Les études du CERI

Les études du CERI

Les Etudes du CERI series publishes about 10 issues per year following the strict rules of double blind peer reviewed academic publications. The editorial board is composed of members of CERI’s Unit Council.
Les Etudes du CERI is a tool for decision-making and offers to scrutinize and study the transformations of our contemporary world, in more than 200 titles addressing a variety of topics and analyzing political, social and economic questions related to a specific country/region or a global contemporary challenge. Every issue follows, and is the result of, a fieldwork undertaken by its author. In this respect, this publication illustrates CERI’s approach to area studies, based on a direct, empirical experience and methodology.
Previous and current issues are all available online, free of charge. As all publications of this website, Les Etudes du CERI is protected by copyright through the French law.

 

Series editor: Alain Dieckhoff, directeur du CERI

Editor of the journal: Judith Burko, judith.burko@sciencespo.fr, phone +33158717004

Media contact: Karolina Michel, karolina.michel@sciencespo.fr, phone+33158717007

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

Tableau de bord des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale et d’Eurasie 2014 (Volume 2 : Eurasie)
N°210
December 2014
Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

, Tableau de bord des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale et d’Eurasie 2014 (Volume 2 : Eurasie) / Les Études du CERI, N°210, December 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale et d'Eurasie 2014 (Volume 1 : Europe centrale et orientale)
N°209
December 2014
Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

, Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale et d'Eurasie 2014 (Volume 1 : Europe centrale et orientale) / Les Études du CERI, N°209, December 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
Amérique latine L’année politique 2014
N°207
-208
December 2014
Les études du CERI

  No Abstract  

Comment citer ce volume :

Une publication de l’Observatoire politique de l’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes

, Amérique latine L’année politique 2014 / Les Études du CERI, N°207-208, December 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Francesco Ragazzi

Towards a « policed multiculturalism » ? Counter-radicalization in France, Netherlands and the United Kingdom
N°206
September 2014
Crime, European Union, Fight against crime and corruption, France, Netherlands, Security policy, Terrorism, United Kingdom, Violence, Western Europe, Les études du CERI

The French government recently announced a plan to « fight against radicalization », and a series of measures aimed at preventing the passage to violence. Although the term is not entirely new to the French political language, it marks a departure from an anti-terrorism policy justified mainly by a judicial approach and enforced in great part through administrative measures. France is thus moving closer to the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, who have developed such policies since the mid-2000s. Yet what is, exactly, the « fight against radicalization »? How can we explain this new approach of the French government? And what can we learn from a decade of experiences of these two European countries? This study shows that the concept of radicalization serves as an effective discourse to legitimize police action beyond its usual areas of competence, investing many areas of diversity management such as education, religion, and social policies. The study traces the diffusion of the discourse through European institutions and analyzes, through the notion of « policed multiculturalism », the effects of its legal, administrative and preventive forms.

Comment citer ce volume :

Francesco Ragazzi

, Towards a « policed multiculturalism » ? Counter-radicalization in France, Netherlands and the United Kingdom / Les Études du CERI, N°206, September 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
A Decade of AKP Power in Turkey: Towards a Reconfiguration of Modes of Government?
N°205
July 2014
Balkans, Political science, Politics / Political Systems, Regulation, Social policy, Sociology, Turkey, Les études du CERI

The Justice and Development Party (JDP) has been in power in Turkey since 2002, consolidating its electoral support among an array of social groups ranging from broad appeal among the popular classes to business leaders and a growing middle class. The success of the JDP is a consequence of the manner in which the party inserted itself into certain economic and social sectors. While the party has internalized the principles of reducing the public sphere and outsourcing to the private sector, it has not restricted the reach of government intervention. On the contrary, it has become increasingly involved in certain sectors, including social policy and housing. It has managed this through an indirect approach that relies on intermediaries and private allies such as the businesses and associations that is has encouraged. In this way, the JDP has developed and systematized modes of redistribution that involve the participation of conservative businessmen who benefit from their proximity to the decision-makers, charitable organizations, and underprivileged social groups. These public policies have reconfigured different social sectors in a way that has strengthened the Party’s influence.

