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Policing the Inner City in France, Britain and the US, by Catherine Wihtol de Wenden and Sophie Body-Gendrot

 
Palgrave Macmillan, E-book, 2015, 162 p. 

Most Western inner-cities experience difficult encounters between the police and marginalized youths. Yet there are few comparative studies on policing, race/ethnicity, space, and social order. There is dissatisfaction and resentment on both sides. While minorities complain of lack of mobility, harassment, and discriminations by the police, law enforcers resent doing a 'dirty' job—one which is largely ignored by their hierarchy and by mainstream denizens. This book analyzes and compares the police's inner city presence in France, the US, and Britain. A cross-national comparison is a complex task because the countries are not of the same size, the institutions respect common law or civil law, the state intervenes more or less in social processes, anti-discrimination policies have diverse elements of legitimacy, rebellious youths have different profiles and so do policemen. However, the complexity of such comparisons helps to prevent simplistic universalism and ethnocentrism.

Fair Access to Higher Education addresses this challenge from a broad, transnational perspective. The chapters in this volume contribute to our thinking and reflection on policy developments and also offer new empirical findings about patterns of advantage and disadvantage in higher education access. Bringing together insights drawn from a variety of fields, including philosophy, linguistics, social psychology, sociology, and public policy, the book sheds light on how “fairness” in university admissions has been articulated worldwide.
Fair Access to Higher Education addresses this challenge from a broad, transnational perspective. The chapters in this volume contribute to our thinking and reflection on policy developments and also offer new empirical findings about patterns of advantage and disadvantage in higher education access. Bringing together insights drawn from a variety of fields, including philosophy, linguistics, social psychology, sociology, and public policy, the book sheds light on how “fairness” in university admissions has been articulated worldwide.
 

 

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Former colonial powers and the management of political crises in their former colonies

 

European Review of International Studies (ERIS), 3-2014

Special issue edited by Élise Féron and Valérie Rosoux.

Contributors: Richard Banégas, Laetita Bucaille, Teresa Almeida Cravo and Maria Raquel Freire, Élise Féron, Laetitia Spetschinsky, Irina V. Bolgova, et Stephen Chan.

More on ERIS...

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2007
The Enigma of Islamist Violence, by Luis Martinez, Amélie Blom and Laetitia Bucaille (eds)
The debate surrounding Islamist violence remains locked in oppositional sterility. Are such attacks perpetrated by Islamists as a matter of belief or do they reflect socio-economic realities? Is the suicide bomber a pathological case, as the psychologist maintains, or a clever strategist, as those steeped in the geopolitical approach claim? This book aims to transcend both the culturalist or underdevelopment explanations by focusing on the highly variegated nature of the phenomenon.
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2008
Democracies at War Against Terrorism. A Comparative Perspective, by Samy Cohen (ed.)
This book deals with the difficulty democracies face in conducting asymmetric warfare in highly populated areas without violating international humanitarian law. On numerous occasions, democratic nations have been singled out by human rights NGOs for the brutality of their modus operandi, for their inadequate attention to the protection of civilian populations, or for acts of abuse or torture on prisoners. Why do they perpetrate these violations? Do they do so intentionally or unintentionally? Can democracies combat irregular armed groups without violating international law? When their population is under threat, do they behave as non-democracies would? Does this type of war inevitably produce war crimes on a more or less massive scale?
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2013
The Gamble of War Is it Possible to Justify Preventive War?, by Ariel Colonomos
With the new millennium, prevention has become a popular doctrine in international politics. One of its most noticeable features is that democracies become inclined to strike first. In the US, it has served as the banner of the neo–conservative movement but it also gathered support from some liberals. It has also inspired several Israeli interventions. Does the preventive use of force meet the normative criteria that prevail or should prevail in a democratic system? Or does it endanger the legal and ethical traditions that characterize the history of Western military ethics? This book analyzes the justification of preventive war in contemporary asymmetrical international relations. It focuses on the most crucial aspect of prevention: uncertainty. Luck plays a significant role in these hazardous preventive wars, with unforeseen and sometimes unforeseeable consequences. This book bridges the explanatory analysis of uncertainty in preventive war making (using field work and data) with a normative account of prevention. It builds a new framework where the role of luck – whether military, political, moral, or normative – is a corrective to the traditional approaches of the Just War tradition.
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Dans le cadre du Groupe de Recherche sur l'Analyse du Vigilantisme du CERI

 

 

avec :

 

 

Laurent Fourchard, FNSP, LAM

 

