Migrants’ connections within and beyond borders: insights from the comparison of three categories of migrants in France

Mirna Safi, Cris Beauchemin
Ethnic and Racial Studies, March 2019
  • Photographie Ranta Images via ShutterstockPhotographie Ranta Images via Shutterstock

Ethnic and Racial Studies Journal

Migrants’ connections within and beyond borders: insights from the comparison of three categories of migrants in France

Cris Beauchemin (INED) & Mirna Safi (OSC)

Ethnic and Racial Studies

Published online 01 March 2019

DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2019.1572906 - 20 p.

Since the mid-1990s, the concept of transnationalism has been increasingly used and discussed. Some authors have contested its novelty, arguing that all types of migrants, including internal ones, tend to remain connected to their home place. In this paper, we provide new quantitative evidence to show that migration, be it internal or international, entails a similar sort of connectedness between places. Using a nationally representative survey carried out in France (TeO, N = 21,761 individuals), we systematically compare the transterritorial connections of international migrants, French migrants born abroad and French migrants born in overseas territories. Our findings show that all migrants maintain transborder ties, with particular intensity among French overseas migrants. Owing to border effects, oversenas migrants exhibit higher levels of sociopolitical and “re-migration” connections and are less engaged in economic relations. The results also show that transterritorial connections are affected by similar determinants across the three categories of migrants.

Figure 2. Marginal effects of generation, nationality, multilingualism, and family ties across migrant categories (p. 10)

Figure 2 - Safi, Beauchemin, 2019

Mirna Safi (OSC)In the literature, connections between “here” and “there” are predominantly viewed as connections between places of destination and origin. Challenging the notion of transnationalism, Waldinger and FitzGerald (2004) highlighted the fact that these connections are, above all, about people trying to maintain relations with a homeland, be it abroad or not (Waldinger and FitzGerald 2004). In this paper, depending on the type of transterritorial practice, we considered connections with the homeland and also with other places outside mainland France, without being able to distinguish precisely the remote places of engagement. To some extent, the transterritorial ties observed in this study thus revert to some sort of “cosmopolitism” (having in mind that these ties are not always transnational), rather than exclusively to a kind of homeland attachment.

The Revolution That Wasn’t: How Digital Activism Favors Conservatives

Jen Schradie, séminaire #ECNEHESS
  • The Revolution that Wasn't: May 13, 2019, Harvard University Press The Revolution that Wasn't: May 13, 2019, Harvard University Press

Jen Schradie (OSC)

Séminaire #ecnEHESS Etudier les cultures du numérique,
jeudi 21 mars 2019, de 17h30 à 19h30,
Institut des Systèmes Complexes, salle séminaire 1.1, 113 rue Nationale, 75013, Paris.

Troisième séance d’approfondissement ouverte aux auditeurs libres avec Jen Schradie, co-fondatrice de ENDL (European Network on Digital Labour) et auteure de l'ouvrage The Revolution that Wasn’t à paraître en mai 2019 chez Harvard University Press, qu’elle présentera en avant-première.

Pour s’inscrire, merci de renseigner le formulaire.

The Revolution that Wasn't (Book)The Revolution That Wasn’t: How Digital Activism Favors Conservatives

From the Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street to Black Lives Matter and #MeToo, many have hailed the democratizing power of digital activism. As a mode of political participation, it seems cheap, fast, and open to all. Yet, little is known about the variation of the actual cost of online participation in social movements across social classes. Jen Schradie’s research incorporates different social settings and spans from online to off-line activism practices, thus highlighting the high costs of online participation for working-class groups.
Despite the promise of equalizing online participation, digital activism tends to be less effective when horizontally organized volunteer groups aim to translate online goodwill into meaningful action. Conversely, large hierarchical political organizations with professional staff manage to amplify their digital impact. Not only does technology fail to level the playing field: it tilts it further, so that only the most sophisticated and well-funded players can compete.