Comment citer ce volume : Elise Massicard, A Decade of AKP Power in Turkey: Towards a Reconfiguration of Modes of Government? / Les Études du CERI, N°205, July 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
From Juvenile System Reform to a Conflict of Civilizations in Contemporary Russian Society
N°204
June 2014
Crime, Democratization, Human rights, Political science, Russia, Russian Federation, Sociology, Les études du CERI

Youth delinquency has been a hot topic in Russian society for many years. Numerous associations, NGOs and international organizations have raised public awareness of the problem and have encouraged the government to place judicial reform on its agenda. However, debate over how to apply it, the various possible models and how to structure the relationship between social and judicial institutions has been limited. Discussion has instead focused on the relative priorities to be given to the interests of children versus those of the family, so-called “traditional” versus “liberal” values, and the extent to which the State should interfere in the private lives of Russian citizens. Discussion of the actual situation of children at risk and the concrete problems posed by reform have been overshadowed by rumors, encouraged by a discourse of fear in an increasingly violent society that tend to distort the real problems. Additionally, implementation of international norms and judicial reform has been largely blocked by the patriotic agenda of the State.

Comment citer ce volume : Kathy Jeanne Rousselet, From Juvenile System Reform to a Conflict of Civilizations in Contemporary Russian Society / Les Études du CERI, N°204, June 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Françoise Daucé

Online journalism in Russia : The ordinary games of political control freedom
N°203
April 2014
Ethics, Human rights, Justice, Networks, Political science, Russia, Russian Federation, Social policy, Sociology, Les études du CERI

Many online newspapers were created in Russia during the early 2000s, which gave rise to hopes concerning further developments of media pluralism. Their day-to-day operations differ little from those of their Western counterparts. They are subject to the same technical possibilities and to the same financial limitations. Under the increasingly authoritarian Russian regime, however, these common constraints can become political. Economic constraints on editorial boards, limitations on their sources of advertising revenue, administrative requirements, and surveillance of Internet providers are all tools used for political purposes. This article uses the examples of the major news sites that are lenta.ru and gazeta.ru, and the more specialized sites, snob.ru and grani.ru, to show how this political control is based on the diversity of ordinary constraints, which procedures and justifications are both unpredictable and dependent on the economic situation. The result is that political control is both omnipresent and elusive, constantly changing.

Comment citer ce volume :

Françoise Daucé

, Online journalism in Russia : The ordinary games of political control freedom / Les Études du CERI, N°203, April 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

Tableau de bord des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale et d’Eurasie 2013 (Volume 2 : Eurasie)
N°202
December 2013
Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

, Tableau de bord des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale et d’Eurasie 2013 (Volume 2 : Eurasie) / Les Études du CERI, N°202, December 2013, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

Tableau de bord des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale et d’Eurasie 2013 (Volume 1 : Europe centrale et orientale)
N°201
December 2013
Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

, Tableau de bord des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale et d’Eurasie 2013 (Volume 1 : Europe centrale et orientale) / Les Études du CERI, N°201, December 2013, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

François Vergniolle de Chantal

Is Congress out of Control ?
N°200
December 2013
Law, North America, Political science, Politics / Political Systems, United States, Les études du CERI

The US Congres is the most powerful legislative in the world. Its independence and its powers make it impossible for the presidency to be truly imperial. The Senate is especially influential since it allows its members to use a series of minority procedures, such as the filibuster, that exert a constant a priori pressure on the Executive. This institutional configuration is made extremely costly by the current partisan polarization. It is also, however, a functional equivalent to the theoretical parliamentary right of life and death on Executive powers.

Comment citer ce volume :

François Vergniolle de Chantal

, Is Congress out of Control ? / Les Études du CERI, N°200, December 2013, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
Amérique latine Political Outlook 2013
N°198
-199
December 2013
Les études du CERI

  No Abstract  

Comment citer ce volume :

Observatoire politique de l’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes de Sciences Po

, Amérique latine Political Outlook 2013 / Les Études du CERI, N°198-199, December 2013, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Renaud Egreteau

Toward a Reorganization of the Political Landscape in Burma (Myanmar)?
N°197
September 2013
Burma, Collective mobilizations, Conflict resolution, Defense policy, Democratization, Foreign policy, Human rights, Peace / Peacekeeping, Politics / Political Systems, Security policy, State, Les études du CERI

In March 2011, the transfer of power from the junta of general Than Shwe to the quasi-civil regime of Thein Sein was a time of astonishing political liberalization in Burma. This was evidenced specifically in the re-emergence of parliamentary politics, the return to prominence of Aung San Suu Kyi elected deputy in 2012 and by the shaping of new political opportunities for the population and civil society. Yet, the trajectory of the transition has been chiefly framed by the Burmese military’s internal dynamics. The army has indeed directed the process from the start and is now seeking to redefine its policy influence. While bestowing upon civilians a larger role in public and state affairs, the army has secured a wide range of constitutional prerogatives. The ethnic issue, however, remains unresolved despite the signature of several ceasefires and the creation of local parliaments. Besides, the flurry of foreign investments and international aid brought in by the political opening and the end of international sanctions appears increasingly problematic given the traditional role played in Burma by political patronage, the personification of power and the oligarchization of the economy.

