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Governing Disasters: Beyond Risk Culture, by Sandrine Revet and Julien Langumier (eds.)

 

Palgrave Macmillan, Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy, 2015, 260 p. 


Irreversible and exceptional events, disasters are nevertheless governed, usually in the context of specific, dedicated interventions by state authorities or NGOs, who aim to lead the affected population from a place of emergency to a new, post-disaster - but still undefined - position. How do the victims of disaster interact with the dispositifs of government and disaster? Based on extensive research - both ethnographic and historical - conducted over a long period of time in field locations as various as Hong-Kong, Kazakhstan, Sri Lanka, France, Argentina, and Italy...

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Former colonial powers and the management of political crises in their former colonies

 

European Review of International Studies (ERIS), 3-2014

Special issue edited by Élise Féron and Valérie Rosoux.

Contributors: Richard Banégas, Laetita Bucaille, Teresa Almeida Cravo and Maria Raquel Freire, Élise Féron, Laetitia Spetschinsky, Irina V. Bolgova, et Stephen Chan.

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Book
2007
The Enigma of Islamist Violence, by Luis Martinez, Amélie Blom and Laetitia Bucaille (eds)
The debate surrounding Islamist violence remains locked in oppositional sterility. Are such attacks perpetrated by Islamists as a matter of belief or do they reflect socio-economic realities? Is the suicide bomber a pathological case, as the psychologist maintains, or a clever strategist, as those steeped in the geopolitical approach claim? This book aims to transcend both the culturalist or underdevelopment explanations by focusing on the highly variegated nature of the phenomenon.
Book
2008
Democracies at War Against Terrorism. A Comparative Perspective, by Samy Cohen (ed.)
This book deals with the difficulty democracies face in conducting asymmetric warfare in highly populated areas without violating international humanitarian law. On numerous occasions, democratic nations have been singled out by human rights NGOs for the brutality of their modus operandi, for their inadequate attention to the protection of civilian populations, or for acts of abuse or torture on prisoners. Why do they perpetrate these violations? Do they do so intentionally or unintentionally? Can democracies combat irregular armed groups without violating international law? When their population is under threat, do they behave as non-democracies would? Does this type of war inevitably produce war crimes on a more or less massive scale?
Book
2013
The Gamble of War Is it Possible to Justify Preventive War?, by Ariel Colonomos
With the new millennium, prevention has become a popular doctrine in international politics. One of its most noticeable features is that democracies become inclined to strike first. In the US, it has served as the banner of the neo–conservative movement but it also gathered support from some liberals. It has also inspired several Israeli interventions. Does the preventive use of force meet the normative criteria that prevail or should prevail in a democratic system? Or does it endanger the legal and ethical traditions that characterize the history of Western military ethics? This book analyzes the justification of preventive war in contemporary asymmetrical international relations. It focuses on the most crucial aspect of prevention: uncertainty. Luck plays a significant role in these hazardous preventive wars, with unforeseen and sometimes unforeseeable consequences. This book bridges the explanatory analysis of uncertainty in preventive war making (using field work and data) with a normative account of prevention. It builds a new framework where the role of luck – whether military, political, moral, or normative – is a corrective to the traditional approaches of the Just War tradition.
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Séminaire du groupe de recherche Migrations et mobilités du CERI

 

 

avec:

 

 

Camelia Tigau, Université nationale autonome du Mexique (UNAM), auteur de  Riesgos de la fuga de cerebros en México: construcción mediática, posturas gubernamentales y expectativas de los migrantes. CISAN – UNAM (2013),172 pgs.

 


Discutant : Thibaut Jaulin, Sciences Po-CERI

 

 

Responsables scientifiques : Anne de Tinguy (INALCO/Sciences Po-CERI), Catherine Wihtol de Wenden (Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS), Hélène Thiollet (Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS) et Thibaut Jaulin (Sciences Po-CERI)

 

 

Sciences Po-CERI, 56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris / Salle du conseil

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The Emigration of Skilled Middle Classes in Mexico: Desires Related to Subjective Well-being 31/03 For more information

 

avec


Denise Fisher, Visiting Fellow at the Australian National University and at present a Visiting Scholar in the Sciences Po-CERI

Former diplomat, she served in Burma, Kenya, India, Malaysia and Washington DC and was Ambassador to Zimbabwe. The Australian Consul General in Noumea from 2001 to 2004, she is the author of France and the South Pacific: Power and Politics, Canberra, ANU E Press, 2013

 

 



Discutant : S.E. M. Christian Lechervy, Ambassadeur, Secrétaire permanent pour le Pacifique et Représentant permanent de la France auprès de la communauté du Pacifique et du Programme régional océanien de l'environnement



Président : David Camroux, Sciences Po-CERI

 

 

La présentation se déroulera en anglais; la discussion en anglais et en français

 

 

Responsable scientifique : David Camroux, Sciences Po-CERI

CERI-56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris / Salle de conférences

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Geostrategic Challenges for France in the South Pacific 14/04 For more information

 

Séminaire du groupe de recherche Migrations et mobilités du CERI

 

 

avec:

 

 

David Fitzgerald, Associate Professor of Sociology, Gildred Chair in U.S.-Mexican Relations, UCSD and Co-Director, Center for Comparative Immigration Studies

 


Discutante :  Hélène Thiollet, Sciences Po-CERI, CNRS

 

 

Scholars of international migration increasingly analyze the role of states in shaping migration flows and the determinants of those state policies. However, explaining policies simply by examining processes within a particular country or comparing policies in different countries without examining their influences on each other would miss the essential role played by “policy convergence”, “transfer”, and “diffusion”. Institutionalist scholars seek to understand the mobility of policies across national and organizational units. Despite advances in understanding these processes, fundamental questions remain about the mechanisms and conditions under which they operate and the relative causal weight of diffusion as an explanation for policy variation. This paper draws on an analysis of ethnic selection in immigration and nationality laws in 22 countries in the Western Hemisphere from 1790-2010, as well as on country and international organization case studies, to make three major contributions to a political sociology of immigration policy diffusion. First, the construction of an immigration policy database of unprecedented temporal and geographic scope is combined with in-depth archival work. This methodology reveals broad patterns of policy diffusion and a fine-grained assessment of the strength of distinct mechanisms of diffusion relative to each other. Second, it show cycles of interaction between external influences on policies and processes that were internal to the nation-state, rather than privileging a priori the importance of either diffusion or internal factors. In doing so, it establishes the foreign policy conditions under which diffusion tends to be more consequential for policymaking. Third, by analyzing power asymmetries as an axis that cuts across all mechanisms of diffusion, it identifies a little-known mechanism of effective policy leverage by weaker states and establishes the conditions under which this mechanism is most likely to operate.

 

 

Responsables scientifiques : Anne de Tinguy (INALCO/Sciences Po-CERI), Catherine Wihtol de Wenden (Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS), Hélène Thiollet (Sciences Po-CERI/CNRS) et Thibaut Jaulin (Sciences Po-CERI)

 

 

Sciences Po-CERI, 56 rue Jacob, 75006 Paris / Salle Jean Monnet

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Redefining the Political Sociology of International Migration: Mechanisms of Policy Diffusion 14/04 For more information