Edmond Préteceille

12h30 - 14h00 : Lunch break

14h00 - 15h40 :

  • The Middle Classes, Housing and Schooling in the City (1). Chair : Pauline Clech
  • Searching for excellence : the middle classes, education and housing in Beijing by Tim Butler and Chris Hamnett
  • Socio-spatial Trajectories of Upper Middle Class Reproduction in the Neoliberal City by Maria Luisa Méndez and Modesto Gayo

15h40 - 16h00 : Coffee and tea break

16h00 - 18h15 :

  • The Middle Classes, Housing and Schooling in the City (2). Chair : Edmond Préteceille
  • The Relocation of Middle-Class Groups in Athens (1991 - 2011) and its Relation to the Spatially Uneven Distribution of School Quality by Thomas Maloutas
  • Social Rent : Causing or Reducing School Segregation ? by Willem Boterman and Sako Musterd 
  • Middle Classes Residential Status and School Patterns in the Paris Metropolis by Marco Oberti and Quentin Ramond

18h15 - 18h45 : Conclusion by Bruno Cousin and Tommaso Vitale

 

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4th Interdisciplinary Corruption Research Network

ICR Forum, June 13 and 14, 2019, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

The fourth annual ICRF, organized under the theme, “Varieties of (anti)corruption: Learning from the past to prepare the future” will take place on 13 - 15 June 2019, at the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine. The Forum aims to bring together an interdisciplinary group of international junior researchers and practitioners working on corruption and anti-corruption issues. 

This year’s forum will consist of interactive sessions focused on how corruption manifests differently in various contexts, and how, in a time of intense international and public pressure for reform, we can develop effective anti-corruption policies. Forum workshops will combine theoretical and empirical reflections on the role of political culture, institutions, existing social movements, international organizations, the role of political and economic elites, technological development and media for the dynamics and politics of corruption and the conception(s) of the opposite to corruption. The 2018 forum received over 200 applications from more than 45 countries and we anticipate matching or surpassing this high level of interest from participants for 2019.

Following the ICRN’s successful collaboration with the LIEPP during the Network’s genesis as well as with the organization of the 2nd ICRF held at Sciences Po in 2017, this cooperation continues with LIEPP’s financial and organizational support of the 2019 Forum. LIEPP funding in support of the 4th ICRF will primarily serve to finance the travel and lodging costs of a keynote speaker as well as several scholarship funds for junior researcher participants who are traveling from afar and would otherwise face financial obstacles to attending this event.

For more information about the program, enter here

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Downsian Convergence on Non-Policy Issues

LIEPP seminar - June 6th 2019 - 12:30-14:30
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

L'axe Evaluation de la démocratie du LIEPP a le plaisir de vous inviter au séminaire: 

Downsian Convergence on Non-Policy Issues: Evidence from Campaign Manifestos at French Legislative Elections

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Money and Ideology: Evidence from French Legislative elections

Caroline Le Pennec

Jeudi 6 juin 2019

12h30 - 14h30 

Salle du LIEPP

254 boulevard Saint Germain, 75007 Paris 

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Présentation: 

Downsian Convergence on Non-Policy Issues: Evidence from Campaign Manifestos at French Legislative Elections (joint with Paul Vertier)

In this paper we assess the extent to which individual politicians respond to electoral competition when policy positions are exogenously determined by their party and cannot be credibly altered. We exploit the natural variation in competition in two-round elections. More specifically, we assemble a unique dataset of about 30,000 manifestos circulated by candidates to the French legislative elections before each election round, between 1958 and 1993. Using computational text analysis, we scale manifestos on a left-to-right axis and show that candidates who make it to the runoff moderate their discourse before the second round. This convergence pattern toward the center of a left-to-right scale is not due to a change in views on policy issues. Instead, candidates move away from their party platform and campaign on more personalized and consensual arguments. We provide additional evidence that discourse moderation does not imply policy convergence but reflects convergence on non-policy issues. In particular, candidates who moderate their discourse the most seem less aligned with their voters' preferred platform and have lower chances of winning than other candidates from the same party. Conditional on being elected, they tend to engage in more legislative activity while in office - especially in activities related to constituency service.

Our empirical findings are consistent with a simple model where politicians choose strategically whether to campaign on - and later provide - policy or non-policy representation. As such, they have implications for our understanding of electoral competition and downsian convergence as a mechanism to provide 'good' representation, even when policy positions are fixed.

Money and Ideology: Evidence from French Legislative elections (joint with Julia Cage and Elisa Mougin)

We study the impact of corporate donations on the campaigning messages of the French Member of Parliament candidates and then on the subsequent parliamentary activity of the elected candidates. We construct a novel dataset that combines data on the type and amount of money received by the candidates and the contents of their political manifestos, as well as information on the bills their propose and on their questions to the members of the Government. We first analyze the determinants of corporate donations. Using textual analysis methods, we then examine whether the amount and the nature of donations influence electoral messages. More precisely, we study the impact of donations on candidate polarization and coherence with parties' stance and discourses. Considering the elected candidates, we finally analyze how their funding impact their subsequent parliamentary activity. Our data cover the 9th, 10th, and 11th legislatures: we exploit the French reform of 1988 that allow candidates to receive donations as a first shock on funding and the 1995 ban on corporate donations as a second shock, and use a difference-in-differences strategy to test for the effects of funding.

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