Can Gender Quotas in Candidate Lists Empower Women?

Seminar on June 13th 2018 12:30 - 14:30
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

 

LIEPP's Discrimination and Social Inequalities Research Group is glad to invite you to attend the seminar :

Can Gender Quotas in Candidate Lists Empower Women? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design

Manuel Bagues

[language: english]

 Wednesday June 13th 2018

12:30 - 14h:30

(sandwiches will be served) 

LIEPP seminair room - 254, boulevard Saint Germain

Please register here

 

 

 Manuel Bagues

 Associate Professor at the Economics department of Aalto University

 

 

 

Abstract

We provide a comprehensive analysis of the short- and medium-term effects of gender quotas in candidate lists using evidence from local elections in Spain. In the context of a closed list system with proportional representation, quotas were introduced in 2007 in municipalities with more than 5,000 inhabitants, and were extended in 2011 to municipalities with more than 3,000 inhabitants. Using a Regression Discontinuity Design, we find that quotas increased the share of women in candidate lists by around 8 p.p. and among council members by 4 p.p. However, we do no observe within three rounds of elections any significant variation in voting behavior, the quality of politicians, the probability that women reach powerful positions such as party leader or mayor, or in the size and composition of public finances. Overall, our analysis casts doubts on the effectivity of gender quotas in candidate lists and their capability to empower women.