Research-based initiatives to address gender-based violence in US and French universities

Seminar co-organized with Sciences Po, the CSO, the CEE, and PRESAGE. 17/04. 1.30-3.30pm
  • Cristian Storto / ShutterstockCristian Storto / Shutterstock

LIEPP's discriminations and category-based policies research group, Sciences Po, the CSO, the CEE and PRESAGE are pleased to convene the seminar: 

Research-based initiatives to address gender-based violence in US and French universities

Wednesday 17th April 2024, 1.30 - 3.30 pm

Mandatory registration (for Sciences Po students or staff only)

Abstract: 

In recent years, we have been witnessing a growing concern regarding gender-based and sexual violence on university campuses, particularly in the wake of the MeToo movement. This heightened focus has prompted various efforts to prevent and address campus-based violence. Faculty members have notably stepped up within their universities to drive transformative actions. This seminar provides an opportunity to discuss several such research-based initiatives, which are currently taking place in both the United States and France.

Speakers: 

Monica J. Casper, Professor of Sociology at San Diego State University, Special Assistant to the President on Gender-Based Violence, Chair of the Blue Ribbon Task Force on Gender-Based Violence

Hélène Périvier, Economist at the French Economic Observatory, Director of Sciences Po's Gender Studies Programme (PRESAGE), PI for the SAFEDUC research project

Chloé Mour, Equality, LGBT+ Rights and Gender-based Violence Officer at the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research

Chair:

Florence Faucher, Sciences Po, CEE

Politiques d’exonérations sur les bas salaires: usages et effets potentiels

Seminar of the Socio-fiscal policies research group. April 23rd. 4.30pm-6pm.
  • HJBC / Shutterstock HJBC / Shutterstock

LIEPP's Socio-fiscal policies research group is pleased to convene the seminar: 

Politiques d’exonérations sur les bas salaires: usages et effets potentiels 

April 23rd. 4.30pm-6pm.

Sciences Po, Salle du Conseil, 13 rue de l’Université, 75007 Paris. 

Mandatory registration to participate in person

Mandatory registration to participate via Zoom

Speakers: 

Report:

Politiques d’exonérations sur les bas salaires: usages et effets potentiels, Rapport final AO-CFDT, 22 janvier 2024

Abstract: 

Quelles sont les incidences sur la structure de l’appareil productif et les qualifications des politiques d’exonération sur les bas salaires ? Telle est la question qui a été posée aux auteurs du rapport par la CFDT, qui viendront présenter leurs travaux lors de ce séminaire. 

L’objectif de ce rapport est double ; d’éclairer les effets potentiels des exonérations sur les salaires, la formation, les qualifications et plus largement les modes de production, ainsi que d’apprécier la mesure dans laquelle les représentants syndicaux peuvent exercer un droit de regard sur l’usage de ces exonérations. 

Le rapport dresse deux constats. D’abord, celui d’un déficit d’information et d’une difficulté d’appréhension des exonérations de cotisations sociales au niveau des branches comme des entreprises, avec une difficulté particulière dans les entreprises multi-établissements. Deuxièmement, les auteurs s’interrogent sur les formes variées d'optimisation qui peuvent avoir des effets sur les carrières salariales, les relations d’emploi (incitation à l’externalisation) et les formes de rémunération (incitations à développer les composantes défiscalisées et plus largement à contourner l’évolution du salaire de base).

After Opium: the braided meanings of drug addiction and recovery in colonial Vietnam

Seminar of the Health Policies research group. April 23rd. 5pm-6pm.
  • "Manufacture de l'Opium à Saigon" (1904). Manhhai / Flickr"Manufacture de l'Opium à Saigon" (1904). Manhhai / Flickr

LIEPP's Health Policies research group is pleased to convene the seminar: 

After Opium: the braided meanings of drug addiction and recovery in colonial Vietnam

April 23rd. 5pm-6pm.

Sciences Po. Salle du LIEPP. 1 place Saint Thomas d'Aquin. 75007 Paris. 

Mandatory registration to participate in person

Mandatory registration to participate via Zoom

Speaker: 

Claire Edington (University of California – San Diego)

Abstract:

Rather than adopt a timeless or universal understanding of the “addict” or “addiction” – a common tendency among historians of the opium trade – in this talk, I instead examine its late colonial iteration in Vietnam as the product of multiple strands braided together: the new psychiatric underpinnings of addiction science, colonial ideologies of race and mental health, as well as Vietnamese understandings of illness and the body, and worries about addiction as a threat to any independent, postcolonial future. I argue that French and Vietnamese views on addiction in the interwar years developed in tandem, at times intersecting, even as they pulled from different epistemologies and politics to frame the risks of drug use, both for the self and society at large. By the late 1930s, they would draw together to produce a new class of addicts, a relatively restricted group, defined by their pathological dependence on drugs and their social exclusion. This was not only a state-directed project, but a popular, Vietnamese one as well, which would persist well past the end of colonial rule. 

Presentation of the book «La Révolution obligée»

Seminar organized by the Environmental Policies research group. 03/04. 17h-19h.
  • Damien GrenonDamien Grenon

L'École urbaine de Sciences Po and LIEPP's Environmental policies research group are pleased to convene the event: 

Présentation de l'ouvrage "La Révolution obligée. Réussir la transformation écologique sans dépendre de la Chine et des Etats-Unis"

April 3rd. 5pm-7pm.

Sciences Po, Salle H204, 28 rue des Saints-Pères,  75007 Paris.

Mandatory registration

The even will take place in French. 

Ouvrage paru en février 2024 aux éditions Allary, écrit par David Djaïz et Xavier Desjardins. La présentation de l’ouvrage par les auteurs sera suivie de débats et échanges avec la salle. 

La modération sera assurée par Charlotte Halpern, chercheuse au Centre d'études européennes et de politique comparée (CEE) et codirectrice de l'axe Politiques environnementales du LIEPP. 

About the book: 

La transformation écologique n’a pas commencé. Malgré les innovations technologiques, les changements d’habitudes, les promesses des entreprises, les plans étatiques ou encore les COP, le monde, en 2023, n’a jamais autant consommé d’énergie fossile. Pourquoi tant de discours pour si peu de résultats ? N’y a-t-il rien de concret derrière ce verdissement qu’une majorité d’organisations et de citoyens appellent de leurs vœux ?

La Chine et les États-Unis ont déjà amorcé un tournant industriel spectaculaire. Ils s’imposent en champions de l’économie verte et organisent notre dépendance.

La France et l’Europe, elles, multiplient les ambitions et normes environnementales qui provoquent un retour de bâton populiste et anti-écologique. Nous cherchons encore comment transformer nos façons de produire, de consommer, d’habiter, de nous déplacer, de nous alimenter. Sans faire monter les colères. Tout en réaffirmant notre puissance industrielle et politique.

Nous avons moins de trente ans pour accomplir notre transformation écologique. Ce livre donne le mode d’emploi pour y parvenir.

About the authors: 

David Djaïz est essayiste et enseignant à Sciences Po. Il est l'auteur de Slow Démocratie (prix de l’Académie des sciences morales et politiques, prix étudiant du Livre Politique-LCP, finaliste du prix du Livre ­Politique, du prix du Mémorial – Grand Prix littéraire d’Ajaccio et du prix Pétrarque de l’essai France Culture-Le Monde) et de Le nouveau modèle français (prix d'Économie de l'Académie nationale de Bordeaux). 

Xavier Desjardins est professeur en urbanisme et Aménagement de l'espace à Sorbonne Université. Il est chercheur au sein de l'équipe Médiations, Science des lieux, science des liens. Ses travaux de recherche portent sur les liens entre urbanisme et mobilité, les politiques territoriales d’aménagement ainsi que les concepts et méthodes de l’urbanisme. Ses terrains de recherche sont principalement situés en Europe de l’Ouest. Il est également consultant en matière de stratégies et projets territoriaux. 

LIEPP IN THE MEDIA - MARCH 2024

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Socio-fiscal policies research group

Travail : la perspective du « care », article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 18/03/2024

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : le « care » pris au piège de la dualité, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 18/03/2024

Faut-il maintenir un salaire minimum, émission de RFI avec Clément Carbonnier du 11/03/2024

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : des « normes viriles » persistent en entreprise, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 11/03/2024

Le RN est-il vraiment le parti des travailleurs ?, émission de France Culture avec Bruno Palier du 11/03/2024

Plan d'économies: "Il n'y a pas d'urgence", pour l'économiste Michaël Zemmour, émission de BFMTV avec Michaël Zemmour du 06/03/2024

« Le télétravail fait-il du bien aux salariés ? Ce que l’on a appris avec le Covid-19 », article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 04/03/2024

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : deux jours de télétravail estimés à 5 % d’augmentation de salaire au minimum, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 04/03/2024

Qui doit payer les salaires ?, article de Clément Carbonnier publié par Alternatives Economiques le 27/04/2024

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : l’inertie de la conflictualité au travail, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 26/02/2024

« Capital contre travail : le retour ? », article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 26/02/2024

Taxer les riches ou faire jouer la concurrence ?, chronique d'Etienne Wasmer publiée par Les Echos le 22/02/2024

Investir dans la capacité d’apprentissage de l’organisation pour la double transition digitale et écologique,  article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 19/02/2024

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : les huit dimensions de la force d’une entreprise, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 19/02/2024

Evaluation of democracy research group

Penser, enfin, le pluralisme des médias, tribune de Julia Cagé publiée par Le Monde le 15/02/2024

Sens public, émission de Public Sénat avec Elisa Chelle du 15/02/2024

La décision du Conseil d’État est une excellente nouvelle pour le respect du pluralisme, article citant les propos de Julia Cagé publié par l'Humanité le 14/02/2024

Educational policies research group

Les différences d'orientation entre les filles et les garçons sont "moins nettes dans les milieux favorisés", entretien avec Agnes Van Zanten publié par l'Etudiant le 08/03/2024

700 millions d’économie sur l'école ?, émission de France Culture avec Elise Huillery du 26/02/2024

Les émotions, « Apprendre à apprendre, avec Grégoire Borst », émission de France Culture avec Grégoire Borst du 22/02/2024

Discriminations and category-based policies research group

Comment défendre les intérêts des femmes au travail ?, émission de France Culture avec Anne Boring du 08/03/2024

« 70% du travail domestique et familial est réalisé par les femmes », entretien avec Hélène Périvier publié par La Tribune le 08/03/2024

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LIEPP Newsletter - March 2024

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

To access the latest news from LIEPP, read the Newsletter

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Retirement and COVID-19 vaccination: evidence from a fuzzy regression discontinuity design

Seminar of the Health Policies research group. April 3rd. 11.30am-12.30pm.
  • DG FotoStock / ShutterstockDG FotoStock / Shutterstock

LIEPP's Health Policies research group is pleased to convene the seminar: 

Retirement and COVID-19 vaccination: evidence from a fuzzy regression discontinuity design

April 3rd. 11.30am-12.30pm.

