In or Out? Xenophobic Violence and Immigrant Integration. Evidence from 19th century France

Mathilde Emeriau (LSE)
CRIS Scientific Seminar, Friday, February 10th 2023
  • Massacre des italiens, Aigues-Mortes, 1893 (Domaine public)Massacre des italiens, Aigues-Mortes, 1893 (Domaine public)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, February 10th 2023, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K008

In or Out? Xenophobic Violence and Immigrant Integration.
Evidence from 19th century France

Mathilde Emeriau

Assistant Professor in Empirical Political Economy, LSE (London)

Mathilde EmeriauHow do immigrants respond to xenophobic violence? We study the responses of Italian immigrants in 19th century France to a wave of xenophobic violence triggered by the assassination of the French president by an Italian anarchist in 1894.
By linking nominative census records between 1886, 1891 and 1896, we study the decision of Italian immigrants to either leave their host communities or stay and naturalize using a difference in differences design, comparing the change in exit and naturalization rate of Italians before and after the assassination to that of other foreigners in the same period.
While some Italians left, other stayed and naturalized.

Descriptively, our data is consistent with three different mechanisms: (1) Exposure to or fear of violence drove Italians out, (2) anticipating discrimination from consumers, business owners naturalized to avoid boycott by natives, (3) pressured by French workers, employers fired Italians workers who had to leave to find employment elsewhere.

Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

To find out more: Home page (LSE) - Website

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence on learning during the COVID-19 pandemic

Bastian Betthäuser, Anders Bach-Mortensen, Per Engzell
Nature Human Behaviour, January 2023
  • Image Smolaw (via Shutterstock)Image Smolaw (via Shutterstock)

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence on learning
during the COVID-19 pandemic

Bastian A. Betthäuser, Anders M. Bach-Mortensen, Per Engzell

Nature Human Behaviour, published 30 January 2023

Open Access - doi: 10.1038/s41562-022-01506-4 

Since the beginning of the pandemic, children in primary and secondary schools have lost out on one third of what they would have learned in a normal school year. The existing evidence suggests that children have thus far not recovered this learning deficit. These are the main conclusions of the study.
The authors analyzed data from more than 38 million school children in 15 countries.

  • Children in primary and secondary schools lost out on a substantial amount of learning early in the COVID-19 pandemic.
    The first months of the pandemic were very disruptive. Teachers, parents and children were not prepared for schools closing. Children’s ability to learn is likely to have been reduced by lockdowns and the associated economic uncertainties of many families.
  • Worryingly, children have still not recovered the learning they lost early in the pandemic.
    But, on the positive side, children, teachers and parents have been successful in preventing early learning deficits from growing even larger as the pandemic continues.”
  • The learning gap between children from different socioeconomic backgrounds increased during the pandemic. The learning crisis is an equality crisis. Children from disadvantaged families were disproportionately affected. At the same time, they had fewer means to continue learning from home, for example with respect to a quiet place to study or a computer.
  • The pandemic also reinforced learning inequality at the global level.
    Children in poorer countries lost out on more learning than their peers in richer countries.
  • The extent of learning deficits also differs across subjects.
    The authors see a larger learning deficit in maths compared to reading. This may be due to parents being better able to help their children with reading compared to maths.
  • A few countries seem to have avoided significant setbacks, and their experience may provide valuable policy lessons.
    In Sweden, where schools did not close, students are performing as well as in normal school years before the pandemic.
  • The study highlights that urgent policy action is needed to address setbacks in children’s learning.
    In order to allow children to recover learning lost during the pandemic, we need to provide them with opportunities to learn outside of the regular classroom hours. Potential ways to do this include offering summer schools, organizing tutoring programmes and improving digital learning platforms.

Is ‘diversity’ a liability or an asset in elite labour markets?

The case of graduates who have benefited from a French positive discrimination scheme
Agnès van Zanten, Journal of Education and Work
  • Image Reflex Pixel (via Shutterstock)Image Reflex Pixel (via Shutterstock)

Is ‘diversity’ a liability or an asset in elite labour markets?
The case of graduates who have benefited from a French positive discrimination scheme

Agnès van Zanten, Senior Researcher CNRS, Sciences Po - CRIS

Journal of Education and Work
Volume 36, 2023 - Issue 1: Positionality and social inequality in graduate careers

Available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/13639080.2022.2162016

 

Agnès van ZantenThis article analyses the obstacles faced by graduates who benefited from an ambitious positive discrimination scheme called conventions éducation prioritaire (acronym CEP) which was launched by Sciences Po in 2001 and which had involved 2,262 young people by 2020. The scheme (which operated from 2001–2020) represented a radical departure from the main admissions procedure at the time, which was based on a competitive written exam including several essays on traditional academic subjects.

It adopts a Bourdieusian perspective enriched by research on the barriers encountered by socially mobile individuals from disadvantaged and stigmatised categories and studies the experiences of graduates who lack the economic, cultural, and social capital necessary to compete with traditional holders of elite positions and who, due to their ascribed characteristics and/or the positive discrimination label itself, are prone to self-eliminate from elite positions or be subjected to discriminatory practices.

Using data collected through interviews with 42 beneficiaries of this scheme still in the early stages of their professional careers, the article shows that the graduates’ disadvantages and ways of coping with them, as well their chances of being stigmatised and reactions to this process, vary considerably.
This variation can be explained by different family backgrounds and ethnoracial characteristics but also by axiological positions towards employability and social mobility, with ‘purists’ more likely to invest in increasing their technical cultural capital to make up for ‘handicaps’ and ‘players’ more likely to put forward ‘soft skills’ including, in some cases, those associated with their ‘diversity’.

Social Diversity at School, Academic Performances, and Social Skills

Evidence From a French Desegregation Experiment
Elise Huillery, CRIS Scientific Seminar, 27 January 2023
  • Image Inside Creative House (via Shutterstock)Image Inside Creative House (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, January 27th 2023, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K008

Social Diversity at School, Academic Performances, and Social Skills:
Evidence From a French Desegregation Experiment

Élise Huillery

Full Professor,  Université Paris-Dauphine (PSL)


Elise HuilleryThis presentation examines whether desegregation at school may benefit all students and reduce social inequality in educational outcomes.

We exploit a national initiative launched by the French Ministry of Education to desegregate voluntary middle schools, and matched these schools with similar schools, which have not engaged into desegregation.
In the more segregated schools, the program was successful at increasing the exposure of low-SES to high-SES students, and conversely. Absolute academic performance of students from both background-types was not affected by the program, although the pre-existing gap in relative rank and academic self-esteem between both types of students widened.
We also show that desegregation improved students’ social relationships: it induced more diverse friendship networks, and low-SES students report better school climate, higher quality of relationships with friends, and a greater feeling of safety at school, while leaving the one of high-SES students unchanged.
Finally, we find some improvements in students’ values in favor of cooperation and solidarity. Overall, school desegregation brings social benefits, without negatively affecting the academic performance of any group.

Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

To find out more: https://dauphine.psl.eu/recherche/cvtheque/huillery-elise

Housing and school choices in the unequal city: current findings and a future research agenda

Quentin Ramond
CRIS Scientific Seminar, Friday, January 20th 2023
  • Image 4 PM Production (via Shutterstock)Image 4 PM Production (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, January 20th 2023, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K008

Housing and school choices in the unequal city:
current findings and a future research agenda

Quentin Ramond

Assistant Professor, Center for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies
& The Institute of Urban and Territorial Studies
(Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago)
 

Quentin Ramond

In many cities, rising housing prices make access to advantaged neighbourhoods served by desirable schools highly challenging for large segments of the population. How, then, do families with children articulate housing and school choices?

This presentation examines the complex trade-offs households consider between housing and school to deal with growing housing affordability constraints and the unequal geography of education.

First, I present recent results regarding the relationship between access to homeownership and inequalities of educational opportunity in Paris. Drawing on exhaustive and geocoded data on property transactions and buyers, I show that the upper-middle classes have consolidated their access to the property market in the most desirable school catchment areas, thereby widening the gap with the rest of the population who is increasingly excluded from neighbourhoods served by high-quality schools.

Based on these findings, I outline an ambitious research agenda that structures my ERC Starting Grant proposal, which is currently under evaluation. Drawing on national, geocoded and individual-level longitudinal data, the aim of this project is to analyse how housing tenure – that is, being a homeowner or living in a privately rented dwelling or in social housing – shapes residential sorting processes and, subsequently, local educational opportunity and school choice in large French metropolitan areas."

Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

Roads, rails, and checkpoints: Assessing the permeability of nation-state borders worldwide

Ettore Recchi, Emanuel Deutschmann & Lorenzo Gabrielli
  • Image Babarajo (via Shutterstock)Image Babarajo (via Shutterstock)

Roads, rails, and checkpoints:
Assessing the permeability of nation-state borders worldwide

Ettore Recchi, Emanuel Deutschmann & Lorenzo Gabrielli

World Development, vol. 164, 106175, April 2023, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2022.106175
Paper in open access on ScienceDirect

The permeability of nation-state borders determines the flow of people and commodities between countries and therefore greatly influences many aspects of human development from trade and economic inequality to migration and the ethnic composition of societies worldwide. While past research on the topic has focused on border fortification (walls, fences, etc.) or the legal dimension of border controls, we take a different approach by arguing that transport infrastructure (paths, roads, railroads, ferries) together with political checkpoints can be used as valuable indicators for the permeability of borders worldwide. More and better transport infrastructure increases permeability, whereas checkpoints create the political capacity for reducing entries.

Using automatized computational methods combined with extensive manual checks, we parse data from OpenStreetMap and the World Food Programme to detect cross-border transport infrastructure and checkpoints. Based on this information, we define an index of border permeability for 312 land borders globally.

Subsequent analyses show that regardless of the degree of closure enforcement at checkpoints, Europe and Africa have the most, and the Americas the least, permeable borders worldwide. Regression models reveal that border permeability is higher in densely populated areas and that economic development, by far the most relevant explanatory factor, has a curvilinear relationship with border permeability: Borders of very rich and very poor countries are highly permeable, whereas those of moderately prosperous nation-states are significantly harder to cross. Implications of this remarkably clear pattern are discussed.

This novel approach may deliver new insights into many social, political, economic, geographic, epidemiological, legal, and cultural aspects of world development. For example, the Border Permeability Dataset could be used to examine whether and how border permeability is related to: COVID-19 outbreaks, mobility flows of various kinds (from trade to migration to tourism to virus flows), conflict, war, terrorist incidents, environmental degradation, or ethnic fractionalization.

Worldmap - Average border permeabilities - Recchi, Deutschmann, Gabrielli, 2023
Europe and Western and Eastern Africa have the most permeable and the Americas the least permeable borders worldwide.

La conversion écologique des français

Contradictions et clivages
P. Coulangeon, Y. Demoli, M. Ginsburger, I. Petev - PUF
  • Image Eak sikgun (Shutterstock) et PUF Image Eak sikgun (Shutterstock) et PUF

La conversion écologique des français
Contradictions et clivages

Philippe Coulangeon, Yoann Demoli, Maël Ginsburger, Ivaylo Petev

PUF, collection Le lien social, 220 p., ISBN 978-2-13-083258-4

Au début des années 90, deux jeunes chercheurs en planification urbaine de l'Université de Colombie-Britanique proposaient un nouvel outil de mesure, l'empreinte écologique, pour mieux quantifier la soutenabilité de notre environnement face aux comportements et à la pression humaine. De multiples politiques publiques affichent, à la suite des accords de Paris en 2015 ou des rapports du GIEC, la préoccupation de réduire cette empreinte, mettant sobriété et réduction des pollutions au coeur de dispositifs incitatifs ou coercitifs. Même si les innovations technologiques ou l'amélioration du cadre de vie atténuera le coût social de la transition, l'impact sur nos modes de vie et de consommation sera réel.
Cet ouvrage entend montrer que pour apprécier une telle transformation, il est nécessaire de prendre en compte les habitudes et pratiques polluantes des français dans leurs rapports inégalitaires à l'espace résidentiel ainsi que les clivages de classe sociale, d'âge ou de genre qui divisent la population.

Ce livre étudie les logiques sociales de la conversion écologique en questionnant les représentations, les attitudes et les pratiques à partir de plusieurs sources, du Panel ELIPSS comprenant un échantillon représentatif de la population française aux grandes enquêtes nationales de la statistique publique.      

La première partie de l'ouvrage, analyse sur une longue période la diffusion des préoccupations environnementales à l'échelle mondiale. Une série de modèles interprétatifs sont proposés, selon le rôle prêté à l'évolution des conditions matérielles d'existence, la diffusion des valeurs pro-environnementales ou les changements culturels. Ces préoccupations sont en France très inégalement partagées. Dans la seconde partie, une analyse systématique des mutations de la consommation et des styles de vie est proposée. Mutation des régimes de consommation alimentaire (chapitre 3), contraintes matérielles et résidentielles encadrant les consommations vestimentaires ou d'équipement domestique (chap. 4), rationalité ambivalente des pratiques de tri et de sobriété énergétique qui découle de motivations concurrentes de préservation des ressources et d'adaptation aux contraintes budgétaires (chap. 5), articulation des contraintes sociales et spatiales de déplacement et dimension statutaire des mobilités (chap. 6). Dans la dernière partie, les auteurs proposent une analyse des clivages qui traversent la société française contemporaine en matière de pratiques environnementales. Les auteurs révèlent alors une possible contradiction des attitudes et des pratiques. La conversion se trouve entravée par le poids des fractures sociales et spatiales qui traversent la société.

Dans le chapitre 8, les auteurs dressent une typologie des mode de vie permettant de distinguer 4 styles d'empreinte environnementale. Ces idéaux-types sont formés par le lien entre la sobriété et la conscience environnementale :
- le consumérisme assumé (-/-)
- l'écoconsumérisme (-/+)
- l'écocosmopolitisme (+/+)
- la frugalité sans intention (+/-).

En conclusion les auteurs soulignent que le souci environnemental s'est généralisé en France comme au niveau international, mais tardivement, et de manière partielle et non homogène. Deux logiques sont à l'oeuvre : un sentiment d'inquiétude environnementale et une forme de défiance vis-à-vis du progrès technique et humain. Les variations sociales sont notables. L'articulation entre préoccupation environnementale et évolution des habitudes de consommation est complexe et ambivalente. Ces dernières années restent marquées par une intensification des pratiques de consommation, de l'usage de la voiture et de l'avion. Autour de la conversion écologique se jouent des logiques économiques, de classe, de type et lieu d'habitat, de genre, rendant complexes les politiques de transition devant prendre en compte les coûts économiques et sociaux des réformes et leur acceptabilité sociale.  

Multigenerational Transmission of Wealth: Florence, 1404-1480

Roberto Galbiati
CRIS Scientific Seminar, Friday, January 13th 2023
  • Medici Villa La Petraia - Image Simona Bottone (via Shutterstock)Medici Villa La Petraia - Image Simona Bottone (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, January 13th 2023, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K008

High hopes and Multigenerational Transmission of Wealth: Florence, 1404-1480

Roberto Galbiati
Senior Scientist (CNRS), Sciences Po - Department of Economics  

 

Roberto GalbiatiBy using hand-collected data on households’ wealth assessments, we study multigenerational mobility in Florence during the Late Middle Ages.

Our results unveil a tension between relatively high mobility in the short-run, and substantial persistence of the economic status across generations in the longer-run (80 years).

We reconcile these findings by showing their consistency with a model where the transmission of wealth is governed by an unobserved latent factor.

 Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

Link to Roberto Galbiati's webpage

High hopes and broken promises: Young adult life courses and political protest in West Africa

Anette Fasang
CRIS Scientific Seminar, January 6th
  • Image Kaikups (via Shutterstock)Image Kaikups (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, January 6th 2023, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K008

High hopes and broken promises:
Young adult life courses and political protest in West Africa

Anette Fasang
Professor of Microsociology, Berlin Social Science Center (WZB),
Humboldt-University

Anette FasangFailing to attain an aspired social position can be a profoundly painful experience. Across the global South, the combination of educational expansion and a stagnant labour market prevents vast numbers of young people from finding a job commensurate with their level of education.

In this study, we combine quantitative and qualitative data analysis to document adverse generational change in young adult life courses, the rise of unfulfilled occupational aspirations, and ensuing political protest in West Africa with a special focus on Senegal.

Based on an original data collection of 80 autobiographical interviews we show how Senegalese youth cope with unfulfilled occupational aspirations, and which coping strategies are most associated with political protest. Findings reveal four dominant coping strategies and corresponding narrative frames (Resignation, Internalization, Contestation, and Escape).

The ‘resignation’ frame involves an acceptance of and adjustment to  performing low-status irregular work, often seeking fulfilment in other life domains, such as religion or family. The most common frame, ‘internalization’, relies on neoliberal tropes about individual responsibility and self-reliance. The ‘contestation’ frame critiques the global and local structural conditions that hamper local employment opportunities and is most associated with political activism. Finally, ‘escape’ frames clandestine migration as a risky alternative route to success. We discuss the socio-political ramifications of our findings and the applicability of our typology of coping strategies to other social settings.

Registration is mandatory. Thanks.

Worlds apart: migration journeys and gender inequalities

Marion Lieutaud (LSE)
CRIS Scientific Seminar, Friday, December 16th 2022
  • Image Ivector (via Shutterstock)Image Ivector (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, December 16th 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K008

Worlds apart: migration journeys and gender inequalities

Marion Lieutaud
Research Fellow, London School of Economics and political science

Marion LieutaudMigrant families are often stereotyped as patriarchal, with women ‘trailing’ behind. Such narratives justify anti-immigrant policies and xenophobia, often in the name of supposedly feminist values (Farris, 2017). Disputing these narratives is hampered by the glaring deficit of quantitative enquiries into the relationship between migration and gender inequality, especially in the gender division of unpaid domestic and care labour. The limited scholarship focuses on differences between ethnic groups rather than different circumstances of migration, although there is some evidence that time-use patterns differ depending on the age at migration (Kan and Laurie 2018). Migrants’ gender ideologies also change post-migration, suggesting a gender-acculturation effect (Roeder and Mühlau 2014).

This research investigates a parallel hypothesis: it contends that the life-course circumstances of migration play an important role in setting up (entrenching or subverting) power balances in couples. This could in turn durably impacts the gender division of labour in migrants’ relationships – a theoretical approach that treats migration and mobility processes as both gendered and gendering (Pedraza 1991, Hondagneu-Sotelo 1992). Drawing on survey data from Understanding Society (UK, 2009-) and Trajectoires et Origines (France, 2008-2009, 2019-2020), this quantitative investigation employs sequence analysis to build a typology of union-migration trajectories and tests the association between these union-migration trajectories and different degrees of gender-specialisation in couples. It shows that, when it comes to gender dynamics around the distribution of unpaid housework, care work and paid work, how and when in the life-course women migrate often matters more than where they came from or who they partnered with.

Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

Does Schooling Affect Socioeconomic Inequalities in Educational Attainment? Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Germany

Michael Grätz, Stockholm University & University of Lausanne
Seminar, 12th December 2022
  • Image Kzenon (via Shutterstock)Image Kzenon (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Monday, December 12th 2022, 2:15- 3:45 pm
Sciences Po (1, place Saint-Thomas) - Room H101

Does Schooling Affect Socioeconomic Inequalities in Educational Attainment? Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Germany

Michael GRÄTZ
Associate Professor, Stockholm Univeristy & University of Lausanne

Michael GrätzCritical theories of education and the dynamics of skill formation model predict that the education system reproduces socioeconomic inequalities in educational attainment. Previous empirical studies comparing changes in socioeconomic inequalities in academic performance over the summer to changes in these inequalities during the school year argue, however, that schooling reduces inequalities in educational performance.

The present study sheds light on the question of whether schooling affects socioeconomic inequalities in educational attainment by analyzing a natural experiment that induces exogenous variation in the length of schooling and allows me to investigate the causal, long-term effects of the length of schooling on inequalities in educational attainment.

Some German states moved the school start from spring to summer in 1966/ 1967 and introduced two short school years, each of which was three months shorter than a regular school year. I use variation in the short school years across cohorts and states to estimate the causal effects of the length of schooling on socioeconomic inequalities in educational attainment based on two German panel surveys.

Less schooling due to the short school years did not affect inequalities in educational attainment. This finding runs counter to the results from the summer learning literature and to the predictions of the dynamics of skill formation model and critical theories of education.

I conclude by discussing the implications of this finding for our understanding of socioeconomic inequalities in educational attainment.

Paper can be downloaded here - To find out about Michael Grätz

Registration is mandatory. Thank you. [Virtual access available via Zoom]

Understanding and Alleviating Inequalities in Digital News Consumption

Antonis Kalogeropoulos, Seminar, 12th December 2022
  • Image pathdoc (via Shutterstock)Image pathdoc (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Monday, December 12th 2022, 12:30 pm - 2 pm
Sciences Po (1, place Saint-Thomas) - Room H101

Understanding and Alleviating Inequalities in Digital News Consumption

Antonis KALOGEROPOULOS
Lecturer, University of Liverpool

Antonis Kalogeropoulos The goal of my project is to understand and develop strategies to mitigate inequalities in digital news consumption, the acquisition of political knowledge and vulnerability to misinformation.

While inequalities in digital news access have been lowered with very high levels of internet access in many countries, there are indications that inequalities in digital news use and the benefits of being exposed to it, like the acquisition of political knowledge, are increasing.

Academic literature has been instrumental in describing how digital intermediaries (e.g. social media or search engines) and different modes (mobile devices) have changed the way people consume news, however little attention has been given to how these changes manifest against the backdrop of pre-existing social inequalities in news use and the acquisition of political information.

Thus, the project will a) reliably identify digital inequalities in news use, the acquisition of political knowledge, and vulnerability in online misinformation in countries of the Global North and the Global South. In its examination it will focus on b) long-standing informational inequalities related to social class, gender, and age and c) the role of new information technologies like digital intermediaries and mobile devices. Apart from identifying people with low levels of news use, this project will d) explore the ways that parts of the population navigate and face disadvantages in a complex digital media environment.Last, this project, will for the first time, e) test digital public health style interventions that could reduce inequalities in digital news use, political knowledge, and exposure to as well as belief in online misinformation.

To achieve these objectives, this project will employ a novel set of methods including passive tracking, a panel survey, trace interviews, computer-assisted content analysis, and a field experiment. Overall, this project will be the first to examine and find ways to alleviate inequalities in digital news use, using an innovative mixed-methods approach and a Global North/South comparative framework.

Registration is mandatory. Thank you. [Virtual access available via Zoom]

To find out more on Antonis Kalogeropoulos

Inequalities in time use, risk and enjoyment across the UK pandemic

Oriel Sullivan
CRIS Scientific Seminar, Friday, December 9th 2022
  • Image Ulza (via Shutterstock)Image Ulza (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, December 9th 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (13, rue de l'Université) - Room J208

Inequalities in time use, risk and enjoyment
across the UK pandemic

 Oriel Sullivan
Professor of Sociology of Gender
University College London (UCL)

Oriel Sullivan (UCL)Using a unique series of time use diary surveys, collected during all the main phases of the COVID19 pandemic in the UK, we present changes in activities (done in and out of doors) and their social context during 3 lockdowns, one period of relaxation of restrictions between lockdowns, and one after the end of all restrictions. We investigate differences in risk-related activities according to sex and age, and the relative enjoyment of those activities that increased during the pandemic (such as child care for parents).

Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

Oriel Sullivan is Professor of Sociology of Gender in the Social Research Institute and Co-Director of the Center for Time Use Research (CTUR), University College London  (UCL). Publications (Google Scholar)

 

 

Le sommeil, une variable d’ajustement ?

Différences sociales et genrées au cours du cycle de vie
Soutenance de thèse, Capucine Rauch, 2 décembre 2022
  • Image Zhuravlev Andrey (via Shutterstock)Image Zhuravlev Andrey (via Shutterstock)

Le sommeil, une variable d’ajustement ? Différences sociales et genrées au cours du cycle de vie

Capucine Rauch

Vendredi 2 décembre à 14h à Sciences Po (site Saint-Thomas d’Aquin). Accès des publics externes sur invitation.

