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Actors and levels of regulation in world politics, Borders, Collective mobilizations, Democratization, Djibouti, East Africa and The Horn, East Africa Observatory, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, International security, Kenya, Migrations, Observatoire, Peace / Peacekeeping, Politics / Political Systems, Regional integration, Religions, Somalia, State, Sudan, Terrorism, Transnational, Transnational actors, Uganda, Violence, Wars / Conflicts
Crime, Diasporas, Entretien - ouvrage, Global history, Globalization, Identities, Networks, Religions, Sovereignty, State, Territory, Terrorism, Wars / Conflicts
Entretien - ouvrage, International security, Middle East, Networks, Religions, Security policy, South Asia, Terrorism, Violence
Azerbaijan, Belarus, Borders, Caucasus / Central Asia, Central and Eastern Europe, Conflict resolution, Czech Republic, Economic transactions, Energy / Natural resources, European Union, Europeanization, Fight against crime and corruption, Georgia, Globalization, Human rights, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Markets / Finance, Memory and politics of the past, Nationalism, Poland, Political economy, Political order, Political science, Russia, Slovakia, Territory, Terrorism, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Violence, Les études du CERI
Anne de Tinguy (dir.)
Looking into Eurasia : the year in politics provides some keys to understand the events and phenomena that have left their imprint on a region that has undergone major mutation since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991: the post-soviet space. With a cross-cutting approach that is no way claims to be exhaustive, this study seeks to identify the key drivers, the regional dynamics and the underlying issues at stake
Borders, Human rights, India, Material cultures, Political science, Regional integration, Sociology, South Asia, Sovereignty, State, Territory, Terrorism, Wars / Conflicts, Les études du CERI
Armed combatant and leader of the Hizbul Mujahideen Burhan Wani was killed by the Indian Army in July 2016. This killing triggered a new phase of insurgency in Kashmir. In the Valley, the local populace started mobilizing against the Indian State in the name of azadi, (freedom). In such volatile context, the production of the national sentiment of the Kashmiris is documented from a distanciated perspective. Frontiers of the national group are explored from New Delhi, as well as the logics of differentiation and otherification of the Kashmiri group towards the Indian one. Kashmiri nationalism therefore more clearly appears in a negative definition (what a Kashmiri is not) than in a positive definition (what a Kashmiri is). The slight and incremental slip of the meaning of azadi demands is at the heart of Kashmiri nationalism. From an original demand for greater autonomy within the Indian Republic, demands of azadi now refer to the independence of the Valley – yet there are nuances that will be studied. They also convey an utter rejection of “Indianess” whether national or citizen. In that respect, New Delhi’s negating the political aspect of the mobilizations that are taking place in the Kashmir Valley has dramatically fuelled the national sentiment of the Kashmiris. The current insurgency that started in July 2016 has sped up the pace of the process. Despite the escalating tensions in the Valley, New Delhi keeps refusing to consider the political dimension of the local social movements, be they violent or peaceful. That is the reason why, beyond Kashmir and Kashmiris themselves, studying the political demands of the Kashmiri population does shed a light on the functioning of the Indian nation and the Indian state.
Defense policy, Diasporas, Economic transactions, Foreign policy, France, Human rights, International security, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Middle East, North Africa, Religions, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Terrorism, Trade, Wars / Conflicts, Les dossiers du CERI
L’évolution de la politique anti-terroriste en France depuis les attentats de 2015 : anticipation et mise au pas du corps social
France, Human rights, International security, Justice, Political order, Religions, Security policy, Terrorism, Les dossiers du CERI
Balkans, Diasporas, Globalization, International security, Middle East, Migrations, Nationalism, Peace / Peacekeeping, Regional integration, Religions, Russia, Syria, Terrorism, Transnational actors, Turkey, Wars / Conflicts, Les études du CERI
Bayram Balci, Juliette Tolay
While the issue of Syrian refugees has led an increasing number of countries to work on curbing arrivals, one country, Turkey, hosts almost half of these refugees. Yet, far from imposing restrictions, Turkey has distinguished itself for its open border policy and large-scale humanitarian contribution. Turkey’s generosity alone is not sufficient to understand this asylum policy put in place specifically for Syrians. There are indeed a number of political factors that indicate a certain level of instrumentalisation of this issue. In particular, Turkey’s benevolent attitude can be explained by Turkey’s early opposition to Assad in the Syrian conflict and its wish to play a role in the post-conflict reconstruction of Syria, as well as by its willingness to extract material and symbolic benefits from the European Union. But the refugee crisis also matters at the level of domestic politics, where different political parties (in power or in the opposition) seem to have used the refugee issue opportunistically, at the expense of a climate favorable to Syrians’ healthy integration in Turkey
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Caucasus / Central Asia, Demography, Economic transactions, Economy, Energy / Natural resources, European Union, Europeanization, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Middle East, Migrations, Nationalism, Political economy, Political science, Regional integration, Religions, Russia, Russian Federation, Sovereignty, State, Tajikistan, Terrorism, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Western Europe, Les études du CERI
Anne de Tinguy (Dir.)
"Looking into Eurasia" provides some keys to understand the events and phenomena that have left their imprint on a region that has undergone major mutation since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991: the post-soviet space. With a cross-cutting approach that is no way claims to be exhaustive, this study seeks to identify the key drivers, the regional dynamics and the underlying issues at stake.
Towards a « policed multiculturalism » ? Counter-radicalization in France, Netherlands and the United Kingdom
Crime, European Union, Fight against crime and corruption, France, Netherlands, Security policy, Terrorism, United Kingdom, Violence, Western Europe, Les études du CERI
The French government recently announced a plan to « fight against radicalization », and a series of measures aimed at preventing the passage to violence. Although the term is not entirely new to the French political language, it marks a departure from an anti-terrorism policy justified mainly by a judicial approach and enforced in great part through administrative measures. France is thus moving closer to the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, who have developed such policies since the mid-2000s. Yet what is, exactly, the « fight against radicalization »? How can we explain this new approach of the French government? And what can we learn from a decade of experiences of these two European countries? This study shows that the concept of radicalization serves as an effective discourse to legitimize police action beyond its usual areas of competence, investing many areas of diversity management such as education, religion, and social policies. The study traces the diffusion of the discourse through European institutions and analyzes, through the notion of « policed multiculturalism », the effects of its legal, administrative and preventive forms.