Dr Sharon Weill (Phd, University of Geneva) is a Senior lecturer and researcher in international law, at the Sciences Po, Paris (PSIA). She is the author of the book “The Application of IHL by National Courts” (Oxford University press, 2014), and an Expert Member of the French National Commission on Human Rights - CNCDH (Commission Nationale Consultative des Droits de l’Homme), where she is the vice-President of the committee on International humanitarian law, development and environment. Dr Weill also coordinates the legal studies in the Master of Humanitarian action at the Graduate institute for international studies in Geneva (CERAH).
Her particular field of interest is the relationship between international and domestic law, the politics of international law, criminal justice and the global war on terror. She is legal advisor to various NGOs and UN bodies, and gives seminars various trainings of the ICRC and the French school for judges (ENM).
On-going research project -
- Co-Director of the pluri-disciplinary research project on counter terrorism trials in France financed by the French Ministry of Justice (GIP): « Etude pluridisciplinaire de l'activité de la cour d'assises compétente pour les affaires de terrorisme (2017-2019) ».
- Co-director of a joint Sciences-Po/UC Berkeley research project funded by the Berkeley-France foundation on the international trial of Former Chadian President Hissen Habre: The Hissen Habré trial - New Model for prosecuting International Crimes? Co editor with K Carlson and K Seelinger (Oxford University Press, Forthcoming 2019).
At PSIA she directs the clinic course "International crimes and counter terrorism". In May 2018, Dr Weill and her students submitted a report to the UN Special Rapporteur on human Rights and Counter Terrorism during her official visit in France.
With the support of the Suisse National Science Foundation, she did research at the University of California, Berkeley, on the military commission at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and the Israeli military courts in the occupied Palestinian territories (2015-2016). Prior to that, she was a part of a research group in the European project "Security in Transition" led by Mary Kaldor at the London School of Economics and worked for several years as a research fellow at the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian and Human Rights law.
Reports prepared with the students:
Sharon Weill's publications include:
The Hissen Habré Trial and Beyond- New Models for Prosecuting International Crimes? (co-editor, under contract with Oxford University Press)
The Role of National Courts in Applying International Humanitarian Law (Oxford University Press, 2014).
The book was reviewed by S. Darcy in the International Review of the Red Cross (2015), 96 (895/896); Kreiger in the German Yearbook of International law (2015) and M Ventura in the Journal of International Criminal Justice (2016)
- Book Chapters
“Terrorism and military trials”, in B. Saul, Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism (Edward Elgar, forthcoming 2019).
“The Situation of Palestine in Wonderland: An Investigation into ICC’s Impact in Israel“, in C. Stahn and M. Bergsmo (eds) Quality Control in Preliminary Examination: Reviewing Impact, Policies and Practices (Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, forthcoming, 2018).
“Prosecuting members of non-state armed groups: the experience of the US military commissions in Guantanamo Bay“, (with M. Robinson) in E. Heffes, M. Kotlik and M. Ventura (eds.), International Humanitarian Law and Non-State Actors: Debates, Law and Practice (The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, forthcoming 2018).
“Arguing civilian rights and IHL standards in national courts” in Mark Lattimer and Philip Sands (eds) ‘THE GREY ZONE: Civilian protection between human rights and the laws of war (Hart/Bloomsbury, 2018), p. 231-250.
“The administration of justice through military tribunals: The Decaux principles and the military commissions in Guantanamo Bay” (with M. Robinson) in Olivier de Frouville et al (eds), Source et regimes du droit international des droit de l’Homme - Melange a l’honneur de Pr Emmanuel Decaux (Paris, Pedone, 2017).
“Communication with the Outside World” in A. Clapham, M. Sassoli and P. Gaeta (eds), A Commentary to the Geneva Conventions (Oxford University Press, 2015).
“The 2014 Gaza War: Reflections on jus ad bellum, jus in bello and accountability” in A. Bellal (ed), The War Report 2014 (Oxford University Press, forthcoming, 2015) (with V. Azarova).
“The Use of Weapons under International Humanitarian Law”, in S. Casey-Maslen (ed), Weapons under International Human Rights Law (Cambridge University Press, 2014), p. 240-280 (with S. Casey-Maslen).
“Report on the application of international humanitarian law by domestic courts”, paper presented to the Study Group on Principles on the Engagement of Domestic Courts with International Law, International Law Association, London, 15 November 2013 (to be published in an edited volume).
“The Investigation Mechanism of Torture Claims in Israel: An Analysis of the 2012 GSS Investigation Decision and the Türkel Report”, in Stuart Melsen (ed), The War Report 2012 (Oxford University Press, 2013).
“The Role of National Courts in Applying International Humanitarian Law: From Apology to Utopia” - Article presented at the 9th annual conference of the Hague Academic Coalition, the International Institute of Social Studies, The Politics of Justice: From a human rights revolution to global justice? To be published in an edited volume (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2015).