Comment citer ce volume :

Renaud Egreteau

, Toward a Reorganization of the Political Landscape in Burma (Myanmar)? / Les Études du CERI, N°197, September 2013, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
Le désordre ordonné : la fabrique violente de Karachi (Pakistan)
N°196
September 2013
Pakistan, Political science, Sociology, South Asia, Les études du CERI

With a population exceeding twenty million, Karachi is already one of the largest cities in the world. It could even become the world’s largest city by 2030. Karachi is also the most violent of these megacities. Since the mid-1980s, it has endured endemic political conflict and criminal violence, which revolve around control of the city and its resources. These struggles for the city have become ethnicised. Karachi, often referred to as a “Pakistan in miniature”, has become increasingly fragmented, socially as well as territorially. Notwithstanding this chronic state of urban political warfare, Karachi is the cornerstone of the economy of Pakistan. Despite what journalistic accounts describing the city as chaotic and anarchic tend to suggest, there is indeed order of a kind in the city’s permanent civil war. Far from being entropic, Karachi’s polity is predicated upon relatively stable patterns of domination, rituals of interaction and forms of arbitration, which have made violence “manageable” for its populations – even if this does not exclude a chronic state of fear, which results from the continuous transformation of violence in the course of its updating. Whether such “ordered disorder” is viable in the long term remains to be seen, but for now Karachi works despite—and sometimes through—violence.

Comment citer ce volume : Laurent Gayer, Le désordre ordonné : la fabrique violente de Karachi (Pakistan) / Les Études du CERI, N°196, September 2013, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
Libya: A Transition Threatened by the Jamahiriyya Legacy
N°195
July 2013
Les études du CERI

In post-Qadhafi Libya, the authorities are in search of a new art of governing. Despite the legitimacy accorded them by elections, they remain very weak. Without any means of coercion, they are constantly obliged to negotiate for their survival, threatened by those who were not chosen by voters but who instead draw their legitimacy from their participation in the revolution – the militias. The challenge facing the Libyan authorities is not so much to combat these forces but to harness them. Libya has not undertaken a process of “de-Qadhafication.” But for the militias, in particular the Islamists, the presence of former officials and leaders in the state apparatus is intolerable. Thus, on May 5, 2013 they pressured the parliament into passing a law excluding from politics persons who occupied positions of responsibility under the old regime. If the revolutionary brigades continue to impose their will on the government, the fall of Qadhafi’s regime will have not brought about political change in Libya but rather the continuation of former political practices under a new guise.

Comment citer ce volume : Luis Martinez, Libya: A Transition Threatened by the Jamahiriyya Legacy / Les Études du CERI, N°195, July 2013, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Raphaelle Mathey

Mutations sociales et identitaires en Azerbaïdjan : les évolutions du rituel de deuil
N°194
June 2013
Les études du CERI

Anthropological studies demonstrate that personal values, social relationships and indicators of cultural identity are expressed in a symbolic manner in funeral rites. In Azerbaijan such rites can include as many as ten commemorative events (yas) in the year following the death. These are critically important events in which allegiances are made and broken. During the period of political chaos and economic recession which followed independence, from 1991 to 1996, the yas served as an incubator for a local identity movement. Political stability, beginning in 1996, and the advent of the petroleum era, in the 2000s, transformed the country’s face, reordered the relationships between individuals, and today raise the issue of creating a State and developing a national political project. The study of funeral rites enables one to measure the magnitude of these changes. The evolution of yas reveals new needs of a society in turmoil and reflects the fundamental examination Azerbaijanis are undertaking of themselves, their religion, their European and Oriental identity and their relationship to modernity.

Comment citer ce volume :

Raphaelle Mathey

, Mutations sociales et identitaires en Azerbaïdjan : les évolutions du rituel de deuil / Les Études du CERI, N°194, June 2013, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].