Jury :

  • Marta Dominguez Folgueras, Associate Professor, Sciences Po - CRIS,
  • Christophe Giraud, Professeur des universités, Université de Paris (Rapporteur),
  • Laurent Lesnard, Directeur de recherche CNRS, Sciences Po - CRIS (Codirecteur),
  • Pierre Mercklé, Professeur des universités, Université Grenoble-Alpes (Rapporteur),
  • Nicolas Robette, Maître de conférences, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines,
  • Anne Solaz, Directrice de recherche, Ined (Codirectrice), Oriel Sullivan, Professor, University College London.


En partant de l'hypothèse de l'utilisation du sommeil comme variable d'ajustement de l’emploi du temps, cette thèse de sociologie quantitative étudie les rythmes de vie des individus, sous l'angle du rôle qu'ils confèrent au sommeil. Elle rend compte des mécanismes qui déterminent comment sommeil et activités s'organisent, et analyse dans quelle mesure cette variable d'ajustement est distinctive de certains groupes de la population et de leurs rythmes et modes de vie. La place du sommeil dans l'emploi du temps s'ajuste à la position des individus dans la société, reflétant leur place dans les rapports sociaux.

La place des individus dans le champ économique procure un effet structurant et durable sur l'organisation de leur sommeil ; l'activité professionnelle et ses horaires définissent les possibilités d'organisation temporelle des individus, cet effet persistant même après la cessation de l'activité professionnelle. On souligne dans ce travail le caractère genré du sommeil en confirmant qu'il s'agit d'une activité s'inscrivant dans le partage inégalitaire des activités parentales et domestiques, dont l'ajustement incombe principalement aux femmes.

Enfin, cette thèse documente l'effet des questions et des modalités de réponses sur les estimations du temps passé à une activité, ici avec l’exemple du sommeil.

Governing through Dis-orientation. The Spatial Management of Asylum Seekers in France

Maxime Christophe - CRIS Scientific Seminar - 2nd December 2022
  • Migrants waiting, north of Paris, 05/2017. Harriet Hadfield (via Shutterstock)Migrants waiting, north of Paris, 05/2017. Harriet Hadfield (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, December 2nd 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K008

Governing through Dis-orientation.
The Spatial Management of Asylum Seekers in France

Maxime Christophe
(PhD Student, Sciences Po - CRIS)

Maxime Christophe (Sciences Po - CRIS)

Since 2015 and the appearance of the first urban camps, Paris has been perceived by public authorities as "strained" due to the excess presence of asylum seekers and the lack of public accommodation.
A policy of "orientating" these asylum seekers away from the city has taken shape in the form of a network of transit centres. This management of the flow of individuals reinforces a logic of constraint of the mobility already present in the accomodation system.
Through a multi-sited ethnography, interviewing and archival work, this presentation aims to document the implementation and implications of this governing of bodies. 

Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

Maxime Christophe is, since 2020, PhD Student at the CRIS, under the supervision of Ettore Recchi (Thesis Director).


Mobilité sociale en cours de carrière et trajectoires de classe

Une contribution à l’étude de la stratification sociale en France entre 1970 et 2015
Soutenance de thèse, Marta Veljkovic
  • Images Roman Samborskyi & Volodymyr Tverdokhlib (via Shutterstock)Images Roman Samborskyi & Volodymyr Tverdokhlib (via Shutterstock)

« Mobilité sociale en cours de carrière et trajectoires de classe. Une contribution à l’étude de la stratification sociale en France entre 1970 et 2015 »

Marta VeljkovicMarta Veljkovic (Sciences Po - CRIS et INED)

La soutenance aura lieu le lundi 5 décembre 2022 à 14h en présentiel à Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas d’Aquin, 75007, Paris).
Accès sur invitation pour les personnes extérieures à Sciences Po.

Composition du jury :

  • Carlo Barone, Professeur des Universités, Sciences Po - CRIS & LIEPP,
  • Nicolas Duvoux, Professeur des Universités, Université Paris VIII Vincennes - Saint Denis (rapporteur),
  • Daniel Oesch, Professeur associé, Institut des Sciences Sociales, Université de Lausanne,
  • Delphine Remillon, Chargée de recherche, Institut national d’études démographiques (codirectrice de thèse),
  • Olivia Samuel, Professeure des Universités, Université Paris Nanterre (rapporteure),
  • Louis-André Vallet, Directeur de recherche CNRS, GEMASS, Sorbonne Université (directeur de thèse).


Porteuses des mécanismes de cumul et de compensation des (dés)avantages initiaux, les carrières professionnelles dans les sociétés contemporaines sont à la fois le produit et un des mécanismes de la stratification sociale. Dans cette étude, l’analyse de la mobilité sociale en cours de carrière permet de s’intéresser à l’évolution des inégalités de classe et de genre à l’aune des grandes transformations de la structure sociale, du marché du travail et des caractéristiques de la population active en France au cours du demi-siècle passé.

À partir des enquêtes Formation-Qualification Professionnelle (Insee), la dynamique de la mobilité depuis le premier emploi et à cinq ans d’intervalle est observée selon les périodes et au fil des générations.
À l’aide de l’enquête Histoire de vie (Insee), l’analyse de la structure de la mobilité est complétée par une reconstruction annuelle des trajectoires de classe.
Les ressorts sociaux de la mobilité sont étudiés en analysant l’origine sociale des individus et leurs parcours conjugaux et parentaux.

Les résultats mettent en évidence une évolution lente mais continue des flux de mobilité intragénérationnelle, évolution qui va au-delà de celle qui aurait été produite par le seul changement de la structure sociale au fil du temps. Toutefois, la hausse de l’ampleur de la fluidité de carrière ne s’étant pas accompagnée d’une modification majeure du degré de proximité et de distance entre les différentes classes sociales, les analyses suggèrent un changement seulement partiel du régime de carrière en France, avec une évolution des flux mais un maintien des barrières à la mobilité.    

[EN Summary] Professional careers in contemporary societies are both the product and one of the mechanisms of social stratification, as they can represent patterns of both accumulation and compensation of initial social (dis)advantages over the life-course. This thesis analyzes social mobility over the career to examine the evolution of class and gender inequalities while accounting for major transformations in the social structure, the labor market and the labor force characteristics in France over the past half-century.

Drawing on the Formation-Qualification Professionnelle surveys (Insee), I observe mobility dynamics from the first job and at five-year intervals from both a period and a cohort approach.
I complement the analysis of the mobility structure with an annual reconstruction of class trajectories derived from the Histoire de vie survey (Insee). I study mobility resources by analyzing the social origin of individuals and their conjugal and parental histories.

The results reveal a slow but continuous change in intragenerational mobility whose explanation goes beyond the transforming social structure alone. However, increasing career fluidity is not accompanied by a major change in the proximity and distance between different social classes. These results suggest only a partial change in the career regime in France, with an evolution of the flux and a maintenance of the barriers to mobility.

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Labour Market Protection and Family Policy in High-Income Countries: continuity and Change (1990-2020)

Federico Filetti
PhD Defense, 17th November 2022
  • Image Aleksandr Merg (via Shutterstock)Image Aleksandr Merg (via Shutterstock)

Labour Market Protection and Family Policy in High-Income Countries.
Continuity and Change (1990-2020)

Federico Danilo Filetti
Sciences Po - CRIS & LIEPP

Thesis defense, Thursday 17 November 2022, 3pm, at Sciences Po, room K.011.

Jury: Rossella Ciccia, Associate Professor of Social Policy, University of Oxford (reviewer)
Emanuele Ferragina, Associate Professor of Sociology, Sciences Po (supervisor)
Olivier Giraud, Senior Researcher, CNRS-Cnam-Lise
Angela Greulich,Full Professor of Sociologie, Sciences Po
Martin Seeleib-Kaiser, Professor of Comparative Public Policy, University of Tübingen (reviewer)

Federico Danilo Filetti (Sciences Po - CRIS, LIEPP)This dissertation employs a mix-methods research design to investigate processes of welfare state change through the prism of labour market protection and family policy, the two social policy areas that underwent the most noticeable transformations over the last three decades (1990-2020).
This investigation builds on the insights developed in the regime varieties literature (i.e., Worlds of Welfare, Varieties of Capitalism and École de la Régulation) and the debate bridging regime varieties and accounts of welfare state change (i.e., Varieties of Liberalization).

Our measure of labour market protection and family policy makes it possible to overcome the increasingly unrealistic Average Production Worker assumption, simultaneously accounting for dimensions of protection related to both ‘old’ and ‘new’ social risks. Labour market protection and family policy continuity and change are analysed quantitatively by employing Principal Component Analysis and two multidimensional scores to gather a holistic perspective on policy similarities and differences across countries and over time, and on the relationships between institutional arrangements and labour market outcomes.
The historical process-tracing of labour market protection and family policy reforms in Italy and France complements this investigation, and helps to observe details on policy and welfare state change that are invisible to quantitative descriptive methods.

This work contributes to the literature in five ways, by:
 1) providing new typologies of labour market protection (Central/Northern European, Southern European and liberal) and family policy (social democratic, commodified and residual) varieties resulting from three decades of institutional change;
 2) developing a series of country-specific taxonomies of labour market protection (liberalization, dualization, flexibility, de-dualization and higher protection) and family policy (de-Scandinization, partial de-Scandinization, partial Scandinization and Scandinization) trajectories of change;
 3) showing that the path-dependency hypothesis developed in the welfare state change literature is partially rejected for labour market protection, while it mostly holds for family policy;
 4) specifying, through historical process-tracing, that the labour market and family policy trajectories of change identified in previous contributions and in the quantitative analysis do not capture the full spectrum of the changes occurring in Italy and France; and
 5) showing that trajectories of change can be dynamic – in other words, a country can move from one trajectory to another over-time.

Feeling disadvantaged? Type of employment contract and political attitudes

Kseniia Gatskova
CRIS Scientific Seminar, 25th November 2022
  • Image Red_Baron (via Shutterstock) - Warsaw Polish Station, 2019Image Red_Baron (via Shutterstock) - Warsaw Polish Station, 2019

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, November 25th 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K031

Feeling disadvantaged? Type of employment contract and political attitudes

Kseniia Gatskova
(Senior researcher, Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies )

 

Kseniia Gatskova

We test the theory of relative deprivation in the context of intense labour reallocations in Polish labour market during the post-crisis period 2009–2015 when the incidence of temporary contracts was the highest in the EU and provide novel evidence on the causal relationship between the type of employment contract and political attitudes.

Our  findings suggest that temporary workers are more supportive of income redistribution and are less supportive of democracy. Moreover, a change in the contract type from temporary to permanent leads to a respective change in political attitudes. The effect of temporary employment on political attitudes is stronger pronounced in those population groups that meet better the conditions for occurrence of the sense of relative deprivation.

Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

Dr. Kseniia Gatskova's homepage: https://leibniz-ios.de/personen/details/kseniia-gatskova

 

Impact of air travel on the precocity & severity of COVID-19 deaths

in sub-national areas across 45 countries
Ettore Recchi et al., Scientific Reports, October
  • Flights and airport platforms in Europe - FlightradarFlights and airport platforms in Europe - Flightradar

Ettore Recchi, Alessandro Ferrara, Alejandra Rodriguez Sanchez, Emanuel Deutschmann, Lorenzo Gabrielli, Stefano Lacus, Luca Bastiani, Spyridon Spyratos and Michele Vespe

The impact of air travel on the precocity and severity of COVID-19 deaths
in sub-national areas across 45 countries

Scientific Reports 12, 16522 (2022) [open access]

Airports: gateways to Covid-19?

Human travel fed the worldwide spread of COVID-19, but it remains unclear whether the volume of incoming air passengers and the centrality of airports in the global airline network made some regions more vulnerable to earlier and higher mortality.
We assess whether the precocity and severity of COVID-19 deaths were contingent on these measures of air travel intensity, adjusting for differences in local non-pharmaceutical interventions and pre-pandemic structural characteristics of 502 sub-national areas on five continents in April–October 2020.

Our ordinary least squares (OLS) models of precocity (i.e., the timing of the 1st and 10th death outbreaks) reveal that neither airport centrality nor the volume of incoming passengers are impactful once we consider pre-pandemic demographic characteristics of the areas.

We assess severity (i.e., the weekly death incidence of COVID-19) through the estimation of a generalized linear mixed model, employing a negative binomial link function.

Variable effects over time

Results suggest that COVID-19 death incidence was insensitive to airport centrality, with no substantial changes over time. Higher air passenger volume tends to coincide with more COVID-19 deaths, but this relation weakened as the pandemic proceeded.
Different models prove that either the lack of airports in a region or total travel bans did reduce mortality significantly.

We conclude that COVID-19 importation through air travel followed a ‘travel as spark’ principle, whereby the absence of air travel reduced epidemic risk drastically. However, once some travel occurred, its impact on the severity of the pandemic was only in part associated with the number of incoming passengers, and not at all with the position of airports in the global network of airline connections.

Fig. 3 - Impact of air passenger traffic on the severity of COVID-19 deathsFigure 3 - The impact of air passenger traffic on the severity of COVID-19 deaths (number of deaths in the first week of April–October 2020), controlling for population mixing (NPI), structural predispositions and recursive effects. Negative binomial regressions with continent fixed effects. Risk ratios and confidence intervals.

Call for postdoctoral fellowships

A New Climate for Social Sciences
Postdoctoral Research Program on the Environment - Fonds Bruno Latour
  • Image Dotted Yeti, Gaudilab (via Shutterstock)Image Dotted Yeti, Gaudilab (via Shutterstock)

Sciences Po is launching a call for applications for 10 postdoctoral fellowships as part of the Bruno Latour Fund, a postdoctoral research program on environmental and climate transformations.
This program aims to host at Sciences Po Paris campus, young social scientists wishing to build a collective and multidisciplinary initiative on how ecological and climate crises are reshaping the contemporary economic, social, legal and political order, and how they invite us to reconsider our history.

These postdoctoral contracts, lasting 36 months, will be filled in two recruitment waves:

  • 4 fellowships, Autumn 2022, to start from March 1st, 2023: applications to be sent no later than December 1st, 2022.
  • 6 fellowships, Spring 2023, for a start in autumn 2023 (schedule to be confirmed).

The remuneration is 3.400 € gross per month.
Successful candidates will be assigned to one of Sciences Po's research centers, including the CRIS, according to their wishes and with the agreement of the center. They will thus benefit from its working environment.

Each candidate will receive a personal research fund of 5,000 € for the duration of his/her contract.

All those who hold a doctorate on the date of application and who have defended their thesis within the four
preceding years are eligible (see exception).

Candidates will be selected on the basis of their scientific merit, their ability to mobilize trans-disciplinary interest,
and their dynamic involvement in Sciences Po's research centers.

Through their research, postdoctoral fellows will deepen and renew existing initiatives within Sciences Po and outreach programs developed in partnership with Université Paris Cité (Earth politics center, environmental axis and Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policies - LIEPP). They will contribute to the structuring of an interdisciplinary environmental research workshop (AIRE) group.

Successful candidates undertake, for the duration of their contract :

  • Research: to conduct their research program submitted, to participate in the scientific activities of their home laboratory and in those of the Interdisciplinary Environmental Research Workshop (AIRE).
  • Teaching: to give at least one course per year (24 hours) at Sciences Po
  • Promotion: to write a working paper for the attention of the contributors of the Latour Fund and the general public.

To find out about the recruitment procedure, please download here the call (pdf, 88 ko) or read online the complete procedure.  

CRIS is one of the 10 Sciences Po centres that can host successful candidates. If you are interested in applying and wish to be hosted as a Postdoc fellow at CRIS, don't hesitate to contact the head of the center Mirna Safi for further information about us.

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Are mixed ability classes bad for school performance and educational choice?

Or for social and ethnic inequality?
Jan O. Jonsson and Joan E. Madia, CRIS Scientific Seminar, 28th October
  • Image Ground Picture (via Shutterstock)Image Ground Picture (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, October 28th 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K031

Are mixed ability classes bad for school performance and educational choice?
Or for social and ethnic inequality?

Jan O. Jonsson (Professor, Nuffield College, Oxford university)
Joan E. Madia (DPhil student, Nuffield College, Oxford university)

Jan O Jonsson

Joan Madia

 

A longstanding question in the organisation of education has been how to handle pupil groups with differing ability. At the centre of this political discussion and academic theorizing is the question of teaching and learning in ability-homogenous groups. Previous research has suggested that tracking or ability grouping, attempting to make the pupil body homogeneous, does not improve learning on average, in some instances ability grouping leads to increasing inequality. However, lack of suitable data and methodological difficulties have made results inconclusive.

We contribute to the literature with a comparative study between the English school system (with institutionalized ability grouping) and Sweden (with occasional use). We study the effect of (a) homogeneity in ability in instructional groups on grade point averages (GPA), (b) the effect of ability grouping within subjects on grades in these subjects, and we extend our analyses to include educational choice of upper secondary education.
We use the harmonised CILS4EU data (around 9,000 pupils, 200 schools and 400 classrooms), containing rich information on students' ability at individual, class and school levels. We fit school fixed effects and selection models to reduce risks of selection into schools and ability groups.

We find little evidence for any efficiency gain in homogeneous instruction groups or ability grouping, but also little evidence that such grouping has any effects on inequality between students of different socioeconomic or immigrant background. In addition, we find few differences between England and Sweden.

Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

Jan O Jonsson's homepage: https://www.nuffield.ox.ac.uk/people/profiles/jan-o-jonsson/
Joan Madia's homepage: https://www.nuffield.ox.ac.uk/people/profiles/joan-madia/

School Segregation in Post-Apartheid South Africa

Rob Gruijters
CRIS Scientific Seminar, Friday October 21st
  • African High School Children, Johannesburg (Sunshine Seeds, via Shutterstock)African High School Children, Johannesburg (Sunshine Seeds, via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, October 21th 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K011

School Segregation in Post-Apartheid South Africa

Rob J. Gruijters
(Sociologist, Assistant Professor, REAL Centre, University of Cambridge)

 

Rob J. Gruijters

School integration is an important indicator of equality of opportunity and racial reconciliation in post-apartheid South Africa and remains a prominent topic in public and political discourse.
Nonetheless, the extent to which schools have desegregated since the end of apartheid in 1994 remains unclear.

This study therefore provides a comprehensive overview of current patterns of school segregation by race and class in South Africa. It is based on the 2021 Annual School Survey—an administrative dataset covering all South African schools—and the 2019 TIMSS school survey.

Using indicators for unevenness, exposure, and diversity, we report very high levels of school segregation along racial as well as socioeconomic lines in South Africa. White students almost exclusively attend former White schools, have little exposure to the low-income Black majority, and are vastly overrepresented in elite public and private schools.

Based on these findings, we argue that the political settlement that emerged in post-apartheid South Africa facilitated the hoarding of educational opportunities by the White minority and, to a lesser extent, the new Black middle class. In South Africa and other contexts with under-resourced education systems, elite capture of the few high-performing schools serves to reproduce race and class privilege.

Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

Rob Gruijters' homepage: https://www.educ.cam.ac.uk/people/staff/gruijters/

 

Education and Social Inequality across the Life Course

Call for paper (deadline December 12th)
RC28 Conference, Paris, 24-26 May 2023
  • Paris s'éveille... Image Bastian BetthäuserParis s'éveille... Image Bastian Betthäuser

The Research Committee 28 on Social Stratification and Mobility (RC28) of the International Sociological Association (ISA) invites all scholars working in the field of social stratification and social mobility to contribute to its next annual Spring Meeting.

The 2023 meeting will take place on May 24-26th, 2023, and is hosted by the Center for Research on Social Inequalities (CRIS) at Sciences Po, Paris.
The meeting is organized in partnership with three institutions:

The meeting will be held under the conference theme of "Education and Social Inequality across the Life Course". Paper or poster submissions that address this theme are particularly encouraged, but all empirical and theory-driven submissions related to social stratification are welcome.

Abstracts must be submitted by the end of December 12, 2022. All submissions are subject to peer review by the scientific committee. Authors will be informed about the committee’s decision in the middle of February 2023.

Please prepare an extended abstract (2-4 pages, max 1000 words) including a clear description of the research question, the theoretical framework, the data and methods as well as the main findings. We welcome inclusion of key figures in the abstract. Please also include up to 5 keywords and choose the preferred format (oral/poster) and conference stream for your contribution during the submission process.

For more details, please refer to our dedicated website:  https://rc28paris2023.sciencesconf.org/

La mise en œuvre des réformes structurelles en éducation

Analyse de cas d’une politique qui visait la suppression d’un système de filières
Kilian Winz, Séminaire scientifique du CRIS, 14 octobre 2022
  • Image d'illustration Gorodenkoff (via Shutterstock)Image d'illustration Gorodenkoff (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Vendredi14 octobre 2022, 11h30
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Salle A201

La mise en œuvre des réformes structurelles en éducation : analyse de cas d’une politique qui visait la suppression d’un système de filières

Kilian Winz

Assistant, docteur, Groupe genevois d'analyse des politiques éducatives (Université de Genève)

Kilian WinzCette présentation, qui mobilise tant des concepts de sciences politiques que de la sociologie de l'action publique, proposera une réflexion poursuivant l’objectif de mieux comprendre les dynamiques sociales à l'œuvre dans un contexte de réforme structurelle en éducation. Pour ce faire, nous mobiliserons une réforme du mode de répartition des élèves au secondaire 1 en Suisse.

Les résultats, fruits de 84 entretiens semi-directifs menés avec des politiques, des syndicats, membres de l'administration, directions d'établissement et enseignants, sont multiples. Ils mettent en exergue que les professionnels qui œuvrent au sein des établissements scolaires, de par leur marge de manœuvre, contribuent de façon significative à réinterpréter les directives règlementaires à l'aune de leurs expériences, de leurs idées, de leurs intérêts, mais aussi de leur motivation. Par ailleurs, si les propos portent ici sur les acteurs de l’éducation, des ponts sont sans doute envisageables avec d’autres corps de métier.

Merci de vous inscrire en suivant ce lien  -  En savoir plus sur le chercheur (UNIGE)

 

Handicap, genre et emploi : regards croisés

Journée d'échanges autour d'une recherche participative
  • Illustration Kate McDonnel, 2022Illustration Kate McDonnel, 2022

Handicap, genre et emploi : regards croisés

Sciences Po, Mardi 8 novembre 2022
Accès gratuit, en présentiel ou en visioconférence par Zoom.
Traduction Vélotypie en ligne (Systemrisp) - Traduction LSF en salle (VIA).

Journée de restitution et d’échanges autour du projet de recherche participative « Handicap, genre et précarité professionnelle : parcours biographiques et réception de l’action publique », financé par la FIRAH, l’Agefiph, la Fondation MAAF Initiatives et Handicap, la Croix Rouge Française et mené à Sciences Po (CRIS-LIEPP) sous la direction d' Anne Revillard. Cette journée donnera lieu à des échanges autour du projet avec des chercheur.e.s, des personnes concernées et des acteurs publics et associatifs.

La recherche visait un double objectif : une meilleure connaissance des facteurs de précarisation professionnelle des femmes handicapées, et l’identification de pistes d’amélioration de l’action publique à partir de l’expertise expérientielle des personnes. Elle a été conçue en étroite relation avec six associations du secteur qui partagent un engagement commun en faveur de l’emploi des personnes handicapées, tout en ayant des formats et des spécialisations complémentaires : LADAPT, Agefiph, apiDV, APF-France handicap, Femmes pour le Dire Femmes pour Agir (FDFA), Fibromyalgie France.
Pour plus de renseignements, consultez la page du projet.

Programme

9h20 - Mots d’accueil par Cécile Vallée (Chargée de développement, FIRAH) et Véronique Bustreel (Directrice de l'innovation, de l’évaluation et de la stratégie de l’Agefiph)

9h30 - Handicap, genre et précarité professionnelle : une recherche participative et appliquée
Cette session revient sur la démarche participative du projet. Les associations partenaires ont été impliquées à toutes les étapes du projet, de la conception au questionnement à la diffusion des résultats, selon un triple rôle : expertise, relai, et opérationnalisation des savoirs. La recherche a ainsi vocation à produire des savoirs utiles pour la pratique.  

