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Argentina, Bolivia, Borders, Brazil, Chile, Collective mobilizations, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratization, Dominican Republic, Economic transactions, Fight against crime and corruption, Haiti, Jamaica, Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peace / Peacekeeping, Peru, Political science, Politics / Political Systems, Regional integration, Sovereignty, State, Trade, Transnational, Transnational actors, Venezuela, Les études du CERI
Observatoire politique de l’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes de Sciences Po
Amérique latine - L’Année politique 2017 est une publication de l’Observatoire politique de l’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes (Opalc) du CERI-Sciences Po. Il prolonge la démarche du site www.sciencespo.fr/opalc en offrant des clés de compréhension d’un continent en proie à des transformations profondes.
Borders, Democratization, Governance, Identities, Iran, Middle East, Networks, Political science, Politics / Political Systems, Sociology, State, Les études du CERI
Elections have been trivialized in Iran. They allow for the expression of diversity, in particular ethnical and denominational, of historical regional identities, and prove the growing professionalization of political life. Paradoxically, such professionalization withdraws the Republic away into the levels of family, parenthood, autochthony, and even neighborhoods or devotional sociability, which are all institutions that instill a feeling of proximity, solidarity, communion; close to the notion of asabiyat. As the saying goes, the Islamic Republic has become a « parentocracy » (tâyefehsâlâri). The country’s industrial development isn’t at odds with such ponderousness since it lies on a web of very small family businesses. The analysis of the 2016 legislative elections in four wards reveals how important the issue of property is in political life, indivisible as it is of the various particularistic consciences. The connections with notables are still there, revealing lines of continuity with the old regime as well as longstanding agrarian conflicts that have not been erased by the Revolution and that are being kept alive through contemporary elections.
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Caucasus / Central Asia, Conflict resolution, Democratization, Economic transactions, European Union, Fight against crime and corruption, International security, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Politics / Political Systems, Regional integration, Russia, Russian Federation, Sovereignty, State, Tajikistan, Trade, Transnational, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Wars / Conflicts, Les études du CERI
Anne de Tinguy (Dir.)
Palestine: From an untraceable State to an impossible nation. What purpose do Palestinian leaders serve?
Conflict resolution, Democratization, Governance, Israel, Middle East, Palestine, Peace / Peacekeeping, Politics / Political Systems, Sovereignty, State, Territory, Violence, Wars / Conflicts, Les études du CERI
Today, the creation of a Palestinian state appears to be a distant possibility: the international community rejected to manage the issue, and the leadership in these territories weakened because of its divisions, revealing their inability to advance. Both the political and the territorial partition between the Gaza strip, governed by the Hamas and the West Bank, under Palestinian authority in line with Fatah, reveal a profound crisis that questions the very contours of Palestinian politics. It also shows that Hamas’ integration in the political game made it impossible to pursue the security subcontacting system. Maintaining the system avoids reconstructing the Palestinian political community, and makes it difficult to develop a strategy that moves towards sovereignty. Since October 2015, the popular and pacific resistance project has been shelved by the return of the violence against Israeli civilians. The Palestinian leadership counts on internationalization of the cause, which has shown mediocre results. Will the replacement of Mahmoud Abbas by his competitors permit to leave the rut?
Bulgaria, Central and Eastern Europe, Democratization, Europeanization, Fight against crime and corruption, Governance, Politics / Political Systems, Social policy, Les dossiers du CERI
Central and Eastern Europe, Czech Republic, Democratization, Governance, Multinational corporations, Politics / Political Systems, Les dossiers du CERI
Central and Eastern Europe, Czech Republic, Democratization, Europeanization, Governance, Hungary, Identities, Poland, Politics / Political Systems, Regional integration, Les dossiers du CERI
Central and Eastern Europe, Democratization, Poland, Politics / Political Systems, Regional integration, Les dossiers du CERI
Central and Eastern Europe, Democratization, Europeanization, Governance, Hungary, Nationalism, Political order, Politics / Political Systems, Regional integration, State, Les dossiers du CERI
Crime, Democratization, Human rights, Political science, Russia, Russian Federation, Sociology, Les études du CERI
Youth delinquency has been a hot topic in Russian society for many years. Numerous associations, NGOs and international organizations have raised public awareness of the problem and have encouraged the government to place judicial reform on its agenda. However, debate over how to apply it, the various possible models and how to structure the relationship between social and judicial institutions has been limited. Discussion has instead focused on the relative priorities to be given to the interests of children versus those of the family, so-called “traditional” versus “liberal” values, and the extent to which the State should interfere in the private lives of Russian citizens. Discussion of the actual situation of children at risk and the concrete problems posed by reform have been overshadowed by rumors, encouraged by a discourse of fear in an increasingly violent society that tend to distort the real problems. Additionally, implementation of international norms and judicial reform has been largely blocked by the patriotic agenda of the State.