In focus: our PhD
- Economics word cloud
The academic year 2019/20 is winding down: it is a timely moment to celebrate our young doctors (read below), our PhD candidates who will defend their theses in the following weeks (link), and our 1st year students who will be presenting their research for the first time June 30th (read below).
But first, who are our PhD students ?
Interview with Sergeï GURIEV, Director of Doctoral studies in economics.
"Our students focus on topics of great importance to society, economics and politics..."
TELL US ABOUT YOUR CAREER...
Before coming to Sciences Po in 2013, I ran the New Economic School (NES), a small private university in Moscow which was established in 1992. I joined the NES as an assistant professor in 1998 and was appointed its director in 2004. The core programme of the NES was, and still is, a Master’s in economics which is in many respects similar to the Master’s in Economics at Sciences Po. While the NES has made a conscious decision not to create its own doctoral programme, we regularly sent many of our graduates to the leading PhD programmes in the US and Europe, so while working at NES I was always in close touch with doctoral programmes around the world.
WHAT ARE YOUR RESEARCH INTERESTS?
During my career I have done research in many fields of economics: I’ve worked on contract theory, development economics, labour economics, political economy, and economic history, and have written both theoretical and empirical papers. Today, I mostly work on the political economy of populism and on the political economy of modern non-democratic regimes.
YOU ARE THE DIRECTOR OF DOCTORAL STUDIES IN ECONOMICS. WHAT DO YOU FIND INTERESTING ABOUT SUPPORTING THE STUDIES OF MASTER’S AND PHD STUDENTS?
Sciences Po has the DNA of an institution that strives not just to understand, but also to transform the world. Most of our students focus on topics of great importance to society, economics and politics. This means that talking to our students about their research is always exciting. Furthermore, thanks to the rapid development of theoretical and empirical methodology and the growing availability of data, the quality and rigour of our students’ research are improving every year. This, however, is true of many other PhD programmes, so competition is tough. The good news is that our department has built a critical mass of faculty that can provide ideas and feedback to students in all fields of economics.
WHAT DO YOU BELIEVE ARE THE KEYS TO SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETING A PHD?
It is important to choose the right topic – the research question that matters, that you are passionate about, and that can be addressed with available methodology and data. But good ideas alone are not enough. Success in a PhD programme requires hard work and persistence, and this is not easy. At the undergraduate, and even Master’s, levels, there is a structured process for coursework. At the PhD level, students work independently. It is crucial for PhD students to be proactive, and to seek advice and feedback from faculty, visitors, and fellow students. Finally, in addition to doing research well, success requires presentation and writing skills – for this, of course, they need to attend many seminars (fortunately we have excellent seminar series), and read a lot.
WHY ARE THERE SO FEW WOMEN IN ECONOMICS?
Economics does have a major gender problem – to a much greater extent than other disciplines, certainly more than other social sciences and even more than mathematics and natural sciences. The explanations are the same as in other male-dominated occupations: as economics has always been dominated by men, its practices (including those for selection and promotion) and social norms have been shaped to suit men and essentially discriminate against women. One of our researchers, Ghazala Azmat, permanent faculty member at the Department, explains this in an article in the latest issue of the research magazineCogitoGender Inequalities in Higher Education. The good news is that this problem is finally recognised by the profession and all economics departments around the world (including Sciences Po), and they now want to change the status quo. At the Sciences Po Economics Department, we are also strongly committed to increasing the number of female students and faculty. Some progress has been made in terms of hiring female faculty. When I arrived at Sciences Po in 2013, we had only two tenure-track faculty, and zero tenured female faculty. Today, we have six tenure-track and two tenured female faculty. This is, of course, still a small minority; we still have the responsibility to do better.
PhD Day - June 30th
First time presentations can be daunting - come join us to warmly support our first year PhD Candidates !
In this time of Covid-19, the Department is dedicating June 30th to our PhD students on zoom.
