Migration Issues in Comparative Perspective

University Programme Course Overview

Migration Issues in Comparative Perspective

  • Professor: Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia
  • Session: July
  • Language of instruction: English
  • Number of hours of class: 36

Download the 2020 course overview for "Migration Issues in Comparative Perspective" (pdf, 337 KB)

Objective of the Course

This course seeks to understand the ways in which national security interests have influenced immigration policies in Western democracies, as well as the reciprocal effects of migrant responses. Fundamentally, the goal is to understand how the immigration-security nexus plays out over time, with its collateral impact on civil liberties, human rights and humanitarian assistance to newly-arriving refugees from Africa and the Middle East in Europe, and from Latin America in the US.

Summary

This course offers a comparative analysis of Europe’s and America’s distinct responses to the recent challenges posed by international migration flows. Both face the flow of legal and illegal migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. Both have to address issues of border controls, migrant integration, and minority rights in a context characterized by expanded notions of “internal security” and "national emergency." 

Stimulated by actual and perceived threats, immigration has become increasingly linked to security governance. This trend, in turn, influenced immigration regimes in both continents—generating new restrictive policy measures, new institutions designed to improve the fight against terrorism, and affecting the perception of migrants among host populations on both sides of the Atlantic.

Organization of the Course

Topics addressed in this course include:

  • The dimensions and importance of international migration flows;
  • The evolution of both US and European immigration policies before and after 9/11;
  • The gradual framing of immigration as a security issue (theoretical and empirical perspectives);
  • The current refugee crisis in Europe;
  • The impact of immigration issues on political debates and policies
  • Concerns raised by the impact of securitization on civil liberties and human rights.
  • The issue of environmental refugees.

Main Professor Biography

Professor Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia, educated at Sciences Po (Ph.D., HDR), is Professor at Rutgers - State University of New Jersey. She is also Senior Researcher affiliated to the CEVIPOF (Center for Political Research, Sciences Po Paris). Her recent publications include Les Frontières du Racisme (Presses de Sciences Po, 2011); Frontiers of Fears: Immigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe (Cornell University Press, 2012); and How Does it Feel to Be a Threat? Migrant Mobilization and Securitization in the US and Europe (Palgrave Macmillan, NYU Series, 2015).

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