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Research Professor at CERI Sciences Po, Eberhard Kienle currently works on the dislocation of states in the Middle East and on the regional political order, as well as on the link between economic liberalisation and political transformations in the region. He has agreed to help us understand the current status of the Syrian state. Is there still a state in Syria? Interview.
You mention that there are similarities between what you call the “old struggle for Syria” (late 1940s) and the current “new struggle” for Syria. Would you mind giving us the main aspects of these similarities?
When Syria became an independent state with the departure of French forces in 1945, unsurprisingly various political forces competed for political influence and for the material resources that depend on government action. Like many other states emerging from decolonization, Syria had been largely shaped by the European powers: at the end of World War One the British and the French drew the political borders of post-Ottoman Middle East and thereby defined the territory and population of its contemporary states, including Syria. Great Britain and France also established their institutions, including governments, assemblies and administrations, in other words (...)
Une conférence de Elizabeth Shakman Hurd, Professeure de sciences politiques à l'université de Northwestern et Professeure invitée au CERI (juin 2019).
The border president and the U.S. "Muslim ban"
Within one week of becoming president in January 2017, Donald Trump issued an executive order entitled “Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States.” The order and a second iteration that followed were enjoined by the Federal Courts. In June 2018 however the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a third iteration of the ban, Proclamation No. 9645, which placed entry restrictions on the nationals of eight states whose systems for sharing information the president deemed inadequate. Plaintiffs in the lawsuit that followed alleged that the primary purpose of the Proclamation was religious animus and that the President’s stated concerns about vetting protocols and national security were but pretexts for discriminating against Muslims. The latter argument did not prevail, however, and the ban stands. With the rise of anti-Muslim discourse at the highest levels of the American government, how could the Supreme Court find that Proclamation 9645 (the “Muslim ban”) is not about religion? In this lecture Elizabeth Shakman Hurd explores the understandings of religion, and its presumed separation from national security, that characterize current American legal and political discourse.
Elizabeth Shakman Hurd, Université de Northwestern
Auteure de Beyond Religious Freedom (Princeton University Press, 2017) et de Politics of Secularism in International Relations (Princeton University Press, 2007).
Daniel Sabbagh, Sciences Po - CERI
Responsable scientifique : Nadia Marzouki, Sciences Po - CERI / CNRSThe border president and the U.S. "Muslim ban" 18/06
Un atelier organisé dans le cadre des activités de la Chaire CERI-CERIUM "Transformations contemporaines du policing" entre Sciences Po et l’Université de Montréal.
Harel Shapira, University of Texas (Austin)
Harel Shapira is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Texas at Austin. Shapira is an ethnographer who uses long-term participant observation in order to study political life in contemporary America, with an emphasis on right wing politics. He is the author of Waiting for José: The Minutemen’s Pursuit of America (Princeton University Press), which explores the civilians who patrol the United States / Mexico border. He is currently writing a book on gun owners which explores how the notion of self-defense is deeply connected to group identity. Through fieldwork at gun schools, Shapira considers how people train their minds and bodies to use guns, and what such an education means for the future of American democracy.
The Shooting: Living and Dying by the Gun in America
Responsables scientifiques: Gilles Favarel-Garrigues, Sciences Po-CERI / CNRS et Laurent Gayer, Sciences Po-CERI / CNRS
Ce numéro met en valeur des recherches mal connues en Europe sur les marchés illicites au Brésil et en particulier sur le trafic de drogue, les marchés informels, la violence urbaine et le système judiciaire. Dans le contexte politique du développement de milices et d’une nouvelle forme d’autoritarisme, la tradition de recherche ethnographique amène à questionner les liens intrinsèques non seulement entre la légalité et l'illégalité, mais aussi entre le crime et la justice, et entre les marchés illicites et les moyens de contrôle social, y compris le droit.
Présentation en anglais
Gabriel Feltran, Université Fédérale de Sao Carlos, éditeur du numéro.
John Collins, International Drug Policy Unit, London School of Economics and Political Science, éditeur de la revue.
Corentin Cohen, docteur associé Sciences Po - CERI, contributeur au numéro.
Olivier Dabène, Sciences Po - CERI, directeur de l’OPALC.
Responsables scientifiques : Corentin Cohen et Olivier Dabène
Trafics et illégalités au Brésil 20/06
Dossier Thema : "Corps migrants aux frontières méditerranéennes de l'Europe"Éric Verdeil, Ghaleb Faour et Mouin Hamzé (dir.)
Christophe JaffrelotDidier Bigo, Engin Isin, Evelyn Ruppert (dir.)
Samuel B. H. Faure