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The Master European Affairs offers a "common core" composed of seven fundamental teachings that all students will master independently from the chosen specialty. These pluridisciplinary courses are designed to provide students with a solid foundation. They are based on a historical and comparative approach to the related issues and dealing with European affairs. The syllabi of the courses are available in the detailled programmes of each policy stream. Some courses are available both in English or in French (see description below).
Constitutional Foundations of the EU (S1)
The course devoted to the Constitutional Foundations of the European Union focuses on the Actors, the Processes, the Principles and the Tools that frame the process of European integration in legal terms. The course starts with the sources of the European project and studies the institutions of the European Union: the Commission, the Council of Ministers, the European Council, the European Parliament and the European Court of Justice. The objective is to understand the internal dynamics of the institutional setting as it is since the Lisbon treaty entered into force (December 2009), so as to assess each institution's impact on law- making. A particular attention is paied to legal tools, legal integration and the Judicial Architecture of the European Union.
This course is also offered in French, within the bilingual programme (read below)
Système juridique de l'Union
It is often said that European Union proceeds from integration by law. The purpose of this course is to expose the essential elements of the legal system of the European Union, as an organized organ and standards, focusing on the factors that have driven the evolution of European integration to today. In order to understand the ambivalent legal nature (Introduction), the study of principles, structures and supervision methods of clean power to the European Union (Part I) will be complemented by concepts, mechanisms and technical implementation relationship of EU law with national law and international law (Part II).
The EU in times of crisis (S1)
The process of European integration is currently undergoing its most acute multifaceted crisis (economic and financial crisis, rise of Euroscepticism, migration crisis, Brexit, internal and external threats). This is reflected in a decrease in trust and harmony among the main constituencies of the European Union, the Member States and its peoples. This is reflected more broadly in a profound distrust of Europeans towards the European Union institutional system. Yet, Europe remains our condition. European States and peoples are in a situation of increased economic, social, cultural, legal and political interdependence. So the challenge in this course is to get a sense of our changing European environment: How to deal with a form of increased interdependence within the European Union when there is no longer a deep sense of mutual membership? This will first require that we look backward to the efforts of the founders to build a space of supranational governance in Europe, reviewing its successes and failures. The main focus of the course will be on the current challenges facing the European Union.
Policy Analysis and Policy Evaluation (S1)
The six courses proposed in the portfolio "Public Policy Analysis and Evaluation” share three main objectives:
- To enable and facilitate access to statistical methods and management and strategy tools;
- To develop an informed and critical view of the use of statistical methods in various studies and publications (reports, analysis or research documents) that inform the public debate.
- To acquire quantitative and qualitative analysis skills, with an introduction to the most commonly used statistical methods and statistical software;
While taking one of these courses, you will have 24 hours of compulsory lectures and 12 hours of optional tutorials during which a TA will be available to answer your questions and provide application exercises (such as case studies, statistical exercises, programming exercises, etc.).
However, each of these six courses has its own specificities and benefits, and you should select the course that corresponds most closely to your academic and professional project.
Management and Accounting Tools
Course instruction coordinated by Stéphane Torregrossa
- Main Objective: This course aims to teach the fundamental skills required for the management of both public and private entities by focusing on strategic and financial analysis for evaluating an organization’s performance.
- Pre-requisite: none
- Public: intended for those who plan to work in the management of public and private institutions
- Recommended Policy Streams: Public Administration, Defense and Security, Culture, Digital and Public Affairs, Energy, Management and Public Affairs, Health
Public Sector Essential Skills (in French)
Course taught by Adam Baïz
- Main Objective: This course teaches the skills needed to interpret quantitative analysis within a broad spectrum of public policies (education, taxation, environment, health, culture, etc.)
- Pre-requisite: none
- Public: If you plan to enter an administrative competition (in France, Europe, or internationally) and/or the (semi)-public sector
- Recommended Policy Streams: Public Administration, Culture, Digital and Public Affairs, Energy, Management and Public Affairs, Defense and Security, Health
Introduction to Public Policy Analysis and Evaluation (in French)
Course taught by Bruno Cautrès and Martial Foucault
- Main Objective: This course is directed toward those who wish to acquire an understanding of quantitative methods in the field of public policy to interpret indicators, and learn how to produce them using Excel.
- Pre-requisite: none
- Public: If you are interested in the evaluation of public policies
- Recommended Policy Streams: All policy streams (except EPP)
Policy Analysis and Policy Evaluation: Introduction and Intermediate level (in English)
Course taught by Jan Rovny in English
- Main objective: To provide a solid understanding of quantitative methods and descriptive and inferential statistical tools using statistical software (learn to program on R).
