This key element in individual accomplishment and social evolution has long been the subject of research at Sciences Po, particularly at the Center for Studies in Social Change. Of the many questions that have been raised, four research projects are presented in this issue. They cover concrete problems: learning to read, the impact of social diversity, inequalities and guidance. But they are revisited through the use of new methods to study them, be it experiments (thus far mostly deployed in the hard sciences), digital data processing or large-scale mapping.
These four projects are based on multiform and complex methods. They require specific skills and illustrate the evolutions that the production of social science research is undergoing: the presented results are the fruit of close but often invisible collaboration (because it is rarely apparent in the authorship of publications) between researchers and support staff who analyze databases, develop statistical processing, test the solidity of methods, verify the research corpus, etc.
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