Our first year students will have the opportunity to present their work for the first time to their peers and faculty members:
- 10.30 Ségal LE GUERN HERRY (advisor: Jean-Marc ROBIN): Economie de la fiscalité
- 11.00 Gustave KENEDI (advisor: Pierre-Philippe COMBES): Intergenerational Social Mobility: Measurement, Mechanisms and Policy
- 11.30 Samuel DELPEUCH (advisor: Thierry MAYER): Macroeconomic Imbalances and the Rise of Protectionism
- 12.00 Victor SAINT-JEAN (advisor: Stéphane GUIBAUD): Does Dark Trading Alter Liquidity? Evidence from European Regulation
12.30 to 14.00 Lunch break
- 14.00 Marco PALLADINO (advisor: Yann ALGAN): Firms, Bargaining and the Gender Wage Gap in France
- 14.30 Clémence LOBUT (advisor: Denis FOUGÈRE): Les effets de l’utilisation du numérique sur les apprentissages des élèves
- 15.00 Daniel GYETVAI (advisor: Pierre CAHUC): The Short-Term Impact of UI Benefits on Wages in the Presence of Nash Wage Bargaining, Renegotiation by Mutual Agreement, and Benefit Endogeneity
When ? JUNE 30th, 2019 - 10.30 to 16.00
Where ? Join on zoom (link to follow)
Congratulations to our 2019/20 international job market candidates
2019/20 was yet another excellent year for the Department's junior researchers !
Our PhD programme trains top economists who seek to pursue university and academic careers in France or abroad, as well as careers requiring high-level doctoral training: in international organisations, think tanks, research institutions, government agencies, banks, and insurance companies.
In 2019-20 our young doctors have been remarkably successful in securing positions in universities and other institutions across Europe and the US - despite the uncertainty created by the Covid-19 pandemic!
Florin CUCU will be joining the Université Libre de Bruxelles as a postdoctoral fellow in September 2020.
Florin CUCU defended his PhD thesis entitled "Essay on Economic Geography, Migration and Transport Infrastructure" (supervised by Thierry MAYER) this past June.
Research interests: International Trade, Economic Geography, Political Economy
Nicolò DALVIT will be joining the World Bank as an Economist as of September 2020.
Nicolò DALVIT will be defending his PhD thesis in July entitled "Essays on Firms, Aggregate Uncertainty, and the Labor Market" (supervised by Jean-Marc ROBIN).
Research interests: Firm Dynamics, Labour Economics, Macroeconomics.
Post-Doctoral Researcher at the Universität of Mannheim, Charles LOUIS-SIDOIS will be joining the permanent faculty of the Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien (Vienna University of Economics and Business) as Assistant Professor as of June 2020.
Charles LOUIS-SIDOIS was awarded a PhD in Economics in 2018 for his thesis "Trois essais en économie politique" (supervised by Emeric HENRY).
Research interests: Political Economy, Media Economics
Ludovic PANON will be joining the Bank of Italy as of September 2020 as a Research Fellow. The position will evolve in 2021 when he will become an Economist at the Directorate General for Economics, Statistics and Research.
Ludovic PANON will be defending his PhD thesis later this month, entitled "Essays in International Trade and Industrial Organization" (supervised by Thomas CHANEY).
Research interests: International Economics, Industrial Organisation. He is focusing in particular on understanding the impact of market structure distortions on prices and firm dynamics and understanding how trade policies shape competition.
Julien PASCAL will be joining the Banque centrale de Luxembourg as an Economist as of September 2020.
Julien PASCAL will be defending his PhD thesis later this month entitled "Essays of Frictional Markets and Heterogeneity" (supervised by Jean-Marc ROBIN).
Research interests: Labour Economics, Macroeconomics, Urban Economics
Currently an Economist (Graduate Programme) at the European Central Bank, Quentin VANDEWEYER will be joining the permanent faculty of the University of Chicago at the Booth Business School as an Assistant Professor of Finance.
Quentin VANDEWEYER was awarded a PhD in EConomics in 2019 for his thesis "Essays in Macroeconomics and Monetary Theory on the Consequences of Financial Crises" (supervised by Etienne WASMER).
Research interests: Macro-Finance, Asset Pricing, Monetary Economics.