 - Présentation du cadre scientifique du projet par Anne Revillard (Professeure associée en sociologie, Sciences Po - CRIS et LIEPP) [support, pdf 183 Ko]
 - Retours d'expériences des associations sur leur participation au projet, par Carole Saleres (APF - France handicap)
 - Résultats et valorisation, par Mathéa Boudinet (Doctorante en sociologie, Sciences Po, CRIS-LIEPP)
 - Dimension appliquée du projet, par Véronique Bustreel (Agefiph)

10h30 - Handicap, genre et travail : quelles données ?
Cette session revient sur les données qualitatives et quantitatives disponibles ou à produire pour investiguer l'articulation entre handicap genre et travail. Animation : Célia Bouchet (Mission pour la place des femmes, CNRS, CRIS)

- Les données disponibles et manquantes, par Arnaud Lenoir (Agefiph)
- Présentation de l'ouvrage « Portraits de travailleuses handicapées », par Anne Revillard et Mathéa Boudinet (CRIS-LIEPP)

11h30 - Handicap, genre et accès à l’emploi
Quelles sont les difficultés d'accès à l'emploi des personnes handicapées et notamment des femmes ? Cette session croise les points de vue des chercheuses, d'une spécialiste de l'accompagnement vers l'emploi et de femmes directement concernées. Animation : François Martinez (Agefiph) 

- Handicap et division du travail au sein des couples, par Célia Bouchet (Postdoctorante en sociologie, Mission pour la place des femmes, CNRS, associée CRIS) [support, pdf 520 Ko]
- Discrimination dans l'accès à l'emploi en raison du handicap, par Naomie Mahmoudi (Postdoctorante au CNAM, chercheuse affiliée au laboratoire de recherche ERUDITE) [support, pdf 722 Ko]
- Accompagner vers l’emploi, par Déguène Alix (APF - France handicap)
- Témoignages de créatrices d’entreprise, avec Giulia Riccioni et Sandra Tournadre

13h – 14h30 – Pause déjeuner

14h30 - Handicap et genre au travail
Comment se joue l'articulation entre handicap et genre dans les expériences au travail ? Une fois en emploi, à quels obstacles les femmes handicapées doivent-elles faire face ? Quels sont les dispositifs publics et les pratiques des entreprises pour favoriser leur accompagnement ? Comment les faire évoluer ?  Animation : Charles Myara (LADAPT)

- Qui trouble l'ordre de l'entreprise ? La figure du travailleur idéal au croisement entre genre et handicap, par Mathéa Boudinet (Doctorante en sociologie, Sciences Po - CRIS et LIEPP)
- Barrières systémiques à l’insertion professionnelle : entre handicap, genre et culture, par Audrey Dupont (Postdoctorante Université de Montréal/CHU Ste-Justine - Université du Québec à Rimouski) [support, pdf 400 Ko]
- Témoignages de femmes en entreprise, avec Margaux Gambier (MSA)
 
16h15 – Handicap, genre et politiques de l’emploi
Cette session ouvre un débat sur les recommandations issues de cette recherche participative et des autres travaux présentés au cours de la journée : comment améliorer l'accompagnement des femmes handicapées vers et dans l'emploi ?  Animation : Anne Revillard
 
 - Quelles recommandations à l'issue de cette recherche, par Mathéa Boudinet (Doctorante en sociologie, Sciences Po - CRIS et LIEPP)
 - Présentation de l’action de FDFA en matière d’emploi, et apports de cette recherche pour la réflexion et l’action associatives, par Claire Desaint (Vice-présidente de Femmes pour le Dire Femmes pour Agir, FDFA) [support, pdf 218 Ko]


Partenaires du projet



L'ouvrage coordonné par Mathéa Boudinet et Anne Revillard est publié aux Éditions science et bien commun.
Accès à la version en ligne (libre consultation) en suivant ce lien.

Ouvrage aux Editions Science et Bien Commun - Dir. Anne Revillard et Mathéa Boudinet

The intersection of Family Income, Race and Academic Performance in Access to Higher Education in Brazil

Carlos A. Costa Ribeiro, CRIS Seminar, October 7th
  • Federal University of Tocantins, Image Bruno Cesar Spada (via Shutterstock)Federal University of Tocantins, Image Bruno Cesar Spada (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, October 7th 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room K008

The intersection of Family Income, Race and Academic Performance in Access to Higher Education in Brazil

Carlo Antonio Costa Ribeiro

Full Professor of Sociology, Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Políticos da Universidade do
Estado do Rio de Janeiro (IESP-UERJ)

Carlos Costa RibeiroThis presentation investigates the intersection of income and race in structuring access to higher education among students that participate in a national high-stakes exam in Brazil.
Our objectives are:
- to estimate the probability of students coming from different income strata, racial groups, and performance levels to access higher education and
- to decompose income and racial effects into direct (net of educational performance) and indirect effects (through educational performance).

Our data comes from a panel of high school graduates tracked between 2012 and 2017 and allows us to describe the following findings.

Firstly, the probability of entering higher education is always higher among candidates from higher income strata. Second, there is a convergence in admission probabilities across the performance scale. Third, the admission curve across a performance scale is much steeper among applicants from low-income strata compared to richer students.

In all of these results, students self-identified as black, brown, or indigenous (BBI) are less likely to transition to higher education than whites, even though they are in the same income and performance strata.

We suggest that students from privileged socioeconomic backgrounds benefit from alternative entry strategies, such as paying tuition at less competitive private colleges. For students from low-income strata, the main alternative for entering higher education is through high academic performance. By decomposing racial effects, we show the cumulative effect of racial stratification; the gap between white and BBI students is both related to a higher propensity of transitioning to higher education and higher educational performance.

Registration is mandatory. Thank you.

Réceptions et appropriations parentales du diagnostic médical de variation du développement sexuel

Soutenance de thèse, Gaëlle Larrieu, 13 octobre 2022
  • Image d'illustration DC Studio (via Shutterstock)Image d'illustration DC Studio (via Shutterstock)

Gaelle Larrieu
Gaëlle Larrieu
, doctorante au CRIS soutiendra sa thèse de doctorat le jeudi 13 octobre 2022 à 14h à Sciences Po.

Entre leurs enfants et les médecins : les expériences parentales des variations du développement sexuel

Composition du jury : Nathalie BAJOS (EHESS - IRIS), Janik BASTIEN‑CHARLEBOIS (UQAM), Marta DOMINGUEZ FOLGUERAS (Directrice de recherche, Sciences Po - CRIS), Wilfried RAULT (INED), Anne REVILLARD (Sciences Po - CRIS et LIEPP), Isabelle VILLE (EHESS - CEMS).

La prise en charge médicale des variations du développement sexuel, aussi nommées intersexuation, est l’objet de débat depuis une vingtaine d’années dans le monde, et plus récemment en France.
Partant du constat que la prise en charge est centrée sur la période de l’enfance, cette thèse propose d’analyser les expériences parentales contemporaines des variations du développement sexuel en France.
Son objectif est de saisir et caractériser la place singulière et intermédiaire qu’occupent les parents entre leurs enfants et les médecins. Pour cela, la thèse s’appuie sur des matériaux qualitatifs : des entretiens biographiques avec 54 parents d’enfants présentant une variation du développement sexuel, des entretiens informatifs menés auprès d’autres acteurs ainsi que l’exploitation de sources écrites.
Le parcours des parents est retracé selon une approche chronologique en partant de l’annonce d’un diagnostic médical en allant jusqu’aux implications de cette découverte au sein du foyer et dans les relations familiales.
Au croisement des études sur l’intersexuation et de la sociologie de la famille, cette thèse permet d’enrichir ces deux champs de recherche ainsi que la sociologie du genre et de la médecine.

Concours chargé·e de recherche CNRS 2023

Soutien du CRIS
  • Image Nicole Tiget, CNRS ImagesImage Nicole Tiget, CNRS Images

Les candidats et candidates au concours de Chargé·e de recherche 2023 du CNRS peuvent bénéficier du soutien actif du CRIS (anciennement OSC), UMR 7049.

Le Centre de Recherche sur les Inégalités Sociales (CRIS) est rattaché au CNRS (sections 36 et 40) et à Sciences Po. Il accueille des chercheurs issus de plusieurs disciplines souhaitant développer une recherche de pointe sur la stratification et les inégalités sociales.

Les travaux menés au CRIS couvrent une diversité de domaines (genre, origine, milieu social, éducation, ségrégation urbaine, politiques sociales, mobilités et migrations, pratiques culturelles, usages du numériques) et utilisent plusieurs types de méthodologies, y compris expérimentales. Le centre souhaite développer l'étude des inégalités liées à l'environnement et à la santé.

L'internationalisation, la rigueur théorique et méthodologique, le respect de l'autonomie des personnels académiques constituent les piliers de la politique scientifique du CRIS.

Les candidat·e·s intéressés par nous rejoindre sont invité·e·s à prendre rendez-vous avant le 12 novembre avec la directrice de l'unité, Mirna Safi (mirna.safi@sciencespo.fr), avec en copie la Secrétaire générale (marie.ferrazzini@sciencespo.fr) en joignant un CV et un descriptif de leur projet de recherche.

Le Conseil du laboratoire statuera sur les demandes et pourra programmer une présentation orale en séminaire d'équipe.

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Left Behind Whom? Economic Status Loss and Populist Radical Right Voting

Giuseppe Ciccolini, CRIS Scientific Seminar, Friday September 30th
  • Image patpitchaya (via Shutterstock)Image patpitchaya (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, September 30th 2022, 11:45 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin) - Room A201 + Zoom

Left Behind Whom? Economic Status Loss and Populist Radical Right Voting

Giuseppe Ciccolini

PhD Student, European University Institute
Consultant for the OECD, Adjunct Professor at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf

Giuseppe CiccoliniCitizens’ resentment at losing out to the rest of society is commonly thought to be the foundation of the demand for the populist radical right (PRR).
Yet whether PRR voters are objectively disadvantaged remains disputed, which raises doubts regarding the alleged economic basis behind PRR support.
Relying on European Social Survey (ESS) individual-level data from 23 elections across Western Europe, I demonstrate that the PRR polls better among social classes facing economic status loss. To do so, I leverage income data from Eurostat and develop a novel positional measure of income.
This approach allows me to gauge (objective) economic status decline as distinct from worsening financial circumstances. The pre-eminence of the former over the latter as regards PRR voting is further corroborated by evidence on cultural stances and redistributive preferences.
My study confirms the complementarity of cultural- and economic-based explanations of PRR voting and reveals one electoral consequence of rising economic inequalities.

Registration is mandatory. Thanks!

To find out more on Giuseppe Ciccolini

The Education Gospel and the Death of Human Capital Theory

Hugh Lauder
Scientific Seminar, Friday September 23th
  • Image smolaw (via Shutterstock)Image smolaw (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, September 23th 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin), room K011

The Education Gospel and the Death of Human Capital Theory

Hugh Lauder

Professor, University of Bath

Hugh LauderThere has been a widely held view that education is central to the development of individual and national prosperity because the 4th Industrial Revolution has heralded the dawn of a knowledge economy. For policy makers the attraction is that the knowledge economy has a near infinite demand for highly educated workers which has led to the development of mass higher education.  In turn, it offers the promise of economic efficiency allied to social justice since all those with the ability and motivation to succeed in education can ascend the credential ladder to gain well paid rewarding jobs. This dominant policy view is known as the Education Gospel.

This Gospel is justified by Human Capital Theory, the orthodox economic bridge between education and the labour market and was identified by Michel Foucault as providing the key tenets of neo-Liberalism. The problem is that this theory is flawed theoretically and empirically, while turning education into the servant of the economy: the result is that it offers students a false prospectus, learning no longer equals earning. A data analysis is provided on graduate returns in the labour market over a forty year period since the inception of the 4th Industrial Revolution. These data do not support human capital theory and hence the Education Gospel.

We, therefore, need to reconsider the role of education and the contribution that graduates can make to society.

Registration is mandatory. Thanks!

Is there a "white upper class" privilege in educational achievement in France?

Insights from an intersectional empirical design
Philippe Coulangeon, CRIS Scientific Seminar, Friday September 16th
  • Image Chumakov Oleg (via Shutterstock)Image Chumakov Oleg (via Shutterstock)

CRIS Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, September 16th 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin), room K008

Is there a "white upper class" privilege in educational achievement in France?
Insights from an intersectional empirical design

Philippe Coulangeon

Directeur de recherche CNRS, Sciences Po - CRIS

Philippe CoulangeonThis presentation applies the intersectional analytical framework to the analysis of the impact of class, gender, and origin on educational outcomes in contemporary France, relying on data from the 2007 panel of the Ministry of national education matched with those of the first waves of the ongoing EVA (Entrée dans la vie active) survey of the INSEE. This longitudinal data set tracks the educational trajectories of young French people from the time they enter junior high school (classe de 6ème), around age 11, until age 25.

The intersectional approach of the intertwining effect of these variables is operationalized through the Multilevel Analysis of Individual Heterogeneity and Discriminatory Accuracy (MAIHDA) originally developed in social epidemiology (Merlo, 2018, Evans et al., 2018; Green, et al., 2017). This approach relies on the definition of strata based on the intersection of four variables: gender, class, origin, and cognitive abilities measured at 11. It differs from the usual approach by the interaction terms between these variables in that it allows the identification of specific combinations in which these effects interact more particularly, even in the presence of limited general interaction effects.

The most salient result relates to French native students of upper-class origin with low cognitive level at age 11 who, even when controlled for the additive effects of these characteristics, display a higher probability to reach an upper tertiary diploma than non-native students from lower social background but higher cognitive abilities measured at 11. On the other hand, non-native students from lower social backgrounds and low-cognitive abilities do not experience a specific “intersectional” penalty. This result suggests a kind of “white upper-class privilege” that may be partially interpreted in terms of compensatory advantage (Bernardi, 2014; Bernardi and Triventi, 2020).

Registration is mandatory. Thanks!

Sociologie de l'école

Marie Duru-Bellat, Géraldine Farges et Agnès van Zanten
  • Image Elena Chevalier (via Shutterstock)Image Elena Chevalier (via Shutterstock)

Sociologie de l'école, publié par les éditions Armand Colin / Dunod, collection U sociologie. 384 pages, EAN 9782200630577.

Après la publication de l'édition originale en 1992, Marie Duru Bellat et Agnès van Zanten ne s'imaginaient peut-être pas qu'elles allaient devoir actualiser et compléter cet ouvrage à de nombreuses reprises : 1999 (2ème ed.), 2006 (3ème), 2012 (4ème), 2018 (5ème) et enfin 2022 pour la sixième édition, rédigée avec Géraldine Farges. Au fil du temps, les retirages intermédiaires ou l'inscription dans la bibliographie officielle des concours de recrutement des Conseillers Principaux d'Education ont confirmé son statut d'ouvrage de référence pour les acteurs du monde éducatif.

Même si la structure a été conservée, au fil du temps, le volume a pris de l'ampleur, la bibliographie notamment a intégré les dernières références internationales tout en prenant soin de ne pas effacer les ouvrages et articles considérés comme fondateurs.

Le vaste champ de la sociologie de l'éducation est ici abordé dans ses multiples dimensions, enjeux et acteurs impliqués. Les auteures traitent de sujets aussi variés et complémentaires que les politiques scolaires, les idéaux autour de l'école et de la réussite, les conditions de mise en place des programmes, le métier et la carrière des enseignants, l'insertion des établissement dans un milieu local, l'évolution de la pédagogie, la ségrégation scolaire subie par les élèves, l'excellence ou les choix et pratiques des parents. Une partie plus épistémologique aborde l'évolution des recherches dans le domaine. 

Inequalities, intersectionality and vulnerability to climate change impacts

Samuel Rufat
OSC Scientific Seminar, 9th September 2022
  • Navarra, June 2022 - Image JMGarcestock via ShutterstockNavarra, June 2022 - Image JMGarcestock via Shutterstock

OSC Scientific Seminar 2022-2023

Friday, September 9th 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin), room K011

Inequalities, intersectionality and vulnerability to climate change impacts

Samuel Rufat

Maître de conférence - CY Cergy Paris University & Institut Universitaire de France

Samuel RufatSocial vulnerability is a measure of the sensitivity of a population to climate change impacts and its ability to respond to and recover from the impacts of environmental hazards. It is considered to mirror the geographies of inequality. As public agencies are increasingly seeking tools to understand inequity in exposure and decide distribution of prevention funds, aggregated indicators of vulnerability are being considered as equity measures. However, such indices rely on single-axis frameworks with the underlying assumptions that a deficit in one dimension of vulnerability can be offset (or compensated) by a surplus in another. More recently, the intersectionality perspective has been gaining traction to offer a more nuanced mapping of vulnerability and thereby overcome binary categorizations of vulnerable groups.

Registration is mandatory. Thanks!

Homepage (CY Université)

 

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on learning

  • Bastian Betthäuser (Sciences Po - CRIS)Bastian Betthäuser (Sciences Po - CRIS)

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on learning

Bastian Betthäuser (Assistant Professor of Sociology, Sciences Po - CRIS)
FacSem, Monday 15th September, 12:30 - 2 pm

Discussant: Clément de Chaisemartin (Professor, Sciences Po - Department of Economics)
Venue: Sciences Po, 1 place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin, room K011

How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected learning progress among school-age children? A growing number of studies address this question, but findings vary depending on context. We conduct a pre-registered systematic review, quality appraisal and meta-analysis of 42 studies across 15 countries to assess the magnitude of the effect of the pandemic on learning. We find a substantial overall learning deficit (Cohen’s d = -0.14, 95% c.i. -0.17, -0.10), which arose early in the pandemic and persists over time. Forgone learning is particularly large among children from low socio-economic backgrounds. It is also larger in math than in reading, and in middle-income countries, relative to high-income countries. There is a lack of evidence on learning progress during the pandemic in low-income countries. Future research should address this evidence gap and avoid the common risks of bias that we identify. The full paper can be accessed here

Registration: marina.abelskaiagraziani@sciencespo.fr (intern audience)

Bringing underprivileged middle-school students to the opera

Cultural mobility or cultural compliance?
Philippe Coulangeon & Denis Fougère
  • Palais Garnier - Image STLJB via ShutterstockPalais Garnier - Image STLJB via Shutterstock

Bringing underprivileged middle-school students to the opera: cultural mobility or cultural compliance?

Philippe Coulangeon & Denis Fougère

British Journal of Sociology of Education

First published: 12 August 2022 - https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2022.2109593

Philippe CoulangeonDenis FougèreThis article assesses the impact of a two-year long project-based learning program conducted by the National Opera of Paris in a large number of middle schools located in underprivileged areas, aiming at preventing school dropout and tackling educational inequalities by providing disadvantaged students with the opportunity to discover the world of opera. This program is not exclusively concerned with democratizing access to the opera. Rather, it focuses on improving students’ self-confidence, motivation and school involvement.

Taking a counterfactual statistical approach (propensity score matching), we measure the impact of participation in the program on final exam and continuous assessment grades.
The analysis displays mixed results: a significant and positive impact for the students who participate in the program for its whole duration (two years), at least for continuous assessment scores, but a negative impact for those who leave the program after only one year.

The contrast between the effects of full and partial participation in the program suggests that these may be primarily due to a selection effect in favor of the most culturally and socially compliant students, in line with Bourdieu’s and Passeron’s reproduction theory rather than a mobility effect resulting from the transfer of cultural capital to disadvantaged students.

Failure at school has often been attributed to the cultural gap that may exist between the resources students inherit from their families and school culture. In this paper, we focus on two strategies aimed at reducing this cultural gap: arts and culture education, and project-based learning. Arts education includes all didactic action directed towards the dissemination of artistic and cultural knowledge. Project-based learning refers to a didactic approach based on interdisciplinary and collaborative educational activities. Advocates of this approach assume that it has a propensity to reduce the distance between students with working-class backgrounds and the school environment, as it involves real, practical objects. Project-based learning may interact with arts education to the extent that this pedagogical orientation often entails the production of artifacts such as creative writing, visual art, drawings, videos, photography, and on-stage performances.

In order to assess the impact of the National Opera of Paris' program on participating students’ educational achievements, we interpret the underlying mechanism of this impact in relation with the cultural capital theory. We show that the socially redistributive impact of the program is questionable depending on whether the program help students from disadvantaged background to compensate for their lack of cultural resources or favor their ability to conform to the middle-class cultural norms and repertoires.

We start this paper by linking the issues raised by the evaluation of the impact of this program with the broader question of the role of cultural capital in educational inequalities. Second, we review the existing literature on arts education and project-based learning. We then describe in more detail the program implemented at the National Opera of Paris since 1991. We finally present our data, our methods, our hypotheses and our results, followed by a discussion on their implications and significance.

Job Talks - Professor recruitment 2022

29th August
  • Image Martin Argyroglo / Sciences PoImage Martin Argyroglo / Sciences Po

These job talks follow the Associate / Full Professor position published in June 2022.

Venue:
Sciences Po, 13 rue de l'Université, 75007 Paris, Room "Salle du conseil"

Date: Monday, August 29th 2022

Schedule:

  • 10:00 am - Lucas Chancel, Associate researcher at Paris School of Economics (PSE) and IDDRI. Co-Director of the World Inequality Lab (PSE).

    Political economy of energy transitions

The time is shared between presentation (career path, scientific project, 40 min.) and Q&A (20 min.).

Registration is mandatory !

The French social space of material consumption between 1985 and 2017

The more it changes the more it stays the same
Maël Ginsburger, The British Journal of Sociology
  • Image Maxx-Studio (via Shutterstock)Image Maxx-Studio (via Shutterstock)

The more it changes the more it stays the same: The French social space of material consumption between 1985 and 2017

Maël GinsburgerMaël Ginsburger
The British Journal of Sociology, First published: 19 July 2022 - Open Access paper
(
https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-4446.12970)

The alleged homogenization of material consumption patterns in Western societies in the end of the twentieth century has been a central argument of scholars who predicted a general flattening of class inequalities. However, divisions in material consumption practices and their evolution have largely been neglected in studies of the social stratification of lifestyles.

Drawing on six waves of the French Households Budget Surveys (INSEE) from 1985 to 2017 and Geometric Data Analysis, this article shows that the two main structuring oppositions in the French space of material consumption remained unchanged over 32 years.
A total of 28 categorical variables were computed, referring to consumption practices, habits and material possessions in five different areas: food consumption and supply; electric and electronic devices; home energy consumption; clothing; and transportation.

Two divides are strongly but not exclusively associated with social class.
 - The first persistently opposes integration with and exclusion from mass consumption.
 - The second opposes connected and autonomous consumption styles.
However, between 1989 and 2011, the practices associated with these divides have changed and households have experienced a major shift in their position toward the most integrated and connected poles.

The divide between connected and autonomous consumption styles reflects a strong opposition in terms of professions (between managers and farmers/industrial workers), but also in terms of cultural capital.

This study paves the way for comparisons to assess the permanence of those two polarities in material consumption—not only across periods, but also in different countries.

L'OSC devient le CRIS !

Centre de recherche sur les inégalités sociales
Centre for Research on social InequalitieS
  • Image d'après MJgraphics (via Shutterstock)Image d'après MJgraphics (via Shutterstock)

L’Observatoire sociologique du changement (OSC), unité mixte de recherche n° 7049 du CNRS et de Sciences Po, devient le Centre de Recherche sur les Inégalités Sociales (CRIS) à partir du 1er juillet 2022.

Cette appellation incarne le projet scientifique du Centre : investir la thématique des inégalités sociales dans leur multidimensionnalité en mobilisant des données et des méthodes variées et des perspectives interdisciplinaires. 
Les travaux des membres du CRIS sont ancrés en France et tournés vers les sphères internationales de la recherche en sciences sociales.

Le CRIS est rattaché au Département de sociologie de Sciences Po. Il rassemble une équipe d'une soixantaine de personnes, dont 20 enseignants-chercheurs permanents qui développent une recherche de pointe sur la stratification et les inégalités sociales.

