Educational Aspirations Among Adolescents : The Role of Self Efficacy

Meir Yaish
Séminaire scientifique de l'OSC - Vendredi 11 mars 2016
  • St Francis School, Richmond, 1959 (Mac Juster, Coll. Canada, 1959 - CC BY)St Francis School, Richmond, 1959 (Mac Juster, Coll. Canada, 1959 - CC BY)

 

98, rue de l'Université 75007 Paris, salle Annick Percheron

Vendredi 11 mars 2016 de 11h30 à 13h

The prominent educational mobility theoretical models, especially the Wisconsin Model, suggest that structural factors influence educational aspirations through an individual's internal processes. The Wisconsin Model suggests that the individual’s internal process is expressed by socio-psychological aspects, such as mental ability and the influence of significant others. However, the assumed individual's internal processes have not been examined empirically. By utilizing two complementing data sources, a recent Israeli survey of high school students, and the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, this research examines self efficacy, the cognitive process of setting individual goals, motivations, and choices, as the underlying mechanism shaping individuals’ internal processes. Specifically, the study empirically measures individuals’ self efficacy and examines it as a mediating factor in the Wisconsin Model. Results emphasize the critical role of self efficacy in exploring the black box encompassing the individual's internal processes at the time in which they shape their educational aspirations. Findings illustrate self efficacy as an underlying mechanism of the individual’s internal processes, as it mediates 27.37% of the influence of significant others on educational aspirations.

Meir Yaish, associate professor de sociologie, responsable du Département de sociologie et d'anthropologie de l'université de Haïfa (Israël). Rédacteur en chef de la revue Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.

Contact et inscription : Marie Ferrazzini.

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