- Pre-requisite: none
- Public: if you are interested in evaluating public policies and learning statistical, qualitative and quantitative techniques, and using statistical software.
- Policy Streams: Open to all policy streams (except EPP), and particularly recommended for Politics and Public Policy, and Social Policy and Social Innovation.
Policy Analysis and Policy Evaluation: Advanced
Course taught by Romain Lachat in English
- Main objective: To provide training in quantitative techniques and econometrics for the analysis and evaluation of public policies, in particular, learning econometrics under Stata.
- Prerequisites: a solid foundation in statistics. This course is preceded by a compulsory math camp during the last week of August.
- Public: if you are interested in economic studies.
- Policy Stream: Compulsory course for Economics and Public Policy. This course is also open to students with a solid basis in quantitative techniques and who wish to study econometrics.
Economics of European Integration (S2)
The scope of the course is to familiarize the students with the economic governance of the European Union, and with the challenges for member states. The first part (Francesco Saraceno) deals with the historical developments leading to today's institutional architecture, and with the macroeconomic governance of the EU, notably the Stability Pact and the ECB. The second part (Jérôme Creel) deals with the microeconomics of economic integration, and tackles issues as the common agricultural policy, competition policy, and trade.
Regulating the Internal Market (S2)
The European internal market has contributed significantly to growth, competitiveness and employment in the European Union. It has had and continues to have major economic, social and political significance for European integration. The course first identifies the different steps necessary to achieve the organization and the functioning of the internal market, which is the highest level of market organization. Then the obstacles to free movement are identified and a contextual and functional analysis of the prohibition against obstacles and discrimination in the various policies of the Member States is conducted as one of the core legal disciplines which inform the law of the internal market place. The class focuses in particular on the rules governing the free movement in the European Union. Therefore, the free movement of goods, services, persons will be our main focus. Students shall also pay attention to the provision of the Treaty which allow the Union legislator to enact regulatory measures aimed at the approximation of national provisions which have as their object the establishment and the functioning of the internal market. Finally, sometime is devoted to the free movement of European citizens, a non-economic freedom which is closely linked to the four freedoms.
This course is also offered in French, within the bilingual programme (read below).
Droit du marché intérieur
First economic zone in the world, the European internal market is based on a simple legal principle: the free transnational movement of goods and people. It is through the application of this rule, conceived as a fundamental freedom directly enforceable that is the unit of the European area by ensuring the free passage between the Member States. The Court of Justice of the European Union plays a key role in its interpretation and protection, acting through its control of national regulations the difficulty of reaching political consensus at European level. Originally supposed to prohibit the protectionist regulations of States, the principle of freedom of movement within the internal market has seen its deregulatory constantly expanded capacity by case law, to threaten the autonomy of national political systems. Individuals draw an important source of empowerment by challenging or circumventing its foundation on the national regulations that affect their private interests. After presenting the main issues and the founder character of the internal market for European integration (Introduction), the dimensions and boundaries, often inaccurate, the legal principle of freedom of movement which is be considered (Part I) before try to gauge its impact on the political autonomy of Members.
Ethics and Public Policy (S3)
This course presents the ethical considerations (welfare, good, right) involved in public decisions in democracy: What is ethics? What are the main normative ethical considerations that drive public policy decision: consequentialist ethics, deontological ethics, virtue ethics. It equips policymakers with those ethical guidelines in a variety of concrete public policy examples: free expression, free speech, religious and cultural diversity; life ethics, health ethics, and animal ethics; transhumanism; immigration; defence; global warming…
Disruptive Technology and Public Policy (S3)
Many public policy choices and decisions involve a deep understanding of the current challenges raised by science and technology: Energy (nuclear, renewals and green resources, smart cities); Climate change and Global Warming; Digitalization, Robotics and Big Data; Artificial Intelligence; Genetically modified organisms and stem cell research; Nanotechnologies and biotechnologies.
Future policy makers need to be aware on how scientists themselves think about those issues and interact with the rest of the society. Many policy decisions are also made when there is uncertainty about the future impact of scientific and technological evolutions linked to human activity. There are often based on some risk assessments in an environment where probabilities cannot be precisely quantified, "catastrophic" evolutions cannot be ruled out; and in precense of tipping points.
This course provides an in-depth analysis of these questions with high-level scientists who introduce the main above-listed technological and digital topics, and the associated challenges raised for public policy. The scientists will also provide a deep understanding of the relationship between science and democracy. Students will be invited to draw their own conclusion on how science should inform and influence public decisions, the best process and governance arrangements, and, more broadly, the relationship between "experts" and policymakers.