JP Fitoussi authors new book at LLL: Comme on nous parle

L'emprise de la Novlangue sur nos sociétés
  • Pile of hardcover books on table with open book on topPile of hardcover books on table with open book on top

Couverture livre Comme on nous parle

Jean Paul FITOUSSI has authored a book entitled "Comme on nous parle. L’emprise de la Novlangue sur nos sociétés” at Les liens qui libèrent (LLL) that investigates the stranglehold of a neo-Newspeak on our societies. Breaking with his internationally acclaimed academic research, Jean-Paul FITOUSSI’s new book is a plea for the reconstruction of language. Description.

“We are caught in a noose, without even realising it, of a new language. A language that confiscates words or alters and reverses their meaning in order to insidiously impose a predigested and exclusive way of thinking much in the same way as George Orwell’s “Newspeak” in his seminal work 1984. This book...investigates today’s Newspeak at a moment in time when facts of an incredibly violent nature call upon us to do our duty to explain them in a language that is at last spirited and liberated so that we do not become merely the play things of a destiny we have not chosen.”

Translated from the editor’s frontpiece

The book is available on the editor's website (in French)

 

Jean-Paul Fitoussi

Jean-Paul FITOUSSI, Professor Emeritus, wonders: “Why are we told over and over again that unemployment is unacceptable but allow it to persist? Why are we told that work is our destiny but have failed to attach to it any real value for so long? Why is it that we have discarded all the instruments of sound economic policy-making to limit ourselves – at least in Europe – to the so-called structural policies whose objectives are, we come to understand in the end, to reduce social protection? Why do we accept that inequalities continue to grow disproportionately all the while purporting to fight them?”

For Dr Fitoussi it is “(t)he way in which we are being told about economic, social and even political issues…” that prevents us from “… understanding what is actually being said to us. And lesser still about the events that are hurting us.” A neo-Newspeak has set us a “political trap” that must be deconstructed and a new language “spirited and free” rebuilt if we want to “find the path towards a stronger democracy than one that calls for our resignation” and “it is only on this condition that we will be able to truly effect change and shape the destiny of the world and its peoples.”

Although the essay may seem disruptive with respect to his scholarly work, it should be recalled that social progress has always been at the heart of it: Jean-Paul FITOUSSI chaired the ground-breaking Commission for Economic performances and Social Progress from 2007-2009, along with Nobel Prize laureates Joseph Stiglitz and Amartya Sen, and has been, since January 2013, Co-Chair with Joseph Stiglitz and Martine Durand of the High Level Expert Group on the measurement of Economic Performances and Social Progress.

Among his many distinctions, he received, together with Joseph Stiglitz and Amartya Sen, the 2016 Medal of the Society for Progress for the book “Mismeasuring our Lives”, and the Prize of the French Economic Association for his book, Le Théorème du lampadaire. He received the International Prize Pico Della Mirandola for his life’s work in 2017.

Read more about Jean-Paul FITOUSSI and his research

Jean-Paul FITOUSSI's presentation of the book (translation MM, PDF  25,02 KB) 

Friday Seminar - Sept 11th

  • Paper in a typewriter on which it is written "New Research"Paper in a typewriter on which it is written "New Research"

Jérôme Sansonetti

Jérôme SANSONETTI is a PhD candidate at Sciences Po working on a thesis entitled "Essays on Governance and Development Economics" under the supervision of Roberto GALBIATI.

He will present a paper at the next Friday Seminar on the theme:

How to Prevent the Spread of False Information? The Case of COVID-19 in Tanzania (Abstract, PDF 24,14 KB)

More about Jérôme SANSONETTI and his research

 

 

Nicoló Dalvit

Nicoló DALVIT was awarded a PhD in Economics from Sciences Po in July 2020, summa cum laude, under the supervision of Jean-Marc ROBIN, and is currently working as an Economist at the World Bank.

He will present a paper at the next Friday Seminar on the theme:

Aggregate Uncertainty and the Micro-Dynamics of Firms (paper, PDF 457,13 KB)

More about Nicoló DALVIT and his research

 

 

Location: 28, rue des Saints Pères - Room H 405
Time: 12:30

Due to current sanitary measures, Friday Seminars will take place both on campus and via zoom - places are limited for the on-campus option.
You will be receiving a sign up sheet via email in order to indicate your choice as well as the link to zoom - don't forget to register your choice !

Friday Seminar via Zoom - Sept 4th

  • Paper in a typewriter on which it is written "New Research"Paper in a typewriter on which it is written "New Research"

Camille Urvoy

 

Camille URVOY is a PhD candidate at Sciences Po and also affiliated to the LIEPP. She is working on a thesis entitled "Urban Dynamics: A Theoretical Analysis of the Housing Market and an Empirical Study of Amenities" under the supervision of Sergeï GURIEV.

She will present a paper at the next Friday Seminar via Zoom on the theme:

Political Profit from Nonprofits: Evidence from Governmental Transfers (read the Abstract, PDF 16,69 KB)

More about Camille URVOY and her research

Just out : Vivien Levy-Garboua co-authors new book at PUF

"Impôts, le Grand Désordre"
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Cover of Levy-Garboua and Maarek's new book

Vivien LEVY-GARBOUA and Gérard MAAREK have co-authored a new book entitled "Impôts, le Grand Désordre" at Presses universitaires de France (PUF) that tackles the question of the French tax system. Description.

