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Actors and levels of regulation in world politics, Borders, Collective mobilizations, Democratization, Djibouti, East Africa and The Horn, East Africa Observatory, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, International security, Kenya, Migrations, Observatoire, Peace / Peacekeeping, Politics / Political Systems, Regional integration, Religions, Somalia, State, Sudan, Terrorism, Transnational, Transnational actors, Uganda, Violence, Wars / Conflicts
Collective mobilizations, East Africa and The Horn, Nationalism, Political order, Poverty, Sociology, Somalia, State, Terrorism, Transnational actors, Violence, Les analyses du CERI
Conflict resolution, East Africa and The Horn, International organizations, International security, Justice, Political order, Politics / Political Systems, Somalia, Terrorism, Violence, Wars / Conflicts, Les études du CERI
The international community analyzed the crisis in Somalia in light of its own interests rather than the reality of the country. After having failed to work out a true reconciliation government between 2002 and 2004, western countries went about keeping alive a government that had no real legitimacy, but backed by Ethiopia and Kenya. The emergence of the Islamic Courts in June 2006 reshuffled the cards. More than the radicalization of the Islamic Courts, two arguments finally determined Somalia’s fate and the rekindling of war there. Ethiopia couldn’t stand to see an autonomous power friendly to Eritrea appear on its southern flank. And the United States wanted to signal the absolute predominance of its fight against terrorism over any other consideration. Such a posture provided the opportunity to try out a new security doctrine giving the Pentagon ascendancy over the pursuit of alleged terrorists, co-opting new regional powers on the African continent in the process, given that most of its European allies once again proved particularly limp in the face of yet another militarist drift on the part of Washington. Incapable of occupying the political space, the transitional Somalian government encouraged radicalization. The specter of an Iraq-style conflict in Africa began to loom with Ethiopia’s shaky victory in January 2007.