From Deep State to Islamic State. The Arab Counter-Revolution and its Jihadi Legacy, by Jean-Pierre Filiu

Hurst & Co, Comparative Politics and International Studies, 2015, 328 p. 

In his disturbing and timely political history of the ‘Deep State’ in the Middle East, Jean-Pierre Filiu reveals how the autocracies of Syria, Egypt, and Yemen crushed the democratic uprisings of the ‘Arab Revolution’. They did so by turning to the shadowy intelligence agencies and internal security arms of the so-called ‘Deep State’ — emulating strategies pioneered in Kemalist Turkey — who had decades of experience in dealing with internal dissent, as well as to street gangs (the Baltaguiyya in Egypt) or death squads (the Shabbiha in Syria) to enforce their will.

See the book's review in The Economist (August 8th, 2015)

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Fragments of an Unfinished War Taiwanese Entrepreneurs and the Partition of China, by Françoise Mengin

couverture Mengin Hurst

Hurst & Co, Comparative Politics and International Studies, 2015, 352 p. 

The Republic of China that retreated to Taiwan in 1949 maintains its de facto, if not de jure, independence yet Beijing has consistently refused formally to abandon the idea of reunifying Taiwan with China. As well as growing military pressure, the PRC’s irredentist policy is premised on encouraging cross-Strait economic integration. Responding to preferential measures, Taiwanese industrialists have invested massively in the PRC....

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Book
2013
The Gamble of War Is it Possible to Justify Preventive War?, by Ariel Colonomos
With the new millennium, prevention has become a popular doctrine in international politics. One of its most noticeable features is that democracies become inclined to strike first. In the US, it has served as the banner of the neo–conservative movement but it also gathered support from some liberals. It has also inspired several Israeli interventions. Does the preventive use of force meet the normative criteria that prevail or should prevail in a democratic system? Or does it endanger the legal and ethical traditions that characterize the history of Western military ethics?
Book
2007
The Enigma of Islamist Violence, by Luis Martinez, Amélie Blom and Laetitia Bucaille (eds)
The debate surrounding Islamist violence remains locked in oppositional sterility. Are such attacks perpetrated by Islamists as a matter of belief or do they reflect socio-economic realities? Is the suicide bomber a pathological case, as the psychologist maintains, or a clever strategist, as those steeped in the geopolitical approach claim? This book aims to transcend both the culturalist or underdevelopment explanations by focusing on the highly variegated nature of the phenomenon.
Book
2008
Democracies at War Against Terrorism. A Comparative Perspective, by Samy Cohen (ed.)
On numerous occasions, democratic nations have been singled out by human rights NGOs for the brutality of their modus operandi, for their inadequate attention to the protection of civilian populations, or for acts of abuse or torture on prisoners. Why do they perpetrate these violations? Do they do so intentionally or unintentionally? Can democracies combat irregular armed groups without violating international law? When their population is under threat, do they behave as non-democracies would? Does this type of war inevitably produce war crimes on a more or less massive scale?
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Séminaire INTEGRIM du groupe de recherche Migrations et mobilités du CERI

 

En partenariat avec MIGRINTER, Université de Poitiers

 