The French tax system is in great disarray: it is complex, unstable and levies record high sums. Yet public opinion continues to nurture great expectations: taxes should fight pollution, stimulate employment and research, reduce tobacco consumption, fund the public education and health systems. The list is endless and the success of this fiscal activism is rare. Governments have a hard time gaging taxpayers' reactions, and they often miss their target, all the while wasting public funds in the process. Tax policy is also intended to serve social justice. But to promote equality of opportunity and improve the situation of the poorest, one need not focus obsessively on the wealthiest, “the 1%” - who are here to remain. This work draws up an inventory. How did we get here? What principles can establish a "good tax"? It is also a call for reform and to fight against the “can-do attitude” with respect to the State and taxes, which has become a veritable doxa. Let’s break some taboos.

Translated from the editor's frontpiece. 

The book is available now on the PUF's website (in French)

Vivien Levy-Garboua and Gérard Maarek

Vivien LEVY-GARBOU, graduate of the École Polytechnique-Mines and who holds a PhD from Harvard, is a member of the Department’s Associated & Affiliated Faculty.

Gérard MAAREK, graduate of the École Polytechnique-ENSAE, is former Secretary General of INSÉE and heads the Economic Studies division of a major bank.

They previously published together La Dette, le Boom, la Crise (Economica 1985), MacroPsychanalyse, l’économie de l’Inconscient , PUF, 2007 and Capitalisme, Finance, Démocratie (Economica 2014).

Julia Cagé awarded SIOE’s Oliver Williamson Best Conference Paper

  • Ossuary of DouamontOssuary of Douamont

Founded and presided by three Nobel Memorial recipients (including Oliver Williamson), the Society for Institutional and Organizational Economics (SIOE) “studies institutions and organisations, largely but not entirely from the perspective of economics”, and meets annually - the Department had the honour of hosting SIOE’s 20th Annual Conference in 2016, under the direction of Sergeï GURIEV).

The 24th edition was hosted by MIT this year, proposing no less than 9 ‘virtual’ sessions in the time of Covid-19 and more than 250 papers! The Oliver Williamson Award is given to the best paper on the full conference program: a sub-group of four members of the Programme Committee shortlists five papers and the winner is chosen among the finalists by vote of the entire Programme Committee.

To what extent can heroes coordinate and legitimize otherwise strongly-proscribed and potentially repugnant political behavior?

This is the question that Julia CAGÉ, permanent faculty member, and co-authors Anna DAGORRET (Stanford), Pauline GROSJEAN (University of New South Wales), and Saumitra JHA (Stanford), set out to answer in the paper they presented at SIOE’s Annual Conference this year, entitled Heroes and Villains: The Effects of Combat Heroism on Autocratic Values and Nazi Collaboration in France.

At first glance the question may seem counterintuitive, as the paper underscores: “Almost by definition, heroes engage in pro-social acts, often those deemed patriotic in most societies, making it hard to distinguish heroic legitimization and endorsement of political activities with their inherent social desirability.Furthermore, it seems difficult to measure: “the emergence of heroes, the networks that they develop and the heroic acts that they perform are often hard to empirically distinguish from the specific contexts that call for their heroism. Further, heroic narratives are also often shaped after the fact by those with specific objectives, making the propagation of heroism itself often endogenous. »

Undeterred, Julia CAGÉ and her co-authors “exploit a natural experiment– the arbitrary rotation of front-line French regiments to service at the pivotal Battle of Verdun during the generalship of Pétain between February and April 1916– on subsequent active Nazi collaboration by individuals from the home municipalities of those regiments during 1940-1945.” Having identified the men who served under Pétain at Verdun, they were able to cross this population with a novel data set containing “unique individual data on more than 97,242 collaborators… from a secret 1945 French intelligence report that had… gone missing and…only recently declassified.

They were able then to show that “the Pétain-led Vichy regime (1940-44), municipalities that raised troops that served under Pétain at Verdun later housed more collaborators with the Nazis than otherwise similar municipalities.

The novelty of the question, the data-set, and its implication for future research, warranted Julia Cagé and her co-authors, SIOE’s 2020 Oliver Williamson Best Conference Paper Award, without a doubt.

Read Julia CAGÉ's paper Heroes and Villains: The Effects of Combat Heroism on Autocratic Values and Nazi Collaboration in France 

Julia CagéJulia CAGÉ is an Assistant Professor (tenure track) and Co-director of LIEPP's "Evaluation of Democracy" research group, created in order to reinforce evaluation practices in France used to report on democratic systems that condition implementation of public policies as advanced democracies all face significant political crises and a decline in democratic legitimacy. She is also a CEPR Research Affiliate.

Her research focuses on political economy, industrial organization and economic history. She is particularly interested in media economics, political participation and political attitudes. Her research has been published in a number of peer-reviewed international journals such as The Review of Economic Studies, the American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, the American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, Explorations in Economic History, the Journal of International Economics, and the European Economic Review. She is already the author of several books accessible to the general public: "Saving the Media - Capitalism, Crowdfunding, and Democracy" (Le Seuil, 2015; Harvard University Press, 2016) and "L’information à tout prix" (joint with N. Hervé and M.-L. Viaud, INA Editions, 2017). Her third book « Le prix de la démocratie » was published in 2018 by Fayard (English edition, Harvard University Press, 2020) and won the “Prix Pétrarque de l’Essai” in 2019.

To learn more about Julia CAGÉ, consult her website

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