Sciences Po. Salle du LIEPP. 1 place Saint Thomas d'Aquin. 75007 Paris. 

Mandatory registration to participate in person.

Mandatory registration to participate via Zoom

Speaker: 

Ilias Kyriopoulos (LSE)

Abstract:

The transition to retirement is considered one of life’s most significant events, bringing about substantial changes to an individual’s preferences and daily life. This study considers behaviour changes toward COVID-19 vaccination following retirement. Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and a fuzzy regression discontinuity design, we examined the impact of retirement on uptake of COVID-19 vaccinations. After considering potential endogeneity concerns, our analysis reveals that compared to individuals of similar age who have not yet retired, retirees were less inclined to get vaccinated. Our findings are consistent across various estimation methods and model specifications. Additionally, we present evidence suggesting that changes in social interactions following retirement may offer a plausible explanation for this phenomenon. Specifically, retirement results in decreased frequency of social interactions with neighbours, friends, and colleagues. These findings underscore the necessity for public health and vaccination campaigns targeted at retirees.

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Comment verser de l'argent aux pauvres ? Comment l'économiste peut-il répondre à la question normative ?

Seminar of the Socio-fiscal policies research group. 03/04. 4.30pm - 6pm
  • Oleg Elkov / Shutterstock Oleg Elkov / Shutterstock

LIEPP's Socio-fiscal policies research group is pleased to convene the seminar:

Comment verser de l'argent aux pauvres ? Comment l'économiste peut-il répondre à la question normative ?

April 3rd. 4.30pm-6pm. 

Sciences Po, Salle K011, 1 place Saint Thomas d'Aquin, 75007 Paris. 

Mandatory registration to participate in person

Mandatory registration to participate via Zoom

Speaker: 

Guillaume Allègre (OFCE - Sciences Po)

Abstract: 

La collectivité doit-elle verser de l’argent aux personnes sans revenus? Doit-elle verser cette aide à ceux qui pourraient travailler mais ne travaillent pas volontairement? Doit-elle verser cette aide à tous sans distinction, aidés y compris? Doit-elle verser cette aide aux individus ou aux foyers? L’assistance sociale fait ainsi l’objet de dilemmes, conséquences de rationalités concurrentes. Comment trancher? 

La réponse de l'ouvrage Comment verser de l'argent aux pauvres ? (Presses universitaires de France) est qu’il faut débattre des principes de justice sociale et défendre des droits hiérarchisés, en particulier le droit à des moyens convenables d’existence. En cherchant l’optimal, la discipline économique n’est trop souvent pas convaincante. En mettant l’accent sur les droits, cet ouvrage plaide pour un vrai revenu minimum d’insertion, le plus élevé possible, luttant ainsi contre la trappe à pauvreté qui est la pauvreté elle-même. 

Un plaidoyer pour la justice et le pragmatisme en économie, en défense des droits économiques des plus pauvres. 

What If The Basis For Policy Decisions Is Misleading? The Case Of Perceived Discrimination Of LGBTQ+

Seminar of the Discriminations and category based policies research group. March 21st. 12.30pm-2pm.
  • Alexandros Michailidis / Shutterstock Alexandros Michailidis / Shutterstock

LIEPP's Discriminations et category based policies research group is pleased to convene the seminar: 

What If The Basis For Policy Decisions Is Misleading?
The Case Of Perceived Discrimination Of LGBTQ+

Thursday March 21st, 12.30pm-2pm.

Location: Sciences Po, Salle du LIEPP, 1 place Saint Thomas d'Aquin, 75007 Paris

Mandatory registration to participate in person

Mandatory registration to participate via Zoom

Speaker: 

Abstract: 

Policy makers frequently base their decision on survey measures, such as the Eurobarometer or the European Social Survey. However, not all survey measures are valid, reliable and comparable. LGBTQ+ rights received increasing attention from policy makers in recent years because they address discrimination, stigmatisation, and victimisation problems. LGBTQ+ policies differ within Europe. Political and socio- cultural barriers against LGBTQ+ people are still evident in Central and Eastern European countries, whereas the support is higher in North European countries. However, Eurobarometer data show an empirical puzzle: respondents from countries that are known for extensive discrimination towards homosexuals indicated that they are not aware of discrimination against homosexuals at the workplace. At the same time, in countries that are characterized by relative tolerance and legal equality regarding homosexuals, respondents mention more frequently discriminatory behavior. This mismatch between reality and reported perceived discrimination might lead to misleading policy recommendations. Potential explanations for this discrepancy might be that respondents across countries adopt different perspectives, refer to different policies, think of different groups (e.g., gay or lesbians), lack awareness of discriminatory behavior or respond socially desirable.

This seminar provides an overview of relevant measures of discrimination of LGBTQ+ in cross-national surveys of the general population (e.g., Eurobarometer, European Social Survey, World Value Survey), discusses relevant methodological issues and potential solutions. It also discusses different approaches to assess the cross-national performance of measures, such as web probing and measurement invariance tests.

LIEPP NEWSLETTER - FEBRUARY 2024

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

To access the latest news from LIEPP, read the Newsletter

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LIEPP IN THE MEDIA - FEBRUARY 2024

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Socio-fiscal policies research group 

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : les assistantes maternelles, un métier où l’on « n’arrête jamais », article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 05/02/2024

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : 40 % des cadres sont des « planneurs », article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 05/02/2024

Que reste-t-il de l'assurance chômage ?, émission de France Culture avec Bruno Palier du 05/02/2024

Pourquoi les salaires au-dessus du smic augmentent-ils si peu alors que le chômage baisse ?, tribune de Bruno Palier publié par Le Monde le 01/02/2024

Supprimer l’allocation de solidarité spécifique va appauvrir encore les précaires sans emploi, article de Michaël Zemmour, publié par Alternatives Economiques le 31/01/2024

Dire « oui » ou « non » à l’ordinateur : retour sur la numérisation du service public de l’emploi,  article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 29/01/2024

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : les algorithmes au cœur de la relation entre les demandeurs d’emploi et leurs conseillers, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 29/01/2024

La transformation des organisations du travail en France, un défi qui reste à relever, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 19/01/2024

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : La France peine à développer les organisations apprenantes, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 19/01/2024

Une semaine en France avec Bruno Palier, émission de France Inter avec Bruno Palier du 19/01/2024

Loi immigration: la «préférence nationale», risque majeur pour les étrangers précaires, article citant les travaux d'Elvire Guillaud et Michaël Zemmour publié par Arab News le 19/01/2024

Taxer tout ce qui bouge, pas le reste, chronique d'Etienne Wasmer publiée par Les Echos le 18/01/2024

Educational policies research group

Apprendre à apprendre, émission de France Culture avec Grégoire Borst du 9/02/2024

Écrans pour les tout-petits : éduquer plutôt qu’interdire, est-ce la solution ?, article citant les propos de Grégoire Borst publié par Sud Ouest le 04/02/2024

Les bienfaits de l'écoute, ou comment écouter l'autre dans une société défouloir ?, émission de France Inter avec Grégoire Borst du 31/01/2024

Sommeil : comment aider mon ado à retrouver un rythme, article citant les travaux de Grégoire Borst publié par Femina le 19/01/2024

Excellence, valeurs, entre-soi : pourquoi les parents d'élèves choisissent l'enseignement privé, article citant les propos d'Agnes Van Zanten publié par France Culture le 30/01/2024

Health policies research group

Sur qui doit peser l'augmentation du coût de la vie ?, émission de France Culture avec Hélène Périvier du 30/01/2024

Baisse de la natalité : "Ce n'est pas parce qu'on modifie le congé parental qu'on va inverser la tendance", émission de France Info avec Hélène Périvier du 17/01/2024

Environmental policies research group

Le ministère de l’Environnement se retrouve-t-il affaibli par le gouvernement Attal ?, article citant les propos de Charlotte Halpern publié par Challenges le 17/01/2024

Evaluation of democracy research group

Comment une chaîne devient-elle de gauche ou de droite ?, article citant les propos de Julia Cagé publié par l'Ina le 18/01/2024

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Research group "Trajectory of poverty"

  • bluedog studio / Shutterstockbluedog studio / Shutterstock

LIEPP's 'Trajectory of poverty' research group is devoted to presenting work on measuring poverty in all its dimensions, particularly from a longitudinal perspective, and to studying public policies whose aim or consequence is to reduce or exacerbate poverty.

The group brings together researchers from universities and government departments in economics, sociology and political science. The work presented is usually at a preliminary stage.

It meets every six weeks on Friday mornings at LIEPP. The meetings are held in French. 