Hervé Maupeu, Université de Pau, LAM

 

 

Responsables scientifiques : Laurent Gayer (Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS) et Gilles Favarel-Garrigues (Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS)

 

Sciences Po-CERI, 56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris / Salle du conseil

Entrée libre dans la limite des places disponibles

 

Illustration: Philip Dawe (attribué à), "The Bostonians Paying the Excise-man, or Tarring and Feathering" (1774)


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Entre community policing et travail milicien : essai de définition du vigilantisme à la lumière de terrains africains 20/03 For more information

Dans le cadre du cycle de séminaires "Les enjeux du pluralisme religieux en Asie" du programme Sociétés plurielles (Université Sorbonne-Paris-Cité)

 


avec :

 

 

Pavin Chachavalpongpun, University of Kyoto-Centre for Southeast Asian Studies

 

 

Discutant : David Camroux, Sciences Po-CERI

 


The military staged a coup on 22 May 2014, overthrowing the elected government of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra. Outwardly, the military justified its political intervention with the classic claim that corruption was destroying Thai politics and the coup was needed to purify the political domain. At a deeper level however, the military intervened at a time when a critical transition in Thai politics is on the horizon: the imminent royal succession. For decades, the traditional elites, of which the military is a part, have long dominated Thai politics. This changed with the arrival of the Shinawatras who set huge socio-economic changes in motion. They then took advantage to empower themselves politically, and in doing so, shook the old political structure. In today’s Thailand, the power struggle between elective and non-elective institutions is now reaching its peak because the era of King Bhumibol is closing. Haunted by anxiety over a future without the Dhammaraja King, the traditional elites are vying to manage the royal succession and maintain their power position. The speaker argues that the military government led by General Prayuth Chan-ocha is seeking to accomplish three missions: to reconstruct the electoral system that will benefit the traditional elites; to eliminate political enemies though the legal system, particularly the lèse-majesté law and other non-judicial means; and to reinforce the position of the palace to ensure that the monarchy will continue to be at the centre of power in the post-Bhumibol days. It is unlikely that these undertakings will stabilise Thai politics, and as voters become alienated in the political process à la Prayuth, large-scale violent protests may be seen as unavoidable in order to restore democracy.

 

 

 

Coordination scientifique: David Camroux (Sciences Po-CERI), Claire Tran Thi Liên (Paris Diderot) & Kim Hui-yeon (INALCO)


Pour en savoir plus sur le programme interdisciplinaire Sociétés Plurielles

Voir le programme complet du cycle de séminaires

 

 

 

Sciences Po-CERI, 56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris / Salle Jean Monnet

Entrée libre dans la limite des places disponibles


thai
The Challenge to a Dhammaraja: the Twentieth Thai Coup and the Royal Succession 6/03 For more information

 

Dans le cadre du séminaire de recherche Les sciences sociales en question : grandes controverses épistémologiques et méthodologiques (CEE-CERI)

 

 

avec :

 

 

Valérie Igounet, Institut d’histoire du temps présent

Valérie Igounet est historienne, spécialiste de l’étude des négationnistes et de l’extrême droite en France. Elle raconte ses longs entretiens avec des militants de base et des dirigeants, dont Jean-Marie Le Pen. Elle explique comment elle a interprété les archives et papiers personnels que plusieurs d’entre eux lui ont confiés. Elle est l’auteur notamment de Robert Faurrisson. Portrait d’un négationniste (Paris, Denoël, 2012) et Le Front national de 1972 à nos jours. Le parti, les hommes, les idées (Seuil, 2014).

 

 

Discutant : Daniel Bizeul, associé au CRESPPA-CSU

Publications récentes : "Les sociologues ont-ils des comptes à rendre ? Enquêter et publier sur le Front national", Sociétés contemporaines, 70, 2008, pp. 95-113 et "Des loyautés incompatibles. Aspects moraux d’une immersion au Front National", SociologieS, "La recherche en actes, dilemmes éthiques et enjeux scientifiques dans l'enquête de terrain", mis en ligne le 21 juin 2007.

 

Présidence : Nonna Mayer, CEE-CNRS

 

 

Responsables scientifiques et contacts : nonna.mayer@sciencespo.fr et samy.cohen@sciencespo.fr

  

Sciences Po-CERI, 56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris / Salle Jean Monnet

INSCRIPTION OBLIGATOIRE : conferences.cee@sciencespo.fr 


cohen
Enquêter dans les milieux d’extrême droite 23/03 For more information