Le décrochage scolaire

"Educational Policies" Seminar, Sept. 30
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  • LIEPP_SemEduc_30sept2014_Vue de la salleLIEPP_SemEduc_30sept2014_Vue de la salle
  • LIEPP_SemEduc_30sept2014_CMichaut et PY BernardLIEPP_SemEduc_30sept2014_CMichaut et PY Bernard
  • LIEPP_SemEduc_30sept2014_EMaurinLIEPP_SemEduc_30sept2014_EMaurin

Le décrochage scolaire: le point de vue des jeunes et les réponses politiques

Tuesday, September 30th, 2014

16:00-18:00

Room Percheron
Sciences Po, 98 rue de l'Université, 75007 Paris

Free entrance, open until full
Thanks to registrate here: http://bit.ly/1B8Y9dL

Seminar organised by Denis Fougère and Agnès van Zanten, as part of the activities of the "Educational Policies" Research Group.

The economist Eric Maurin (EHESS) and the sociologists Christophe Michaut and Pierre-Yves Bernard (Université de Nantes) successively explained the conclusions of their research. These presentations were discussed by Cédric Afsa (DEPP) and Stéphane Bonnéry (CIRCEFT-ESCOL/Paris 8).

Presentations given in French.

 

Presentations:

hebergeur d'image

Eric Maurin
Directeur d'études à l’Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS)

«Neighborhood Inequality and Its Effects on Schooling»

(see the slide show, the article and the FEJ report)

 

hebergeur d'image

Pierre-Yves Bernard & Christophe Michaut
Maîtres de conférences, Centre de recherche en éducation de Nantes, Université de Nantes

«Décrochage scolaire : le regard des jeunes sur leur rupture de scolarité»

(see the slide show and the article)

 

Discussions:

Cédric Afsa
Sous-directeur des Synthèses, Chef du Service Statistique Ministériel, Direction de l'Evaluation, de la Prospective et de la Performance (DEPP), MENESR

Stéphane Bonnéry
Maître de conférences, laboratoire CIRCEFT-ESCOL, Université de Paris 8 Vincennes Saint-Denis

 

The seminar was reported in the media by Le Cafe pedagogique (read the article, in French).

More:

- Programme of the seminar (pdf)
- Pierre-Yves Bernard and Christophe Michaut'sslide show (pdf)
- Eric Maurin's slide show (pdf)
- Pierre-Yves Bernard and Christophe Michaut, "« Marre de l’école » : les motifs de décrochage scolaire", Note du CREN n°17, March 2014
- Dominique Goux, Marc Gurgand and Eric Maurin, "Adjusting Your Dreams? High School Plans and Dropout Behavior", Working Paper, July 2014
- FEJ report (in French) on the experiment "Implication des parents et prévention du décrochage scolaire", evaluated by Dominique Goux, Marc Gurgand and Eric Maurin

The role of real estate in the economy

Atlantico interviews Etienne Wasmer
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Answering Atlantico's questions, Etienne Wasmer explains the role that real estate plays in the economy nowadays. Read the article here (in French), 25th of August, 2014.

On that topic, read also this Working Paper in English (French version here): "Does housing capital contribute to inequality? A comment on Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the 21st Century", by Odran Bonnet, Pierre-Henri Bono, Guillaume Chapelle and Étienne Wasmer, Department of Economics at Sciences Po and LIEPP.

This Working Paper was mentionned on the New York Times website.

N. Duvoux dans Le Monde

"Prisons, le contre-exemple américain"

Nicolas Duvoux (Paris Descartes CERLIS et Sciences Po LIEPP) publie dans Le Monde du 8/07/2014 un article qui dresse le bilan de la politique d'incarcération massive mise en oeuvre aux Etats-Unis et en tire des leçons pour la situation française. 

Extrait : 

"Au 1er avril, la France comptait 68 859 détenus, établissant un nouveau « record » du nombre de prisonniers dans l'Hexagone. Avec la réforme pénale portée par la garde des sceaux, Christiane Taubira, la France semble sortir d'une politique sécuritaire misant sur l'augmentation de l'incarcération pour réduire la délinquance.

Celle-ci s'était largement inspirée d'un « modèle » américain de lutte contre le crime. Hélas, les Etats-Unis constituent un contre-exemple qui illustre en réalité les effets délétères d'une politique d'incarcération de franges entières de la population. Même si le degré d'application des politiques répressives y est sans rapport avec celui que connaît la France, le cas américain montre la nécessité de la recherche de solutions alternatives."

 

Lire l'article dans son intégralité

Tax cuts or social investment?

Evaluating the opportunity cost of French employment strategy
  • DRDR

Working Paper n°31, by Clément Carbonnier, Bruno Palier et Michaël Zemmour (socio-fiscal research group) 

 

Abstract: 

Tax expenditures are widely used by French governments as employment and social policies. Such programmes together amounted to more than 1.3 points of GDP in 2011. Thanks to a systematic review of academic policy evaluations, we assess the efficiency of the different parts of such policies, showing that at least €6 billion is used for policies whose cost is greater than €62,500 per year and job created, and €0.5 billion for policies whose cost is greater than €160,000 per year and job created. We examine the replacement of these tax expenditures by direct public funding for (publicly or privately delivered) “quality” jobs addressing specific social needs. We discuss the conditions under which at least comparable employment performances could be achieved (factoring in the crowding out of privately funded jobs and the properties of created jobs in terms of the service provided or the characteristics of suppliers and consumers) as well as any positive economic and social externalities

 

Read more here: 

"Tax cuts or social investment? Evaluating the opportunity cost of French employment policy", by Clément Carbonnier, Bruno Palier et Michaël Zemmour, LIEPP Working Paper n°31, July 2014. 

Capital is not back

O. Bonnet, P-H Bono, G. Chapelle et E. Wasmer on Vox
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After publishing a LIEPP Working Paper in April, 2014, Odran Bonnet, Pierre-Henri Bono, Guillaume Chapelle and Étienne Wasmer publish an article on Vox website: "Capital is not back: A comment on Thomas Piketty’s ‘Capital in the 21st Century’."

Read the Working Paper full text in English (and the French version here): "Does housing capital contribute to inequality? A comment on Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the 21st Century", by Odran Bonnet, Pierre-Henri Bono, Guillaume Chapelle and Étienne Wasmer, Department of Economics at Sciences Po and LIEPP.

This text was mentionned on the New York Times website.