Globocnik (1904-1945), Odilo

Date: 
23 February, 2009
Auteur: 
Bovy Daniel

Member of the Nazi Party since 1922, Globocnik was in charge of propaganda in Carinthia (Austria), the region where he lived. After the annexation of Austria, he became Gauleiter of Vienna but soon lost his job. Supported by Himmler, he was later named Lower SS and police leader of the Lublin District. He was the coordinator of the Reinhard Operation, which he carried out with great brutality. His most important task consisted in creating the following death centers: Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka. On October 13, 1941, he received from Himmler the order to build up the Belzec death center. Sobibor and Treblinka were built in 1942. More than one and a half million European Jews died in these centers. After the Reinhard Operation, in September 1943, Globocnik was sent to Trieste (Italy), his hometown. There, he was Higher SS and police leader for the Adriatic Coast. When the allied forces approached, he fled to Carinthia. He committed suicide in his home before the Allies arrested him on May 31, 1945.

 

POPRZECZNY, J., 2004, Hitler’s man in the East. Odilo Globocnik. Ville: McFarland & Company.

Cite this item

Bovy Daniel, Globocnik (1904-1945), Odilo , Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence, [online], published on: 23 February, 2009, accessed 27/04/2020, http://bo-k2s.sciences-po.fr/mass-violence-war-massacre-resistance/en/document/globocnik-1904-1945-odilo, ISSN 1961-9898
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