Upcoming sessions : 

  • 29/03/2024 : Évolutions et déterminants de la critique des bénéficiaires de l'État social dans la France contemporaine : tentative d'opérationnalisation quantitative. Intervenant : Pierre Blavier (Clersé, Université de Lille / LIEPP) 

Past sessions: 

2024

  • 16/02/2024 : Approche comparative de la transition vers la pauvreté et le bien-être (Allemagne, France, Royaume Uni et Australie). Intervenante : Eleonore Richard (PSE)
  • 12/01/2024: Le marché du travail au fil des générations. Intervenant : Henri Martin (OFCE, INSEE)

2023

  • 17/11/2023: Reliance: les effets complexes d'un programme d'accompagnement à la reprise d'activité pour des familles monoparentales au rsa de longue durée. Intervenant : Arthur Heim (CNAF)
  • 29/09/2023: La perception des inégalités économiques par différents groupes sociaux, portée et limite. Intervenants : Célia Bouchet (CEET, CNAM) et Nicolas Duvoux (CRESPPA-LabToP, Université Paris 8)
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LIEPP general call for projects 2024

  • G-Stock Studio / ShutterstockG-Stock Studio / Shutterstock

LIEPP general call for projects 2024

The Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policies (LIEPP) is launching a new general call for projects to strengthen the activities of its research groups. This call for projects is part of the redeployment of the LIEPP in partnership with Université Paris Cité.

This call for projects (AAP) aims to support a wide range of activities in public policy evaluation in connection with LIEPP's six thematic research groups (discriminations and category-based policiesevaluation of democracyeducational policiesenvironmental policiessocio-fiscal policieshealth policies) or in a cross-cutting way around evaluation methods and approaches.

This call is open to all disciplines that can contribute to thinking about public action (data science, law, economics, geography, history, psychology, public health, education sciences, management sciences, environmental sciences, life sciences, political science, sociology, etc.). 

Thematic scope of the call for projects: evaluation of programmes and interventions, evaluation of public policies: educational, social, fiscal, environmental, health, anti-discriminatory and categorical policies (e.g. gender, disability, migration policies), evaluation of democracy, theoretical and methodological approaches to evaluation.)

Eligibility: The call is open to all full researchers, doctoral students and post-doctoral students whose main affiliation is with a Sciences Po or Université Paris Cité laboratory.

Type of possible projects:

✔ Networking (events/workshops of existing networks or support for the creation of a new seed funding network),

✔ Co-financing of ongoing projects,

✔ Support for publication,

✔ Short research stays.

Maximum amount of funding requested : 10 000 €

Duration: Expenditure must be incurred by the end of December 2024 at the latest.

How to apply : 

We recommend that those interested in this call for projects contact the LIEPP team [andreana.khristova@sciencespo.fr or liepp@sciencespo.fr] as soon as possible to inform them of their wish to submit a project, by sending a short message with the subject [Call for LIEPP projects]. The LIEPP team will be on hand to answer any questions they may have and to help them set up their project (particularly in terms of budget).

Projects may be written in French or English.

Projects must be submitted by 15 March 2024 at the latest, to the following address: liepp@sciencespo.fr with the subject [appel à projet LIEPP]. Incomplete or late applications will not be considered.

Results will be announced on 5 April 2024.

Attached documents :

- Full text of the call for projects (pdf) [FR]

- Application form (word) [FR]

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LIEPP IN THE MEDIA - JANUARY 2024

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Socio fiscal policies research group 

Les métiers du secteur médico-social, sous-payés et dominés par le temps partiel contraint, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 15/01/2024

Les métiers du vieillissement, essentiels et pourtant insoutenables, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 15/01/2024

Comment instaurer un minimum social pour tous les jeunes ?, entretien avec Tom Chevalier publié par l'Observatoire des Inégalités le 12/01/2024

La taxe foncière est-elle injuste? Réflexions sur la richesse immobilière, article citant les propos d'Etienne Wasmer publié par Telos le 10/01/2024

Reconnaître le travail pour établir l’égalité salariale femmes-hommes : le cas des sages-femmes, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 08/01/2024

La loi sur l’immigration rompt avec les principes de la Sécurité sociale, tribune d'Elvire Guillaud et Michaël Zemmour publiée par Le Monde le 03/01/2023

Immobilier: faut-il (encore plus) taxer les propriétaires ?, article citant les travaux de Monserrat Botey et Guillaume Chapelle publié par Europe 1 le 29/12/2023

Baisse de charges : l'exécutif cherche la bonne formule pour que le travail paye mieux, article citant les travaux d'Etienne Wasmer publié par Les Echos le 29/12/2023

La rupture de la loi immigration est évidente sur les allocations familiales, entretien avec Michaël Zemmour publié par l'Opinion le 21/12/2023

L'intensification du travail, principale suspecte de la dégradation de la santé des salariés, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 18/12/2024

Le verdissement des emplois, conditionné à des mutations du travail, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 11/12/2024

Le lean à la française dans l’aéronautique : management technocratique et faiblesse du dialogue social, article  citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 04/12/2024

Associer les salariés au management est profitable à l’entreprise, article citant le projet "Que sait-on du travail ?" publié par Le Monde le 04/12/2024

Le modèle économique et social qui s’est mis en place en France après la seconde guerre mondiale a vécu, tribune de Bruno Palier publiée par Le Monde le 01/12/2023

Evaluation of democracy research group 

Concentration des médias : l'actionnaire doit-il nommer le directeur de la rédaction ?, article citant les travaux de Julia Cagé publié par Marianne le 02/01/2024

Pour sortir des analyses fourre-tout sur le “populisme”, il faut allier les leçons de l’économie politique à celles des études électorales, tribune de Julia Cagé publiée par Le Monde le 22/12/2023

Rejet de la loi sur l’immigration : une crise prévisible et fondamentale, article d'Emiliano Grossman publié par The Conversation le 18/12/2023

L’alternance politique fait progresser le débat démocratique, émission de France Inter avec Julia Cagé, du 16/12/2023

Jérôme Fourquet face à Thomas Piketty et Julia Cagé : dis-moi d’où tu votes, je te dirai qui tu es, article citant les propos de Julia Cagé publié par Philosophie Magazine le 30/11/2023

Educational policies research group

Usage des écrans par les enfants : un groupe d’experts pour faire des propositions à Emmanuel Macron, article citant les travaux de Grégoire Borst publié par Le Monde le 17/01/2024

Les groupes WhatsApp de parents, cauchemar des enseignants ?, article citant les travaux d'Agnes Van Zanten publié par Télérama le 22/12/2023

Parcoursup : face à l'angoisse des élèves, le marché du coaching de l'orientation se développe, article citant les travaux d'Anne-Claudine Oller publié par France Info le 19/12/2023

Éduquer n’est pas qu’une affaire d’opinion, entretien avec Grégoire Borst publié par Cerveau&Psycho le 19/12/2023

Les groupes de niveau viennent percuter la motivation et l’estime de soi, et donc la réussite scolaire, entretien avec Elise Huillery et Yann Algan publié par Le Monde le 17/12/2023

Discriminations and category-based policies research group

Pouvoir d’achat : «A chaque fois, ce sont les ménages les plus précaires qui encaissent l’inflation», entretien avec Hélène Périvier publié par Libération le 12/01/2024

Mort de Nahel à Nanterre : six mois après, des élus ont l’impression de « danser sur un volcan », article citant les propos de Marco Oberti publié par Ouest France le 30/12/2023

Environmental policies research group 

Le ministère de l’Environnement se retrouve-t-il affaibli par le gouvernement Attal ?, article citant les propos de Charlotte Halpern publié par Challenges le 17/01/2024

France 2030, entretien avec Charlotte Halpern publié par Le Gouvernement le 08/12/2023

Health policies research group 

Nous devons soigner toutes les personnes avec la même conscience, entretien avec Anne-Laure Féral-Pierssens publié par Les Surligneurs le 20/12/2023

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Migrant Farmworker Injury: Temporality and Eventfulness

Seminar organized with the CRIS. 08/02. 5pm-7pm
  • University of California Press , CNRS Editions, Dedovstock/ShutterstockUniversity of California Press , CNRS Editions, Dedovstock/Shutterstock

LIEPP and the  Centre for Research on social InequalitieS are pleased to convene the event: 

Migrant Farmworker Injury: Temporality and Eventfulness

with Professor Seth M. Holmes. Cultural and medical anthropologist, Physician. University of California, Berkeley.

Thursday February 8th, 5 p.m. - 7 p.m.

Location: Sciences Po, LIEPP, room C210/ Salle d'Innovation, 75007 Paris

Mandatory registration.

How do social structures and social hierarchies impact bodies, health, injury, and disease for different categories of people? 

How do social hierarchies and socially structured health assymetries come to be understood as normal and natural in society and in medicine?  And when are they confronted or resisted? 

Seth Holmes (Berkeley)

The Centre for Research on social InequalitieS and the Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policies are pleased to invite Professor Seth Holmes, anthropologist and physician at the University of California at Berkeley. During his talk, Professor Holmes will share with us some of his original ethnographic work, partly explained in the book Fresh Fruit, Broken Bodies: Migrant Farmworkers in the United States, recently updated and published by the University of California Press (2nd ed. nov. 2023). This work has been translated in French by CNRS Editions (Fruits frais, corps brisés: Les ouvriers agricoles migrants aux États-Unis).   

Professor Holmes explores the ways in which social differences come to count – and be counted – in various senses. His main problematics are the gaze, racialization and racism; the subjectivation of the health professional and the embodied production of the clinical and epidemiological gaze; the legitimation, normalization and naturalization of social inequality.

He shared the daily life, suffering and resistance of Mexican migrants in the United States. He treked with his companions clandestinely through the desert into Arizona, lived with Indigenous families in the mountains of Oaxaca State and in farm labor camps. Exploited by the contemporary food system he planted and harvested corn, picked strawberries, and accompanied sick workers to the hospitals.