Twitter logoSince the internet's founding in 1989, a lot has happened. From the Berlin Wall falling to Trump's wall building. In my new book, #TheRevolutionThatWasnt, I contextualize the digital pendulum swing from utopia to dystopia that mark the 30th anniversary of the Web.
The dawn of the internet age….unleashed a kind of revolutionary giddiness. Those most bullish about the potential impact of this massive global network believed it would fundamentally re-order nearly every corner of civilization, inevitably for the better.
The overarching ideology of this digital utopianism was a strange brew of hyper-capitalism mixed with 60s-era-socialist idealism.The ultimate free market of ideas & commerce would create a new balance of power that favored citizens over giant organizations, companies & govts.
In the wake of the Soviet Union collapsing and the tearing down of its bureaucratic symbols, from the Berlin Wall to statues of Stalin, the internet was the phoenix rising from the ashes. It could unite where the Cold War had divided.Technology would disrupt, flatten and revolutionize hierarchies. In the place of Orwellian propaganda and old-school communication tools would be new technologies in the hands of the people. Personalization, participation, & pluralism would bring digital democracy...

Read more on the Twitter discussion

Americanism and the Ethnic Core among Mexican Americans

Edward Telles
Séminaire scientifique de l'OSC, 12 avril 2019
  • Photo Thomas Hawk (CC BY-NC)Photo Thomas Hawk (CC BY-NC)

Séminaire scientifique de l'OSC 2018-2019

98, rue de l'Université 75007 Paris - salle Annick Percheron

vendredi 12 avril 2019 de 11h30 à 13h

Edward Telles
University of California, Santa Barbara

à l'invitation du Département de sociologie de Sciences Po

Based on a study of Mexican Americans in Los Angeles and San Antonio, we examine the ethnic and American identities of U.S. born Mexican Americans, including their abilities and attitudes about the Spanish language and attitudes about immigration. Almost without exception, the American identity of the respondents is constant whereas the strength and meaningfulness of their ethnic background varied by individual and by social context.  We then expound on the concept of the ethnic core to understand how ethnicity may remain strong despite assimilation and how it varies across the population.

Edward TellesEdward Telles
Distinguished Professor of Sociology
Department of Sociology
Social Sciences and Media Studies
University of California, Santa Barbara
UCSB Website - Project on Ethnicity and Race in Latin America (PERLA)

puce Main books:

  • Pigmentocracies. Ethnicity, Race, and Color in Latin America (2014, UNCPress)
  • Race in Another America: The Significance of Skin Color in Brazil (2004, Princeton University Press) [Distinguished Scholarly Publication Award from the American Sociological Association]

puce Selected papers:

  • (with Florencia Torche) "Varieties of Indigeneity in the Americas", Social Forces, October 2018.
  • "Latinos, Race, and the U.S. Census", The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, First Published April 2018.
  • (with Angela R. Dixon) "Skin Color and Colorism: Global Research, Concepts, and Measurement", Annual Review of Sociology, vol. 43, 2017, p. 405-424.
  • (with René D. Flores & Fernando Urrea-Giraldo)  "Pigmentocracies: Educational inequality, skin color and census ethnoracial identification in eight Latin American countries", Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, vol. 40, 2015, p. 39-58.

 Register is mandatory for external audience (bernard.corminboeuf@sciencespo.fr)

Everyday Europe

Social Transnationalism in an Unsettled Continent
Edited by Ettore Recchi & Adrian Favell, Policy Press, 2019
  • Images Policy Press & twenty1studio (via Shutterstock)Images Policy Press & twenty1studio (via Shutterstock)

Everyday Europe (cover book)

328 p., ISBN 978-1447334200, Policy Press (Bristol University Press), 1st February 2019.

