Dans le cadre du séminaire de la Chaire d’excellence en études de sécurité
"From the Perennial Nuclear Security State to Federated Powers of Shared Nuclear Responsibility"
Professor S. M. Amadae, Associate Professor of International Political Economy, Department of Politics and International Relations, Swansea University Research affiliate, Program on Science, Technology and Society, MIT
Any political theory of legitimate governance and sovereignty that cannot address the nuclear security dilemma is null and void: specifically in a time of neoliberal and illiberal politics celebrating Kim Jong Un and Donald Trump. The current reconciliation of this nuclear dilemma emphasizes the credibility of deterrence through the preparedness to fight and win nuclear wars, escalation dominance, flexible response and coercive bargaining. Sustaining the credibility of nuclear deterrence is of the highest importance. The price for this is to relegate agency to unintended processes and to treat potential errors of judgment and technological accidents as instances of risk, both amenable to rational decision theory. To move beyond this stalemate of perennial nuclear saber-rattling and embrace of the likelihood of nuclear cataclysm, I turn to republican theory. Ian Shapiro (2017) and Daniel Deudney (2007) put forward two alternatives, the first shunning international government, and the latter embracing it as a means to achieve joint global nuclear security. In either case, I argue that the most critical step in jointly achieving freedom from the fear of nuclear domination is to go beyond strategic rational action.
Deudney, Daniel H. 2007. Bounding Power: Republican Security Theory from the Polis to the Global Village. Princeton University Press. Shapiro, Ian 2017. Politics Against Domination. Harvard University Press.
Grey Anderson, chercheur postdoctoral auprès de la chaire d'excellence en études de sécurité, Sciences Po.
Benoît Pelopidas, titulaire de la chaire d'excellence en études de sécurité, Sciences Po
Responsable scientifique : Benoît Pelopidas, Sciences Po-CERI.
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Palais des Nations, United Nations Office at Geneva
Organized by the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) with support from the Government of Switzerland
Difficult relations among some of the nuclear-armed powers have contributed to an atmosphere that lends itself to the onset of crisis. With a proportion of existing arsenals already on high alert status, the warning and decision time available to nuclear decisionmakers is short in crisis situations. How does this affect thresholds against use of nuclear weapons? What are feasible means to reduce the risk of nuclear detonations happening?
Support from UNIDIR's core funders provides the foundation for all of the Institute's activities. In addition, dedicated project funding was received from the Government of Switzerland.
Speaker(s): John Borrie, Sabrina Dallafior, Patricia Lewis, Benoît Pelopidas, Scott D. Sagan
Séminaire mensuel sur les politiques de la vulnérabilité épistémique à l’âge nucléaire de la Chaire d’excellence en études de sécurité
Dr Clément Therme, International Institute for Strategic Studies, auteur d’une thèse d’histoire de l’IHEID de Genève sur les relations entre l’Iran et l’Union soviétique
Dr Justin Vaïsse, directeur du Centre d’Analyse, de Prévision et de Stratégie du Ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires étrangères, auteur d’une thèse d’histoire de l’IEP de Paris sur le néoconservatisme américain
Les deux invités présenteront leur analyse du sujet dans la longue durée, puis nous discuterons les éventuels points de désaccord et les chantiers de recherche qui restent à explorer ainsi que les conditions de possibilité de la connaissance sur un tel sujet.
Responsable scientifique : Benoit Pelopidas, Sciences Po-CERI.
Presentation and discussion of the World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2017
by Mycle Schneider, Juan Rodriguez, and Andreas Rüdiger,
"The dilemmas of the public intellectual in the nuclear age", University of Canterbury in Christchurch,
16 August 2017
Benoît Pelopidas, Sciences Po-CERI, Holder of the Chair of Excellence in Security Studies
Seminar on The Politics of Epistemic Vulnerability in The Nuclear Age ( Chaire Sciences Po-CERI & USPC)
The construction of futures has become a common activity in the functioning and management of a vast number of the economy’s subsectors: agencies, both public and private, governmental and non-governmental, increasingly resort to the expertise of modellers and scenario makers to anticipate what aspects of the future they deem relevant to their activities will look like. However, anticipating is only one of the aims: even more important is the ability to build futures, possibly have the power to monopolize this ability, and ultimately acquire enough credibility to impose them. In the case study I propose in this paper – shale gas in Poland – the construction of futures is closely linked to the concepts of technoscientific promise and sociotechnical imaginary. In both cases I show that nationally centred narratives and the promise of larger energy autonomy, together with the ability of mastering modelling instruments, have acquired these visions of the future a performative power, enabling their proponents to mobilise people and means to their materialisation, and contextually leading to the dismissal of alternative solutions.