Son programme de recherche poursuit 3 objectifs :

  • Mesurer et comparer l’évolution des inégalités sociales en France et dans les sociétés contemporaines
  • Analyser les mécanismes des inégalités sociales à plusieurs niveaux
  • Contribuer à l’analyse des politiques publiques.

Les travaux des membres du CRIS portent sur les inégalités socioéconomiques, éducatives, culturelles, urbaines, environnementales, numériques liées au genre, à l’origine sociale ou géographique, à l’orientation sexuelle, à l’état de santé, qui se développent dans la famille et s’accumulent tout au long du cycle de vie.

Les recherches sont également attentives aux politiques publiques dans le domaine des inégalités sociales : elles étudient leur mise en œuvre ainsi que leurs effets.
Le centre développe une approche comparatiste qui s’intéresse aux effets des contextes nationaux, urbains, scolaires, etc.  

Téléchargez le communiqué de presse - Download the Press Release

The Observatoire sociologique du changement (OSC), a joint CNRS-Sciences Po research centre #7049 becomes the Centre for Research on social InequalitieS (CRIS) starting from the 1rst of July, 2022.

This name illustrates the Centre's scientific project, which addresses the multidimensional issues of social inequality by mobilising a diversity of data, methods and interdisciplinary perspectives.  
The work of CRIS members is rooted in France and oriented towards the international field of social science research.

CRIS is affiliated to Sciences Po Department of Sociology. It includes a team of some 60 people, including 20 permanent researchers who develop cutting-edge research on stratification and social inequalities.

Its research program pursues 3 goals to:

  • Measure and compare the evolution of social inequalities in France and in contemporary societies
  • Analyze the mechanisms of social inequalities at several levels
  • Contribute to the analysis of public policies

The work of CRIS members focuses on socio-economic, educational, cultural, urban, environmental and digital inequalities related to gender, social or geographical origin, sexual orientation and health status, which develop in the family and accumulate throughout the life cycle.

The research also pays attention to public policies in the field of social inequalities and studies their implementation and effects.
The Centre is furthermore developing a comparative approach that looks at the effects of national, urban, education and other contexts.  

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Job Talks - Full Professor recruitment

Tuesday, July 12th 2022
  • Campus Saint-ThomasCampus Saint-Thomas

These job talks follow the Full Professor position published in March 2022 (Professeur des Universités).

Venue:
Sciences Po, 1 place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin, 75007 Paris, Room B-103.

Date: Tuesday, July 12th 2022

Schedule:

  • 10:00 am - Lidia Panico, Chargée de recherche, INED
    How birth health matters for subsquent child inequalities

  • 11:15 am - Merlin Schaeffer, Associate Professor, University of Copenhagen
    Do Right-Wing Governors Promote Informal Healthcare Chauvinism? Ethnic Discrimination in Access to Basic Healthcare in Italy

The time is shared between presentation (40 min.) and Q&A (20 min.).

Registration is mandatory !

 

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We Are Not Omnivores, or, how our culture became more open, but remained unequal

Jennifer Lena (Columbia University NYC)
OSC Scientific Seminar, June 24th 2022
  • Image Luboslav Tiles (via Shutterstock)Image Luboslav Tiles (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday, June 24th 2022, 11:00 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin), room K008

We Are Not Omnivores, or,
how our culture became more open, but remained unequal

Jennifer C. Lena

Associate Professor of Arts
Department of Sociology
Columbia University in the City of New York

Jennifer C. Lenna Drawing from Richard A. Peterson’s signature work on taste, hundreds of studies have reported that elites' cultural tastes have broadened such that they are best categorized as “omnivores.” Most of the research in this tradition to date has sought to replicate the primary finding (in different times, places, with different populations) while little attention was paid to the mechanisms in play.

Using a single case study (The Museum of Primitive Art) as a prism, I argue that the most likely explanation for the original omnivorousness finding is a simultaneous diversification of “benchmark” arts collections and programs to include more kinds of culture (via the process of “artistic legitimation”), and a push on the part of vernacular culture advocates to have some works and creators appreciated as art. That is, the diversification of elite tastes is likely a result of both the artistic legitimation of vernacular work and a “lowering” of highbrow tastes to include vernacular culture.

In this study, I present a “production of culture” style explanation for purportedly high levels of omnivorous tastes among American elites, and explore the robustness of Shyon Baumann’s theory of the artistic legitimation process, as applied to 16 fields of creative production.

Registration is mandatory. Thanks! 

Position Vacancy: Associate / Full Professor

Global economic and environmental inequality
Deadline July 10th
  • Image d'après Fah061043 (via Shutterstock)Image d'après Fah061043 (via Shutterstock)

Sciences Po is recruiting an Associate / Full Professor at the OSC - Observatoire Sociologique du Changement. Position starting on October 1st, 2022.

This professorship position is designed to reinforce and complement our expertise in the study of environmental inequality. We welcome applications from candidates with an excellent publication record in leading social science journals capable of stimulating new expertise on environmental inequality within Sciences Po.
We particularly value candidates with an ambitious research agenda on global economic and environmental inequality using large-scale worldwide data.

This position is for a senior scholar (Rang A) and only candidates with an Habilitation or with a current position at least equivalent to associate professor are eligible.

The successful candidate will fully become a member of the Observatoire sociologique du changement. He.She is expected to play an active role in OSC’s collective activity: seminars, academic events, participation in research networks. He.She should also engage in responding to national and international calls to fund research projects. He.She is also supposed to supervise master and PhD students. The selected candidate will also be welcome to participate to AIRE, the Sciences Po Interdisciplinary Research Program on the Environment.

The successful candidate will teach a class on environmental approaches in the social sciences (undergraduate level) and may also teach on global and environmental inequality (graduate level).
Teaching load: 3 courses with 24 contact hours each per year, 56 hours per year of other academic duties.

Applications are due by [Extended deadline] July 10th.

Submissions must include:
● CV with a list of publications
● Motivation letter
● Research Statement (2 pages)
● Short Teaching statement (1 page)
● 2 significant publications chosen by the candidate
● The name of two academic referees

Please read the full Job description and the complete requirements (pdf, 172 ko).
Contact:  Carlo Barone carlo.barone@sciencespo.fr, Chair of the recruitment committee
or Administrative contact Marie Ferrazzini marie.ferrazzini@sciencespo.fr, Secrétaire générale de l’OSC.

 

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Discrimination partly explains why Blacks are more depressed than average in Europe

Martin Aranguren
OSC Scientific Seminar, 17th June 2022
  • Image fizkes (via Shutterstock)Image fizkes (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 17th June 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po (1, Place Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin), room K011

Discrimination partly explains why
Blacks are more depressed than average in Europe

Martin Aranguren

Associate Scientist, CNRS, Sciences Po - OSC

While studies on the association between perceived discrimination and adverse mental health outcomes abound, those that investigate the role of discrimination in the production of mental health disparities are rare.
My work contributes to the latter field by examining whether discrimination creates disparities in depressive symptoms between Asians or Blacks in Europe. Using the social stress model as a theoretical guide, the empirical strategy consists in combining cross-sectional epidemiological data from the representative European Social Survey (sample size 37,406) with evidence from a large-scale field experiment (sample size 4,555).
A mediation analysis performed on the ESS data confirms that European Blacks, but not clearly Asians, report more symptoms of depression than the reference group, and that this excess in depression is mediated by perceived discrimination. Similarly, the field experiment corroborates that Blacks, and less univocally so Asians, are discriminated against in everyday interactions. Together, the two studies concur to support the social stress hypothesis that Blacks’ surplus in depression symptoms results from greater exposure to discrimination.

Registration is mandatory. Thanks! 

 

From Diversity to Mixing? Socioeconomic Homophily in French Desegregated Middle Schools

Timothée Chabot
OSC Scientific Seminar, 10th June 2022
  • Image BearFotos (via Shutterstock)Image BearFotos (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 10th June 2022, 11:30 am
OSC meeting room (1, Place Saint-Thomas)

From Diversity to Mixing?
Socioeconomic Homophily in French Desegregated Middle Schools

Timothée Chabot

PhD European University Institute, Post-doc INED (ELVIS Project)

À quel point l’origine sociale des élèves de collège structure-t-elle leurs relations les uns avec les autres ? Pour répondre à cette question, une cohorte d’environ 800 collégien·nes français·es a été suivie pendant trois ans, dans quatre établissements socialement mixtes. L’analyse de leurs réseaux de relations, notamment via les méthodes de la statistique de réseaux, permet de mieux comprendre les causes de l’homophilie sociale entre élèves, c’est-à-dire de la tendance à la ségrégation sociale des amitiés.

Socioeconomic mixing at school is often considered to be a desirable objective, as it would reduce academic inequalities and help pacify inter-group relations.
Does spatial diversity imply relational mixing, or do students keep interacting with socioeconomically similar peers even in formally desegregated contexts? This raises the question of homophily, the principle by which relationships occur at a higher rate among similar individuals.
I study socioeconomic homophily among a cohort of 800 middle school students in four schools in France, followed during three years.
Based on the statistical analysis of students’ friendship networks and on qualitative interviews, I examine the magnitude of this homophily, and try to disentangle the relational processes through which it emerges.

Registration is mandatory. Thanks! 

 

Suspect Citizenship

Jean Beaman (University of California, Santa Barbara)
OSC Scientific Seminar (online), June 3rd, 9:30 am
  • Image Elena Dijour (via Shutterstock)Image Elena Dijour (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 3rd June 2022, 9:30 am
Online, via Zoom

Suspect Citizenship

Jean Beaman

Associate Professor of Sociology in the University of California, Santa Barbara

Jean BeamanIncidents of state violence and activism against that violence illustrate the continuing significance of race and the persistence of white supremacy in France, the United States, and worldwide.
Based on past and current ethnographic research and interviews with ethnic minorities in the Parisian metropolitan region, this talk argues that, despite France’s colorblind and Republican ethos, France’s “visible minorities” function under a “suspect citizenship” in which their full societal belonging is never granted.
I focus on the growing problem of state-sponsored violence against ethnic minorities which reveals how France is creating a “bright boundary” between whites and non-whites, furthering disparate outcomes based on race and ethnic origin.
By considering the multifaceted dimensions of citizenship and belonging in France, I demonstrate the limitations of full societal inclusion for France’s non-white denizens and how French Republicanism continues to mark, rather than erase, racial and ethnic distinctions. 

Registration is mandatory. Thanks! (Zoom users: the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

To find out more: Jean Beaman homepage

Last papers:

 

 



Who took care of what?

The gender division of unpaid work during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in France
Demographic Research Journal
  • Image SB Arts Media (via Shutterstock)Image SB Arts Media (via Shutterstock)

Who took care of what?
The gender division of unpaid work during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in France

Marta Pasqualini, Marta Dominguez-Folgueras, Emanuele Ferragina
Olivier Godechot, Ettore Recchi, Mirna Safi

Demographic Research, vol. 46, art. 34, p. 1007-1036
24 May 2022, doi 10.4054/DemRes.2022.46.34
This paper is available in open access

France was one of the first countries implementing lockdown measures to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. Since families spent more time at home, household and care workloads increased significantly. However, existing findings are mixed in terms of whether this situation contributed to a more gender-egalitarian division of unpaid work.

This paper explores the division of domestic work within couples across two different COVID-19 lockdowns and compares them to the out-of-lockdown period in France. We use the theoretical lenses of time availability, relative resources, and ‘doing gender’ to make sense of these changes.

The longitudinal analyses rely on an original panel study we collected in France between April 2020 and April 2021.We employ the different types of restrictions to mobility and social life imposed during the first year of the pandemic as a contextual background, within which we measure the main drivers of change in the division of unpaid work within couples. We use individual fixed effect regression models to estimate changes in men’s share of unpaid work by time, changes in work conditions, partners’ educational gaps, and types of domestic tasks.

Another data and analysis are available within the CoCo Project (Coping with Covid-19: Social distancing, cohesion and inequality in 2020 France) - Data produced by the CDSP via the ELIPSS Panel (8 waves) are described in the Sciences Po data repository: https://data.sciencespo.fr/dataverse/elipss 

An Unequal Digital World?

Critical Perspectives on Media Sociology as Transdisciplinary Global Network
Media Sociology Post-Conference (International Communication Association)
  • Image Videoflow (via Shutterstock)Image Videoflow (via Shutterstock)
72nd Annual International Communication Association Conference - Paris
Media Sociology Hybrid Post-Conference

An Unequal Digital World?
Critical Perspectives on Media Sociology as Transdisciplinary Global Network

Date: Wednesday, June 1: 9:00 am - 5:30 pm
Venue (in-person sessions): Observatoire sociologique du changement, Sciences Po Paris, 1 Place St Thomas d'Aquin.

Join sociologists and media scholars around the world who are convening in Paris for the ICA for this focused one-day post-conference. Contributing to ICA’s theme “One World, One Network”, the post-conference provides a global tent for the field of media sociology at the intersection of communication, media, technology, inequalities, politics, and social change.

The event’s featured speakers are Antonio Casilli and Paola Tubaro whose talks are respectively entitled "Who bears the burden of a pandemic? COVID-19 and the transfer of risk to digital platform workers" and "Digital Venezuela: Global inequalities, economic crisis and local networks behind the online economy”.

Panels: Current Issues in Media Sociology - Digital Politics - Digital Divides - Cultural Production - Digital Production - Inequalities

The day’s agenda features a variety of speakers and paper presentations with both in-person and online formats. For more information, contact jen.schradie@sciencespo.fr.

Committee and Organizers
Grant Blank, Antonio Casilli, Wenhong Chen, Massimo Ragnedda, Laura Robinson, Jen Schradie, Jeremy Schulz, Juliana Trammel, Paola Tubaro, and Julie Wiest.

Conference Partnerships
ICA Division Affiliates: Global Communication and Social Change and Computational Methods Divisions
Institutional Host: Jen Schradie, Observatoire sociologique du changement, Sciences Po Paris
Publication Sponsors: Palgrave Studies in Digital Inequalities & Emerald Studies in Media and Communications
Institutional Sponsors: Observatoire sociologique du changement, Sciences Po Paris, Department of Sociology at Santa Clara University, and the Center for Entertainment and Media Industries at the University of Texas at Austin

https://www.icahdq.org/page/ICA2022

 

The Subjective Cost of Young Children: A European Comparison

Angela Greulich, Sonja Spitzer, Bernhard Hammer
Social Indicators Research Journal
  • Illustration from Boguslaw Mazur (via Shutterstock)Illustration from Boguslaw Mazur (via Shutterstock)

The Subjective Cost of Young Children: A European Comparison

Sonja Spitzer, Angela Greulich, Bernhard Hammer

Social Indicators Research, First Published 15 May 2022

Paper in open access via Springer Link - https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-022-02942-5

The researchers have investigated how the birth of a child affects the objective and subjective economic situation of young parents in Europe. They mobilize longitudinal data from the European Union’s Statistics of Income and Living Conditions, covering the time period 2004 to 2019 for 30 European countries.

Does the work and income situation for young parents differ between European countries?
They study the career break: is it and to what extend primarily reserved for mothers?
Is it the case in every European country that parental leave massively harms women in their working life, while fathers have no losses?

Results show that newborns decrease subjective economic well-being in all regions, yet with economies of scale for the number of children. The substantial labour income losses of mothers explain only a small part of subjective child costs. The initial drop in subjective economic well-being observed shortly after childbirth is caused by increased expenses due to the birth of a child and other drivers such as stress.

The study finds that everywhere in Europe, mothers take longer breaks from work than fathers – particularly in the German-speaking countries.

The authors observe that despite a decline in labor market income for mothers after childbirth, the household income of many couples remains relatively constant across all regions in the short term. This is, firstly, because – on average – a lot is offset by public subsidies, such as lump-sum benefits and leave payments. Secondly, the labor incomes of many fathers are observed to increase slightly after the birth of a child in many European countries regions.

Fig 1 - Years before and after the first birth

Job talks

Assistant professor in Sociology, Sciences Po - OSC
23 & 24 May 2022
  • Illustration Sandrine Gaudin / Sciences PoIllustration Sandrine Gaudin / Sciences Po

These job talks follow the Assistant Professor position published in March 2022.

Schedule:

  • Monday 23 May 2022 – Room CS 16 - 1, Place Saint-Thomas d’Aquin 75007 Paris

08:45 - Welcome Coffee

09:15 - 10:00  Magda BOUTROS, Assistant Professor, University of Washington
Policing "undesirables"
10:10 - 10:55  Margot DAZEY, Post-doctoral researcher, Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse
Muslim uplift in France: Excellence and good manners in the face of stigma

10:55 - Coffee break

11:15 - 12:00  Gaja MAESTRI, Lecturer in Sociology and Policy, Aston University
Between Charity and Protest. Meanings, dilemmas, and transformations of migrant solidarity in France and the UK
12:10 - 12:55  Filippo ONCINI, Marie Curie Fellow, University of Manchester
It’s the noise of the snacks!: School meals on the fringes and frail food pedagogies

  • Tuesday May 24 2022 – Room  CS 16 - 1, Place Saint-Thomas d’Aquin 75007 Paris

08:45 - Welcome Coffee

09:15 - 10:00  Selin SIVIS, Post-doctoral Researcher, University of Vienna
Who is (un)deserving? Differential healthcare access and the interplay between social and symbolic boundary-drawing towards Syrian Refugees in Turkey

10:30 - Coffee break

10:50 - 11:35  Siqi TU, Post-doctoral Fellow, New York University, Shanghai (via Zoom)
Fragile Cosmopolitanism: Global Imaginaries in the Making of Chinese “Parachute Students” in the United States

Please register here !

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Do Audit Experiments Reflect Applicant Behavior?

Cautions for Calculations of Probabilities of Success
Seminar with Mike Vuolo, May 20th, 11h30
  • Image create jobs 51 (via Shutterstock)Image create jobs 51 (via Shutterstock)

LIEPP' Discriminations and category-based policies and OSC are glad to invite you to the seminar: 

Do Audit Experiments Reflect Applicant Behavior? Cautions for Calculations of Probabilities of Success

May 20th, 11:30 am - 1:00 pm

Location: Room K008, 1 place Saint Thomas d'Aquin, Paris

Mandatory registration here

Michael VuoloSpeaker: Mike VuoloPhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at The Ohio State University and Editor-in-Chief of Sociological Methodology, the official methods journal of the American Sociological Association. His research interests include law, crime, and deviance; health; employment; substance use; the life course; and statistics and methodology.

Abstract: Audit and correspondence studies have flourished in sociology and related disciplines. By sending actual applications that differ only by particular treatments, this method allows researchers to tap into discrimination by decision-makers such as employers, landlords, and schools that surveys and qualitative interviews are unlikely to reveal, with the strong internal validity of an experiment. However, the applicant is assumed to apply to all available openings for which they are qualified, and the probability of success represents an estimate at the unit level rather than that of the applicant.
This presentation uses two studies in progress to consider these two assumptions.
First, I present the results of an experiment and qualitative interviews with individuals with criminal records regarding whether they apply for jobs based on inquiries regarding records appearing on job applications. We find that when applications have criminal record questions or warnings of a criminal background check, applicants are less likely to apply for a position and that the reasoning behind such self-selection differs by race and gender. In other words, applicants do not apply to all positions as audits typically assume.
Second, I demonstrate via the binomial distribution that unit-level probabilities do not accurately reflect real world applicant chance of success. For most studies of the labor market, they underrepresent the effects of discrimination and do not consider the degree of choice in jobs that applicants of differing treatments attain. For studies of other units such as housing and schools, the unit-level probabilities that note discrimination are of relatively little consequence for real-world applicants. Both studies necessitate a new focus on applicants within audit experiments, with a consideration of both self-selection into applying and applicant-level probabilities of success.

Individual and Societal Consequences of Widowhood

in light of the Covid-19 pandemic
Workshop, Sciences Po Paris, June 9
  • Image Superstar (via Shutterstock)Image Superstar (via Shutterstock)

Sciences Po and the Observatoire Sociologique du Changement (OSC) will be hosting a workshop on the individual and societal consequences of widowhood, especially in light of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Despite spousal loss being one of the most devastating events in the lives of men and women, research on the consequences of bereavement is limited in the social sciences.
This workshop will highlight new findings and perspectives as well as pave the path for new research on how widowhood affects the wellbeing of bereaved spouses.
 
The workshop will take place in Sciences Po Paris, on June 9, in hybrid format. If you would like to participate in person or online, please complete the following form.

Confirmed participants and contributors:

  • Zachary Van Winkle and Angela Greulich (Sciences Po), 
  • Nicole Kapelle and Jose-Manuel Aburto (University of Oxford),
  • Carole Bonnet, Julie Tréguier and Léa Cimelli (INED),
  • Aart Jan Riekhoff (Finnish Centre for Pensions),
  • Patrick Präg (ENSAE),
  • Thomas Leopold (University of Cologne).

 Zachary Van Winkle (OSC)Angela Greulich (OSC)Nicole Kapelle (University of Oxford)Jose-Manuel Aburto (University of Oxford)Carole Bonnet (INED)Julie Treguier (INED)Lea Cimelli (INED)Aart Jan Riekhoff (Finnish Centre for Pensions)Patrick Präg (ENSAE)Thomas Leopold (University of Cologne)

Download here the Schedule

This workshop takes place within the remit of the WIDOW19 project funded by the ANR Résilience Covid-19 programme.
The Covid-19 pandemic has left, and continues to leave, numerous men and women prematurely and unexpectedly widowed. Surviving spouses must not only cope with the psychological consequences of bereavement, but also deal with greater economic hardship following partner loss. Especially younger widows and widowers had less time on the labor market to finish financial preparations for old age and discuss post-bereavement financial planning.
The overarching aim of this project is to assess the consequences of increased rates of premature and unexpected widowhood due to the covid-19 pandemic in terms of individual economic wellbeing and societal economic costs.

Project members from six French and European universities and research institutes will collaborate to not only fill several gaps in social scientific knowledge on widowhood, but also provide French and European policy makers with evidence-based policy suggestions to counter and mitigate the individual and societal consequences of widowhood in the short and long-term following the pandemic.

Filière du bac et premier emploi

Parcours scolaire et écarts femmes - hommes
Carlo Barone, Estelle Herbaut et Louis-André Vallet
  • Image Reflexpixel (via Shutterstock)Image Reflexpixel (via Shutterstock)

Filières du baccalauréat et emploi à la fin des études : contribution des parcours scolaires et analyse des écarts entre femmes et hommes

Estelle Herbaut, Carlo Barone et Louis-André Vallet

Economie et Statistique, n° 530-31, 2022, p 65-86.

Cet article est librement consultable en ligne sur le site de l'INSEE. [English version is also available]

Quelles sont les conséquences de la filière suivie au lycée sur l’insertion professionnelle des bacheliers ?
Les auteurs exploitent un panel de 17000 élèves du second degré entrés en sixième en 1995 et une enquête sur le début de la carrière professionnelle, marquant l’entrée dans la vie adulte, menée entre 2005 et 2012. Ils analysent et mettent en lien les caractéristiques sociodémographiques de chaque élève, le choix d'orientation, la performance scolaire, le diplôme obtenu, la date du premier emploi, sa catégorie professionnelle, le salaire...

La méthodologie et la richesse des données permet de prendre en compte la diversité des étudiants dans chaque filière et de suivre des trajectoires, y compris lorsque la scolarité est interrompue.

Les résultats soulignent l’importance de prendre en compte toutes les caractéristiques des élèves avant l’orientation. Il existe une dynamique complexe entre les compétences scolaires et les niveaux de diplômes qui tend à masquer en partie les inégalités professionnelles entre femmes et hommes en début de carrière, tandis que la filière du baccalauréat tend à les expliquer.

La première partie de l'article propose une revue de littérature sur le lien entre filières de baccalauréat et insertion professionnelle, via les mécanismes et choix d'orientation.   