Edited by Ettore Recchi (Professor of Sociology at OSC - Sciences Po and part-time Professor at the Migration Policy Centre of the EUI, Florence) and Adrian Favell (Chair in Sociology and Social Theory at the University of Leeds).
Other Authors
Fulya Apaydin (Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals)
Roxana Barbulescu (School of Sociology and Social Policy of the University of Leeds)
Michael Braun (GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences and  University of Mannheim)
Irina Ciornei (Institute of Sociology at the University of Bern)
Niall Cunningham (Geography Department at Durham University)
Juan Díez Medrano (Universidad Carlos III, Madrid)
Deniz Duru (Media, Cognition and Communication Department at the University of Copenhagen)
Laurie Hanquinet (Department of Sociology at the University of York)
Janne Solgaard Jensen (Independent Research Fund Denmark)
Steffen Pötzschke (Department Survey Design and Methodology at GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences)
David Reimer (Aarhus University)
Justyna Salamońska (Centre of Migration Research and Institute of Sociology, University of Warsaw)
Mike Savage (London School of Economics)
Albert Varela (School of Sociology and Social Policy and the Q-Step Centre at the University of Leeds)

Drawing on unique research and rich data on cross-border practices, this book offers an empirically-based view on Europeans’ interconnections in everyday life. It looks at the ways in which EU residents have been getting closer across national frontiers: in their everyday experiences of foreign countries – work, travel, personal networks – but also their knowledge, consumption of foreign products, and attitudes towards foreign culture.

These evolving European dimensions have been enabled by the EU-backed legal opening to transnational economic and cultural transactions, while also differing according to national contexts. The book considers how people reconcile their increasing cross-border interconnections and a politically separating Europe of nation states and national interests.

Main chapters:

  • Introduction: Social transnationalism in an unsettled continent
  • Cartographies of social transnationalism
  • The social structure of transnational practices
  • Cultural boundaries and transnational consumption patterns
  • Social transnationalism and supranational identifications
  • Explaining supranational solidarity
  • Narratives and varieties of everyday transnationalism
  • Understanding Romanian's cross-border mobility in Europe: movers, stayers and returnees
  • Transnational Turkey: the everyday transnationalism and diversity of Turkish populations in Europe
  • Is social transnationalism fusing European societies into one?

Everyday Europe. Figure 0.2, p. 17

The Decline of Intergenerational Mobility in Denmark:

Returns to Education, Demographic Change, and Labor Market Experience
Martin David Munk - Joint Seminar OSC & MaxPo, 8 February
  • Image wong yu liang, via ShutterstockImage wong yu liang, via Shutterstock

Séminaire scientifique de l'OSC 2018-2019

Séance organisée avec le MaxPo (SCOOPS Seminars)

98, rue de l'Université 75007 Paris - salle Annick Percheron

vendredi 8 février 2019 de 11h30 à 13h

The Decline of Intergenerational Mobility in Denmark: Returns to Education, Demographic Change, and Labor Market Experience

Martin D. Munk, Aalborg University

(research project conducted with David J. Harding, University of California, Berkeley)

Although there is some evidence of declining intergenerational mobility in industrialized countries, the sources of these changes are not well understood. This paper examines changes in intergenerational mobility in Denmark, which has one of the highest levels of intergenerational mobility in the world.
We show that mobility has been declining for both men and women since the late 1950s across the most recent cohorts who are now old enough to measure permanent adult income, and that these changes were concentrated among children born into the middle three-fifths of the income distribution. We examine the sources of this decline by testing hypotheses related demographic processes, returns to education, and work experience.
Our results highlight the importance of both parent and child work experience and family structure in the family of origin among both men and women as well as, to a lesser degree, marital status, assortative mating, and childbearing among women. Although education was an important driver of parent-child income rank associations in each cohort, it played little role in accounting for increases in those associations across cohorts.

Martin D. Munk
Martin David Munk
The Faculty of Social Science
Department of Political Science
Centre for Comparative Welfare Studies
Aalborg University

 Discussant: Louis-André Vallet (OSC).

Register is mandatory for external audience (bernard.corminboeuf@sciencespo.fr).