Roberto Cantoni, Sciences Po-CERI
Discussant: Pierre-Benoit Joly, INRA-IFRIS
Academic coordinator : Benoît Pélopidas (Sciences Po-CERI)
Séminaire en français et en anglais
Introduction and presentation of the USPC Security Chair
- Alain Dieckhoff, Workshop presentation: 00.00.00 – 00.08.03 (F)
- Benoît Pelopidas, Chair presentation: 00.08.23 – 00.26.53 (F)
- William Walker, Reflections on the relevance of a security studies chair focusing on nuclear vulnerability: 00.27.00 – 00.34.03 (E)
- Benoît Pelopidas, Presentation of the Chair’s members, activities, and publications: 00.34.05 – 00.41.50 (F)
- Roberto Cantoni, Short summary of the paper « What’s in a Pipe ? »: 00.41.52 – 00.43.53 (F)
- BP, Continuation of the presentation of the Chair + Presentation of panels: 00.43.55 – 00.57.00 (F)
Panel 1: Transnationalize French nuclear experience
William Walker, session chair, presents the panel: 00.57.08 – 00.58.34 (E)
- Jayita Sarkar, New perspectives on French-Indian cooperation: 00.58.36 – 01.18.20 (E)
- Anna-Mart van Wyk, Links between France and South Africa: 01.18.54 – 01.46.20 (E)
- Anna Konieckzna, New sources on the links between France and South Africa: 01.46.30 – 02.00.50 (F)
- Béatrice Heuser: 02.01.02 – 02.06.20 (E)
- Roberto Cantoni: 02.06.25 – 02.15.00 (E)
Q&A Panel 1: 02.15.30 – 02.40.44
Panel 2: Advances on the governance of nuclear weapons in France
Thierry Balzacq, session chair, presents the panel: 00.00.01 – 00.02.50 (F)
- Benoit Pelopidas and Sébastien Philippe, On the Foundations of Nuclear Bonapartism: Gaullist networks, the French Atomic Energy Commission and the legacy of wartime clandestine action: 00.03.04 – 00.15.30 (F)
- Grey Anderson, French intellectuals and nuclear debate in the 1980s: 00.15.33 – 00.29.30 (E)
- Yannick Pincé, The French political debate on nuclear energy in the 1980s: 00.29.50 – 00.44.20 (F)
- Florent Pouponneau, The effects of the end of Cold War on French non-proliferation policies: 00.44.21 – 00.59.03 (F)
- Dominique Mongin: 00.59.20 – 01.18.15 (F)
- Beatrice Heuser: 01.18.20 – 01.27.51 (F)
Q&A: 01.27.52 – 2.15.52
Panel 3: Security and safety: the temporal challenges
Benoît Pelopidas, session chair, presents the panel: 02.16.00 – 02.17.50
- Miyuki Tsuchyia: An analysis of catastrophes from a comparative perspective: 02.17.54 – 02.37.13
- Julie Blanck: Governing the long term: the role of ANDRA: 02.37.15 – 02.54.40 (F)
- Leny Patinaux: The administration of waste burying safety: 02.54.41 – 03.10.25 (F)
- Benoit Pelopidas: The memorialization of the Cuban Crisis in France: 03.10.35 – 03.32.18 (F)
- Sezin Topcu: Governance of the French nuclear contestation: 03.32.25 – 03.57.55 (F)
- Karena Kalmbach: 03.58.00 – 04.09.25 (E)
Q&A: 04.09.31 – 04.29.39
Exceptional research seminar with one of the members of the scientific advisory board. "The Politics of Brexit and the Scottish Referendum"
Paris. Roberto Cantoni.
Research seminar of the chair of excellence in security studies. Discussant of Dr Mary X. Mitchell (Cornell University, USA). "Weaponizing American Territory"
(Dr Sonia Drobysz will be the second discussant) Invitations coming soon.
Paris. Benoit Pelopidas. Research seminar of the chair of excellence in security studies. "The half lives of others. The democratic advantage in proliferation assessment" Discussant of Alex Bollfrass (Princeton University, USA)