Coordinated Markets, School-to-Work Linkages, and Labor Market Outcomes in the European Union

Thomas A. DiPrete
OSC Scientific Seminar, 29th April 2022
  • Image EtiAmmos (via Shutterstock)Image EtiAmmos (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 29th April 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po, 1 St-Thomas, Room K008

Coordinated Markets, School-to-Work Linkages,
and Labor Market Outcomes in the European Union

Thomas A. DiPrete

 Giddings Professor of Sociology, Columbia University in the City of New York
and Director, Institute of Social and Economic Research and Policy

A large literature in both sociology and political science has theorized about the importance of country differences in skill formation systems for labor market outcomes.
Focusing on twenty-one European countries, my study establishes that countries differ in the strength of the pathways that connect educational credentials to the occupational structure, though there is considerable variability in the country rankings of the strength of individual pathways. Pathway strength matters for the quality of occupational matching, for employment and earnings, and for the earnings gap between well matched and less well-matched workers. In general, the total effects of local linkage strength are to raise earnings and to lower unemployment risk, though positive total effects of local linkage on earnings are concentrated at the lower tertiary and non-tertiary educational levels.
The results suggest that pathway effects are stronger in high-linkage countries for male and for older female workers, and the results also support the hypothesis that local linkage is more protective against unemployment in high linkage countries. However, the local linkage effect is not consistently higher in high-linkage countries when one analyzes the data one educational level at a time. Therefore, the most robust effect of high linkage countries appears to be the fact that – even taking internal heterogeneity into account – their pathways from educational credentials to occupations generally show tighter linkage along with its attendant advantage on labor market outcomes.

Registration is mandatory 

To find out more:

See the webpage of Thomas A. DiPrete

 

Firms and the Intergenerational Transmission of Labor Market Advantage

Per Engzell
LIEPP - OSC Seminar, Friday April 15th
  • Image moomsabuy (via Shutterstock)Image moomsabuy (via Shutterstock)

LIEPP's Educational Policies research group and OSC are glad to invite you to the seminar: 

Firms and the Intergenerational Transmission of Labor Market Advantage

Friday April 15th, 11h30-13h00 (CET)
Location: Room K008, Sciences Po, 1 place Saint Thomas d'Aquin, 75007
Mandatory registration 

During this seminar, Per Engzell (Research Fellow in Sociology, postdoctoral Researcher in the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science, University of Oxford and visiting professor at LIEPP from March to April 2022) will present his recent paper with Nathan Wilmers (MIT Sloan).

Peter EngzellRecent research finds that pay inequality stems both from from pay-setting and from workers’ individual characteristics. Yet, intergenerational mobility research remains focused on transmission of individual traits, and has failed to test how firms shape the inheritance of inequality. We study this question using three decades of Swedish population register data, and decompose the intergenerational earnings correlation into firm pay premiums and stable worker effects. One quarter of the intergenerational earnings correlation at midlife is explained by sorting between firms with unequal pay. Employer or industry inheritance account for a surprisingly small share of this firm-based earnings transmission. Instead, children from high-income backgrounds benefit from matching with high-paying firms irrespective of the sources of parents’ earnings advantage. Our analysis reveals how an imperfectly competitive labor market provides an opening for skill-based rewards in one generation to become class-based advantages in the next.

 To find out more:  http://perengzell.com/ - https://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/mv3e9/ (Paper)

Admission en doctorat, rentrée 2022

  • Image Marta Nascimento / Sciences PoImage Marta Nascimento / Sciences Po

La campagne d'admission en doctorat à l'École de la Recherche de Sciences Po est ouverte jusqu'au 18 mai 2022. Les résultats de l'admission seront communiqués à la mi-juillet 2022.

Le calendrier et les procédures d'admission sont disponibles sur cette page : https://www.sciencespo.fr/ecole-doctorale/fr/content/ladmission-en-these.html

Les candidat·e·s qui demandent un rattachement à l'OSC doivent joindre à leur dossier de candidature :

  • Une lettre motivée et signée par un membre de l’OSC habilité à diriger des recherches, indiquant qu'il accepte de diriger votre thèse,
  • Une lettre de la directrice de l’OSC indiquant qu'elle accepte votre intégration à l'OSC.

Merci aux candidats d'envoyer avant le 8 mai 2022 à Marie Ferrazzini, secrétaire générale de l'OSC, un CV et une version, même préliminaire, de leur projet de thèse.

Les demandes de soutien seront examinées par le Conseil de laboratoire de l'OSC le 13 mai 2022.

Contact et information : Marie Ferrazzini

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A feel for the game? A contribution to the analysis of social stratification through higher education

Yann Renisio, Emil Bertilsson
OSC Scientific Seminar, 8th April 2022
  • Image Tupungato (via Shutterstock)Image Tupungato (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 8th April 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po, 1 St-Thomas, Room A201 & Online via Zoom

A feel for the game?
A contribution to the analysis of social stratification through higher education

Yann Renisio & Emil Bertilsson

 Associate Scientist, CNRS, Sciences Po - OSC & Senior Lecturer, Uppsala University   

Higher education plays a major role in the social stratification of contemporary western societies. Studies of this influence, generally compare properties of upper secondary graduates who enter higher education with those who do not enter (binary stratification), or, among those who enter, between short term vs long term programs (vertical stratification) or, among those who enter programs with the same duration, between the fields of these programs (horizontal stratification).

We propose three improvements in this research design, using Swedish register-data. First, we recalculate the actual space of reachable programs for all upper-secondary graduates, meaning that we can predict with very high accuracy which programs a given individual could have, or could have not, entered into if she had applied to them. Second, we construct a continuous characterization of programs based on a synthetic measure of their social outcomes (conjunction of average level of study, median income, and rate of upper-class occupations among accepted students to these programs, 10 years after their entrance).

By doing so, rather than relying only on the level and field of programs, we get a better approximation of the relation between higher education stratification and social stratification.

Finally, we decompose the process of entering a program in higher education as a succession of constrained practices, that is, first, the possibility to enter higher education, second, the practice of applying to higher education given the objective chances of success, third, the fact that these applications are oriented towards at least one reachable program, fourth, the fact of registering to this program once accepted to it, and finally, the relative position of this program in terms of outcomes, compared with all the other reachable programs.

We focus on the respective and cumulative influence of gender and level of education of parents on each of these steps.

Registration is mandatory. Thanks! (Zoom users: the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

L'illusion de la démocratie numérique

Internet est-il de droite ?
L'ouvrage de Jen Schradie en français
  • Image TY Lim (via Shutterstock)Image TY Lim (via Shutterstock)

L'illusion de la démocratie numérique. Internet est-il de droite ?
Jen Schradie

Edition française avec introduction originale, de l'ouvrage "The Revolution That Wasn't: How Digital Activism Favors Conservatives", Harvard University Press (2019), Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, Lausanne, Collection Quanto, 2022, 468 p. 

EPFL Press, 2022

# La naissance d'internet il y a plus de 25 ans déclenche une sorte de vertige révolutionnaire. Ses plus ardents défenseurs pensent qu'il a le potentiel de refaçonner fondamentalement chaque aspect de la civilisation, en mieux. [...] Personnalisation, participation et pluralisme sont certains de faire advenir la démocratie numérique.   

# L'activisme semble accessible, immédiat et ouvert à tous. Un hashtag accrocheur, ou l'actualisation judicieuse d'un statut semblent suffisants pour donner naissance à tout un mouvement. Soudaint, tout un chacun est en mesure de changer le monde.
Si ce discours narratif célébratoire a largement dominé le discours depuis des années, il doit à présent se confronter directement à une vision de plus en plus inquiétante d'internet.

Jen Schradie mène un minutieux travail de terrain en Caroline du nord pour comprendre comment militantisme et numérique - réseaux sociaux plus précisément - se conjuguent au profit de certains groupes structurés porteurs de courants de pensée conservateurs. Elle aborde dans son ouvrage les inégalités selon la classe sociale, les types d'organisation des groupes militants (syndicats d'enseignants, d'étudiants, d'employés du secteur public), les motivations politiques de ces groupes (idéologie de "droite" ou de "gauche"), leurs stratégies d'occupation des réseaux. Le militantisme numérique prend corps dans toutes ses dimensions, le distinguant des mouvements et pratiques observés avant la généralisation du numérique.        

# L'ère de l'utopie numérique semble être sur sa fin. A l'avenir les activistes de tous bords vont tenter de s'emparer du pouvoir d'internet pour promouvoir leur cause. Si la fracture présente dans l'activisme numérique continue à s'élargir, seules les voix de certains privilégiés pourront se faire entendre dans la nouvelle ère à venir. Un tel scénario signerait l'arrêt de mort du rêve technologique comme force de progrès, mais aussi de la possibilité d'une société réellement démocratique.    

Pour en savoir plus

Downward mobility and radical right gender gap vote

Alexis Baudour
OSC Scientific Seminar, 1st April 2022
  • Image Alexandru Nika (via Shutterstock)Image Alexandru Nika (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 1st April 2022, 11:30 am
Sciences Po, 1 St-Thomas, Room K008

Downward mobility and radical right gender gap vote

Alexis Baudour

 PhD Student, Sciences Po - MaxPo/OSC

This talk explores the link between inter-generational status decline and right-wing populist vote. We found a strong association between subjective status decline and populist vote for men but not for women.
We consider three hypotheses to explain this disparity.
 First, status anxiety and feeling to not get their ”fair share” for men would be associated with bitterness against women and minorities.
 Second, downward mobile women would be more feminist and therefore less likely to support right-wing populism. 
 Lastly, downward mobile men have a higher perception of external locus of control, and this would impact their political inclinations. Our data supports only this last hypothesis.
These results shed some light on the puzzle of the gender gap vote.

Registration is mandatory 

To find out more:

See the webpage of Alexis Baudour http://www.maxpo.eu/center-staff-doctoralfellow-baudour.asp

 

The Sounds of Silence: Why French Bishops Supported Vichy's First Statut des Juifs

Aliza Luft
OSC Scientific Seminar, March 25 (via Zoom)
  • Le Matin (Newspaper) - Document Gallica.bnf.fr/Bibliothèque Nationale de FranceLe Matin (Newspaper) - Document Gallica.bnf.fr/Bibliothèque Nationale de France

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 25th March 2022, 16:00 pm
Online via Zoom

The Sounds of Silence: Why French Bishops Supported Vichy's First Statut des Juifs

Aliza Luft

Assistant Professor of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles

This talk explains how French bishops during the Holocaust decided to support the Vichy regime's initial antisemitic policy against Jews.
Previous work on the French Catholic Church during the Holocaust argues that bishops' interests and ideologies motivated their support for Vichy along with its Statut des Juifs. I complicate these claims through process-tracing analysis of original documents from French diocesan archives, including bishops' notes, diaries, and correspondences.
Findings suggest that the rupture caused by the Nazi invasion and occupation of France, and the resulting division of the Church, powerfully impacted French bishops' abilities to coordinate and determine a course of action. This chaos, and the selective repression by Nazis of bishops who were once outspoken advocates of Jews, provided opportunities for vocal, high-status, and pro-Statute bishops to set the trajectory of the Church in motion. Others remained quiet, and their silence was decisive: in a time of disarray when the Church was seeking to determine a common stance, bishops' silence appeared as a tacit signal in favor of endorsing legal antisemitism.

Registration is mandatory (the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

To find out more:

See the website of Aliza Luft https://www.alizaluft.com/

 

Partisan proximity and intention to vaccinate against COVID-19

Jeremy K. Ward & Sébastien Cortaredona
OSC Scientific Seminar, Friday 18th March (Hybrid)
  • Image Spech (via Shutterstock)Image Spech (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 18th March 2022, 11:30 am
Room K008 (1 St Thomas) and Online via Zoom

Partisan proximity and intention to vaccinate against COVID-19

Jeremy K. Ward & Sébastien Cortaredona

INSERM, CERMES 3 - IRD, Vitrome

For the past five years, increasing attention has been devoted to the relationship between political identities and attitudes to science and scientific issues. Vaccination has been one of the most studied cases. In the USA, most studies have found signitficant differences between Republicans and Democrats, the former being much more vaccine hesitant than the latter. In this litterature dominated by social and cognitive psychologists, the main explanation of these differences draws on the concepts of partisan cue and motivated reasoning.

Here, we will show the merits and limits of this form of explanation by analysing the political differences in intention to vaccinate against COVID-19 in France. We do so by drawing on a dataset of 34 crossectional online surveys conducted between march 2020 and june 2021 among representative samples of the French adult population (n=38 416).

Registration is mandatory (for Zoom users, the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

To find out more:
- Aurélie Bosquet et al., « L’hésitation vaccinale en France. Prévalence et variation selon le statut socio-économique des parents », Med Sci, vol. 36, n° 5, p. 461-464, 2020.
- Jeremy K. Ward et al., "The French public's attitudes to a future COVID-19 vaccine: The politicization of a public health issue", Soc Sci Med, 265:113414, 2020.
- Florian Cafiero, Paul Guille-Escuret, Jeremy K. Ward, “'I’m not an antivaxxer, but…': Spurious and authentic diversity among vaccine critical activists", Social Networks, 65, 2020.
- The Coconel Group, "A future vaccination campaign against COVID-19 at risk of vaccine hesitancy and politicisation", The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 20, n° 7, p. 769-770, July 2020.

 

The financialisation of floor space, Mumbai 1880-2015

Sukriti Issar
Urban Studies journal
  • Image from Mumbai by Sukriti IssarImage from Mumbai by Sukriti Issar

The financialisation of floor space, Mumbai 1880–2015

Sukriti Issar (Sciences Po - OSC)

Urban Studies, first published February 25, 2022

This paper is available online on Sage Journals

Sukriti Issar (OSC)The paper explores the history of floor space policies, analysing instrument design, the actors and state agencies involved, key moments and policy debates in Mumbai over more than a hundred years.

In 1991, the local state in Mumbai, India, introduced the financial instrument of ‘Transferable Development Rights’ (TDR). This instrument creates a market in concessions to building height regulations, allowing developers to buy and sell exemptions in a logic similar to carbon credits. TDR allows developers to monetise the undeveloped potential of (literally) the air over their plot and to sell it to others.
From a prescriptive regulation where a standard was set for the height of buildings (colonial-era standards of maximum permissible height in metres, or post-1950s floor space index) TDR is a shift to a market-based incentive. Paradoxically, TDR or ‘air rights’, and related incentives, are used by the state to achieve urban development and social goals like green space conservation or redevelopment of slum and dilapidated buildings in Mumbai.

This paper traces and explains, drawing on original archival research and interviews with 80 policy experts, the shift from a prescriptive regulation to a financial instrument, from standard to incentive, and the consequences of that shift. Contrary to assumptions that floor space instruments are apolitical and determined by the subjective opinions of planners, the shift from a command-and-control policy to a financialised policy instrument was here local, endogenous, gradual, and conflictual...

Highlight the in-work poverty under sociological point of view

Zachary Van Winkle et al.
Advances in Life Course Research Journal
  • Image 09910190 (via Shutterstock)Image 09910190 (via Shutterstock)

Family demographic processes and in-work poverty: A systematic review

Antonino Polizzia, Emanuela Struffolino, Zachary Van Winkle

Advances in Life Course Research, vol. 52, June 2022, 100462
Paper available on ScienceDirect portal
Paper also available in Preprint version (SocArXiv)

 

The presence of working poor individuals – employed individuals who live in households with incomes below the poverty threshold – represents a worrisome phenomenon in advanced democracies that can engender social exclusion.  Individuals in in-work poverty constitute a sizeable group in rich countries, with the share of employed people at risk of poverty in the EU approaching 10% before the COVID-19 pandemic.

A comprehensive and critical review on how family demographic processes shape in-work poverty risks is still missing.
In this systematic review, made with 84 analyses extracted from 30 studies, we first provide a quantitative review of results from analyses that estimated the association between in-work poverty and parental home leaving, union formation, marriage, parenthood, and dissolution of non-marital and marital unions. This allows us to formulate tentative conclusions about whether and in which direction family demographic processes are associated with in-work poverty. Second, we discuss in detail conceptual and methodological advances in in-work poverty research, such as longitudinal analytical designs or attempts to make in-work poverty research more sensitive to policy context, gender, and the life course. Our review highlights theoretical and methodological challenges for future studies linking in-work poverty and family demography.

Some findings: Roughly 80 percent of analyses reported the risk of in-work poverty increased with children. 60 percent of analyses indicated that being in a union decreased this risk. The majority of the few studies considering union dissolution indicated that it increased the in-work poverty risk.

Fig.2 - Total number of analyses selected for the quantitative review by family demographic process: direction and significance of associationsFig 2 - Total number of analyses by family demographic processlegend

Une analyse de la contre mobilité sociale en France

Marta Veljkovic
Revue française de sociologie vol.62
  • Image Olena Yakobchuk (via Shutterstock)Image Olena Yakobchuk (via Shutterstock)

Des trajectoires professionnelles qui ramènent au milieu social d’origine :
une analyse de la contre-mobilité en France en 2015


Marta Veljkovic
Doctorante, Sciences Po - OSC, INED


 Revue française de sociologie, n° 2021/2, vol. 62), p.209 à 251 (publié le 23/02/2022)

Marta VeljkovicDans le champ d'étude de la stratification sociale, Marta Veljkovic utilise les données longitudinales de l’enquête « Formation et Qualification Professionnelle » de l’Insee (de 1970 2015), pour mesurer de manière empirique les mobilités sociales intragénérationnelles et éprouver le concept de « contre-mobilité ». Un individu « contre-mobile » voit le poids de son origine sociale (milieu, conditions familiales) se renforcer au cours de sa vie professionnelle.  

Cette étude confirme bien l'importance de ce phénomène d'éloignement temporaire de sa position sociale d'origine qui touche un homme sur quatre et une femme sur cinq. Elle permet de caractériser cette population distincte des mobiles et des immobiles, d'apprécier sa structuration et d'expliquer les mécanismes de contre-mobilité. 

La sociologue questionne ici les cycles de vie, les conditions de la reproduction sociale, l'insertion professionnelle, les classes sociales ou les inégalités de genre.

Consultez cet article sur le portail Cairn (Abstract available in English and German)

Figure 1 - Distribution des parcours sociopro

Sciences Po is recruiting an Associate or Full Professor of Sociology

Sciences Po recrute un·e Professeur·e de sociologie
Affiliated to OSC and the Department of Sociology. Deadline 29th of April
  • Sciences Po, Cour René Seydoux (Sébastopol) - Image Yannick Savina Sciences Po, Cour René Seydoux (Sébastopol) - Image Yannick Savina

Sciences Po recrute un.e Professeur.e des universités en sociologie (section 19 du CNU), à plein temps, qui sera affilié.e à l’Observatoire sociologique du changement (OSC) et au Département de sociologie. Prise de fonction le 1er janvier 2023.

Nous apprécierons les candidatures présentant un excellent dossier de publications dans les revues centrales de la sociologie et un programme de recherche ambitieux dans le domaine de la stratification sociale, indépendamment de leur expertise méthodologique. Nous accorderons une importance particulière aux candidat.e.s capables de stimuler de nouveaux domaines de recherche à l’OSC sur les inégalités de santé.

La personne recrutée conduira son programme de recherche à l’OSC. Elle participera activement aux activités collectives du centre, aux réseaux de recherche et répondra à des appels nationaux ou internationaux pour obtenir des financements.

La personne recrutée enseignera - en français ou en anglais - aux élèves du premier cycle de Sciences Po (Collège universitaire à Paris et dans les campus en région) et participera à la formation et à la supervision des élèves du programme de sociologie (master et doctorat).

La procédure de recrutement implique un dépôt de candidature sur le portail Galaxie du Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation jusqu'au 29 avril 2022 à 16h (référence du poste : 4128).

Sciences Po is recruiting an associate or full professor of Sociology at the OSC - Observatoire Sociologique du Changement. Position starting on January 1st, 2023.

We welcome applications from candidates with an excellent publication record in leading journals of sociology and with an ambitious research agenda in the area of social stratification regardless of their methodological expertise. We particularly value applicants capable of stimulating new research areas on health inequality at OSC.

The successful candidate will become a full member of the Observatoire sociologique du changement (OSC). He / She is expected to play an active role in OSC’s collective activities and research networks. He / She will respond to national and international calls to fund research projects.

The successful candidate will teach - in English or French - in Sciences Po’s undergraduate and graduate programs (Collège universitaire in Paris and in other campuses), and will contribute to training and supervision in the graduate program in sociology (Master’s and PhD).

Applicants must complete their application on the "Galaxy" portal (French Ministry of Higher Education and Research) until the 29th of April, 4 pm (ref. 4128).

 

Sciences Po is recruiting a Full Professor of Sociology

Sciences Po recrute un·e Professeur·e de sociologie
Affiliated to OSC and the Department of Sociology. Deadline 29th of April
  • Sciences Po, Cour René Seydoux (Sébastopol) - Image Yannick Savina Sciences Po, Cour René Seydoux (Sébastopol) - Image Yannick Savina

Sciences Po is recruiting an associate or full professor of Sociology at the OSC - Observatoire Sociologique du Changement. Position starting on January 1st, 2023.

We welcome applications from candidates with an excellent publication record in leading journals of sociology and with an ambitious research agenda in the area of social stratification regardless of their methodological expertise. We particularly value applicants capable of stimulating new research areas on health inequality at OSC.

The successful candidate will become a full member of the Observatoire sociologique du changement (OSC). He / She is expected to play an active role in OSC’s collective activities and research networks. He / She will respond to national and international calls to fund research projects.

The successful candidate will teach - in English or French - in Sciences Po’s undergraduate and graduate programs (Collège universitaire in Paris and in other campuses), and will contribute to training and supervision in the graduate program in sociology (Master’s and PhD).

Applicants must complete their application on the "Galaxy" portal (French Ministry of Higher Education and Research) until the 29th of April, 4 pm (ref. 4128).

Sciences Po recrute un.e Professeur.e des universités en sociologie (section 19 du CNU), à plein temps, qui sera affilié.e à l’Observatoire sociologique du changement (OSC) et au Département de sociologie. Prise de fonction le 1er janvier 2023.

Nous apprécierons les candidatures présentant un excellent dossier de publications dans les revues centrales de la sociologie et un programme de recherche ambitieux dans le domaine de la stratification sociale, indépendamment de leur expertise méthodologique. Nous accorderons une importance particulière aux candidat.e.s capables de stimuler de nouveaux domaines de recherche à l’OSC sur les inégalités de santé.

La personne recrutée conduira son programme de recherche à l’OSC. Elle participera activement aux activités collectives du centre, aux réseaux de recherche et répondra à des appels nationaux ou internationaux pour obtenir des financements.

La personne recrutée enseignera - en français ou en anglais - aux élèves du premier cycle de Sciences Po (Collège universitaire à Paris et dans les campus en région) et participera à la formation et à la supervision des élèves du programme de sociologie (master et doctorat).

La procédure de recrutement implique un dépôt de candidature sur le portail Galaxie du Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation jusqu'au 29 avril 2022 à 16h (référence du poste : 4128).

Expliquer les inégalités de classe et de genre dans la prise en charge des accidents vasculaires cérébraux

Muriel Darmon
Séminaire scientifique de l'OSC - Vendredi 25 février (Zoom)
  • Image Monkey Business Images (via Shuttertsock)Image Monkey Business Images (via Shuttertsock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Vendredi 25 février 2022, 11:30
Conférence en ligne via Zoom

Expliquer les inégalités de classe et de genre
dans la prise en charge des accidents vasculaires cérébraux

Muriel Darmon

Directrice de recherche CNRS
Centre Européen de Sociologie et de Science Politique (EHESS)

Discutantes : Émilie Grisez et Rébecca Lévy-Guillain (Sciences Po - OSC et INED)

Couverture ouvrage Réparer les cerveaux, Muriel Darmon, La DécouverteÀ propos de son ouvrage « Réparer les cerveaux. Sociologie des pertes et des récupérations post-AVC », Éditions La Découverte, 2021. Cet ouvrage est aussi consultable en ligne sur Cairn

Muriel Darmon (CNRS-CESSP-EHESS)Les suites des AVC et notamment les récupérations de compétences ou d’habiletés perdues semblent marquées par des inégalités de classe et de genre importantes, et ce même à gravité de la lésion ou type de prise en charge comparables.
Mon intervention présentera quelques explications qui peuvent en être données à partir d’une approche sociologique. J’examinerai notamment les valeurs socialement attribuées aux pertes et aux récupérations qui font suite à l’AVC, qui peuvent rendre compte des moins bonnes récupérations pour les femmes, ainsi que la « forme scolaire » de l’hôpital, qui permet de mettre en lumière l’existence de déterminismes sociaux de classe de la récupération neurologique.
Cette intervention visera également à montrer l’apport et la robustesse des approches qualitatives (et en particulier des ethnographies hospitalières) dans la recherche d’explications aux inégalités sociales de santé observées statistiquement.