During this talk, Professor Holmes will expand on his experience and discuss ths various ways in which social inequities come to be perceived as normal in society and in health care.

Politics of deservedness: the case of on-demand food delivery couriers

Interview with Meng-Hsuan Chou (Nanyang Technological University)
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Meng-Hsuan Chou is an Associate Professor and the Provost’s Chair in Public Policy and Global Affairs at Nanyang Technological University Singapore, where she joined as a Nanyang Assistant professor. 

Her research focuses on the transformation of the state through inter-state and inter-regional policy cooperation in areas of contemporary salience such as migration, academic mobility, higher education, and food. During her stay at LIEPP, Hsuan worked and held a seminar on a new research project looking into the politics of “deservedness” in the on-demand food delivery sector.

  • In what context do food delivery couriers currently work?

We are in an age in which food delivery couriers are a common feature in large cities. We can see how they zoom through roads and sidewalks to deliver, sometimes or often against the flow of traffic. Speed and risk define their mobility. If we are those dodging food delivery couriers, we may feel concerned about how their speed could compromise our safety. If we are those waiting for food delivery couriers at home, at the office, or at the park, we understand and may even appreciate how quickly they arrive. Regardless of our positions, we do not usually consider the additional costs of this speed and convenience for our societies. Afterall, as consumers we pay for the delivery service and expect a corresponding return. But there is a growing body of research that tells us about the discrimination food delivery couriers experience as part of their daily work. This discrimination is costly for our societies, and it is important that we address it.

This discrimination appears in different ways. It is useful to begin with an important distinction: most food delivery couriers around the world are considered contract workers. Other terms used to describe their employment status include temporary workers, part-time workers, and freelancers. By not being categorised as employees, food delivery couriers do not have access to the benefits and protection commonly offered to employees. The common reason for categorising food delivery couriers as non-employees is that they do not work full-time and therefore are assumed to have the flexibility that employees do not. Existing research has shown that this assumption does not reflect the reality of contemporary food delivery couriers, who often work full-time and under precarious working conditions.

The second way that food delivery couriers experience discrimination is unique to our age: it is algorithmic. Observers and scholars have coined various terms to describe the relationship between delivery apps and couriers: “algorithmic management”, “algorithmic control”, and “new sweatshops”. What these terms attempt to describe is an exploitative relationship between the employers and food delivery couriers. This occurs in multiple simultaneous ways including, for instance, information asymmetry, gamification, and automated notifications. It is easy to become a food delivery courier, but it is difficult to determine one’s earnings on a regular basis because companies design algorithms to prioritise or minimise certain factors in real time. Similar performance (e.g., in terms of hours, distance, deliveries) may not generate similar earnings. Indeed, in a study of food delivery couriers in Brazil, it was found that couriers earned less during the COVID-19 pandemic despite working on average 9-12 hours per day.

Other ways that food delivery couriers face discrimination can be identified when we look at the profiles of those who work as couriers. We know from existing research that food delivery couriers tend to be young males who are migrants, international students, or new citizens. What these individuals have in common is their general reluctance to seek redress for their working conditions, even when they are exploited. This could be due to a variety of reasons. For instance, couriers may have comparatively poorer linguistic skills of the host country and are consequently unwilling to speak out. Food delivery couriers, especially new international students, may be unaware of the host country’s law or road safety that are meant to protect everyone. Couriers may lack the appropriate work authorisation and want to avoid drawing attention to their status. They may want to earn money immediately. There may also be a gender dimension here that accounts for couriers’ overall reticence to publicise the discrimination they face. These contributing factors are very interesting, because they explain how these individuals are effectively silenced. 

The context within which food delivery couriers work today hence contains familiar features such as systemic discrimination, as well as new elements based on algorithmic governance. My research is interested in how these features interact to reinforce or undermine discriminatory practices.

Gianluca Cinnante / Shutterstock

  • You argue that the exploitative working conditions that food couriers face can be considered policy failures. Why? 

Policies fail for various reasons, and different analytical perspectives offer distinct explanations. My research is guided by the design approach in policy sciences. A policy design perspective orientates the researcher to focus on the relationship between the processes of selecting the policy instruments and the effects of their implementation. According to the theory of social construction and policy design, how policymakers determine the policy’s target population matters in how politics unfold and democracy evolves. This happens in the following ways: by determining the policy’s target population, policymakers also divide them into those who receive the “benefits” from implementing the policy, and those who get the “burdens” of policy implementation. In doing so, policymakers also establish the “deservedness” of those in the target population. Here, people who benefit from policy implementation are considered to be “deserving”, and those who receive the burdens are deemed to be “undeserving”.

I find the notion of “deservedness” fascinating because it carries with it positive and negative connotations about an individual. But an individual is not governed only by one policy; in fact, we are subjected to multiple policies on any given day. So what happens when an individual is constructed as “deserving” by multiple policies? Does this individual become more deserving of many policy benefits? Is this individual a member of the “haves”? Conversely, could we say that an individual who is negatively constructed by several policies belongs to the “have nots”? What happens when positive and negative connotations from different policies intersect? Does this intersection neutralise the effects of the respective policy implementation? Or does this intersection lead to policy reforms, and, if so, how?

These questions may sound theoretical, but I found them very relevant in guiding my research on food delivery couriers. They encourage us to look at the different policies that affect the construction of on-demand food delivery couriers. As mentioned earlier, published research tells us that couriers tend to be migrants, international students, or new citizens. This led me to examine how migration policies construct economic migrants, and how higher education policies construct international students. I am now exploring how these social constructions interact with the construction of on-demand food delivery couriers in the labour market. So far, I found that the negative constructions of economic migrants and international students reinforce the negative construction of food delivery couriers in some countries. Put simply, in major cities in these countries, couriers are considered as “undeserving” of policy benefits and are given a disproportionate share of burdens. However, in other global cities such as Singapore, the clash between negative and positive constructions of food delivery couriers has led to reform debates.

The flourishing of exploitative working conditions that food delivery couriers face may thus be the accumulated results of multiple policy failures. For instance, the failure of labour market policies to monitor their working conditions because couriers (categorised as part-time workers) are constructed as deserving of policy burdens. Or the failure of higher education policies that push universities to prioritise the recruitment of international students for fee-paying purposes, which may in turn contribute to these students being negatively constructed as lowering classroom standards. Or the failure of migration policies that respond to popular sentiments by negatively constructing economic migrants as disposable labour, undeserving of policy benefits. Together, these failures enable exploitative working conditions to thrive.

  • Based on your research, what policies could be implemented to combat algorithmic governance? 

The ways in which food delivery couriers face discrimination are multiple, and policies to combat algorithmic governance should also be diverse and encompassing. But there are some ways in which we can move forward. 

To start, it is important to rethink the employee vs. contract worker divide currently governing much of our labour market policies. To what extent can this divide be maintained given the changing patterns of work? Are we all to become employees, or are we all simply people who work (producing goods, providing services)? What then is the social contract between employers, workers, and the state? How can we recalibrate existing practices to uphold our obligations to one another if our societal goals are to improve collectively? These are some basic questions we must address jointly since policy decisions affect everyone.

Secondly, we need to move away from the “myth of tech exceptionalism”, which amplifies the belief that technology can solve complex social problems. This is a myth that tech companies have perpetuated to evade regulation. Many scholars and policy observers have revealed that this is simply not true in a variety of sectors, including in military conflicts. In the case of food delivery couriers, my research supports the observation that algorithms underpinning delivery apps have simply reinforced and accentuated existing class hierarchies between the “haves” and “have nots”. What is alarming is that the numbers of “have nots” may be growing while this divide is increasingly entrenched. It has been asserted that algorithms are proprietary and are at the heart of companies’ market competitiveness, but we should approach this framing as part of the broader “myth of tech exceptionalism” discourse, dissuading us to see the harmful impact of technology on society. 

Additionally, it is useful to see that the multiple negative construction of food delivery couriers across policy sectors could be enabling exploitative working conditions to flourish. We need to ask questions that reflect the complexity of interacting policy implementation effects. Should reforms be introduced in one policy sector or multiple policy sectors? Which reforms are feasible? What is the role of politics and public sentiments in ushering in or blocking policy reforms? What are the implications of introducing nationality requirements for those who can work in the food delivery sector? There are many questions we can ask, and I believe that a broader conversation could illuminate the actual costs of food delivered. 

  • During the month of May 2023 you were a visiting scholar at LIEPP. How was your experience? 

LIEPP is a fantastic place for scholarly interaction. I was warmly welcomed by LIEPP colleagues and visitors from around the world. I especially appreciate the interdisciplinarity at LIEPP: we have diverse research agenda, but we are united by our interest in the role of policy in social life. In our contemporary world increasingly defined by differences, having a shared interest is refreshing. I am thankful to have had this experience at LIEPP. 

How do transparent admission standards increase the application to the college-bound upper-secondary school track

12/01. 11.30am-1pm. Seminar co-organized with the CRIS
  • Image StockImageFactory.com (via Shutterstock)Image StockImageFactory.com (via Shutterstock)

LIEPP's Educational Policies research group and the Centre for Research on Social Inequalities are pleased to convene the seminar: 

How do transparent admission standards increase the application to the college-bound upper-secondary school track: A series of randomized field experiments

Friday January 12th. 11.30am-1pm.

Location : Sciences Po, Room K011, 1 place Saint Thomas d'Aquin, 75007, Paris 

Mandatory registration

Speaker: 

  • Tamás Keller ( HU-REN - Institute of Economics at the Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Budapest)

Abstract: 

Students require accurate information to navigate the education system. In response to this need, various information campaigns have emerged in different fields of social science, with the goal of providing students with essential details. A growing body of empirical literature suggests that schools’ admission standards may discourage students from applying due to the associated risk of non-admission, which students tend to avoid.