“Israel Palestine - International law updates”, in N. Erakat and M. Rabbani (eds) Aborted State? The UN Initiative and New Palestinian Junctures (Washington, Tadween Publishing, 2013).
“The follow up to the Goldstone report in Israel and beyond” in C. Meloni and G. Tognoni (eds), Is There A Court for Gaza?- A Test Bench for International Justice (Asser/Springer, The Hague, 2012), p. 105-120.
“National War Crimes Prosecution in Post-Conflict Era and Pluralism of Jurisdictions: the Experience of the Belgrade War Crimes Chamber” in A. Nollkaemper (ed.), Importing International Law in Post-Conflict States: The Role of Domestic Courts (Intersentia, Antwerp, 2012), pp. 241–68 (with Ivan Jovanovic).
“Reframing the Legality of the Israeli Military Courts –Military Occupation or Apartheid?” in A. Baker & A. Matar (eds), Threat - Palestinian Political Prisoners in Israel (Pluto Press, London, 2011), pp. 136-148.
“Special Issue: Law, Justice and the Security Gap”, Journal of Conflict and Security Law (Oxford University Press, 2016). Co-editor of this special issue dealing with human security (with M. Kaldor, C. Chinkin and I. Rangelov).
“Reducing the Security Gap through National Courts: Targeted Killings as a Case Study”, International Journal on Conflict and Security Law (OUP, Spring ,2016). Author and co-editor of this special issue dealing with human security.
"Building Respect for IHL through National Courts", International Review of the Red Cross, issue 895, 2015.
"The Legitimating Role of the Israeli High Court of Justice: From Occupation to Segregation", Global Jurist, Vol 15 (1) (2015).
“The Security Gap and the Role of National Courts” – Article presented in the workshop "Security in transition", London School of Economics, June 2013.
“To Be or Not to Be (and Independent) Judge”, SSRN Conference Paper No. 8/2013, The 5th European Society of International Law Research Forum – International Law As a Profession, May 2013.
“The Law in the Occupied Palestinian Territories: The Role of the Israeli High Court of Justice”, Droits Fondamentaux, Revue électronique internationale, Centre de recherche sur les droits de l'homme et le droit humanitaire, CRDH, Université Panthéon-Assas Paris II, n° 9, janvier 2011 - décembre 2012
“Israel’s Unwillingness? The Follow up Investigations to the UN Gaza Conflict Report and International Criminal Justice”, International Criminal Law Review, Vol. 12, no. 5, November 2012 (with V. Azarov).
“The Targeted Killing of Salah Shehadeh – From Gaza to Madrid”, International Journal of Criminal Justice, 2009 7(3), pp. 617-631.
“The Judicial Arm of the Occupation: The Israeli Military Courts in the Occupied Territories”, 89 International Review of the Red Cross, June 2007, pp. 395-420.
Ce que change l’adhésion de la Palestine à la Cour pénale internationale, Les incertitudes d'une justice inégalitaire, Magazine ORIENT XXI, Janvier 2015
Fausse impartialité de la Haute Cour de justice israélienne, La Légitimation du Mur, Magazine ORIENT XXI, Juillet 2014
“Israël, le tribunal Russell contre l’impunité”, Le blog du Monde Diplomatique, January 2013
“La Cour pénale internationale en question”, Le blog du Monde Diplomatique, August 2011
“De Gaza à Madrid, l’assassinat ciblé de Salah Shehadeh”, Le Monde Diplomatique, September 2009
Borders, Documentary film, 52 minutes – Available at the médiathèque of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Genève. The film was aired several times on the French TV Channel Public Senat (La chaîne parlementaire) in August 2008.
"Côte d’ivoire: De la crise post-électorale à la construction d’un État de droit : la nécessaire réforme de la justice militaire", Report for the Fédération Internationale des Droits de L’Homme - FIDH, September 2015.
“Shielded From Accountability - Israel's Unwillingness to Investigate and Prosecute International Crimes”, Report for the Fédération Internationale des Droits de L’Homme - FIDH, September 2011
“The Investigation Mechanism of Torture Claims in Israel”, Adalah's Newsletter, Issue 105, June 2013
“International law developments”, Adalah - The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, Electronic Journal, Volume 93, May 2012
“Does International Law Shelter States from Accountability? The International Court of Justice decision in Germany v. Italy”, Adalah - The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, Electronic Journal, Volume 91, March 2012.
“A Survey on the Follow-up to the Goldstone Report”, Adalah - The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, Electronic Journal, Vol. 72, May- June 2010
Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN), “Resources for Human Rights Education in the Euro-Mediterranean region – A practical introduction to methodologies in non formal education”, September 2008, pp. 8-10.