This category of the blog focuses on environmental and social factors as determinants of sovereign credit risk, and on debt issuance schemes meant to specifically support public investments towards environmental and social goals. Among other topics, we discuss:
- How climate change and the energy transition can materially affect public finances and sovereign creditworthiness.
- The extent to which environmental and social issues are reflected in sovereign ratings and yields.
- The evolution of the sovereign green and social bond markets.
- How to better monitor the use of debt issuance proceeds and maximize the environmental and social impact of sovereign financing.