Forced migrations have usually been described as "spontaneous" migrations and analysed in terms of political and security constraints. But even refugee movements resulting from conflicts are often fashioned by previous migration flows and correlated network structures that are re-mobilized during the humanitarian crisis. Therefore, tracing a genealogy of mobilities in the Middle East will help better understand current forced migration processes and their connections with other forms of social organization built over time in a regional area (commercial mobility, family strategies, pilgrimage, etc.)
The distinction commonly made between forced migration and voluntary migration in the Middle East and elsewhere has already been criticized by a growing number of authors (Long: 2013, Richmond: 1994). In the case of the “refugee” category, a huge diversity of social, legal and economic statuses and personal backgrounds coexist within such a category (Malkki: 1995, Marx: 1990). Early attempts to build a general theoretical model of refugee issues have focused mainly on push factors to explain refugee movements (Kunz, 1973). Studies have also emphasized the role of international relations in the production of refugee flows (Loescher, 1990). If push factors as well as international politics are key issues for the understanding of refugee movements, little attention has so far been paid to dynamics generated by the refugees themselves. Seteney Shami (1993) suggests that "displacement often leads to labour migration as a coping strategy". But conversely, as will be shown, labour migration may also mould and structure forced displacement patterns of dispersion and settlement.
The questioning of the dichotomy between forced and voluntary migrations is even more interesting in the Middle East as neither Jordan, Lebanon Iraq nor Syria, are signatories of the Geneva Convention on Refugees. The refugee category (with the exception of Palestinians who are recognized as refugees in the state where they have their permanent residency) does not exist as such. There is often a confusion in the field of forced migration between legal categories (refugees, asylum seekers, etc.) and those related to the analysis of migration (Zetter, 2007). This project aims to re-examine the production of asylum categories in an area outside the Convention (Jordan and Lebanon) as well as a signatory country (Turkey) in relation to three unusual situations, those of Syrians, Iraqis and Palestinians from Syria.

 

 

Program to be confirmed

 

 

Foreword: Alain Dieckhoff, Sciences Po-CERI, CNRS

 

Introduction

Céline Cantat, MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers

Kamel Dorai, IFPO, Amman & MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers

Thomas Lacroix, MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers

Helene Thiollet, Sciences Po-CERI, CNRS

 


Morning: Refugees, a regional perspective

 

Dawn Chatty, Refugee Studies Center, University of Oxford

Displacement in the Middle East

 
Philip Marfleet, School of Law and Social Sciences (LSS),University of East London

Iraqi refugees


Afternoon:

 

Didem Danis, Galatasaray University, Istanbul

Syrian Refugees Turkey


Kamel Dorai, IFPO, Amman & MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers

Syrians in Jordan

 

Salim Salameh,

Syrians / Palestinians in Sweden

 

 

 

Responsables scientifiques:

Helene Thiollet (Sciences Po-CERI, CNRS),

Céline Cantat (MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers),

Kamel Dorai (IFPO, Amman & MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers),

Thomas Lacroix (MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers)

 

 

 

Sciences Po-CERI: 56,rue Jacob 75006 Paris (salle de conférences)


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Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the Middle East 24/09 For more information

 

Séminaire du Programme de recherche transversal Sociologie des pratiques diplomatiques du CERI


 

Volet "Multilatéralisme et Organisations Internationales"

 

Avec :

 


Jérôme Sgard, Sciences Po-CERI

 

 

Vincent Gayon, Université Paris Dauphine, IRISSO



Reponsables scientifiques : Guillaume Devin (Sciences Po-CERI), Marieke Louis (Sciences Po-CERI)

 

Sciences Po-CERI: 56, rue Jacob 75006 Paris/salle du conseil
Entrée libre dans la limite des places disponibles


lonelyban
Le Fonds Monétaire International et la crise des dettes souveraines 24/09 For more information

 

avec



Rick Doner, Emory University, Atlanta

 

 

Discutant : Francois Bafoil, Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS

 

 

Introduction et présidence : David Camroux, Sciences Po-CERI

 





Existing analyses of the middle-income trap highlight productivity slowdowns as key to stagnant growth and identify the need for better education and R&D.  But they largely ignore the political factors that block such policies.  To address this gap, we argue for 1) a deeper appreciation of the challenges inherent in upgrading  policies, 2) of the institutions required to address these challenges and, most critically, 3) of the structural divisions within business, labor and overall society that impede the coalitions necessary to develop strong institutions.   The presentation will explore these issues in the context of Thailand, a country commonly viewed as falling into the middle-income trap.

 

 

L'intervenant s'exprimera en anglais, et le débat se déroulera en français et en anglais.

 

Responsable scientifique : David Camroux, Sciences Po-CERI

CERI-56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris / Salle de conférences

INSCRIPTION OBLIGATOIRE (ci-dessous)


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Thailand: The Political Economy of the Middle-Income Trap 3/09 For more information