The Dualization of Europe (Global project)

Equipe de recherche:

Jan ROVNY (Assistant professor CEE et LIEPP)

This project is supported by the LIEPP since September 2015

Descriptif du projet: 

This project will investigate the extent to which Europe has experienced a process of dualization over time. The initial goal of European integration was to ensure convergence - a catching-up of lesser-developed countries/regions to more highly developed countries. This convergence trend continued through Spain and Portugal's accession (1986) and the Eastern enlargement wave (2004). Since the 2008 economic crisis, however, Europe has witnessed a divergence. A dualization emerged between northern countries that maintained export-led competitiveness and southern and peripheral countries where consumption-based growth models proved ineffective.

Meanwhile, austerity plans imposed on Eastern Europe fit their economic model, so they experienced growth with lower social benefits. We analyze the observable empirical implications of this divide by demonstrating the socioeconomic outcomes across Europe during the convergence and divergence periods. We examine national/regional data on social spending cuts in key social programs such as education and unemployment insurance. We observe a pattern of investment vs. de-investment by which core European countries invested in social programs and R&D, consequently witnessing social and economic returns, versus peripheral countries that failed to invest in social investment due to restrictive austerity measures. We then explore political implications, analyzing the recent rise of radical left and right parties.

Project activities will ultimately culminate in the publication of an academic book so why a two-day workshop meeting of the editors and authors will be organized in June 2015 in Florence. Two working papers are planned for publication out of a total of four papers. Research during this period could also result in the publication of a policy brief. Associates researchers also intend to attend two related conferences at which they will present on their findings and collaborate.The project consists in the preparation of the publication of an edited volume with a renowned international publisher (Oxford University Press).

Poster of the Project (June 2017)


Publications associées: 

Philip MANOW, Bruno PALIER and Hanna SCHWANDER, Welfare Democracies and Party Politics: Explaining Electoral Dynamics in Times of Changing Welfare Capitalism, Oxford University Press, 2018

Bruno PALIER, Allison ROVNY and Jan ROVNY, European Disunion? Social and Economic Divergence in Europe, and their Political Consequences , LIEPP Working Paper, n°71, November 2017


Europe in Political Turmoil. ECPR-SGEU LIEPP Roundtable le 15 juin 2018 à Sciences Po.


The research group recent events:


Publications of the Research Group:

  • Abel FRANCOIS, Raul MAGNI-BERTON, Les effets de la réglementation du cumul des mandats de 2001, LIEPP Policy Brief, nº11, mars 2014
  • Abel FRANCOIS, Nicolas SAUGER, Le vote obligatoire est-il une bonne solution ? LIEPP Policy Brief n° 17, avril 2015
  • Emiliano GROSSMAN, Simon Persico, Introduire la proportionnelle pour restaurer la confiance en la démocratie ? LIEPP Policy Brief n°18, Paris, juin 2015
  • Filipe R. CAMPANTE, Quoc-Anh DO, Bernardo GUIMARAES, Capital Cities, Conflict, and Misgovernance , LIEPP Working Paper n°39, november 2015
  • Florence FAUCHER, Laurie BOUSSAGUET, Mobiliser des symboles pour répondre au terrorisme Policy Brief, n°28, novembre 2016
  • Jan ROVNY, Is Eastern Europe Uniformly Anti-Immigrant? Not so fast. LIEPP Policy Brief n° 24, March 2016
  • Jennifer M. LARSON, Cheating Because They Can: The Role of Networks in Informal Governance LIEPP Working Paper, n°62, December 2016
  • Kimberly MORGAN, Policing Markets: Campaigns against Irregular Migrant Labor in Western Europe LIEPP Working Paper, n°54, June 2016
  • Olivier ROZENBERG, Un petit pas pour le Parlement, un grand pas pour la Vème République. L’évaluation de la révision constitutionnelle de 2008. LIEPP Working Paper, n°61, décembre 2016
  • Quoc-Anh DO, Yen-Teik LEE, Bang Dang NGUYEN, Directors as Connectors: The Impact of the External Networks of Directors on Firms LIEPP Working Paper, n°52, April 2016
  • Sirianne DAHLUM, Carl Henrik KNUTSEN, Tore WIG, Who Revolt? Empirically Revisiting the Social Origins of Democracy LIEPP Working Paper, n°60, November 2016
  • Sylvain BROUARD, Les effets des attentats de 2015 sur l'opinion publique : Priorité à la sécurité, stabilité sur l'immigration & hausse souhaitée des dépenses publiques LIEPP Policy Brief n°22, janvier 2016
  • Verena KROTH, Valentino LARCINESE, Joachim WEHNER, A Better Life for All? Democratization and Electrification in Post-Apartheid South Africa LIEPP Working Paper, n°53, May 2016
  • Bruno PALIER, Allison ROVNY, Jan ROVNY, European Disunion? Social and Economic Divergence in Europe, and their Political Consequences , LIEPP Working Paper, n°71, November 2017
  • Dimitri A. SOTIROPOULOS, How the quality of democracy deteriorates: Populism and the backsliding of democracy in three West Balkan countries , LIEPP Working Paper, n°67, June 2017
  • Julia CAGE, Qui possède les médias ? LIEPP Policy Brief n°33, décembre 2017
  • Julia CAGE, Olivier GODECHOT, Who Owns the Media? LIEPP Report , December 2017
  • Martial FOUCAULT, Sylvain BROUARD, Préférences budgétaires des citoyens: résultats d'une expérience en ligne LIEPP Policy Brief, n°34, décembre 2017
  • Olivier ROZENBERG, Contributions de Thomas EHRHARD, Marie-Alice KERNEIS, Richard KISS, Audrey DE MONTIS. Réctions de Olivier FAURE, Dominique RAIMBOURG, Rémi SCHENBERG, Eric THIERS, Jean-Pierre SUEUR, Eric TAVERNIER. La révision constitutionnelle du 23 juillet 2008 a-t-elle renforcé le Parlement français ? Débats du LIEPP n°3, mars 2017
  • Sylvain BROUARD, Les effets de la loi interdisant le cumul de fonctions exécutives locales et des mandats parlementaires sur le renouvellement du personnel politique LIEPP Policy Brief, n°32, novembre 2017
  • Hortense DE PADIRAC, Le Parlement français et l’évaluation. Une institutionnalisation impossible ? LIEPP Working Paper n°80, octobre 2018
  • Julia CAGE, Nicolas HERVE, Marie-Luce VIAUD The Production of Information in an Online World: Is Copy Right? , LIEPP Working Paper, n°72, January 2018
  • Olivier ROZENBERG, Thomas EHRHARD, La réduction du nombre de parlementaires est-elle justifiée ? Une évaluation ex-ante , LIEPP Working Paper, n°75, février 2018
  • Hortense DE PADIRAC, Olivier ROZENBERG, L'évaluation au Parlement français: l'heure des choix LIEPP Policy Brief n°41, Mai 2019
  • Jean-Charles BRICONGNE, Nuria MATA GARCIA, Alessandro TURRINI Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure, economic reforms and policy progress in the European Union LIEPP Working Paper n°87, Avril 2019
  • Olivier PILMIS, The Dynamics of Expectations. A Look on Forecasting as a Sequence LIEPP Working Paper n°91, septembre 2019
  • Sylvain BROUARD, L’introduction de la proportionnelle et la réduction de la taille des assemblées parlementaires vont-elles vraiment améliorer la proportionnalité de la représentation ? LIEPP Policy Brief, n°39, mars 2019
  • Yael SHOMER, Björn Erik RASCH, Osnat AKIRAV The inflated measures of governmental instability LIEPP Working Paper n°96, november 2019
  • Denis SAINT-MARTIN, A la rescousse des champions nationaux: le pouvoir politique des entreprises et la refonte du régime global de lutte contre la corruption LIEPP Working Paper n°99, janvier 2020   New
  • Jan ROVNY, Circumstantial Liberals: Czech Germans in Interwar Czechoslovakia LIEPP Working Paper n°101, janvier 2020   New
  • Max VISKANIC, Fear and Loathing on the Campaign Trail: Did Immigration Cause Brexit ? LIEPP Working Paper n°100, January 2020   New