Market Transition, Industrialization, and Social Mobility Trends in Post-Revolution China

Séminaire LIEPP/ OSC - 4 juin 2019 - 12h30-14h30
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

 

Le LIEPP et l'Observatoire Sociologique du Changement ont le plaisir de vous inviter au séminaire: 

Market Transition, Industrialization, and Social Mobility Trends in Post-Revolution China

Mardi 4 juin 2019

12h30 - 14h30 

Salle du LIEPP

254 boulevard Saint Germain, 75007 Paris 

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Présentation: 

xie

 

Yu Xie

Bert G. Kerstetter '66 University Professor of Sociology

Princeton Institute of International and Regional Studies

Princeton University 

 

This study examines trends in intergenerational class mobility in China by analyzing six comparable, nationally representative surveys between 1996 and 2012. Defying a simplistic, unidirectional account, we report two countervailing trends in social mobility in post-revolution China. On the one hand, we find a decline in social fluidity following China’s transition from state socialism to a market economy, as the link between origin and destination in vertical social status has significantly strengthened. On the other hand, horizontal mobility between the agricultural and nonagricultural sectors has increased substantially during recent decades. To put these trends in a global context, we compare China’s experience with those in 11 advanced industrial countries. We find that despite its recent decline, social fluidity in China is still high by international standards. Yet, the direction of vertical social mobility trends in China stands in contrast with that in mature capitalist countries, in which the class structure has either stayed stable or become more open over time.