171129 Eritrean neighbourhoods around the Red Sea. Transnational places of a diaspora of refugees in camps, villages and urban communities in Eastern Sudan, Yemen and Saudi Arabia
Seminar Cities are back in town "Eritrean neighbourhoods around the Red Sea. Transnational places of a diaspora of refugees in camps, villages and urban communities in Eastern Sudan, Yemen and Saudi Arabia"
Wednesday 29 November 2017, 5 - 7 pm, Sciences Po, LIEPP’s Conference Room, 254, boulevard Saint-Germain, 75007 Paris
The Eritrean refugee diaspora has settled around the Red Sea since the early 1960. The forms of urban or rural settlement in the sub-region has varied according to the legal, political, sociological, economic and geographical context in which Eritreans have been integrated. Focusing on the legal and political context, we describe three sites of ethnographic fieldwork (2004-2007) corresponding to three types of ‘‘management’’ of refugee flows in the Middle East. Sudan has been hosting the majority of Eritrean refugees mostly in urban centres (Khartoum, Kassala, Gedaref, Port Sudan) and refugee camps which progressively became urban centres in the Eastern part of the country. Yemen has also hosted thousands of Eritreans mainly in the Red Sea coastal rural areas (villages) and urban centres (Hodeida, Sanaa, Aden). Saudi Arabia has welcomed Eritreans as migrants mostly in Urban centres (Riyadh and Jeddah).The social organisation of those communities varies greatly as much as the connection of those communities with each other and with the ‘‘mother land’’. This comparative works serves as an empirically grounded reflection on the varieties of ‘‘transnationalism’’, ‘‘integration patterns’’ and ‘‘social transformation’’ at stake for a refugee diaspora in the Global South. We use spatial analysis and an ethnographic survey (around 250 interviews) to try and describe the main features of those different communities and their relations with their host context.
Hélène Thiollet, Sciences Po, CERI, CNRS
Hélène Thiollet is CNRS researcher in political science. Her research focuses on the politics of migration and asylum and global migration governance. She has worked mainly on the Middle East and East Africa. She teaches international relations, migration studies and African studies at Sciences Po.
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