This study makes two key contributions to the literature on educational decision-making.

Firstly, we examine how the perception of schools’ admission standards influences students’ perceived admission chances, potentially dissuading them from applying.

Secondly, we conduct a series of pair-matched, cluster-randomized field experiments, revealing schools’ actual admission standards to qualified students to encourage their application.

Our findings indicate that our light-touch treatment led to a small and statistically insignificant main effect.

The paper further delves into heterogeneity in the treatment effect and speculates on reasons why pure information campaigns may not be fully effective.

Assistant(e) axe Politiques éducatives

L'Axe politiques éducatives du LIEPP recrute un.e assistant.e (masterant.e ou doctorant.e) en appui aux activités de l’axe

Le Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire d'Evaluation des Politiques Publiques (LIEPP) de Sciences Po recrute un.e assistant.e (masterant.e ou doctorant.e) en appui de l'axe Politiques éducatives pour contribuer à l'animation de ses activités de recherche dans l'année universitaire 2023-2024. 

L’assistant.e sera engagé.e pour un maximum de 12 heures / mois avec un rémunération brute de 16€/heure. Il/Elle travaillera en collaboration avec les co-directeur.trice.s de l’axe concerné et l’équipe administrative du LIEPP.

Les tâches assignées pourront inclure, parmi d'autres : 

- Appui à l'organisation des séminaires de l'axe (identification d’intervenant.e.s,  suivi de la préparation des séminaires : échanges avec les intervenant.e.s, collecte des présentations et éléments à diffuser, préparation des textes des annonces des séminaires, diffusion des séminaires hors Sciences Po, rédaction et/ou publication d’éléments de restitution des séminaires, etc.) ; 

- Animation du collectif des affilié.e.s (transmission d’information, organisation de temps d’échange); 

- Appui à l’organisation d'autres activités de l'axe et du séminaire annuel ; 

- Appui à la communication autour des activités de l'axe (en interne au LIEPP/ à Sciences Po et en externe : recensement de contacts ou listes de diffusion pertinentes selon les thématiques, diffusion par email, vérification de la mise à jour des informations en ligne);

- Évaluation et récapitulatif des projets soutenus par l’axe (catégorisation des projets et publications pour identifier les méthodologies employées, les motifs et domaines étudiés, etc.)

Ce poste est ouvert aux étudiant.e.s de Master 2 et aux doctorant.e.s et inscrit.e.s à Sciences Po, à l'Université Paris Cité et à toute autre université en région parisienne. Les heures peuvent être réalisées soit en tant que mission d'expertise pour celles et ceux qui sont en contrat doctoral, soit en vacations (la condition étant d'avoir le statut étudiant). Il convient aux candidat.e.s de se renseigner auprès de leur École doctorale sur la possibilité de cumul et faisabilité pour celles et ceux qui sont en contrat doctoral.

Les candidatures doivent être soumises à carlo.barone@sciencespo.fr et andreana.khristova@sciencespo.fr 

Les candidatures doivent inclure (1) un CV mis à jour, et (2) une lettre de motivation indiquant la formation et les expériences qui permettront au /à la candidat.e de s'investir dans le rôle. 

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LIEPP IN THE MEDIA - DECEMBER 2023

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Socio fiscal policies research group

Une histoire du conflit électoral, article de Clément Carbonnier, publié par Alternatives Economiques le 27/11/2023

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : des pistes de soutenabilité pour travailler à tout âge, article citant le projet «Que sait-on du travail?» publié par Le Monde le 27/11/2023

Des pénibilités à la soutenabilité du travail : construire de nouvelles voies de prise en compte des relations santé travail, article citant le projet «Que sait-on du travail?» publié par Le Monde le 27/11/2023

La science économique a perdu de vue la question foncière, tribune d'Etienne Wasmer publiée par Le Monde le 24/11/2023

Les effets délétères de la sous-traitance sur la santé des salariés, article citant le projet «Que sait-on du travail?» publié par Le Monde le 06/11/2023

Que sait-on du travail ? Une boîte à outil pour agir, article citant le projet «Que sait-on du travail?» publié par Le Monde le 04/11/2023

Entre délocalisations, intensification et numérisation : travailler dans l’industrie automobile aujourd’hui, article citant le projet «Que sait-on du travail?» publié par Le Monde le 30/10/2023 

Les usines du futur n’ont rien à envier à celles des « Temps modernes », article citant le projet «Que sait-on du travail?» publié par Le Monde le 30/10/2023 

Les Français ne sont pas flemmards, émission de France Info avec Bruno Palier du 27/10/2023

Une start-up nation avec des profs paupérisés, est-ce bien sérieux ?, chronique d'Etienne Wasmer publiée dans Les Echos le 26/10/2023

Jean-Marc Daniel x Michaël Zemmour, émission de France Inter avec Michaël Zemmour du 24/10/2023

Les fortes attentes vis-à-vis du travail ne sont pas satisfaites, article citant le projet «Que sait-on du travail?» publié par Le Monde le 24/10/2023

Les « travailleurs du clic » les plus actifs sont en majorité des femmes précaires, article citant le projet «Que sait-on du travail?» publié par Le Monde le 23/10/2023

Qui veut gagner des centimes ? Les microtravailleurs : derrière une foule de passage, une première ligne de précaires, article citant le projet «Que sait-on du travail?» publié par Le Monde le 23/10/2023

Discriminations and category-based policies research group

Emploi et handicap : en fait-on assez ?, émission de France Culture avec Anne Revillard du 23/11/2023

La loi pour le plein emploi repose sur une lecture restrictive des difficultés d’accès à l’emploi des travailleurs handicapés, entretien avec Anne Revillard publié par Faire Face le 23/11/2023

Le numérique et l’inclusion des travailleurs handicapés, article citant les travaux d'Anne Revillard et Célia Bouchet publié par Youmatter le 21/11/2023

Recherche : handicap, inégalités professionnelles et politiques d'emploi, article citant les travaux d'Anne Revillard et Célia Bouchet publié par Sciences Po le 21/11/2023

Handicap, inégalités professionnelles et politiques d’emploi, article d'Anne Revillard, Célia Bouchet et Mathéa Boudinet publié par Le Monde le 20/11/2023

« Que sait-on du travail ? » : les entreprises ne peuvent, seules, résorber les inégalités subies par les personnes en situation de handicap, article citant le projet «Que sait-on du travail?» publié par Le Monde le 20/11/2023

Pourquoi et comment suivre la production de ciment par satellite, article de Jean-Charles Bricongne publié par La Banque de France le 08/11/2023

Evaluation of democracy research group

Le 49.3 est-il en train de se banaliser ?, émission de France Inter avec Julia Cagé du 02/11/2023

Il faut convaincre tous les électeurs que leur vote compte, article citant les travaux de Julia Cagé publié par La Dépêche le 02/11/2023

Qui est le mieux placé pour reconquérir le vote populaire ?, émission de France Culture avec Julia Cagé du 29/10/2023

Écologie : après la désobéissance civile, la désobéissance institutionnelle ?, émission de France Culture avec Julia Cagé du 29/10/2023

Il y a un sentiment d’abandon dans le monde rural, entretien avec Julia Cagé publié par Ouest France le 21/10/2023

Environmental policies research group

L’évaluation des politiques de transition doit être davantage processuelle et qualitative, entretien avec Charlotte Halpern publié par Acteurs Publics le 21/11/2023

Face à l'urgence écologique, Sciences Po lance un Institut des transformations environnementales, émission de RFI avec Charlotte Halpern et Mathias Vicherat du 17/11/2023

On a plus de 40 enseignants-chercheurs qui travaillent sur l'environnement" à Sciences-Po, émission de France Inter avec Charlotte Halpern du 06/11/2023

Paris 2024 : Quels impacts sur l'aménagement des villes et des territoires ?, entretien avec Charlotte Halpern publié par Sciences Po le 24/10/2023

Educational policies research group

Orientation : le marché privé du coaching scolaire, “une solution séduisante pour les familles inquiètes”, article citant les travaux de Claudine Oller publié par Télérama le 17/11/2023

Dans les villes moyennes et petites, la carte des émeutes se superpose en partie avec celle des gilets jaunes, article citant les travaux de Marco Oberti publié par Public Sénat le 08/11/2023 

Soutien scolaire : un marché en plein essor, émission de France Culture avec Anne-Claudine Oller du 06/11/2023

L’orientation subie est un échec vécu de façon très violente, entretien avec Agnès van Zanten publié par Le Monde le 19/10/2023

Health policies research group

Penser le travail : Sciences Po et Le Monde remettent leur prix 2023, entretien avec Henri Bergeron publié par Sciences Po le 16/11/2023

L'aide médicale d'État est-elle une singularité française ?, émission de France Culture avec Anne-Laure Feral-Pierssens du 06/11/2023

L’appel de 3 000 soignants : « Nous demandons le maintien de l’aide médicale d’Etat pour la prise en charge des soins des personnes étrangères », article citant les travaux d'Anne-Laure Feral-Pierssens publié par Le Monde le 02/11/2023

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Side event COP28: Low carbon and climate-resilient health care: global perspectives on solutions and practices

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

 COP28 SIDE EVENT 

Low carbon and climate-resilient health care: global perspectives on solutions and practices

Tuesday, December 5th, 2023
13:15-14:45 (GST)

Co-hosted by University of Heidelberg and Sciences Po, Contact: charlotte.halpern@sciencespo.fr

Register to this side event

Programme (pdf)

The WHO introduced frameworks (e.g., ATACH) for climate-resilient and low-carbon health care. Taking a holistic view, this side event will focus on how different actors in Germany, France, Switzerland, Chad and the Maldives, contribute through research & practices.