Inscription obligatoire (le lien vers la conférence vous sera envoyé la veille)

Pour en savoir plus : Page au CESSP

Extrait du texteQuand on demande à un neurologue si les séquelles d’un AVC sont les mêmes pour tout le monde, il peut répondre par exemple : "Tout dépend de la vitesse d’intervention (...) de l’état du cerveau (...) et de la qualité de la rééducation." Faire intervenir la sociologie consiste à se donner les moyens d’apporter encore d’autres réponses à cette même question, en soulignant que les séquelles, à gravité équivalente de la lésion, ne seront pas les mêmes si le patient est un homme ou une femme, un ouvrier ou un cadre supérieur, une personne dont les récupérations ont une grande ou une moindre valeur pour les professionnels, si la compétence perdue a une grande ou une moindre valeur pour le patient, si l’AVC a laissé intact chez lui un rapport aisé ou difficile aux modes scolaires d’apprentissage, et beaucoup d’autres éléments encore qui seront révélés au fil des chapitres de ce livre, qui cherche précisément à identifier les processus sociaux par lesquels les différences et inégalités dans les issues biologiques et neurologiques de l’AVC s’établissent. L’AVC et ses séquelles ne sont pas seulement une question de cerveau, ou plutôt, tout n’est pas neuronal dans le cerveau : ce qui s’y joue est déterminé, construit et reconstruit par les structures sociales qui lui sont extérieures.

Visiting researchers: the comeback!

New colleagues welcome in the OSC
  • New visitings in Sciences Po - OSC (February 2022)New visitings in Sciences Po - OSC (February 2022)

Following many months of break due to the Covid pandemic, we are very pleased to welcome this year our three first Visiting colleagues.

Léa Pessin is an assistant professor of Sociology and Demography at the Pennsylvania State University, where she is also affiliated with the Population Research Institute. Her research focuses on the unequal consequences of the gender revolution on women’s work and family outcomes across class, race-ethnicity, and geographic contexts. During her stay at OSC, she will collaborate with Zachary Van Winkle on joint projects revolving around the intersectional consequences of work and family life courses in comparative perspective.

Website: https://leapessin.com/
Recent publications:

  • Pessin, L., R. Rutigliano, and M. H. Potter. (2022). Time, Money, and Entry into Parenthood: The Role of (Grand) Parental Support. Journal of Marriage and Family, 84(1): 101-120. DOI: 10.1111/jomf.12782
  • Newmyer, L., A. M. Verdery, R. Margolis, and L. Pessin (2021). Measuring Older Adult Loneliness across Countries. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 76(7): 1408–1414. DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gbaa109
  • Pessin, L. (2018). Changing Gender Norms and Marriage Dynamics in the United States. Journal of Marriage and Family, 80(1):25-41. DOI: 10.1111/jomf.12444

Anna Carolina Venturini is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Brazilian Center of Analysis and Planning – CEBRAP's International Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral Program (IPP). She received a Ph.D. in Political Science at the Institute for Social and Political Studies – IESP of the Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ) in 2019. In 2017 she was a visiting fellow at Harvard University.
Her research interests lie at the intersections of affirmative action and public policies, race, ethnicity, gender, and institutional change. She uses mixed methods, including primary surveys and in-depth qualitative interviews.
At OSC, Venturini is working on a comparative study about the affirmative action policies implemented by Sciences Po (Conventions Éducation Prioritaire, studied by Marco Oberti) in France and the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil. The goal is to understand the policies' formulation and implementation processes over the last years, looking at patterns of institutional change and identifying differences and similarities concerning social and racial inclusion.

Website: http://annaventurini.com.br/
Recent publications:

Mauricio Ernica, is Professor at the University of Campinas (Unicamp, Brazil), Faculty of Education. He is also researcher at the Public Policy Study Centre of the State University of Campinas (Núcleo de Estudos de Políticas Públicas - NEPP). Until end of July 2022, he works together with Agnès van Zanten on scholar inequalities and their relationship with social inequality in Brazil.
Regarding the São Paulo case, he published:

He leads a collective project to produce an indicator of learning inequality usable for each Brazilian municipalities (IDeA). https://portalidea.org.br/.

 



Tags :

Gendered contexts?

The effect of neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation on girls' and boys' cognitive and non-cognitive development
Laura Silva - OSC Scientific Seminar, 18th February (online)
  • Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire - Image RMC42 (via Shutterstock)Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire - Image RMC42 (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 18th February 2022, 11:30 am
Online conference via Zoom

Gendered contexts?
The effect of neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation
on girls' and boys' cognitive and non-cognitive development

Laura Silva

PhD Student, Sciences Po
CREST Affiliated Member

Laura SilvaDoes socio-economic deprivation of adolescents' residential neighbourhoods affect their cognitive and non-cognitive development? Leveraging data from the National Child Development Study (NCDS) in the UK, this study investigates this question focusing on gender differences.
By exploiting the quasi-exogenous social housing allocation procedures in the UK, I aim to limit issues related to the endogeneity of neighbourhood selection.

Results show that living in more deprived areas has overall a negative effect on cognitive and non-cognitive development. However, neighbourhood deprivation negatively affects girls’, as compared to boys’, cognitive skills, academic motivation and employability skills, while no significant gender difference is detected for problem behaviour. On the one hand, these findings highlight the importance of taking gender into account in neighbourhood studies and, on the other hand, they suggest that the availability of support within the local area and the quality of institutions should be considered as relevant theoretical mechanisms to understand the role of neighbourhoods on different spheres of adolescents development.

Registration is mandatory (the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

To find out more: Profile Page (OSC)

Entering the Mainstream Economy? Workplace Segregation and Assimilation across Immigrant Generations

Are Skeie Hermansen - OSC Scientific Seminar, February 11 (online)
  • Image Hyejin Kang (via Shutterstock)Image Hyejin Kang (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 11th February 2022, 11:30 am
Online conference via Zoom

Entering the Mainstream Economy?
Workplace Segregation and Assimilation across Immigrant Generations

Are Skeie Hermansen

Dept. of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo
Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University

Are Skeie HermansenLow-status immigrants in Europe and North America are often found in workplaces with high shares of minority employees and less prestigious jobs compared to natives. However, less in known on whether and how socioeconomic progress in the second generation translates into declining workplace segregation.

Using linked employer-employee administrative data from Norway, this study shows that, on average, 43% and 28%, respectively, of immigrants’ and their descendants’ coworkers have immigrant background compared to 14% among natives.
For economic segregation, the average workplace percentile rank in mean coworker salaries are 39, 48, and 51 for immigrants, descendants, and natives.
A formal decomposition shows that individual worker traits, employer characteristics, and residential segregation collectively explain about 44-49% and 83-86% of ethnic and socioeconomic workplace segregation, respectively, in both immigrant generations.
Overall, this documents a clear pattern of intergenerational assimilation where many immigrant descendants are entering workplaces in the mainstream economy, that resemble those of natives.

Registration is mandatory (the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

To find out more: Profile Page (Univ. Oslo)

What do fathers use their leave for? Exploring the diversity of uses and non-uses of paternity leave in France

Alix Sponton - OSC Scientific Seminar - February 4th (online)
  • Image Prostock-studio (via Shutterstock)Image Prostock-studio (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 4th February 2022, 11:30 am
Online conference via Zoom

What do fathers use their leave for?
Exploring the diversity of uses and non-uses of paternity leave in France

Alix Sponton

PhD Student, Sciences Po - OSC & INED

Alix Sponton (OSC)Between 2002 and 2021, French fathers could take up to 14 days of paid leave until the baby turns four month old. From the institutional perspective, the main aim of this public policy was to guarantee a more balanced division of childcare between parents. But from fathers’ point of view, what is the purpose of paternity leave? And how to understand that some eligible fathers make no use of it?

Based on longitudinal interviews with fathers before and after the birth, I adopt an approach of reception to explore the diverse uses and non-uses fathers can make of French paternity leave. The presentation gives particular attention to when and why fathers decided to use their leave (just after the birth to help their partner recovering, during a holiday period so they can visit family, etc.) Results highlight how paternity leave is articulated with alternative options available to fathers (for instance, informally “extended” by regular leave or “replaced” by a business interruption in the case of self-employed workers).

This presentation encourages to consider not only the leave take-up but also the myriad of usages that can be made of the same public policy. Better understanding what the leave can do to fathers thus necessitate to first look at what fathers do to the leave.

Registration is mandatory (the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

To find out more: Profile Page (OSC)

Assistant Professor en sociologie (Job offer)

Expérience en méthodes qualitatives
Candidatures jusqu'au 20 mars
  • Le nouveau campus "1 Saint Thomas" à Paris 7ème (image B. Corminboeuf, OSC)Le nouveau campus "1 Saint Thomas" à Paris 7ème (image B. Corminboeuf, OSC)

Sciences Po recrute un.e Assistant Professor en sociologie, emploi de statut privé, à temps plein, avec tenure track. La personne recrutée sera rattachée à l’Observatoire sociologique du changement (OSC) et au Département de sociologie.

Ce poste est destiné à renforcer et compléter l’expertise de l’OSC dans l’étude des inégalités sociales.
Nous accueillons les candidatures de personnes ayant un doctorant récent, proposant un programme de recherche ambitieux dans le domaine de la stratification et des inégalités sociales, et visant des publications dans les revues centrales de la sociologie.
Les chercheur.e.s de l’OSC sont reconnu.e.s au plan international pour leur expertise dans l’étude des inégalités dans différents domaines : l’éducation, le genre, le parcours de vie, le marché du travail et les inégalités économiques, la mobilité sociale, la ségrégation urbaine, la migration, les minorités ethno-raciales, la culture et le numérique. De nouvelles expertises  sur les inégalités environnementales ou de santé seront également les bienvenues.

La personne retenue justifiera d’une solide expérience en matière de méthodologie de recherche qualitative (ethnographie, entretiens, observations, focus groups, etc.) Nous apprécierons également des candidats et des candidates capables de faire appel à des approches qualitatives innovantes (enquêtes en ligne, analyses de contenu, analyse de données historiques, analyse comparative qualitative, traçage des processus, méthodes de visualisation, méthodes mixtes, etc.).

La personne recrutée enseignera aux élèves du premier cycle de Sciences Po (Collège universitaire à Paris et dans les campus en région) et participera à la formation et à la supervision des élèves du programme de sociologie (Master et Doctorat). Au-delà de ses spécialités thématiques, elle pourra être amenée à enseigner le cours de sociologie générale au Collège universitaire.

La fiche complète de poste et le détail des modalités de candidature sont disponibles en téléchargement ici  :
- Fiche en français (pdf, 220 ko)
- Job description and recruitment process in English (pdf, 280 ko)

Sciences Po is recruiting an Assistant Professor of sociology (tenure track), position beginning on the 1st of September 2022. The successful candidate will be affiliated to the Observatoire sociologique du changement (OSC) and to the Department of Sociology at Sciences Po.
This position is designed to reinforce and complement our expertise in the study of social inequality. We welcome applications from candidates with a recent PhD and with an ambitious research agenda in social stratification and inequality targeting publications in leading journals of sociology.
OSC faculty members are international experts on central questions of inequality such as education, gender, life course, labor market and economic inequality, social mobility, urban segregation, migration, ethnoracial minorities, cultural inequality and digital inequality.
We welcome candidates engaged in all these areas as well as those capable of stimulating new expertise in the center on environmental inequality and health inequality.

The successful candidate should specifically demonstrate solid experience in qualitative research methodology (ethnography, interviews, observations, focus groups, etc.). We will also value applicants capable of stimulating innovative qualitative approaches (online qualitative methods, content analysis, historical data analysis, qualitative comparative analysis, process tracing, visual methodologies, mixed-methods, etc.)

The successful candidate will teach in Sciences Po’s undergraduate and graduate programs (Collège universitaire in Paris and in other campuses), and will contribute to training and supervision in the graduate program in sociology (Master’s and PhD). Beyond her / his specific research fields, she / he should also be willing to teach general sociology in the Collège universitaire.

Immigrants' Descendants' Wages: An overlooked dimension of Ethno-racial Inequalities in France

Mathieu Ichou (INED), OSC Scientific Seminar, 21 January (online)
  • Image H_Ko (via Shutterstock)Image H_Ko (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 21st January 2022, 11:30 am
Online conference via Zoom

Immigrants' Descendants' Wages:
An overlooked dimension of Ethno-racial Inequalities in France

Mathieu Ichou

Tenured researcher at INED (the French Institute for Demographic Studies)
Co-head of the International Migrations and Minorities (MIM)

Mathieu IchouResearch on the labor market situation of descendants of immigrants in France has highlighted the strong ethno-racial inequalities in access to employment at the expense of descendants of non-European immigrants. Yet, very few studies have focused specifically on ethno-racial gaps in wages and those that did have mostly concluded that these inequalities are negligible.

In this paper, write with Ugo Palheta, we revisit the analysis of ethno-racial wage inequalities in France. To do so, we compile 14 years of the French Labor Force Survey (from 2005 to 2018).

Our results contradict the dominant consensus: ethno-racial wage gaps appear to be strong, especially when urban and regional differences are taken into account, and the intersectional nature of these inequalities is analyzed.

Registration is mandatory (the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

To find out more: Profile Page - CV

Labour market protection across space and time

E. Ferragina, F. Filetti
  • Image Werner Spremberg (via Shutterstock) Image Werner Spremberg (via Shutterstock)

Labour market protection across space and time:
A revised typology and a taxonomy of countries’ trajectories of change

Emanuele Ferragina & Federico Danilo Filetti (Sciences Po - OSC & LIEPP)

Journal of European Social Policy
First Published 2022, January 11

https://doi.org/10.1177/09589287211056222


We measure and interpret the evolution of labour market protection across 21 high-income countries over three decades, employing as conceptual foundations the ‘regime varieties’ and ‘trajectories of change’ developed by Esping-Andersen, Estevez-Abe, Hall and Soskice, and Thelen.

We measure labour market protection considering four institutional dimensions – employment protection, unemployment protection, income maintenance and activation – and the evolution of the workforce composition.

This measurement accounts for the joint evolution of labour market institutions, their complementarities and their relation to outcomes, and mitigate the unrealistic Average Production Worker assumption.

We handle the multi-dimensional nature of labour market protection with Principal Component Analysis and capture the characteristics of countries’ trajectories of change with a composite score. We contribute to the literature in three ways.
(1) We portray a revised typology that accounts for processes of change between 1990 and 2015, and that clusters regime varieties on the basis of coordination and solidarity levels, that is, Central/Northern European, Southern European, liberal.
(2) We illustrate that, despite a persistent gap, a large majority of Coordinated Market Economies experiencing a decline in the level of labour market protection became more similar to Liberal Market Economies.
(3) We develop a fivefold taxonomy of countries’ trajectories of change (liberalization, dualization, flexibility, de-dualization and higher protection), showing that these trajectories are not always path-dependent and consistent with regime varieties previously developed in the literature.

Varieties of labour market protection (1990–2015)

Fig 1 - Varieties of labour market protection (1990–2015)

Property, Custom, and Religion in Early Nineteenth-Century Bombay

Sukriti Issar
The Journal of Interdisciplinary History
  • Image Victoria and Albert Museum, 4250 - F. Frith & Co. serial numberImage Victoria and Albert Museum, 4250 - F. Frith & Co. serial number

Property, Custom, and Religion in Early Nineteenth-Century Bombay

Sukriti Issar

The Journal of Interdisciplinary History
Vol. 52, n° 3, p. 401–421


Analysis of a novel source of data about early nineteenth-century Bombay, with a novel methodology, makes an important contribution to debates about inter-religious contact in South Asia.

After the fire of 1803 in Bombay, landowners were asked to lease or sell their lands to people. Bombay’s register of sales deeds, which lists the names of buyers, sellers, and neighbors, also permits identification of their religious affiliations when supplemented with archival information about the bureaucratic practices affecting property transactions. Findings suggest that property transactions within religious groups comprised most of the sales (60 percent). Contemporary petitions show that residents sometimes appealed to the state to prevent the sale of property to people who did not share their religion.

Many diverse examples illustrate how religion and urban space intersected in early nineteenth-century colonial Bombay. Landowners attempted to control the religious composition of the groups that were renting their land or buying their neighbors’ land. Given the right of first refusal, and other instances of attempts to sell or rent property only to co-religionists, property transactions are ready terrain for analyzing inter-religious contact.

Table 1 - Religious affiliation of Buyers and Sellers

Toxic Neighborhoods: The Effects of Concentrated Poverty and Environmental Lead Contamination on Early Childhood Development

Geoffrey Wodtke, OSC Scientific Seminar, 28 January (Online)
  • Image Kolbakova Olga (via Shutterstock)Image Kolbakova Olga (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 28th January 2022, 2:30 pm / 4 pm
Online conference via Zoom

Toxic Neighborhoods: The Effects of Concentrated Poverty and Environmental Lead Contamination on Early Childhood Development

Geoffrey Wodtke

Associate professor, The University of Chicago, Departement of Sociology


Geoffrey WodtkeAlthough socioeconomic disparities in cognitive ability emerge early in the life course, most research on the consequences of living in a disadvantaged neighborhood focuses on school-age children or adolescents.

In this study, we outline and test a theoretical model of neighborhood effects on cognitive development during early childhood that highlights the mediating role of environmental health hazards, and in particular, exposure to neurotoxic lead.

To evaluate this model, we follow 1,266 children in Chicago from birth through the time of school entry, tracking their areal risk of lead exposure and the socioeconomic composition of their neighborhoods over time.
We then estimate the joint effects of neighborhood poverty and environmental lead contamination on receptive vocabulary ability.

We find that sustained exposure to disadvantaged neighborhoods reduces vocabulary skills during early childhood and that this effect operates through a causal mechanism involving lead contamination.

Registration is mandatory (the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

To find out more: Profile Page - CV

Bringing Underprivileged Middle-School Students to the Opera

Cultural Mobility or Cultural Compliance?
Philippe Coulangeon & Denis Fougère
  • Image Nikolay Antonov (via Shutterstock)Image Nikolay Antonov (via Shutterstock)

Bringing Underprivileged Middle-School Students to the Opera: Cultural Mobility or Cultural Compliance?

Philippe Coulangeon (CNRS Senior Researcher, Sciences Po - OSC) & Denis Fougère (CNRS Senior Researcher, Sciences Po - OSC & LIEPP)

IZA, Institute of Labor Economics Discussion Paper Series, n° 14910, december 2021, 32 p.

IZA DP 14910This article assesses the impact of a two-year long project-based learning program conducted by the National Opera of Paris in a large number of junior high-schools located in underprivileged areas, aiming at preventing school dropout and tackling educational inequalities by providing disadvantaged students with the opportunity to discover the world of opera.

Taking a counterfactual approach (propensity score matching), we measure the impact of participation in the program on final exam and continuous assessment grades.

The analysis displays mixed results: a significant and positive impact for the students who participate in the program for its whole duration (two years), at least for continuous assessment scores, but a negative impact for those who leave the program after only one year. The contrast between the effects of full and partial participation in the program suggests that these may be primarily due to a selection effect in favor of the most culturally and socially compliant students, in line with Bourdieu’s and Passeron’s reproduction theory (1997 [1970]) rather than a mobility effect (DiMaggio, 1982) resulting from the transfer of cultural capital to disadvantaged students.

Download here the working paper (pdf, 907 ko)

Education and social mobility: Rethinking old work in light of new results

Michael Hout, Scientific Seminar, 14 January 2022
  • Univ. of California Berkeley. Mascot Oski greets newly admitted students Univ. of California Berkeley. Mascot Oski greets newly admitted students

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 14th January 2022, 2:30 pm / 4 pm
Online conference via Zoom

 Education and social mobility: Rethinking old work in light of new results

Michael Hout

Professor of Sociology, University of New York

Michael HoutEducation mediates much of the association between class origins and destinations — more so for people from lower classes than upper classes. Florencia Torche famously call the pattern “the great equalizer.” It is a special case of heterogenous returns to education.

I will summarize recently published results on negative selection (Cheng et al. 2021), forthcoming results on college graduation (Voss, Hout, and George 2022), and unpublished results on heterogeneity by occupation (Hout and Martin-Caughey 2022) and discuss their implications for how we understand other findings about heterogeneity. I conclude that university admissions are too uniform in their criteria for admission and limit mobility relative to their potential due to their lack of variation.

PAPERS
  • 2021, Siwei Cheng, Jennie E. Brand, Xiang Zhou, Yu Xie and Michael Hout, “Heterogenous returns to college over the life course”, Science Advances, 7 (51): abg7641.
  • 2022 (Forthcoming), Kim Voss, Michael Hout and Kristen George, "Persistent inequalities in college completion, 1980–2010”,  Social Problems, n° 69.
  • 2022, Michael Hout and Ananda Martin-Caughey, “Returns to education by occupation” [To be presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, April 2022].

Registration is mandatory (the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

To find out more: Website mikehout.com or Homepage at NYU

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Handicap et destinées sociales

Une enquête par méthodes mixtes
Soutenance de thèse, Célia Bouchet, 4 janvier 2022
  • Image Inspiring (via Shutterstock)Image Inspiring (via Shutterstock)

Handicap et destinées sociales

Une enquête par méthodes mixtes

Célia BOUCHET
Observatoire sociologique du changement (CNRS UMR 7049) et Laboratoire interdisciplinaire d’évaluation des politiques publiques

Soutenance de thèse à l'École de la recherche, Sciences Po, dans le cadre du Programme doctoral de sociologie, mardi 4 janvier 2022 (en ligne, via Zoom).

Thèse dirigée par Anne REVILLARD, Associate Professor, Sciences Po - OSC et LIEPP et Philippe COULANGEON, Directeur de recherche CNRS, Sciences Po - OSC.

Membres du jury :
Emmanuelle CAMBOIS, Directrice de recherche, INED
Philippe COULANGEON, Directeur de recherche CNRS, Sciences Po, OSC (codirecteur)
François DUBET, Professeur des universités émérite, Université de Bordeaux ; Directeur d’études, EHESS (rapporteur)
Serge EBERSOLD, Professeur des universités, CNAM (rapporteur)
Sophie MITRA, Professor, Fordham University
Anne REVILLARD, Associate Professor, Sciences Po (codirectrice)

Celia Bouchet (OSC, LIEPP)Alors que, au reflet de préoccupations contemporaines, des travaux sociologiques se développent sur les inégalités « entre » groupes sociaux, les différences de parcours liées au handicap sont encore peu documentées. Cette thèse examine les différenciations verticales (inégalités) et horizontales (divisions sans hiérarchies) entre personnes valides et personnes ayant grandi avec des limitations durables vivant en ménage en France métropolitaine.
Nous combinons une exploitation de l’Enquête Emploi en Continu 2011 et de son module ad-hoc avec une analyse d’entretiens semi-directifs menés avec 37 personnes, dont 20 ayant grandi avec une déficience visuelle et 17 ayant grandi avec des troubles cognitifs spécifiques.

Le handicap façonne les parcours des personnes interrogées à travers trois dynamiques : des assignations (perceptions et traitements par autrui), des auto-identifications (représentations et pratiques des personnes elles-mêmes) et des contraintes liées aux limitations durables (impératifs temporels,  restriction des possibles…). Ces dynamiques agissent aussi sur les représentations par les personnes de leurs positions, entre repérages de certaines dévalorisations quotidiennes et biais favorables dans l’auto-évaluation de leur réussite. Des approfondissements relatifs à la scolarité, à l’emploi et à la vie familiale nous apprennent que le handicap coconstruit avec l’origine sociale, le genre, la migration et la race des inégalités au détriment de plusieurs sous-populations handicapées : moindres niveaux d’études, freins à l’emploi et en emploi, obstacles à la conjugalité et à la parentalité… Des divisions horizontales singulières existent également entre personnes valides et personnes perçues par autrui ou s’auto-identifiant comme handicapées, comme des spécialisations scolaires et professionnelles et des appariements conjugaux atypiques.


