European institutions

Which institutions?

The following is a list of the European Institutions, according to article 13 of the European Union Treaty:

  • The European Parliament;
  • The European Council;
  • The Council of the European Union;
  • The European Commission;
  • The Court of Justice of the European Union;
  • The European Central Bank;
  • The European Court of Auditors.

The competitions organized by the European Personnel Selection Office (EPSO) also provide access to establishments created during the construction of the European Community:

  • The European Economic and Social Committee (established in 1957);
  • The European Investment Bank (1958);
  • The Committee of the Regions (1994);
  • The European Ombudsman (1995);
  • The European Data Protection Policy (2004);
  • The European External Action Service (under formation).

The European Commission some key figures

  • 51% of Commission staff (employees + temporary agents) are Administrators (grade AD);
  • 54% of staff are female, but large differences exist according to the type of business and on levels of responsibility (59% of AD5 are women, 95% of AD16 are men);
  • The average age of staff of the Commission is 47 years for men, 43 for women;
  • The average age of heads of unit is 52 years and for the directors and directors generalist is 57 years.

What is an Administrator?

Administrators have several operational missions:

  • Policy development;
  • Monitoring the implementation of EU legislation;
  • Conducting analysis and providing guidance.

The career of an Administrator extends from AD5 to AD16.

  • AD 5 is the entry level of university graduates;
  • Selection and recruitment may also be made to AD 6/ AD 7 level for more specialized functions. In this case, several years of professional experience are required.

In general, to be eligible for the Administrator-level examination, a university course of at least three years is necessary.

What types of professions?

There are four major types of activities within the Commission:

  • the operational functions (definition and implementation of EU policies, management of European programs makes up about 51% of the personnel);
  • the administrative support functions (human resources, security, etc. 22% of the personnel);
  • the coordination functions (inter-institutional relations, communication, or 7% of the personnel);
  • the specific functions to the Commission (translators / interpreters, audit, etc. 20% of the personnel).
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