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Pedagogical team: Karine Parrot, Veronica Corcodel, Christophe Pouly and Louis Imbert
The Migration clinic aims at addressing cutting-edge issues related to the situation of migrants in France through a number of projects in collaboration with Anafé and La Cimade. It allows gaining a rich and complex understanding of immigration law through practice, i.e. legal assistance or/and fieldwork. It also aims at developing or consolidating students’ critical thinking in a context in which political, legal and social discourses contribute to the production of an image of migrants as “threats” or as “undesirables”. The Migration clinic is open to the Master students of the following programs: Economic Law, European Affairs and PSIA. The program of the clinic is divided in two main components: a clinical course taught by Karine Parrot and Christophe Pouly, as well as a group project carried out by students in collaboration with Anafé and La Cimade under the supervision of clinical tutors (Veronica Corcodel, Christophe Pouly et Louis Imbert).
Project 1. The situation of migrants in the waiting zone (in collaboration with Anafé)
During its initial phases, students will benefit from a training on waiting zones, which will allow gaining knowledge on the basics of the legal regime governing the waiting zone. Subsequently, students will be directly involved in the activities of Anafé. Subject to an authorization by the Ministry of the Interior, students will be able to access the waiting zone of Roissy-Charles de Gaulle. They will have the opportunity of following the situation of migrants who are maintained in the waiting zone, but also of observing the hearings of the first-instance tribunal of Bobigny, the Paris administrative tribunal and the Paris court of appeal.
During the academic year 2016/2017, students will focus especially on the following three projects:
- Access to justice, the suspensive and effective character of actions brought before the judge by persons who are maintained in the waiting zone
- The legal regime governing the existence of waiting zones
- Airport transit visas
Project 2. Detention litigation and the new issues falling under the jurisdiction of the Judge of Freedom and Detention (in collaboration with La Cimade)
Following the statute of March 7th, 2016, entered into force on November 1st, 2016, the JFD has gained jurisdiction to examine questions of judicial review pertaining to the administrative decision of detaining migrants. These issues previously fell under the jurisdiction of the administrative judge. The project seeks to compare the previous system with the new one by evaluating the impact on the JFD’s approach, especially in relation to the precedents of administrative courts. Students will have the opportunity of observing the hearings of different courts in Paris (JFD, the administrative tribunal, the court of appeal) and in Mesnil-Amelot (where the JFD of Meaux is situated, in proximity of a center of administrative detention). Subject to an authorization by the Ministry of the Interior, students will be able to access the centre of administrative detention of Mesnil-Amelot.
Project 3. The situation of migrants in prisons (in collaboration with La Cimade)
Imprisoned migrants are confronted to tremendous difficulties for making their rights effective. Within this project, students will be directly involved in the legal-assistance activities of La Cimade. They will be mainly working on issues related to expulsion and to the right to reside. Students will have the opportunity of observing the debates of the expulsion commission. Subject to an authorization by the Ministry of the Interior, students will be also able to access certain prisons.
Project 4. The right to reside and the challenges raised by suspicions of fraud (in collaboration with La Cimade)
The right to reside has been subject to intricate developments lately, especially when parents of French children are the ones to claim it. Serious challenges are raised by mere suspicions of paternity fraud, often made on questionable grounds. Within this project, students will be actively involved in the legal-assistance activities of La Cimade, by contributing to particularly difficult cases, identified as such by the volunteers of La Cimade.
Project 5. Centers of reception and orientation: a solution for migrants living in makeshift camps? (in collaboration with La Cimade)
The fairly recent creation of centers of reception and orientation (CRO) has sought to provide an alternative ‘housing’ solution for migrants living in the Calais ‘Jungle’. This solution has been subsequently extended to Parisian camps and the camp of Grande-Synthe. This project seeks to evaluate the CRO mechanism in a context of increasing attempts to dismantle camps, the most recent example being the evacuation of the Calais ‘Jungle’. Students will have the opportunity of discussing these issues with volunteers and non-profit organizations that are interested in the CRO mechanism. They will be also able to interview certain people from the Ministry of the Interior and to visit certain CROs.