Speakers

  • Dr Noemi Bender, Head of Sustainability and Climate Protection, Heidelberg University Hospital
  • Dr Anneliese Depoux, Director of the Centre Virchow-Villermé, Université Paris Cité and Research affiliate at LIEPP
  • Dr Charlotte Halpern, Tenured research at Sciences Po, CEE & LIEPP and Director of the Institute for environmental transformations 
  • Dr med Alina Herrmann, Climate Change and Health Researcher, Heidelberg Institute of Global Health
  • Dr Maximilian Jungmann, Executive Manager, Heidelberg Center for the Environment, CEO, Momentum Novum 
  • Dr. med, Dr. P.H. Rainer Sauerborn, Senior professor of Climate Change and Health, Heidelberg Institute of Global Health (HIGH) 
  • Dr Patricia Nayna Schwerdtle, Senior researcher at the Heidelberg Institute of Global Health (HIGH) and a consultant with the Climate Action Accelerator (CAA)
  • Prof Nicolas Senn, Head of the Department of Family Medicine, Unisanté, University of Lausanne, President of the Consortium for the ecological transition of the Swiss healthcare System

Programme

  • Welcome, Charlotte Halpern and Max Jungmann
  • A global perspective, Max Jungman, Heidelberg Center for the Environment
  • Building climate change resilience in health care facilities in fragile settings; Patricia Nayna Schwerdtle, Heidelberg Institute of Global Health (HIGH) and Climate Action Accelerator (CAA)
  • Sustainability and Climate Protection at Heidelberg University Hospital; Rainer Sauerborn, Heidelberg Institute of Global Health and Noemi Bender, Heidelberg University Hospital
  • Carbon footprinting and emission reduction at German hospitals – challenges and opportunities; Alina Herrmann and Rainer Sauerborn, Heidelberg Institute of Global Health
  • A road map for conducting the ecological transition of the Swiss healthcare system; Prof Nicolas Senn, Unisanté, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Decarbonizing the Healthcare System: Key Challenges for Public Policies in France, Anneliese Depoux, Université Paris Cité, CVV, CPT & LIEPP, and Charlotte Halpern, Sciences Po, CEE & LIEPP
  • General discussion
  • Conclusive remarks and end of session

Institutional partners

Workshop "Discrimination and Inequalities on online markets"

December 15th. 10am-4.30pm.
  • Net Vector / ShutterstockNet Vector / Shutterstock

LIEPP's Discrimination and category based policies research group is pleased to convene the workshop: 

Discrimination and Inequalities on online markets

December 15th. 10:00 am - 4:30 pm.

Location: Sciences Po room Goguel, 27 rue Saint Guillaume, 75007 Paris

Mandatory registration. 

Abstract: 

Today, digital platforms account for a growing share of the economy in providing goods and services (classified ads, short-term rentals, car-sharing, freelancing, etc...). These marketplaces do not intervene (or do so only to a very limited extent) when users interact with each others, set their own prices, respond to buyers, or provide evaluations.

We can therefore expect a certain amount of gender and ethnic discrimination on these specific marketplaces. This one-day workshop brings together research that aims to provide evidence of ethnic and gender discrimination on some of these platforms using experimental and scraping methodologies.

Programme: 

10h-10h30: Welcome/coffee

10h30-11h15: Michelangelo Rossi (Telecom Paris)

The Evolution of Discrimination in Online Markets: How the Rise in Anti-Asian Bias Affected Airbnb during the Pandemic

11h15-12h: Pieter-Paul Verhaeghe (VUB)

Ethnic discrimination on the shared short-term rental market of Airbnb

12h-12h45: Mimansa Bairathi (UCL) - zoom

Gender Disparity in Online Reputation: Evidence from an Online Freelance Platform

12h45-14h15: lunch

14h15-15h: Ignacio Berasategui (PSE)

The Price of Trust, Women's Participation and Ethnic Sorting in p2p Markets. Evidence from BlaBlaCar

15h-15h45: Dylan Glover (INSEAD)

Gender differences in screening on online platforms

15h45-16h30: Ozge Demirci (HBS) - zoom

Reducing Discrimination with Information: Evidence from Online Freelancing Platforms

Atelier Jeune Recherche (2023-2024)

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Présentation générale de l'atelier

Animation : Anne Revillard

Email: anne.revillard@sciencespo.fr

La participation à l’atelier est obligatoire pour les lauréat.e.s du programme Jeune recherche, et fortement recommandée pour les doctorant.e.s et post-doctorant.e.s affilié.e.s au LIEPP. La présentation lors d’une des séances engage à participer aux autres séances de l’atelier. L’atelier se déroulera en présentiel au LIEPP (pas de format hybride). 

Calendrier prévisionnel 2023-2024 :

Les trois premières séances sont collectives:

Mercredi 20 septembre de 11h00 à 13h00: Réunion de lancement du Programme Jeune Recherche 

Jeudi 26 octobre de 10h00 à 13h00: Théorie du changement

Mercredi 6 décembre de 10h00 à 13h00: Session poster 

Les séances suivantes, sur le second semestre (liste ci-dessous), seront dédiées à la présentation et à la discussion de projets individuels.

Lundi 15 janvier 2024 11h-13h (thème santé)

Présentation 1: Cécile Lavier, CSO (CNRS/Sciences Po) et INCa, “Les mères comme levier de la santé publique. Le cas de la vaccination HPV.” Mode écriture.

Présentation 2 : Bartholomew Konechni, CRIS, “Unconditional  Cash Transfers’ Impact on Health Behaviours During a Crisis: A Natural Experiment Using the CARES Act 2020”

Présentation 3: Lucie Kraepiel, CSO (CNRS/Sciences Po) Concevoir et organiser la prise en charge ambulatoire des pathologies cardio-vasculaires : enjeux professionnels et organisationnels 

Lundi 12 février 2024 11h-13h (thème santé)

Présentation 1: Julie Cartailler, LIRAES Université Paris Cité, économie, “La performance du système de santé mentale : que peut-on apprendre des préférences des jeunes adultes ?” - Présentation

Présentation 2 : Jiwon Jeong, CERMES3 Université Paris Cité, Sociologie-démographie, “Alcoolisation et risques sexuels chez les jeunes adultes en France et en Corée du Sud" - Présentation

Présentation 3: Julia Eïd, Ceped Université Paris Cité, santé publique, “titre à confirmer” - Présentation

Lundi 18 mars 2024 11h-13h (thème éducation)

Présentation 1: Elora Taieb, LaPsyDE, Université Paris Cité, Titre à confirmer. Mode présentation préféré (à confirmer)

Présentation 2 : Georgia Thebault, Sciences Po, “The Closer The Better? Geographical Constraint and Selective Programs in French Higher Education”, présentation

Présentation 3: Julie Pereira, Sciences Po, “Du violon dans des écoles maternelles défavorisées, entre mobilité sociale et arbitraire culturel : quels effets pour quels publics ?”, présentation

Lundi 22 avril 2024 11h-13h (thème élections)

Présentation 1: Camille GELIX, CEVIPOF, Sciences Po. (Titre à confirmer). Mode de présentation : écriture. 

Présentation 2 : Felipe LAURITZEN, Département d’Économie, SciencesPo. Can Public Campaign Funding Change Politicians’ Behaviour? Evidence from Brazil, 2004-2022

Présentation 3: Olivia Tsoutsoplidi, Département d’Économie, SciencesPo. « Campaign Finance Quotas and Descriptive Representation: Evidence from Brazil, 2002-2022. » joint with Julia Cagé and Felipe Lauritzen. 

Lundi 13 mai 2024 11h-13h 

Présentation 1: Fatoumata Diallo, science politique, CERI (Sciences Po). (Titre à confirmer).

Présentation 2 : Philippe Martini, sciences politique, CERI (Seciences Po). (Titre à confirmer).

Présentation 3: Pierre Robicquet, EHESS/Laboratoire Cermes3, “Le partage de la santé mentale ? Dynamiques contrariées de mutualisation des ressources et de spécialisation du travail en psychiatrie publique” Titre à confirmer. Mode présentation préféré (à confirmer)

Lundi 3 juin 2024 11h-13h

Présentation 1: CORCHETE, Charlotte, sociologie, CRIS (Sciences Po)

Présentation 2 : MAREC Marie-Gaëlle, psychologie, santé publique, sociologie, CRPMS (Université Paris Cité)

Présentation 3: Lucie Kraepiel, CSO (CNRS/Sciences Po) Concevoir et organiser la prise en charge ambulatoire des pathologies cardio-vasculaires : enjeux professionnels et organisationnels 

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The Comparative Politics of Just Transition Policies

Seminar of the socio-fiscal policies & environmental policies research groups. 11/12. 4pm-5.30pm.
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

LIEPP's Socio-fiscal policies & Environmental policies research groups are pleased to convene the seminar: 

The Comparative Politics of Just Transition Policies: How and why the new social risks of decarbonisation were addressed in Spain and Ireland

Monday December 11th 2023. 4pm - 5.30pm.

Location: Salle K008, Sciences Po, 1 place Saint Thomas d'Aquin, 75007 Paris

Mandatory registration

Speaker: 

Matteo Mandelli (Sciences Po, LIEPP)

Matteo Mandelli is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policies of Sciences Po. He obtained a PhD in Political Studies from the University of Milan. He is co-founder and board member of the Sustainable Welfare and Eco-social Policy Network. His core research interest is the politics of eco-social policies in the European Union and in its Member States.

Abstract: 

Just transition policies are useful measures to address the new social risks related to environmental protection and, more specifically, to industrial decarbonisation. Despite their timely relevance, these policies are not only still rare, but also arguably undertheorized. This seminar aims to contribute to the emerging debate about the transformations of the Welfare State in the face of the climate crisis and of net- zero transitions, through a so-far underdeveloped empirical-political perspective. Navigating a largely unexplored field, the seminar aims to strengthen our understanding of just transition policies and politics with a theory-generating ambition. It does so by asking how and why different countries address the social risks of decarbonisation. Spain and Ireland are selected as case studies for a comparison that aims to analyse just transition policies and to unveil the mechanisms behind their adoption and formulation.

