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Voting Far Away. Transnational Electoral Dynamics in the Ninth Constituency of French Citizens Abroad
Algeria, Burkina Faso, Collective mobilizations, Global history, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, North Africa, Political science, Politics / Political Systems, Senegal, Sociology, State, Transnational, West Africa, Les études du CERI
While it often attracts media attention for its atypical aspects, the vote of French nationals abroad has rarely been the subject of in-depth fieldwork. This study of electoral dynamics in the ninth constituency of French citizens abroad (North Africa and West Africa) during the presidential and legislative elections of 2017 questions the constraints on the nomination process and candidacies, the transnational blurring of what is at stake during the election, and the effects of atypical campaigning in electoral archipelagos characterized both by their strong localism and their particular connection to broader geopolitical issues. This contribution shows how the meanings and stakes of extraterritorial voting are multivocal depending on the actors involved (candidates, voters, local media, authorities in the host country). Does overseas voting bring about a French community abroad or does it rather reveal the persistent differentiations at work between French communities according to origin, relationship to the “host” country and to “autochtony”, social status and the temporality of integration abroad?
Borders, Colonization/Decolonization, Education, Migrations, Morocco, North Africa, Les dossiers du CERI
Algeria, Foreign policy, Morocco, North Africa, Sovereignty, Territory, United States, Wars / Conflicts, Les dossiers du CERI
Algeria, Collective mobilizations, Democratization, Egypt, Middle East, Morocco, NGOs / Civil society, North Africa, Tunisia, Les dossiers du CERI
Democratization, Egypt, Middle East, Morocco, NGOs / Civil society, North Africa, State, Les dossiers du CERI
Governance, Morocco, NGOs / Civil society, Norms, North Africa, Politics / Political Systems, Poverty, State, Les études du CERI
In Morocco describing an activity as having a « participative » character vests it with all the virtues of civil society and implies it is a panacea. The launch in 2005 of the National Initiative for Human Development (NIHD), a program calling for the mobilization of everyone in the fight against poverty, can be considered a symbol of this « participation phenomenon ». By analyzing its norms and styles of action on which they are based it is possible to discover the internal logic of the participatory phenomenon and to see how it shapes politics. The promotion of certain styles of action, those combining the virtues of civil society with the technical support of participative policies, transforms the criteria of legitimation. Also, the moral values ascribed to participation justify the violation of other social norms, both economic and political, which have nothing to do with participation. Such an approach, developed here on the basis of the INDH at El Hajeb, brings to light the complex ideology on which the subject of participation is based as well as its active and creative role in the political configurations which draw their legitimacy from the value placed on participation.
Algeria, Borders, Morocco, North Africa, Sovereignty, Territory, Wars / Conflicts, Les dossiers du CERI
Yahia H. Zoubir
Algeria, Economic transactions, European Union, Libya, Morocco, North Africa, Politics / Political Systems, Privatizations, Regional integration, Security policy, Social policy, Transnational actors, Tunisia, Violence, Western Europe, Les études du CERI