While sociological research on inequalities "between" social groups is developing in response to contemporary concerns, disability-related differences in life courses are still poorly documented.
This thesis examines differentiations between able-bodied people and people who have grown up with long-term limitations living in households in metropolitan France, in their vertical (inequalities) and horizontal (divisions without hierarchies) components.
We combine an exploitation of the 2011 Continuous Employment Survey and its ad-hoc module with an analysis of semi-structured interviews conducted with 37 people, 20 of whom have grown up with a visual impairment and 17 of whom have grown up with specific learning disorders.

Disability shapes the paths of the interviewees through three dynamics: assignments (perceptions and treatments by others), self-identifications (representations and practices of the people themselves) and constraints linked to long-term limitations (time requirements, reduced scope of possibilities...). These dynamics also influence people's representations of their positions, from the identification of a number of daily devaluations to favorable biases in the self-evaluation of their success. Further  investigation on schooling, employment and family life teaches us that disability co-constructs inequalities with social origin, gender, migration and race, to the detriment  of several disabled sub-populations: lower levels of education, barriers to employment and in employment, restricted access to conjugality and parenthood... Specific horizontal divisions also exist between able-bodied people and people perceived by others or self-identifying as disabled, such as educational and occupational specializations and atypical conjugal pairings.

Pour des raisons de sécurité, les soutenances (Thèses & HDR) sont réservées aux personnes invitées et aux publics internes de Sciences Po.

POUR EN SAVOIR PLUS

Page de présentation de Célia Bouchet (Homepage)

Neighborhood and community effects in East and Southeast Asia

A systematic review and meta-analytical exploration of publication bias
Jaap Nieuwenhuis (University of Groningen), 10 December
  •  Centre of Shanghai - Area due for demolition (Image Dave Colman / Shutterstock) Centre of Shanghai - Area due for demolition (Image Dave Colman / Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 10th December 2021, 11:30 am / 1 pm
On-site (Percheron room) – Also in hybrid format via Zoom (for external audience)

 Neighborhood and community effects in East and Southeast Asia, a systematic review and meta-analytical exploration of publication bias

Jaap Nieuwenhuis

Assistant professor, University of Groningen, Department of Sociology

Jaap NieuwenhuisNeighborhood and community effects have been studied at an increasing rate in the Western literature since three decades and have informed urban policies such as housing voucher and neighborhood regeneration programs.
Since about ten years, this line of study is seen more and more in the East and Southeast Asian region as well. As an emerging field in this part of the world, the literature has yet to be critically reviewed and its body of literature provides a unique opportunity to study the effects different research communities might have on the development of neighborhood and community effects.
This systematic review brings together 165 studies about neighborhood and community effects in East and Southeast Asia and first gives an overview of this literature, followed by a critical appraisal of this literature, with a specific focus on publication bias.

The results show that due to publication bias, the “true” neighborhood effect might be overestimated in this literature. Health research shows greater publication bias than human geography and general social science. Studies by only local scholars are more prone to bias than studies from collaborative teams or only nonlocal scholars. This suggests that this field is either relatively early in its life-cycle, where proving the neighborhood effects thesis is still attractive, or that publication pressure is much higher in Asia compared to the West.
In sum, the current state of this literature makes broad generalizations difficult, but the ongoing maturation makes this field an interesting one to follow.

Registration is mandatory (the link for the videoconference will be sent one day before)

TO FIND OUT MORE

Teaching Introduction to Sociology

Frank van Tubergen (Utrecht University & NIDI)
OSC Scientific Seminar - 17th December
  • Images Arthimedes (via Shutterstock) & RoutledgeImages Arthimedes (via Shutterstock) & Routledge

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 17th December 2021, 11:30 am / 1 pm
Available on Zoom Videoconference

Teaching Introduction to Sociology

Frank van Tubergen

Full Professor of Sociology
Utrecht University & the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute

 
Frank van Tubergen
In this talk, I’ll present my textbook Introduction to Sociology (Routledge, 2020). I’ll give an overview of the aims, content, and pedagogical features of the book. I’ll present the companion website, which provides free teaching materials for ever chapter for both instructors and students. Furthermore, I’ll illustrate how to design the Intro to Sociology course using this textbook.   

Frank van Tubergen is full Professor of Sociology at Utrecht University and the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI). His research interests include immigration and integration, social networks, and religion. He co-coordinated the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study in Four European Countries (CILS4EU). Van Tubergen’s research has been published in journals such as American Sociological Review, European Sociological Review, American Journal of Sociology, and Demography. Van Tubergen is an elected fellow of the European Academy of Sociology. To find more about Frank van Tubergen

Registration is mandatory (Zoom users: the link will be sent one day before)

Do Neighborhoods Empower or Disenfranchise?

Coethnic concentration, spatial disadvantage and voter registration in France
Haley McAvay & Pavolos Vasilopoulos, OSC Scientific Seminar, 3rd December
  • Image Halfpoint (via Shutterstock)Image Halfpoint (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 3rd December 2021, 11:30 am / 1 pm
Available on Zoom Videoconference

Do Neighborhoods Empower or Disenfranchise?
Coethnic concentration, spatial disadvantage, and voter registration in France

Haley McAvay & Pavlos Vasilopoulos

Lecturers (sociology & politics), University of York

 
Haley McAvayPavlos VasilopoulosEthnoracial inequalities in political participation are a key feature of many advanced democracies. Prior research suggests that the socioeconomic and ethnoracial composition of citizens’ local communities could be driving these disparities.
This talk draws on longitudinal data linking individual- and neighborhood-level variables to explore the role of neighborhoods in shaping disparities in voter registration in France.
We make a novel contribution by focusing on both coethnic concentration and spatial disadvantage, controlling for individual heterogeneity to account for residential self-selection. Findings show a robust negative effect of living in a disadvantaged neighborhood on registration. However, proximity to coethnics increases registration among African origin citizens, yet depresses it among Europeans. These differential effects across groups shed new light on the underlying mechanisms of coethnic concentration: collective consciousness of discrimination is the likely mobilizing factor in African neighborhoods, whereas lower sociopolitical integration may hinder political participation in European neighborhoods.

Registration is mandatory (Zoom users: the link will be sent one day before)

The temporal dimension of parental employment:

Fixed-term contracts, non-standard work schedules and children’s education in Germany
OSC Scientific Seminar - Bastian Betthaeuser - 26th November
  • Image Halfpoint (via Shutterstock)Image Halfpoint (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 26th November 2021, 11:30 am / 1 pm
Annick Percheron room (Internal audience)

The temporal dimension of parental employment: Fixed-term contracts, non-standard work schedules and children’s education in Germany

Bastian Betthäuser

Assistant Professor, Sciences Po - OSC

Bastian Betthaeuser (OSC)While the rise of non-standard employment and its consequences for people in such forms of employment are well documented, there is little evidence (1) on how common non-standard employment is in households with children and (2) on the extent to which the adverse consequences of non-standard employment for parents are further transmitted to their children. We address both these questions, leveraging the large sample and rich information collected by the German Microcensus.
Our findings suggest that the temporal dimension of parental employment is key to understanding how changing labor markets reshape the opportunity structure for children from disadvantaged parental backgrounds and the intergenerational transmission of inequality.

Registration is mandatory.

TO FIND OUT MORE
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Comparing the social economic & cultural impact of Covid-19 on Europeans with high-quality survey data

European Workshop
Thursday, 9th December
  • Image Fabio Mitidieri (via Shutterstock)Image Fabio Mitidieri (via Shutterstock)

Comparing the social, economic and cultural impact of Covid-19 on Europeans
with high-quality survey data

Workshop - 9th of December 2021

Observatoire Sociologique du Changement, Sciences Po,
On-site (Paris) – Also in hybrid format via Zoom

This workshop gathers social researchers from four countries (France, Germany, Italy and the UK) who uniquely followed representative samples of national population during the Covid-19 pandemic tracking continuities and changes in social life and attitudes. Drawing on panel or panel-like datasets, we particularly aim to assess whether the pandemic altered pre-existing social inequalities or created new cleavages.
The workshop will mainly address four issues: health and well-being; work and economic conditions; gender and generational relations; and social attitudes. Each research team will present national findings with a view to a preliminary meta-analysis and a possible more integrated comparative take on the issues at stake in a future publication.

Participating teams

Workshop program

Coffee break

Lunch break

Coffee break

17.15-18.00  Final discussion: advancing a comparative perspective, plans for publication

This workshop is intended for a limited audience.

Suggestion of Papers

  • Ethnic disparities in health & social care workers’ exposure, protection, and clinical management of the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK [LINK]
  • Is Democracy Effective against Coronavirus? An Analysis of Citizens' Opinions in Italy [LINK]
  • Pandemic’s effects on feelings of depression in Italy: The role of age, gender and individual experiences during the first lockdown [LINK]
  • Is the Recession a ‘Shecession’? Gender Inequality in the Employment Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Germany [LINK]
  • New values, new divides? The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on public attitudes [LINK]

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Concours chercheurs CNRS 2022

Soutien du laboratoire
  • Image Nicole Tiget (Photothèque CNRS)Image Nicole Tiget (Photothèque CNRS)

Dans l'objectif de préparer le concours chercheurs et chercheuses (CR) du CNRS 2022 dont la campagne débutera en fin d'année, les candidat·e·s peuvent bénéficier du soutien de l'Observatoire sociologique du changement - UMR 7049.

L’OSC est un centre de recherche en sociologie associant Sciences Po et le CNRS (sections 36 et 40), rattaché au Département de sociologie de Sciences Po. L’ OSC développe une recherche de pointe sur la stratification et les  inégalités sociales.

Son programme de recherche poursuit 3 objectifs :
- mesurer et comparer l'évolution des inégalités sociales dans les sociétés contemporaines
- analyser les mécanismes des inégalités sociales à plusieurs niveaux
- contribuer à l’analyse des politiques publiques.

Les travaux des chercheurs et des chercheuses de l’OSC couvrent une diversité de domaines : le genre, l'origine, le milieu social, l'éducation, la ségrégation urbaine, la famille, le rôle de l'état et ses politiques sociales, les mobilités et les migrations, les pratiques culturelles, les usages du numérique, l'environnement, le marché du travail.
L’ancrage dans une sociologie empirique, l'ouverture interdisciplinaire, la rigueur théorique et méthodologique, le respect de l'autonomie des personnels académiques constituent les piliers de sa politique scientifique.
L'OSC se distingue par son engagement dans la formation à la recherche en poursuivant depuis sa création un même objectif  : former des sociologues de haut niveau, en phase avec les développements théoriques et méthodologiques les plus récents de la discipline.

Les candidat·e·s sont invité·e·s à prendre rendez-vous avant le 30 novembre avec la directrice de l'unité, Mirna Safi (mirna.safi@sciencespo.fr), avec en copie la Secrétaire générale (marie.ferrazzini@sciencespo.fr) en joignant un CV et un descriptif de leur projet de recherche.
Le Conseil du laboratoire statuera sur les demandes. Une présentation orale pourra être programmée.

L'unité sera particulièrement sensible aux projets traitant des inégalités environnementales et de santé.

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Autour de l'ouvrage de Philippe Coulangeon

Culture de masse et société de classes. Le goût de l'altérité
Mercredi 17 novembre 2021 - 10h30
  • Crédits: Thomas Arrivé (ScPo), UK Goverment Art coll., visiostyle/Shutterstock Crédits: Thomas Arrivé (ScPo), UK Goverment Art coll., visiostyle/Shutterstock

 

Table ronde autour du dernier ouvrage de Philippe Coulangeon
(Directeur de recherche CNRS, Sciences Po - OSC)

Culture de masse et sociétés de classe. Le goût de l'altérité

Puf, septembre 2021, 369 p.

Philippe Coulangeon

Séance animée par Nicolas Duvoux (Professeur, Université Paris 8 - CRESPPA).

Discutants : Pierre François (DR CNRS, Sciences Po - CSO, Directeur de l'École de la recherche) et Agnès van Zanten (DR CNRS, Sciences Po - OSC).

Mercredi 17 novembre 2021 de 10h30 à 12h30, Salle Percheron, 98 rue de l'Université 75007 Paris (publics internes à Sciences Po). Une retransmission via Zoom (publics externes) pourra être mise en place en fonction des demandes.

L'inscription est obligatoire en suivant ce lien.

Conséquences sociales et culturelles de l'expansion scolaire ; diversification des goûts et des pratiques culturelles, recul de la distinction savante ; recomposition des structures sociales, brouillage des frontières symboliques entre classes... Consultez la table des matières de l'ouvrage.

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Mothering While Black: Raising African American Boys and Girls and Confronting Gendered Racism

Dawn M. Dow. OSC Scientific Seminar - 12th November
  • Image vystekimages (via shutterstock)Image vystekimages (via shutterstock)

 Mothering While Black: Raising African American Boys and Girls and Confronting Gendered Racism

Dawn M. Dow

Associate Professor, University of Maryland

Friday 12th November, 2:30 pm - 4 pm (OSC location for internal audience or online via Zoom)

Recent events have underscored the harsh and, at times, tragic consequences of gendered racism-racial discrimination that varies based on gender- for African American children in the U.S. How do African American middle-class mothers address these challenges?

Through in-depth interviews with African American middle- and upper-middle-class mothers, Dr. Dow will discuss how gendered racism influences these mothers' concerns for their sons and daughters and how it influences how they approach parenting their children. Dr. Dow describes how for their sons, mothers were principally concerned with preventing perceptions of them as criminals or "thugs" and protecting their physical safety. By contrast, mothers were principally concerned with protecting and building their daughters' self-esteem and self-value. Mothers used different strategies to help their sons and daughters navigate these challenges.

These mothers' experiences illuminate how they prepare their children for the different societal reception they believe their sons and daughters will encounter and shed light on the work needed to build racial empathy and understanding in the contemporary era.

Dawn DowDr. Dawn M. Dow is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Maryland, College Park, a Faculty Associate in the Maryland Population Research Center, the deputy editor for the Journal of Marriage and Family, and an editorial board member of Contexts.
From 2019-2021 she served as the faculty director of the Critical Race Initiative. Dr. Dow received a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of California, Berkeley, and earned a J.D. from Columbia University, School of Law.
Her research examines intersections of race, class, and gender within the context of the family, educational settings, the workplace, the law, and political mobilization.
She is the author of the award-winning book Mothering While Black: Boundaries and Burdens of Middle-Class Parenthood (2019), published by the University of California Press. Dr. Dow's work has appeared in journals including Gender & Society, Journal of Marriage and Family, Sociology of Race & Ethnicity, Science Advances, and Mobilization.

Registration is compulsory. Thank you.

Higher Education and Elite Business Schools:

The Case of Anticipatory Socialization in Student Unions
Mikael Holmqvist - Seminar - 27th October
  • Image Per Bogue (via Shutterstock)Image Per Bogue (via Shutterstock)

 Higher Education and Elite Business Schools:
The Case of Anticipatory Socialization in Student Unions

Mikael Holmqvist

Professor, Stockholm Business School (Stockholm University)

Wednesday 27th October, 11:30 am - 1 pm (OSC location for internal audience or online via Zoom)

 Discussants: Caroline Bertron (University Paris 8 - Cresppa-CSU) & Bruno Cousin (Sciences Po - CEE)

 

Mikael HolmqvistBusiness schools and management education are dominating much of higher education in many countries today, resulting in the spread of corporate ideas and values throughout societies; still these institutions remain relatively unexplored in terms of the way they socialize their students. A particularly interesting group are “elite business schools”, i.e., the places where future business and financial elites are made – the future leaders of the neo-liberal economy.

In this talk I examine the way students at Sweden’s premier business school, The Stockholm School of Economics, are educated and consecrated as elites through “anticipatory socialization” in student union activities.

Data come from a variety of sources, such as interviews with students and students’ own descriptions on websites.

It is argued that extracurricular activities constitute important socializing practices in creating and re-producing economic elites by business schools, perhaps more importantly than what is taught in classrooms and lecture halls.

Last publication: "Economics as symbolic capital: The consecration of elite business schools", Theory and Society, 2021. 

Registration is compulsory. Thank you.

The RECORDS project - Revisiting the sociology of taste in the age of big data

Philippe Coulangeon and team members
Department of Sociology & OSC Scientific Seminar, 19th November 2021
  • Image Rawpixel (via Shutterstock)Image Rawpixel (via Shutterstock)

OSC joint Scientific Seminar with Sciences Po, Department of Sociology

Friday 19th November 2021, 12:30 pm - 2:30 pm
(Hybrid meeting, location 98 rue de l'Université, Paris 7e, for internal audience and online via Zoom)

The RECORDS project - Revisiting the sociology of taste in the age of big data

Philippe Coulangeon

CNRS Senior Researcher, Sciences Po - OSC

with project partners : Thomas Louail (UMR Géographie-cités, scientific coordinator), Robin Cura (UMR Géographie-cités), Jean-Samuel Beuscart (Orange Labs), Samuel Coavoux (LSQ-CREST), Camille Roth (Centre Marc Bloch), Yann Renisio (OSC), Amélie Beaumont (OSC)

Philippe CoulangeonWhat does streaming do to our music listening? What do the big data collected by the platforms say about our listening behaviors and tastes? How are content consumption and listening practices evolving in an era of abundant supply and recommendation? Does hyperchoice give rise to very dissimilar individual paths? Do platforms essentially favor listening to accompany daily activities, organized by playlists? Do digital traces allow us to revisit the models and theories of the sociology of cultural practices?

The RECORDS project proposes to combine survey and big data to study these questions from an empirical material of unprecedented diversity and scope. It is based on an original partnership between social sciences and digital sciences researchers, and one of the major companies in music distribution in France (Deezer).

In addition to a general presentation of the main research axes of this project, the presentation will give an overview of its first results.

Registration is mandatory (for Zoom users the link will be sent one day before)

More information here about the project and the team (Thomas Louail, UMR 8504 Géographie-cités),

Breaking down the privilege of desire. Gender and class inequalities in the socialization processes to sexual desire

Rébecca Lévy-Guillain
OSC Scientific Seminar - 22 October 2021
  • Image Vasiliy Koval (via Shutterstock)Image Vasiliy Koval (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 22th October 2021, 11:30 am / 13 pm (register link)
98 rue de l'Université - Salle Percheron

Breaking down the privilege of desire.
Gender and class inequalities in the socialization processes to sexual desire

Rébecca Lévy-Guillain

PhD Sciences Po - OSC & INED

Why do men desire more than women? And why do some women desire more than others?
In contrast to the dominant disciplinary approaches of neuroscience or sexology, desire is questioned from a sociological point of view and is defined as a social activity and more precisely as a bodily, contextual and relational experience, associated with erotic mental projections organized in the form of scripts, that is to say scenarios symbolically encoded as sexual. Based on biographical interviews conducted with women and men with diverse social profiles, the presentation details the mechanisms that produce gender and class inequalities by tracing the socialization processes that unfold during childhood and teenage years on the one hand, and by characterizing the social groups that are privileged in matters of desire on the other.

Registration is mandatory to join us. Thank you.

Genetic Influences on Educational Attainment across 20th Century Birth Cohorts:

the Role of Parental Separation and Death in the United States
Tina Baier - OSC Scientific Seminar - 15th October
  • Image Rob Marmion (via Shutterstock)Image Rob Marmion (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 15th October 2021, 11 am / 12 pm (register link)

Genetic Influences on Educational Attainment across 20th Century Birth Cohorts:
the Role of Parental Separation and Death in the United States

Tina Baier

University of Oslo

Whether environmental conditions provided by parents affect children’s chances to reach their genetic potential for education remains an open question. Previous research mainly considers parents’ socio-economic standing and overlooks a key dimension of social stratification: childhood family structure.
We address this gap by asking three research questions:

- does parental separation lower genetic influences on education,
- are there birth cohort differences, and
- are genetic influences among those who lost a parent more similar to those whose parents separated or those who remained coupled?

This study draws on the US Health and Retirement Study (HRS) to estimate the association between education polygenic scores and adults’ educational attainment by childhood family structure across the 20th Century.

We find that genetic effects on education are smaller for adults whose parents separated than adults whose parents remained married. Moreover, the magnitude of genetic influences remained rather constant across time for adults from two-parent households but decreased for adults whose parents separated.
Additionally, the impact of genes for adults who lost a parent is similar to those who grew up in two-parent households. This suggests that family instability rather than parental absence suppresses genetic influences on education among those whose parents separated.

Sorry, but due to pandemic crisis, this event is only open to internal audience.

Assimilation and racialization?

Incorporation patterns among descendant of migrants in Norway
Arnfinn H. Midtbøen - OSC Scientific Seminar - 1st October 2021
  • Oslo Central Station, Benjamin Olsen (via Shtutterstock)Oslo Central Station, Benjamin Olsen (via Shtutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 1st October 2021, 11:30 am / 1:00 pm (Zoom videoconference)

Assimilation and racialization?
Incorporation patterns among descendant of migrants in Norway

Arnfinn Haagensen Midtbøen

Associate Professor in Sociology, University of Oslo

Comparative research paints a contradictory picture of long-term integration processes. In line with theories of assimilation, descendants of immigrants have higher educational and occupational attainment compared to their immigrant parents. However, in line with theories of racialization, there is a striking stability in patterns of racism and discrimination over time and immigrant generations.
While these outcomes are often seen as mutually exclusive in theory, this talk addresses the question of whether they are connected in ways not properly understood. In discussing this question, I draw on recent and ongoing work on the achievements and experiences of descendants of migrants in Norway, based on rich set of data sources (official registries, surveys, field experiments and in-depth interviews).
I demonstrate that an ongoing process of structural assimilation indeed occurs in Norway. However, I also show that descendants of migrants face discrimination at a level equal to individuals that have themselves migrated, that those who have entered high-status occupations are more likely to report discrimination at the work place compared to individuals in low-status occupations, and that descendants of migrants are concentrated in specific locations in the occupational class structure.
Connecting these pieces of evidence, I argue that we need both a more multifaceted model of assimilation, and that we must explore more carefully how assimilation can be the result of how descendants of migrants strategically navigate a situation in which discrimination is likely to occur.

Registration is mandatory to join the Zoom meeting (the link will be sent one day before)

Culture de masse et société de classes

Philippe Coulangeon
Puf, septembre 2021
  • Images WiP-studio (via Shutterstock) et PUFImages WiP-studio (via Shutterstock) et PUF

Culture de masse et société de classes. Le goût de l'altérité

Philippe Coulangeon, Directeur de recherche CNRS (Sciences Po - OSC)

Presses universitaires de France, septembre 2021, 368 p.

Présentation débat autour de l'ouvrage, mercredi 17 novembre 2021 à 10h30 (Salle Percheron, 98 rue de l'Université pour les publics internes et sur Zoom - à confirmer).

Philippe CoulangeonCe livre trouve son origine dans un intérêt ancien pour les questions liées à la composante culturelle des inégalités sociales et des rapports de classes. Il entend à ce titre défendre la portée analytique de la notion de classe sociale (...) dans un contexte où elles apparaissent pourtant moins clairement identifiées que par le passé à des cultures de classes unifiées et cohérentes. Ce brouillage des frontières symboliques entre les classes sociales, qui n'implique pas la réduction des inégalités au chaos anarchique des rivalités individuelles, trouve son origine dans une série de facteurs qui tiennent notamment aux transformations des modes de production et de circulation des biens et services culturels et à la diffusion de l'éducation.  

