The impact of lockdown on the division of labor in households

  • Ipsos - Survey on Gender Equality - May 2020Ipsos - Survey on Gender Equality - May 2020
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Research shows that the current COVID-19 epidemic can have important implications for gender equality in households, both during and after lockdown. On the one hand, closures of schools and daycare have a considerable impact, particularly on working mothers. On the other hand, flexible working arrangements adopted during lockdown can have an impact on social norms. Many fathers also find themselves working at home, while being able to take part of the responsibility for childcare. According to some researchers, this could transform social norms towards a greater balance in the division of domestic work and childcare.

The Chair conducted a survey to study the impact of lockdown on the division of labor within households. The research project aims to study whether the lockdown has allowed a greater gender equality or, on the contrary, a return to greater specialization of the division of labor in housework and childcare.

To conduct this research, we collected data early May through the survey agency IPSOS. Preliminary descriptive results of the survey are available in this report by IPSOS (PDF (FR), 3,62mo). 

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The choice of higher education

Few women in scientific fields
  • Anne BoringAnne Boring

Gender inequalities start with the choice of higher education. Female and male students make different choices in terms of higher education. These imbalances have consequences on the labor market in terms of salary, position, and quality of employment. In this video, Anne Boring explains these differences in choices which begin with different choices of univerisities, fields, and specializations. 

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Why do women earn less?

Inequalities in the labor market
  • Anne BoringAnne Boring

Gender inequalities in the labor market have declined over the past 50 years. But since the 2000s this reduction in inequality has stopped. Today, on average, women earn 17% less than men. Why do women earn less than men? In this video, Anne Boring explains the persistent inequalities in the labor market. 

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Reducing workplace inequalities

  • Young graduateYoung graduate

Different fields of study lead to different labor market outcomes for young graduates. Research shows that women tend to specialize in fields that lead to lower quality outcomes on the labor market. In this article, Anne Boring explains why one of the keys to reducing workplace inequalities involves a better understanding of the consequences of choices of fields of study at university.

Read the article in French.

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Breaking down gender barriers

  • Anne BoringAnne Boring

Watch an interview of Anne Boring, Head of the Women in Business Chair: "Breaking down gender barriers". Video created by the AXA Research Fund, a partner of the Chair.

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