The two cases are investigated through process tracing and qualitative methods, building on an original conceptual-analytical framework and on an inductive research strategy, which allows us to map the socio ecological preferences of relevant political parties and organized interest groups. While Ireland has relied on narrow, investment-oriented and governmentalist just transition policies, Spain instead proposed a more transformative and comprehensive policy approach. The emergence of just transition policies can be explained as a result of a green-labour convergence among relevant socio-political actors engaging in a political exchange, in which political support for decarbonisation is traded for economic support to affected societal groups.

Roles of Big Data Analytics in Governing Urban Energy Transitions

Seminar of the Environmental Policies Research group. November 20th. 12.30-2.30pm.
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LIEPP's Environmental policies research group is pleased to convene the seminar:  

Roles of Big Data Analytics in Governing Urban Energy Transitions: An Experience Sharing of a Transdisciplinary Project on Smart Energy communities in Hong Kong

November 20th, 2023. 12.30-2.30pm.

Location: Sciences Po, Room CS16, 1 place Saint-Thomas d'Aquin, 75007 Paris

Mandatory registration to participate in person

Mandatory registration to participate via Zoom

Speaker: 

Dr. Daphne Mah is the Director of the Asian Energy Studies Centre and an Associate Professor of the Department of Geography at Hong Kong Baptist University. 

Abstract:

Limiting global warming to 1.5°C to avoid catastrophic climate impacts requires large-scale decarbonisation, decentralisation, and digitalisation of our increasingly interconnected energy systems. With the rapid development of smart grids and smart homes, massive amounts of electricity data have become available. Households can change from passive end-users to proactive engagers in smart grid-enabled energy transitions by playing active roles in energy saving and producing renewable electricity both at home and in communities. However, how and under what conditions that new human-technology interactions can be optimised to realise the full potential of end-user driven smart energy transitions?

This presentation will give a snapshot of our preliminary findings along three themes of investigation:

(i) In what ways combined insights can be derived from smart sensor-based big data analytics and qualitative household interview data to develop household electricity consumption pattern analysis?;

(ii) How do place-based community contexts influence the envisioning of digital energy transitions?;

(iii) How could we create research impacts in society through multi-sectoral partnership?

Contact: environnement.liepp@sciencespo.fr

Une économie qui tourne en rond ?

Seminar co-organized with LIED. 29/11. 2pm-5pm.
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Le Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire des Energies de Demain et le LIEPP sont ravis de vous inviter au séminaire thématique : 

Une économie qui tourne en rond ?

Accès libre

Mercredi 29 novembre 2023 de 14 h à 17 h

Salle 454A du bâtiment Condorcet de l’Université Paris Cité, 4 rue Elsa Morante, 75013 Paris.

Programme : 

Un café d’accueil sera servi à partir de 13h30

14h00 Antoine Missemer (économiste, CNRS, CIRED, Paris)

Linear vs. circular views of the human-nature relationship in the history of economic thought

The long-run history of environmental and natural resource economics is quite well known. To name just a few milestones, it usually includes the Physiocrats, Jevons’s coal question, Marshall’s and Pigou’s externalities, Hotelling’s 1931 model, Coase’s theorem, Hardin’s tragedy of the commons, up to Nordhaus’s DICE model. This history, in which resources are considered inputs and ecosystems sinks, offers a quite linear and dualistic view of the human- nature relationship. It is, however, not the only one to tell. Since the 18 th century at least, there has been another, less-known economic tradition opting for a more integrative, organicist, and circular view of the human-nature nexus, from Linnaeus’s economy of nature to American land economics and contemporary ecological economics. This presentation will quickly explore these two traditions and give more details on one example from the organicist, circular tradition: the combination of chemistry and economics in the mid-19 th century to design a circular agricultural scheme, as a lever for transforming the entire economic system.

14h30 Anthony Halog (environmental management, School of the Environment - University of Queensland)

Life Cycle and Systems Thinking Methods to Support Policy Design and Evaluation when Transitioning to a Decarbonised, Circular Economy

Transitioning to a decarbonised, circular economy is a complex task that requires a system thinking approach. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a widely used method for evaluating the environmental impact of a product or process throughout its entire life cycle. This policy- oriented seminar argues that incorporating life cycle and systems thinking perspective into policy design and evaluation can support the ongoing transition to a decarbonised, circular economy.

15h00 Pause

15h30 Teresa Haukkala (politologue, Sciences Po, LIEPP)

European sustainability targets and policy assumptions in 2030 and beyond: a foresight assessment for circular economy. Case: Textile sector 

Transition to circular economy is an important aspect in European sustainability targets for 2030. This presentation focuses on the circular economy in the EU27, in particular with respect to recycling and re-use. The talk describes the EU-level policy context for objective development, the roadmap towards the objectives, and the assumptions that were considered to be essential in accomplishing the objectives for 2030. It further anticipates some risks involved, and wild cards to be considered towards 2050. A case study on the textile sector in Finland is used as an example: how can a sustainable textile system be created by 2030?

16h00 Débat final animé par José Halloy (physicien, Université Paris Cité, LIED) et Marc Ringel (économiste, Sciences Po, European Chair for Sustainable Development and Climate Transition)

Génétique et Epigénétique des Champignons | LIED UMR 8236 – GEC

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GENDER EQUALITY POLICY IN PRACTICE

co-organized with MAGE and the Centre Maurice Halbwachs. November 23rd & 24th.
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

MAGE, the Centre Maurice Halbwachs and the Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policies (LIEPP) are please to co-organize the event: 

GENDER EQUALITY POLICY IN PRACTICE (GEPP) - EQUAL PAY WORKSHOP IMPLEMENTATION WHEN POLICY FAILS: THE UPHILL BATTLE FOR EQUAL PAY

November 23rd- 24th, 2023

Location: Sciences Po Paris 

Sponsors: CMH – Labex TEPSIS, Réseau MAGE, Discrimination and Category Policies Research Group, LIEPP, Sciences Po Paris

DAY 1 THURSDAY NOVEMBER 23 rd : EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES

10:00: Welcome Introductions, Goals and Agenda

Isabelle Engeli (Exeter Uiversity)

Amy G. Mazur (Washington State University)

Sophie Pochic (CNRS/ EHSS)

10:45 -12:15

Can pay transparency help reduce the gender pay gap? Insights into the limited and selective effects of French policy

Sophie Pochic (CNRS/ EHSS) et Cécile Guillaume (University of Surrey)

Discussed by Alexandra Scheele

The implementation of equal pay in Sweden: Gender Accommodation

Lenita Freidenvall (Stockholm University) 

Discussed by Mari Tiegen

12:15-12:30: Coffee

12:30- 13:30

Equal Pay in Practice at the EU Level: The Never-Ending Story of Implementation

Sophie Jacquot (Université Saint-Louis – Bruxelles)

Discussed by Elisa Cheiregato

13:30-14:30 Lunch

14:30-16:00

The role of social dialogue institutions in implementing European equal pay policy: Between collective awareness, mixed understandings and structural limits of contemporary policy instruments in Belgium (1951-2019)

Veronika Lemeire (Hasselt University ) and Patrizia Zanoni (Hasselt University)

Discussed by Susan Milner

It’s a long way to … nowhere? Equal Pay Legislation in Germany

Andrea Jochmann-Döll and Alexandra Scheele (University of Bielefeld )

Discussed by the French Team

16:00- 17:30

Pay transparency measures in Italy: A symbolic response to pay inequality between men and women without challenging structural inequalities

Elisa Chieregato (European Commission, DG for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion)

Discussed by the Olga Salido-Cortés

Walking towards equal pay with the boots of a giant and the feet of a dwarf: implementing equal pay in Spain (2019-2022)

Olga Salido-Cortés (University Complutense of Madrid )

Discussed by Sophie Jacquot

17:30-17:45 Coffee Break

17:45 –18:00 Recap and Lessons Learned

DAY 2 FRIDAY NOVEMBER 24 TH : COUNTRIES OUTSIDE OF THE EU

9:30 Welcome Back and Agenda for the Day

9:45-11:15

Change and Stagnancy: progressive gender equality regimes and their impact on equal pay in the case of Norway

Mari Teigen Institute for Social Research (Institute for Social Research) and Ines Wagner (Institute for Social Research)

Discussed by Lenita Freidenvall

The elusive struggle for equal pay in the UK: A weak and contingent legal framework

Susan Milner (University of Bath)

Discussed by the French Team

11:15 – 12:45

Implementation of Equal Pay at the Federal and State Levels in the USA: The Imperative of Gender Accommodation

Ashley English (University of North Texas ), Season Hoard (Washington State University),

Meredith Niezgoda (Texarkana College ) and Sydney Smith (Washington State University)

Discussed by Iris Bradford

The Challenges and Pitfalls of Implementing Proactive Pay Equity Legislation in Canada

Francesca Scala (Concordia University), Stephanie Paterson(Concordia University) and Iris Bradford (Concordia University)*

Discussed by the US Team

Lunch 12:45- 13:30

13: 30-14:30 Wrap up and Next Steps

GENDER EQUALITY POLICY IN PRACTICE (GEPP) - EQUAL PAY WORKSHOP

co-organized with MAGE and the Centre Maurice Halbwachs. November 23rd & 24th.
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

MAGE, the Centre Maurice Halbwachs and the Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policies (LIEPP) are pleased to co-organize the event: 

Gender equality policy in practice (GEPP) - Equal Pay Workshop implementation when policy fails : the uphill battle for equal pay 

November 23 rd - 24 th , 2023

Location: Sciences Po Paris 

Sponsors: CMH – Labex TEPSIS, Réseau MAGE, Discrimination and Category Policies Research Group, LIEPP, Sciences Po Paris