Figure 6 - Nombre de genres musicaux écoutés selon la PCS (p. 299)SOMMAIRE

Introduction
  De la culture comme identité à la culture comme ressources
  Le brouillage des frontières culturelles et politiques entre classes
  Les mutations de l'économie des ressources culturelles
  Le capital culturel au XXIème siècle
  Une société de classes sans culture de classes ?
Chapitre 1 - Culture et inégalité
  Qu'est-ce qu'une inégalité culturelle
Du relativisme au culturalisme - Désirabilité et légitimité - Inégalité d'accès et inégalité de traitement
  Culture, stratification sociale et rapports de classe
La stratification sociale de l'accès aux ressources - La superstructure culturelle des rapports de classe - La culture comme frontière et comme marqueur de statut - Volume et structure des capitaux
Chapitre 2 - La culture comme capital
  Capital culturel et handicap scolaire
  Arbitraire culturel et « violence symbolique »
  La supériorité empirique des usages faibles du concept de capital culturel
Chapitre 3 - Un siècle d'expansion scolaire et de diffusion culturelle
  Les conséquences sociales et culturelles de la diffusion de l'éducation
  Un décalage transatlantique
  La pluralité des modèles d'expansion : école de masse et écoles de classes
Chapitre 4 - Expansion scolaire et inégalités
  Les trois dimensions de l'inégalité scolaire
La réduction incertaine de l'inégalité globale de la distribution des ressources éducatives - L'inertie du biais socioculturel de l'école - Les forces de rappel de l'origine
  L'érosion de la rente scolaire et culturelle
L'inflation des diplômes - L'affaiblissement du magistère culturel de l'école
Chapitre 5 - Les fonctions émancipatrices de l'expansion scolaire en question
  L'investissement éducatif au coeur de l'accumulation
Éducation et croissance - Rendements sociaux et financement public
  L'éducation et la culture, arguments du bien-être individuel et collectif
  Le salut scolaire à l'épreuve des théories critiques de l'École
L'École capitaliste - L'éducation au service de l'accaparement des opportunités - Qui trop éduque mal intègre ?
  Les théories critiques de l'expansion scolaire au défi de ses effets
La robustesse des effets sui generis de l'éducation - L'effet compensateur des transferts culturels
Chapitre 6 - Le savant, le populaire et le mélange des genres
  La métaphore de l'omnnivore
Un tropisme musical - Ouverture culturelle et distance sociale entre les répertoires
  L'essor controversé d'un contre-modèle
Des formes éclectiques de la distinction culturelle - Des élites sans élitisme
  Le recul de la distinction savante
  Socialisation plurielle et éclectisme
Chapitre 7 - Les formes émergentes du capital culturel
  Un capital multiculturel
  Capital savant et capital technique
  Capital culturel et réflexivité
  La politique culturelle au défi de la redéfinition des clivages
Chapitre 8 - La recomposition des structures sociales du goût et des attitudes culturelles
  Une mise à l'épreuve empirique de la portée du syncrétisme des goûts musicaux
  Légitimité académique et légitimité éclectique
Chapitre 9 - L'ouverture à la diversité à l'épreuve des inégalités
  Ouverture culturelle et rapports de classe
La gentrification comme relation de pouvoir et instrument paradoxal de l'entre-soi - Le capital multiculturel au risque de l'approriation
  La déhiérarchisation incertaine des répertoires culturels
L'asymétrie des échanges symboliques entre les groupes sociaux - Les ambiguïtés du relativisme culturel  - Les ressources relationnelles de l'ouverture - Un capital versatile inégalement accessible
Chapitre 10 - L'ouverture politique et culturelle comme horizon de la légitimité
  Les avatars du vote de classe
Aux origines du vote « non naturel » - Les déterminants sociaux de l'ouverture à l'altérité
  Le moteur générationnel du changement
De la révolution silencieuse au backslash conservateur - La structure générationnelle des changements culturels - Le double visage de l'expansion éducative
Chapitre 11 - Normes politiques, normes culturelles et normes morales
  Le libéralisme culturel et son double
  Quatre profils d'attitudes politiques
  La superposition imparfaite des clivages hétérogènes

A lire au fil de la conclusion (extraits)...
  • La massification scolaire, partout où elle s'est produite, a exercé des effets modestes et incertains sur la dynamique historique des inégalités. La diffusion de l'éducation ne s'est pas toujours accompagnée d'un réduction substantielle de l'inégalité sociale des chances d'accès aux différents niveaux de diplômes et de l'inégalité sociale des performances scolaires, frappées l'une et l'autre d'une assez forte inertie...
  • Par ailleurs, l'école n'a favorisé la plupart du temps qu'un accroissement limité de la mobilité sociale au regard du rôle que lui prêtaient les doctrines de la méritocratie scolaire.
  • Les changements associés à l'intensification et à la diversification de la production et des échanges culturels [analysés dans l'ouvrage] décrivent des sociétés traversées par des clivages culturels qui correspondent de moins en moins à l'opposition traditionnelle des registres savants et populaires mais de manière croissante au clivage entre l'ouverture et la fermeture à la diversité culturelle.
  • Les transformations culturelles observées plus particulièrement depuis les années 80 au sein de la société française procèdent ainsi plus largement d'une inversion historique de la relation entre la distance symbolique et la distance physique entre groupes sociaux.   
POUR EN SAVOIR PLUS

Site de l'éditeur (PUF)
Page de Philippe Coulangeon
Entretien sur France Culture (1er octobre, podcast, La Suite dans les idées par Sylvain Bourmeau)

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Aux frontières de l’école : les choix parentaux en matière d’instruction alternative

Pauline Proboeuf
Soutenance de thèse, 21 octobre 2021
  • Image Eugenio Marongiu (via Shutterstock)Image Eugenio Marongiu (via Shutterstock)

Soutenance de thèse, le jeudi 21 octobre 2021 à 14h00 à l'École de la recherche de Sciences Po (accès limité).

Jury

Marta Dominguez Folgueras (Associate Professor, Sciences Po - OSC, Directeur de recherche), Géraldine Farges (Maîtresse de conférence, Université de Bourgogne - IREDU), Pascale Garnier (Professeure des universités, Université Sorbonne Paris Nord - Experice), Claude Martin (DR CNRS, EHESP), Laura Merla (Professeure, UCLouvain), Agnès van Zanten (DR CNRS, Sciences Po - OSC, Directeur de recherche)

Pauline ProboeufCes dernières années, deux modalités relevant de l’éducation scolaire privée, encore peu répandues jusqu’à présent en France, connaissent une certaine popularité : l’instruction à domicile et l’école privée hors contrat « alternative ».
Le nombre d’enfants scolarisés dans des écoles privées hors contrat (premier degré), dont font partie les écoles alternatives, a été multiplié par 3,22 entre 2010 et 2019, un chiffre qui reste cependant marginal rapporté à l’ensemble des enfants scolarisés en France (0,23% en 2010 contre 0,75% en 2019).
Le nombre d’enfants instruits en famille est en augmentation de 111,11 % en 2018-2019 par rapport à l’année 2014-2015, selon une étude récente, mais qui pourrait les sous-estimer. 61% des enfants concernés étaient âgés de 6-10 ans et 39% de 11-16 ans.

Mais qu'est-ce qui conduit les parents à choisir une scolarité non conventionnelle pour leur(s) enfant(s) ? Quelles sont les conditions sociales pour s'engager dans un choix d’instruction « alternative » ? 

En partant des enfants actuellement scolarisés à domicile et/ou inscrits dans des écoles dites « alternatives », cette thèse s'intéresse aux parcours biographiques de leurs parents. Elle propose une approche qui réunit la sociologie de l'éducation et la sociologie de la famille afin de comprendre comment les normes qui régissent l'espace familial ont un impact sur les choix éducatifs et, en retour, comment ces choix ont un impact sur les parents.

In recent years, two little-used private schooling options have been developing in France : homeschooling and "alternative" schooling, independent from the State.
The number of children enrolled in independent schools (primary level) increased by a factor of 3.22 between 2010 and 2019, a figure that remains marginal in relation to the total number of children enrolled in France (0.23% in 2010 versus 0.75% in 2019).
The number of homeschooled children is also up by 111.11 percent in 2018-2019 compared to 2014-2015, according to recent figures from the government-led impact study, although these figures remain imperfect and may be underestimated.

But what leads parents to choose non-conventional schooling for their child(ren) ? What are the social conditions for engaging in an "alternative" schooling choice ? 

Starting with children currently homeschooled and/or enrolled in so-called "alternative" schools, this thesis focuses on the biographical paths of their parents. It proposes an approach that brings together the sociology of education and the sociology of the family in order to understand how the norms that govern the family space impact on educational choices and, in turn, how these choices have an impact on the parents.

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Ségrégation urbaine et choix du collège

Contributions à la ségrégation scolaire
Béatrice Boutchénik, Pauline Givord, Olivier Monso
  • Image LeManna (via Shutterstock)Image LeManna (via Shutterstock)

Ségrégation urbaine et choix du collège :
quelles contributions à la ségrégation scolaire ?


Béatrice Boutchénik, Pauline Givord, Olivier Monso

Revue économique, 2021, vol. 72, n° 5, p. 717 à 747

Le système scolaire français fournit une illustration intéressante de l’impact du choix scolaire sur la ségrégation entre établissements, car il combine une affectation géographique assez stricte des élèves dans les collèges publics, avec l’existence d’établissements privés financés par l’État, non soumis à la carte scolaire.

En utilisant une approche d’équilibre partiel, les résultats empiriques de l'article donnent une mesure des contributions relatives de la ségrégation urbaine et du choix du collège sur la ségrégation scolaire pour trois zones urbaines françaises : Bordeaux, Clermont-Ferrand et Paris. En utilisant les limites précises des secteurs de recrutement scolaire et les données administratives sur les élèves inscrits, il a été possible d’identifier, pour chaque élève, le collège public dans lequel il aurait dû être inscrit selon la règle d’affectation, et le collège qu’il fréquente effectivement.
On peut comparer le degré de ségrégation scolaire qui serait observé si tous les élèves étaient inscrits dans le collège public de leur quartier au degré réel de ségrégation sociale dans les collèges. La différence entre la ségrégation résidentielle et la ségrégation scolaire indique dans quelle mesure le choix des familles de ne pas fréquenter leur collège public de secteur aggrave ou, au contraire, atténue l’impact de la ségrégation résidentielle sur la ségrégation scolaire. L'article détaille les deux principaux mécanismes opposés qui peuvent expliquer cette relation : effets de « réallocation » et d’« évitement ».

Sur le plan méthodologique, cet article propose un nouvel outil pour décomposer les indices de ségrégation, en s’appuyant sur une mesure couramment utilisée, l’indice d’entropie normalisé, version normalisée de l’indice d’information mutuelle.

Les résultats confirment que dans les trois villes, le niveau de ségrégation observé entre collèges reflète en grande partie le niveau de ségrégation urbaine. Cependant, les possibilités de choix scolaire, et notamment l’inscription dans les collèges privés, contribuent à réduire encore la mixité sociale dans les collèges de ces trois villes.

Le fait que certains parents évitent le collège de secteur contribue pour 37 % à 49 % au niveau de ségrégation dans les collèges, selon la ville considérée, résultat essentiellement déterminé par l’évitement vers l’enseignement privé.Si la mixité sociale se détériore dans les collèges publics évités, la polarisation sociale entre collèges privés est également marginalement plus élevée (et dans le cas de Paris, significativement plus élevée) que celle observée au niveau local.

Tab4 - Milieu social des élèves qui contournent la carte scolaireCes estimations empiriques statiques suggèrent que dans le contexte actuel, les pratiques de contournement de la carte scolaire sont étroitement liées au milieu socio-économique et au lieu de résidence des familles, et sont un mécanisme déterminant de la ségrégation scolaire.



Le texte est ici disponible en ligne sur Cairn

The paper is also available in English language

Subjective wellbeing in rural and urban areas under the Covid-19 crisis in France

Marta Pasqualini
OSC Scientific Seminar - 24th September 2021
  • Image sun ok (via Shutterstock)Image sun ok (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 24th September 2021, 11:30 am / 1:00 pm (Zoom videoconference)

Subjective wellbeing in rural and urban areas under the Covid-19 crisis in France

Marta Pasqualini

Post-Doc Research Fellow, Sciences Po - OSC

The difference between urban and rural areas, in terms of standard of living, is still being debated. If, on one hand, cities offer higher job opportunities, leisure activities, and cultural events, they are also characterized by higher cost of living, higher levels of pollution, and greater wealth inequality.

The Covid-19 pandemic, imposing everyone to be locked down at home, might have increased the relevance of living spaces by (re)opening urban-rural differences in subjective wellbeing.

By using a probability-based panel study, consisting of 1,404 individuals, we explored changes in subjective well being (SWB) over time, from the pre-pandemic period (2019) to about one year of lockdown (April 2021).

In addition, we investigated between-individuals differences based on rural-urban differential factors (i.e., compositional factors) and within-individuals differences based on events that have been experienced during the pandemic period (i.e., contextual factors).

Registration is mandatory to join the Zoom meeting (the link will be sent one day before)

Care earnings in the US and 24 European countries

The role of social policy and labour market institutions
Emanuele Ferragina & Zachary Parolin
  • Image JP Wallet (via Shutterstock)Image JP Wallet (via Shutterstock)

Care earnings in the United States and 24 European countries:
The role of social policy and labour market institutions

Emanuele Ferragina (Sciences Po, OSC & LIEPP)
Zachary Parolin (Bocconi University Milano and Columbia University)
Social Policy & Administration

First Published 08 September 2021 - Available online (Wiley Online Library)

Emanuele FerraginaZack ParolinCare occupations are gendered and remain relatively poorly paid, particularly in the United States. Prior research on the ‘care penalty’ primarily points to individual, relational, and market-valuation factors in explaining the relative earnings of care workers.

This study integrates these explanations with a comparative institutional perspective. Using higher-quality data and methods than previous comparative research in the field—that is, harmonized micro-data from the Current Population Survey and EU-SILC from 2005 to 2016, country and year fixed effects models, and a counterfactual analysis—we find that national variance in labour market and welfare state institutions explains most of the difference in the relative earnings of reproductive care workers between the United States and European countries.

Higher rates of collective bargaining coverage, stronger employment protection and welfare state spending contribute to higher relative earnings for reproductive care occupations, and lower relative earnings for high-status nurturant care occupations.

Differences in the relative earnings of care workers appear to be mostly a construct of social policy and labour market institutions rather than individual, relational, and market-valuation factors.

  Classification of care occupations
Table 1 - Classification of care occupations

  Total employment shares by occupation type and region, 2016

Table 2 - Total employment shares by occupation type and region

Unequal from birth: causes and consequences of socio-economic inequalities in health at birth

Lidia Panico, OSC Scientific Seminar - 10th September 2021
  • Image Anek Soowannaphoom (via Shutterstock)Image Anek Soowannaphoom (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 10th September 2021, 11:30 am / 1:00 pm (Zoom videoconference)

Unequal from birth: causes and consequences of socio-economic inequalities
in health at birth

Lidia Panico

Chargée de recherche, INED

 Socio-economic inequalities in health are well documented in the literature. Such inequalities appear to persist over time, accumulate throughout life, and seem to begin from birth.
A long standing literature has described significant socioeconomic disparities in key birth health indicators, such as prematurity and birthweight, which appear to influence health and development throughout life.
While studies are mostly based on data issued from Anglosaxon countries, a smaller literature has shown that inequalities in birth health are also evident in countries such as Italy, Sweden, Finland, and Spain, where the underlying socioeconomic stratification and health care access is significantly different.

This presentation will paint a picture of inequalities in France in birtweight, using nationally representative birth cohort data.
Using highly harmonized data, I first will compare gradients in France to those issued from the US and the UK, and analyse whether the relative importance of a set of potential mechanisms producing inequalities in birthweight varies across these three countries.
Finally, I will explore whether birthweight is correlated to a number of developmental indicators in early childhood, and explore potential mechanisms behind these relationships.

Registration is mandatory to join the ZOOM meeting (the link will be sent one day before)

What goes around meat eating, comes around

Vegetarianism as a status marker in contemporary India
Mathieu Ferry, PhD Defense, 22th September 2021
  • Image kaikups - Market in Chariduar (via Shutterstock)Image kaikups - Market in Chariduar (via Shutterstock)

PhD Defense, Wednesday 22th September 2021, 2pm (via Zoom)

Jury
Philippe Coulangeon (PhD supervisor, CNRS, OSC), Sonalde Desai (reviewer, University of Maryland), Magne Paalgard Flemmen (reviewer, Universitetet i Oslo), Christophe Jaffrelot (PhD supervisor, CNRS, CERI), Jules Naudet (CNRS, CEIAS), Divya Vaid (Jawarhalal Nehru University)

Mathieu Ferry (OSC)Since 2010, more than two hundred cases of violence related to the sale or alleged consumption of beef or non-vegetarian products, against religious minorities and low castes, have occurred in India.

How can food trigger such violent attacks? In a context of deep transformations of the social structure, the dissertation suggests that these incidents mirror symbolic struggles between religious and caste groups, and that they indicate the continued cultural hegemony of the Hindu high castes, of which vegetarianism is one of the most emblematic markers.

Based on secondary analysis of quantitative surveys and on fieldwork conducted in Uttar Pradesh, a region in northern India, I show how this diet remains salient in the contemporary period.

In doing so, I highlight the importance of religion and caste in food lifestyles and I uncover the mechanisms of diffusion of cultural practices, whether through processes of cultural emulation deriving from class mobility or in relation to the stigmatization of the Muslim minority.

I also highlight the plurality of repertoires of justification for vegetarianism, particularly within the most affluent and educationally endowed classes. In sum, the convergence between the different meanings attributed to this diet – ranging from religious, economic, political, dietary, and even environmental – favors the centrality of vegetarianism in the Indian social space, which in turn plays a key role in the social dynamics of status, integration and stigmatization in contemporary India.

Depuis 2010, plus de deux cent cas de violence liés à la vente ou à la consommation présumée de bœuf ou de produits non végétariens, à l'encontre de minorités religieuses et de basses castes, ont eu lieu en Inde.
Comment l’alimentation peut-elle déclencher des attaques aussi violentes ?
En étudiant les transformations de la structure sociale, la thèse suggère que ces incidents sont le reflet de luttes symboliques entre groupes religieux et de castes et qu’ils traduisent le maintien de l’hégémonie culturelle des hautes castes hindoues, dont le végétarisme en est un des marqueurs les plus emblématiques.
À partir de l’analyse secondaire d’enquêtes quantitatives et d’entretiens menés dans l’Uttar Pradesh, une région du Nord de l’Inde, je montre comment ce régime alimentaire demeure central dans la période contemporaine.
Ce faisant, je souligne l’importance de la religion et de la caste dans les styles de vie alimentaires, tout en mettant au jour des mécanismes de diffusion culturelle, qu’ils relèvent de processus d’émulation culturelle liés à la position de classe ou qu’ils soient en lien avec la stigmatisation de la minorité musulmane.
Je souligne enfin la pluralité des répertoires de justification du végétarisme, en particulier au sein des classes les plus aisées et les plus dotées en capital scolaire. En somme, la convergence entre les différentes significations – religieuse, économique, politique, diététique, environnementale – attribuées à ce régime alimentaire favorise la prégnance du végétarisme dans l’espace social indien, faisant ainsi jouer à ce dernier un rôle clef dans les dynamiques sociales de statut, d’intégration et de stigmatisation dans l’Inde contemporaine.

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The combined effect of Covid-19 and neighbourhood deprivation on two dimensions of subjective well-being

Empirical evidence from England
Franco Bonomi Bezzo , Laura Silva, Maarten van Ham
  • Illustrative picture by Ian Francis, via ShutterstockIllustrative picture by Ian Francis, via Shutterstock

Laura Silva, PhD at Sciences Po - OSC, join to Franco Bonomi Bezzo (University of Milan, La Stalate)  and Marteen van Ham (Delft University of Technology and University of St Andrews, Scotland) have just published a paper on PLOS ONE:  "The combined effect of Covid-19 and neighbourhood deprivation on two dimensions of subjective well-being: Empirical evidence from England". This peer-reviewed paper is available in open access.

The spread of the pandemic offers new opportunities to investigate the relationship between neighbourhood deprivation and well-being. There is
growing evidence that Covid-19 has exacerbated existing spatial inequalities.


Authors investigate the combined effects of the Covid-19 crisis and living in U.K. deprived neighbourhoods on two dimensions of subjective well-being: hedonic (i.e. mental health) and evaluative (i.e. life satisfaction) subjective well-being.

Their starting hypothesis is that individuals who live in more deprived neighbourhoods, which tend to be more densely populated with smaller houses and overall less desirable living conditions, have experienced the effect of the pandemic more severely than those living in less deprived areas.

They use data from Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study, which began in 2009 and covers over 100,000 individuals from around 40,000 households in the UK. In addition, they designed specific surveys for understanding the changing impact of the pandemic on the welfare of UK individuals.

A complex statistical analysis with a set of cross-sectional Ordinary Least Squares regressions and a fixed effect difference-in-differences model is fully described in the paper.

Among the results: for those living in more deprived neighbourhoods the level of hedonic well-being decreased more than for those living in better areas. But there is no such difference for evaluative well-being. Before the Covid-19 lockdown both hedonic and evaluative well-being measures were strongly negatively correlated with neighbourhood deprivation, but the restrictions imposed during the lockdown have had a different effect on the two correlations.

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Birth Order and First Sexual Experience: Do Siblings Influence Sexual Debut in Adolescents?

Marta Pasqualini, Amanda Sacker, Anne McMunn
Archives of Sexual Behavior, August 2021
  • Image Dmitry Naumov (via Shutterstock)Image Dmitry Naumov (via Shutterstock)

Birth Order and First Sexual Experience:
Do Siblings Influence Sexual Debut in Adolescents?

Marta Pasqualini (Sciences Po - OSC), Amanda Sacker (University College of London)
& Anne McMunn (University College of London)

Archives of Sexual Behavior, The Official Pulication of the International Academy of Sex Research

First Published, 21 August 2021 (Open Access)

Authors explored the relationship between birth order, sex, timing of sexual initiation, and its consequences for risky sexual behavior and sexual health. They evaluated several research hypothesis. Data are drawn from the third UK National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and lifestyles. A selected sample of young adults aged 16-24 sexually active was build for face to face interviews and self-completion questionnaires. 

Birth order represents a social determinant of individual development, which strongly affects the propensity to adopt certain behaviors and attitudes. Empirical evidence has suggested that siblings are major socializing agents with regard to issues that are relevant for adolescents, such as the first sexual experience.

Whereas women born as only-children were more likely to sexually debut at later ages, middle-child boys were significantly more prone to initiate sexual intercourse earlier compared with first-borns. As expected, early sexual initiation was associated with riskier behaviors and sexual health outcomes.
Authors hypothesized that having a sister as the confidant concerning sexual issues would protect both men and women from adopting risky behaviors and contracting sexual diseases (“mentor effect”)... read here the full paper to consult the whole results and strengths.

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Uncertain Matchmaking: the Reproduction of Unequal Opportunities through the Hiring Process

Gerbrand Tholen
OSC Scientific Seminar, 3rd September (online)
  • Illustration d'après nnnnae (via Shutterstock)Illustration d'après nnnnae (via Shutterstock)

OSC Scientific Seminar 2021-2022

Friday 3rd September 2021, 11:30 am / 1:00 pm (Zoom videoconference)

Uncertain Matchmaking: the Reproduction of Unequal Opportunities
through the Hiring Process

Gerbrand Tholen

Senior Lecturer in Sociology, City, University of London

The paper to be presented analyses how employers identify their labour market needs within the recruitment and selection process. It is based on a qualitative study of external recruitment consultants who help employers hire professionals in sectors such as engineering, finance, and marketing. It demonstrates that relational claim-making and categorisation by employers – and negotiation between stakeholders, including consultants – fundamentally shape what constitutes a suitable or desirable candidate.

The paper argues that this leads to unequal opportunities for particular groups and individuals, using two examples. The first part investigates how organisational fit is defined and applied by employers. The second part explains how hiring criteria and requirements are co-created and continue to shift during the recruitment process.

Registration is mandatory to join the ZOOM meeting (the link will be sent one day before).

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