Jérôme Sgard

Full Professor
Phone: +33 (0) 1 58 71 70 82 -

I graduated from Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Grenoble and I hold a PhD in Economics from  Université de Paris-Nanterre. I joined Sciences Po (CERI) in 2008, first as a Research Professor, then as a Professor in Political Economy (2012). My research interests revolve around the construction and regulation of markets as seen from the micro-level and historical perspective. Hence the interest for the dispute-resolution dimension and for the direct interactions between economic agents and regulators: judges, arbiters, bureaucrats, IMF officials, etc. Empirical objects include sovereign debts restructurings, private bankruptcies or the development of early industrial policy in 18th century France. A book on the 1980s international debt crisis should soon be published, based on interviews with the top officials from key institutions and on extensive archival research. Beyond, my main current research project is about the history of international commercial arbitration (1880-1980), on which I am preparing a book.
Before joining Sciences Po I was a researcher at Centre d’études prospectives et d’informations internationales (CEPII), also in Paris, and an Adjunct Professor at Université de Paris-Dauphine.

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Work in Progress

Bureaucratic modernization and economic policy-making in 18th c. France, A history of international commercial arbitration (1880-1980), Law, Courts and Economic development in 19th c. France, Issues contemporary global economic governance (Imf, sovereign debt, emerging economies, etc).


- An Oral History of the 1980s Debt Crisis. Livre à paraître en 2023.

- The Simplest Model of Global Governance Ever Seen? The London Corn Market (1885- 1930). A paraître dans Brousseau, Glachant, Sgard (eds). Oxford Handbook of International Economic Governance. Oxford University Press.

- Liquidity Swaps between Central Banks, the IMF, and the Evolution of the International Financial Architecture (with Pauline Bourgeon). A paraître dans Oxford Handbook of International Economic Governance.

- The International Chamber of Commerce, Multilateralism and the Invention of International Commercial arbitration. Conference on “1919, La Conference de la Paix de Paris/ The Paris Peace Conference”. Paris & Versailles, 5-8 june 2019. A paraître dans un ouvrage collectif.

- Who was Martin Domke? German Emigré, International Arbitrator, Friend of Walter Benjamin. A paraître dans un ouvrage collectif.

- Compte-rendu critique de ‘Making Commercial Law through practice, 1830-1970’, by R Cranston, Cambridge UP.

- Compte-rendu critique de ‘The Economic Weapon: the Rise of Sanctions as tool of modern war’, by N Mulder, Yale UP.

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Main Publications

Publiés récemment/Recently published


Contractual Knowledge: A Hundred Years of Legal Experimentation in Global Markets, a conference volume edited with G Mallard, Cambridge University Press, feb. 2016. 406 pages. Paperback edition, december 2018.


From a Multilateral Broker to a National Judge, The Law and Governance of Sovereign Debt Restructurings, 1980-2015. In N. Barreyre and N. Delalande, eds. (2020). A World of Public Debts, A Political History. London: Palgrave/Macmillan, pp. 427-452.

Global market for sovereign debt: Argentina v. NML Capital ltd, Measuring the strength of contract against sovereign impunity. In: Muir Watt, H et alii (eds). Global Private International Law: Adjudication Without Frontier. 2019, Cheltenham: E Elgar. pp. 253-263 (french version forthcoming by Pedone, fall 2019).

Contracts, Treaties, and the Public Space. Harvard International Law Journal, Comment. April 2019.

Les archives du Fonds Monétaire International. Histoire@Politique, 37, janvier-avril 2019.

Albert Hirschman – un essai de cartographie intellectuelle. Critique Internationale. 77, December 2017, pp. 141-164.

Why are Modern Bureaucracies Special? State Support to Private Firms in Early Eighteenth Century France. The Journal of Economic History, 77 (4), December 2017, pp. 1144-1176 (avec Jean Beuve et Eric Brousseau).

Mercantilism and Bureaucratic Modernization in Eighteenth Century France. Economic History Review. May 2017, 70 (2), pp. 529-558 (avec Jean Beuve et Eric Brousseau).

Courts at work: Bankruptcy Statutes and Private Ordering in England (17th-18th century). Journal of Comparative Economics. May 2016, 44 (2), pp. 450-460.

A Tale of Three Cities: The Construction of International Commercial Arbitration (1890- 1960). in Mallard and Sgard (ed). Contractual Knowledge. Cambridge Press, pp. 153-184. 2016.

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