Migration Governance and Asylum Crises (MAGYC)
The MAGYC (Migration Governance and asYlum Crises) project seeks to assess how migration governance has been influenced by the recent “refugee crises” and how crises at large shape policy responses on migration. The general objective of the project is to appraise policy responses in light of the ‘crisis’ and assess their efficiency for the long-term governance of migration.
MAGYC’s key objectives are the following:
● Reflecting on policy gaps in migration governance, and analysing jointly the emergence and implementation of regulatory instruments (including national public policies, bottom-up local initiatives and regional and international frameworks)
● Correlating this analysis with migration dynamics in order to develop indicators of migration governance, to better assess the effectiveness of the different policy instruments developed in reaction to the crisis
● Understanding the articulation between migration dynamics and policy responses
● Offering a dynamic analysis of policy-making, focusing on knowledge-policy discrepancies, cognitive gaps in policy making and points of contention
● Proposing possible avenues for the development of innovative migration governance strategies that break away from path dependency.
MAGYC is organised in eight Work Packages that engage with different aspects of these issues.
The CERI leads Work Packages 3 and 8 of MAGYC.
Work Package 3 explores the contested interpretations of the migration/refugee crisis. It seeks to understand how different actors, at different levels, apprehend ongoing migration-related realities and produce discourses and narratives to make sense of them. Actors produce specific sets of discourses and worldviews, which are of a double nature: cognitively, discourses support the frameworks through which actors perceive reality and act; tactically, discourses enable actors to justify their interventions and legitimize their position. A key assumption behind this WP is therefore that the crisis calls for actors to reconsider their discourses and to produce new narratives to adapt to a changing reality and re-assess their legitimacy therein. The WP also proposes a multilevel and multi-situated approach to crisis narratives. While the ongoing crisis is predominantly located in the euro-Mediterranean region, it is interpreted at very different levels by different actors. IOs, for example, transform a regional crisis into a global crisis: by reacting to a specific crisis through global initiatives (such as the Global Compacts), they provide an interpretation of the crisis that spans the globe. In a similar way, governments of countries that are somewhat unaffected by the crisis may develop a crisis narrative that borrows from the euro-Mediterranean region.
WP 3 Deliverables
Framework paper Migration as crisis
In this framework paper, Céline Cantat (Sciences Po), Hélène Thiollet (Sciences Po), and Antoine Pécoud (Sciences Po), construct the 2015 “migration crisis” as a scientific object, moving away from the naturalisation of the crisis operated in media and political discourses and rather exploring the dynamics of migration crisis-making .
Working Paper The Construction of the Crisis-Invasion Discourse
An initial output of MAGYC’s third work package, this working paper authored by Iraklis Dimitriadis (UNIMI) seeks to survey the existing empirical evidence on the construction and reproduction of the “crisis-invasion” discourse in Italy with reference to the arrival and settlement of refugees since 2012.
Policy Brief Considerations on Recent National and European Policies around Border Control and Asylum Governance in Italy
This policy brief authored by Iraklis Dimitriadis & Roberto Calarco (UNIMI) considers recent national and European policies around border control and asylum governance in Italy since 2015 (e.g. the hotspot approach, the securitization of sea borders and the criminalization of NGO rescuers, the evolution of the Italian reception system…) and formulates key recommendations for Italian and European policy makers.
Work Package 8 aims to understand how the EU externalization policy intersects with intra-regional dynamics in the ME and Africa and offer new grounds and venues to engage with an efficient and forward-looking migration policy making with partner States and other international actors. The added value of the work-package is first to assess the direct efficacy of externalisation policies in times of crisis through a quantitative analysis. The originality of this work-package is to look at externalisation practices and policies from the point of view of non-EU countries building upon the expertise of specialist of non-EU countries and on partner research institutions in Middle Eastern and African countries. It analyses diplomatic engagements of non-EU countries and reflects critically on the nature of “migration diplomacy” in selected cases: Libya, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Yemen.