- Alumni & Donors
- The CERI
- Academic cooperation
- follow us
Borders, Canada, Diasporas, Globalization, Identities, Migrations, NGOs / Civil society, North America, Politics / Political Systems, State, Les études du CERI
Diasporas, Identities, Iran, Material cultures, Migrations, Networks, NGOs / Civil society, North America, Religions, United States, Les études du CERI
Borders, Diasporas, Economic transactions, Iran, Middle East, Migrations, Territory, Transnational, Les études du CERI
Demography, Diasporas, Identities, Israel, Middle East, Migrations, Networks, NGOs / Civil society, Politics / Political Systems, Russia, Transnational, Les études du CERI
Economic transactions, Identities, Latin America and the Caribbean, Migrations, North America, Politics / Political Systems, Regional integration, Trade, Transnational actors, United States, Les études du CERI
Collective mobilizations, Globalization, Identities, Iran, Migrations, Networks, Pakistan, Religions, Theory of International Relations, Transnational actors, United Kingdom, Les Cahiers du CERI
The concept of "world community" is nowadays very commonly employed by researchers dealing with the social aspects of globalization. At the same time, the words "islam" and "umma" -be they used by medias, politicians or scholars- have sometimes assumed the existence of such a community which is supposed to link all Muslims wherever they live. This kind of approach was strongly revived during the "Rushdie affair": the transnational dimension of the protest against the writer and the very content of ayatollah Khomeini's fatwa furthered it.The starting point of this paper is to take the "world community" postulate at its word. What are we talking about ? Who speaks about it ? Under what circumstances and from which places ? How the limits of this concept can be established, or rather how can it be constructed by the observer to become useful ? These questions are addressed by examining the early stage of the anti-Rushdie protest in its worldwide dimension. It is suggested that an analysis of the understandings and strategies of the mobilized groups, of their symbolic and concrete transnational interactions, as well as a comparison between the social and political national contexts, help to identify the "interpretive community" which was formed at this juncture.
Algeria, Democratization, Demography, Diasporas, Economic transactions, Migrations, Morocco, North Africa, Prospective, Regional integration, Religions, State, Trade, Tunisia, Les Cahiers du CERI
Raymond Benhaïm, Youssef Courbage et Rémy Leveau
By concentrating on heavy trends within a medium to long term framework, these papers are an attempt to break with the alarmist interpretations which characterize most analyses of events in Nonh Africa.
On a demographic level, Youssef Courbage shows how emigration to Europe has had a profound influence on the pace of demographic transition in Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco. In this area these countries already constitute a coherent regional entity.
In his analysis of economic prospects, Raymond Benhaïm also discerns a logic of integration in spite of the fact that each of the North African countries today favours its bilateral relations with Europe. It is, in fact, in the European interest that these countries become a unified North African market.
Finally on a political level Rémy Leveau examines the new types of political behaviour of both those who govern and those governed. These forms of behaviour are emerging at a time of social disillusion, and when the urbanised and educated social strata claim to have their say in the organizing of society. Neither the states nor the islamic movements can achieve total victory: in the end a compromise solution should thus prevail. However for this to occur each party will need to give up its reductionist view of the adversary. External parties will need to consider other solutions than providing unconditional aid - against a so-called "green peril" - to those in power, all too prone to refuse the control of those they govem