DAY 1 THURSDAY NOVEMBER 23 rd : EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES

10:00-1100: Welcome Introductions, Goals and Agenda

Isabelle Engeli (Exeter Uiversity)

Amy G. Mazur (Washington State University)

Sophie Pochic (CNRS/ EHSS)

11:00 -12:30: 

Can pay transparency help reduce the gender pay gap? Insights into the limited and selective effects of French policy

Sophie Pochic (CNRS/ EHSS)* et Cécile Guillaume (University of Surrey)*

Discussed by Alexandra Scheele

The implementation of equal pay in Sweden: Gender Accommodation

Lenita Freidenvall (Stockholm University) *

Discussed by Mari Tiegen

12:30- 13:30

Equal Pay in Practice at the EU Level: The Never-Ending Story of Implementation

Sophie Jacquot (Université Saint-Louis – Bruxelles)

Discussed by Elisa Cheiregato

13:30-14:30 Lunch

14:30-16:00

The role of social dialogue institutions in implementing European equal pay policy: Between collective awareness, mixed understandings and structural limits of contemporary policy instruments in Belgium (1951-2019)

Veronika Lemeire (Hasselt University )* and Patrizia Zanoni (Hasselt University)

Discussed by Susan Milner

It’s a long way to … nowhere? Equal Pay Legislation in Germany

Andrea Jochmann-Döll and Alexandra Scheele (University of Bielefeld )*

Discussed by the French Team

16:00- 17:30

Pay transparency measures in Italy: A symbolic response to pay inequality between men and women without challenging structural inequalities

Elisa Chieregato (European Commission, DG for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion)*

Discussed by the Olga Salido-Cortés

Walking towards equal pay with the boots of a giant and the feet of a dwarf: implementing equal pay in Spain (2019-2022)

Olga Salido-Cortés (University Complutense of Madrid )*

Discussed by Sophie Jacquot

17:30-17:45 Coffee Break

17:45 –18:00 Recap and Lessons Learned

DAY 2 FRIDAY NOVEMBER 24 TH : COUNTRIES OUTSIDE OF THE EU

9:30 Welcome Back and Agenda for the Day

9:45-11:15

Change and Stagnancy: progressive gender equality regimes and their impact on equal pay in the case of Norway

Mari Teigen Institute for Social Research (Institute for Social Research) * and Ines Wagner

(Institute for Social Research)*

Discussed by Lenita Freidenvall

The elusive struggle for equal pay in the UK: A weak and contingent legal framework

Susan Milner (University of Bath)*

Discussed by the French Team

11:15 – 12:45

Implementation of Equal Pay at the Federal and State Levels in the USA: The Imperative of Gender Accommodation

Ashley English (University of North Texas )*, Season Hoard (Washington State University),

Meredith Niezgoda (Texarkana College ) and Sydney Smith(Washington State University)

Discussed by the Canadian Team

The Challenges and Pitfalls of Implementing Proactive Pay Equity Legislation in Canada

Francesca Scala (Concordia University)*, Stephanie Paterson(Concordia University) and Iris Bradford (Concordia University)*

Discussed by the US Team

Lunch 12:45- 13:30

13: 30-14:30 Wrap up and Next Steps

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Unpacking Foreign Aid: Discussing policies and their unintended consequences

Conference co-organized with PSIA and the Ceped. November 16th. 7.30pm-9pm.
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

The Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policies (LIEPP), Paris School of International Affairs (PSIA) and the Population and Development Center (Ceped) are pleased to invite you to the event:

Unpacking Foreign Aid: Discussing policies and their unintended consequences

Thursday November 16th. 7.30pm - 9pm.

Location: Room H101, Sciences Po, 28 rue des Saint Pères, 75007 Paris

Mandatory registration

Speaker: 

Prof. Dirk-Jan Koch, author of two books on international aid and a renowned pracademic, is working as a Chief Science Officer at  the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a professor of international trade and development cooperation at Radboud University. With an academic and policy career spanning two decades in Europe and Africa, he has managed to bring research and practice together through his work. His work focuses on boosting the impact of international development efforts.

Discussants: 

Rigas Arvanitis is a sociologist, economist and director of research at the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD). He is the director of the Population and Development Center (Ceped).

Hélène Juillard is a Director at Key Aid Consulting and Adjunct Professor at Sciences Po, Manchester and Geneva Universities. She specialises in the evaluation of large scale crisis response and has a particular interest in cash and market based programming. 

Abstract: 

International development cooperation is a multibillion-dollar industry, which aims to reduce poverty in the Global South and tackle global challenges, such as climate change. But is this happening? Foreign aid (be it humanitarian, peacebuilding or development support) frequently brings with it a range of unintended consequences, both negative and positive. During this event, Dirk-Jan Koch will delve into these consequences, providing a fresh and comprehensive guide to understanding and addressing them.

Pracademic Dirk-Jan Koch is both critical and constructive at the same time: he will point out where things go wrong in the international aid sector, but also how it can be improved.

This conference will be opened by Thibaut Jaulin, Academic Advisor and Adjunct Professor at PSIA and Anne Revillard, Director of LIEPP and member of the Centre for research on social inequalities (CRIS). Following the presentation by Dirk-Jan Koch, two discussants, Rigas Arvantitis, Director of Ceped and Hélène Juillard, Adjunct Professor at PSIA, will offer comments. A Q&A session with the audience will follow.


LIEPP DANS LES MEDIAS - OCTOBER 2023

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Socio-fiscal Policies research group

Discriminations and Category-Based Policies research group 

Evaluation of Democracy research group

Educational Policies research group

Health Policies research group 

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The expansion of the public mental health care system in France

Interview with Isabel Perera (Cornell University)
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Isabel M. Perera is an Assistant Professor of Government at Cornell University. Her studies focus on the way politics shape social policies, labor markets, and overall economies of affluent democracies, focusing on the United States and Western Europe. During the month of June 2023, she was a visiting scholar within LIEPP’s Health Policies research group and conducted a seminar on The Welfare Workforce: Trade Unions and Mental Health Care in France.


  • Your current work focuses on the expansion of the public mental health care system in France during the 20th century. How did this service expand?

There was enormous pressure to reduce public mental health care during the late 20 th century. Part of this pressure came from the movement to “de-institutionalize” people with mental illness out of hospitals and promote their social inclusion. These efforts had good intentions. They aimed to reduce psychiatry’s reliance on hospitals – but deinstitutionalization soon became an excuse of cash-strapped governments to cut spending on mental health care entirely. While all Western countries managed to de-populate mental hospitals this way, only a few were able to expand the non-hospital, community-based services that the deinstitutionalization movement saw as its ultimate goal. That’s where the French case comes in. “La voie française” of deinstitutionalization was different from that of most other countries. France managed to de-populate mental hospitals; but not close them wholesale. Rather, France was one of those few countries to expand non-hospital, publicly funded mental health care, precisely as deinstitutionalization was underway.

While researching French deinstitutionalization, I found that the trade unions representing mental hospitals and related services played an important role in advocating for expansion. They wanted to protect their jobs! What made these unions especially influential, I think, was that they represented a broad coalition of workers across the occupational strata: doctors, nurses, attendants -- and, importantly, service administrators and managers, who often have direct access to policy-makers as their advisees. This coalition lasted for several decades and benefited from several key moments in French political history (e.g., the public employment expansions following May 1968 and Mitterand’s policy settlements of the 1980s). By the late 20 th century, they had managed to increase their job security and, in doing so, expand the mental heath system.

  • What results did this expansion have?

The expansion of French mental health care has led to the “sectorization” system, which seeks to provide a wide variety of public mental health care services (hospital and non-hospital) to geographic catchment areas across the entire territory. The result is a fairly large public mental health care system. Although the system has faced renewed attempts to cut spending in recent years, it remains larger and more comprehensive than those of many other countries.

  • When it comes to the implementation of public policies, how can worker advocacy make a difference?

Where public policies concern public services, they also concern public employees. These workers often are keen to protect these services, especially given tight labor market conditions. Jobs in the public sector are among the most secure and stable in today’s economy. Government workers would like to keep things that way, so they try to increase public funding revenues and bargain for additional job protections.

The spillover effects produce a feedback cycle: in the long run, public sector trade unions work to secure public jobs, which in turn secure public services, ultimately feeding resources back into public unions and empowering them further.

However, this mutually reinforcing feedback cycle is not always morally desirable. Sometimes, public unions can defend services that expand state surveillance or repression beyond what is ethically appropriate (especially an issue in policy or carceral services); or they simply defend services that the public may no longer deem as necessary (e.g., postal work in the digital era). It is important to be sensitive to these risks, particularly since workers have an outsized effect on service provision when client groups lack the political power to demand them (or not) on their own. But in many other cases, public sector trade unions are critical to the maintenance and expansion of valuable public services, such as health care and education.

  • During the month of June 2023, you were a visiting scholar at LIEPP. How was your experience?

LIEPP is a wonderful place to work. I especially benefited from the rich expertise of the health policies research group, which provided excellent feedback on my research project. At the same time, I also was able to learn from scholars from the other research groups. This exposure allowed me to both broaden my knowledge of area specialties outside my own while thinking more about our shared theoretical frameworks. Moreover, I very much appreciate LIEPP’s ability to translate top academic research into practice. In my view, this is exactly the task of the policy scholar – but it can be very difficult to do well. Too often, we limit our work to paywalled academic journals and or closed academic conferences. LIEPP, with its emphasis on both Working Papers and Policy Briefs, shows us how to bridge the divide between theory and practice.

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LIEPP Newsletter - October 2023

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

To access the latest news from LIEPP, read the Newsletter.

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User and stakeholder involvement in realist evaluation

Interview with Ana Manzano (University of Leeds)
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po