Why Join a Coalition? Climate Change and International Negociation. Interview with Carola Klöck

Indigenous and environmental activists COP25 MadridCarola Klöck has recently coedited a volume entitled Coalitions in the Climate Change Negociations (Routledge). The volume provides a broad overview of cooperation patterns in climate change negotiations and an in-depth analysis of specific coalitions and their relations. Why do countries decide to join a coalition, and what are the potential costs of acting through coalitions? Are there specificities of coalitions in the climate change negociations? These are among the questions we asked Carola.

Carola Klöck: All UN negotiations are structured by coalitions or negotiation groups. Through coalitions, the entire process becomes more manageable, as it is much easier to recognize positions and find potential overlaps between say 10 actors than between almost 200 individual countries. It is simply not feasible to reach compromise and agreements among more than 190 different national positions. At the same time, through coalitions, countries can enhance their negotiation capacity and make their voice heard more.

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