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Crime, Fight against crime and corruption, Governance, Lebanon, Middle East, NGOs / Civil society, Security policy, Sociology, State, Transnational actors, Violence, Les études du CERI
Yet there is ample literature devoted to the sociology of the police in the western world, little research focuses on Arab countries. This study tries to fill this gap by offering an ethnographic study of Ras Beirut police station, the first and the only police station in Lebanon that has been reformed according to the community policing model. The academic works focusing on the importation of this model in developing countries point out how difficult it is to implement and emphasize its negative outcomes due to the local characteristics of each country. Fragmented on a sectarian and a political ground, Lebanon remains a perfect field to explore this hypothesis. Indeed the divisions of the Lebanese state weaken the interactions between the public and the private security forces. Nevertheless, many others factors, beyond the religious and the political divisions, explain Ras Beirut’s failure. The internal dynamics at work inside the police station and the influence of the patronage networks reduce considerably the chances of its success.
Towards a « policed multiculturalism » ? Counter-radicalization in France, Netherlands and the United Kingdom
Crime, European Union, Fight against crime and corruption, France, Netherlands, Security policy, Terrorism, United Kingdom, Violence, Western Europe, Les études du CERI
The French government recently announced a plan to « fight against radicalization », and a series of measures aimed at preventing the passage to violence. Although the term is not entirely new to the French political language, it marks a departure from an anti-terrorism policy justified mainly by a judicial approach and enforced in great part through administrative measures. France is thus moving closer to the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, who have developed such policies since the mid-2000s. Yet what is, exactly, the « fight against radicalization »? How can we explain this new approach of the French government? And what can we learn from a decade of experiences of these two European countries? This study shows that the concept of radicalization serves as an effective discourse to legitimize police action beyond its usual areas of competence, investing many areas of diversity management such as education, religion, and social policies. The study traces the diffusion of the discourse through European institutions and analyzes, through the notion of « policed multiculturalism », the effects of its legal, administrative and preventive forms.
Autour de la ressource énergétique : dépendances, conflits et règles dans l’Union européenne et en Asie
Borders, Central and Eastern Europe, Energy / Natural resources, Environment, European Union, International organizations, North-East Asia, Security policy, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Sovereignty, Transnational actors, Western Europe, Les dossiers du CERI
Defense policy, Energy / Natural resources, Environment, International organizations, International security, Risks, Security policy, Wars / Conflicts, Les dossiers du CERI
The EU’s external energy policy and the neighbouring suppliers Azerbaijan and Algeria: Is the pipeline half full or half empty?
Algeria, Azerbaijan, Caucasus / Central Asia, Defense policy, Energy / Natural resources, European Union, Europeanization, Foreign policy, North Africa, Security policy, Western Europe, Les dossiers du CERI
Burma, Collective mobilizations, Conflict resolution, Defense policy, Democratization, Foreign policy, Human rights, Peace / Peacekeeping, Politics / Political Systems, Security policy, State, Les études du CERI
In March 2011, the transfer of power from the junta of general Than Shwe to the quasi-civil regime of Thein Sein was a time of astonishing political liberalization in Burma. This was evidenced specifically in the re-emergence of parliamentary politics, the return to prominence of Aung San Suu Kyi elected deputy in 2012 and by the shaping of new political opportunities for the population and civil society. Yet, the trajectory of the transition has been chiefly framed by the Burmese military’s internal dynamics. The army has indeed directed the process from the start and is now seeking to redefine its policy influence. While bestowing upon civilians a larger role in public and state affairs, the army has secured a wide range of constitutional prerogatives. The ethnic issue, however, remains unresolved despite the signature of several ceasefires and the creation of local parliaments. Besides, the flurry of foreign investments and international aid brought in by the political opening and the end of international sanctions appears increasingly problematic given the traditional role played in Burma by political patronage, the personification of power and the oligarchization of the economy.
L'intervention militaire tchadienne au Mali : enjeux et limites d'une volonté de puissance régionale
Archive, Central Africa, Chad, Conflict resolution, Mali, Security policy, Territory, Terrorism, Wars / Conflicts, West Africa
Archive, Borders, Fight against crime and corruption, North Africa, Security policy, Territory, Terrorism, Trade, Wars / Conflicts, West Africa