Christian Egenhofer

christian.egenhofer@ceps.eu
+32 2 229 3956
Bio: 

Christian Egenhofer is a Senior Research Associate at the School of Transnational Governance at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence, Italy (since 2020). Previously, he has been Head of the Energy, Climate and Resources Programme and Director of Energy Climate House (2000-2019) at the Brussels-based thinktank Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS). He remains a CEPS Associate Senior Research Fellow to this day.

He is Visiting Professor at SciencesPo, Paris and College of Europe, Natolin/Poland. Previous university assignments included  the Free University of Brussels (U.L.B.); Guido Carli LUISS University, Rome; MGIMO, Moscow and the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee in Scotland/UK.

Preceding his position at CEPS, he was Director & Owner of IMPACT SPRL, a public affairs consulting group and for a brief spell worked at the Ministry for the Interior of Baden-Württemberg (Germany).

He has published 8 books and written more than 160 articles, book chapters or policy reports. Selected articles and book chapters have been translated into 9 languages.

He holds a Master in Business Administration of the University of Konstanz, Germany, and LLM (Public Law Degree, A-grade; qualifying exam for civil service).

 

Publications: 

Publications Christian Egenhofer

Status: 2013

 

 

Books

 

Egenhofer, C, S Kurpas, L van Schaik, P Kaczyński  (2011), Ever Changing Union – An introduction to the history, institutions and decision-making processes of the European Union, Second Edition. CEPS Paper

Gros, D and C Egenhofer (2010), Climate Change and Trade: Taxing carbon at the border? Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS)

Egenhofer, C, S Kurpas, L van Schaik (2009), Ever Changing Union – An introduction to the history, institutions and decision-making processes of the European Union, CEPS Paper

Egenhofer, C (2008) (ed), Beyond Bali: Strategic issues of the global climate change negotiations. CEPS Paperback, April (also contributing author)

Carraro, C and C Egenhofer (2007) (eds), Climate and Trade Policy. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, Ma, USA: Edward Elgar, ESRI Studies Series on the Environment (also contributing author)

Van Schaik, L, C Egenhofer, M Kaeding, A Hudson, J Núñez Ferrer (2006), Policy Coherence for development in the EU Council: Strategies for the Way forward. CEPS Paperback, July.

Egenhofer, C, J C Jansen, S Bakker, J Jussila Hammes (2006), Revisiting EU Policy Options for tackling Climate Change: a social cost-benefit analysis of GHG emissions reduction strategies. CEPS Paperback, November

Carraro C and Egenhofer C (2003), (eds), Firms, Governments and Climate Policy: Incentive-Based Policies Cheltenham UK and Northampton, Ma, USA: Edward Elgar, ESRI Studies Series on the Environment (also contributing author)

 

Other publications

2013

CEPS reports

Egenhofer, C, A Behrens, V Rizos and Monica Alessi, The pathway to low-carbon transport in the EU: from possibility to reality. CEPS Task Force Report

Egenhofer, C and M Alessi, EU Policy on Climate Change Mitigation since Copenhagen and the Economic Crisis. CEPS Working Document No. 380, March

Journals & book chapters

Egenhofer, C (forthcoming), ‘Climate change policy: does the EU need to go back to the drawing board?’, in: Lord Stern et al (eds), The Global Development Post-Durban Of Policy Regimes To Combat Climate Change (working title), World Scientific

Egenhofer, C (forthcoming), ‘The growing importance of carbon pricing in energy markets’, in: Goldthau, A (ed), Handbook of Global Energy, Chapter 17, Part IV: Global Energy and Sustainability, Wiley Blackwell

Treyer S, C Egenhofer and M Alessi (forthcoming May), ‘Water pricing, efficiency and EU resource policy’, in: Intereconomics, May

Egenhofer, C, A Behrens, N Fujiwara, A Marcu, J Theiss, Energy Efficiency and the ETS. Briefing, ITRE Committee, European Parliament, IP/A/ITRE/FWC/2008-004/lot4/C2/. Joint Project with Ludwig Bölkow Stiftung and Hinico, January

2012

CEPS reports

 

Egenhofer, C, M Alessi, J Teusch and J Nuñéz-Ferrer, Which economic model for a water-efficient Europe?, CEPS Task Force Report, November

Egenhofer, C, A Marcu and A Georgiev, Reviewing the EU ETS Review? CEPS Task Force Report, October 2012

Teusch, J., A Behrens, C Egenhofer, The Benefits of Investing in Electricity Transmission – Lessons from Northern Europe, CEPS Special Report, January

2011

CEPS reports

Emerson, M, Tocci, N, Youngs, R, Cassarino, J P, Egenhofer, C, Grevi, G, Gros, D, Global Matrix: a conceptual and organizational framework for researching the future of global governance. CEPS Working Document no. 355, July

Alessi, M & C Egenhofer, Space Observation Systems: an underused asset in EU and global climate change policy. CEPS Policy Brief 245, 28 June 2011

Nuñéz-Ferrer, J, C Egenhofer & M Alessi, The SET-Plan: From concept to successful implementation, CEPS Task Force Report, April 2011

Egenhofer, C, M Alessi, A Georgiev & Noriko Fujiwara, The EU Emissions Trading Scheme and Climate Policy towards 2050. CEPS Special Report 2011

Egenhofer, C, The EU should not shy away from setting CO2-related targets for transport, CEPS Policy Brief

Journals & book chapters

Egenhofer, C, ‘Perspectives on the EU carbon market’, in: UNEP Risø Centre (URC) (ed), Progressing towards post-2012 carbon markets. Perspectives Series 2011, pp. 25-34

Gros, D & C Egenhofer, ‘The case for taxing carbon at the border’, Climate Policy, 11 (5), Special Issue, 2011, pp. 1212-1225

Behrens, A and C Egenhofer, ‘Rethinking European Climate Policy’, Duffield, John S and Vicki L. Birchfield (eds), Toward a Common European Union Energy Policy: Problems, Progress, and Prospects. Palgrave Mcmillan, Chapter 10, pp. 217-234

Egenhofer, C & A Behrens, ‘The future of EU energy policy after Fukushima’, Intereconomics, Vol. 46, 3(2011), pp. 124-128; http://www.intereconomics.eu

Egenhofer, C & A Behrens, ‘Resource politics: the rapidly shifting EU energy policy agenda’, in Paul Heywood, Erik Jones, Martin Rhodes & Ulrich Sedelmeier (eds.), Developments in European Politics, 2nd edn., Palgrave Macmillan, Chapter 13, pp. 241-261

 

 

2010

CEPS reports

Gros, D and C Egenhofer, Decision Time for Europe on Climate Change: Keep the head buried in the sand or get tough? CEPS Commentary

 Egenhofer, C, M Alessi, J Nuñéz-Ferrer, Greening EU cities. The emerging EU strategy to address climate change.  CEPS Force Report.

Alessi, M, A Georgiev, C Egenhofer, Messages from Copenhagen: assessments of the Accord and Implications for the EU.  ECP Report No. 9, April

Fujiwara, N, C Egenhofer, A Georgiev, Getting started now: capacity building for the data systems foundations of sectoral approaches to climate change. CEPS Special report

Fujiwara, N and C Egenhofer, Understanding India’s Climate Agenda.  CEPS Policy Brief No. 2006; pp 7

Egenhofer, C and A Georgiev, Benchmarking in the EU: EU ETS lessons for the global climate change agenda.  CEPS Task Force Report

Egenhofer, C and A Georgiev, Why the transatlantic climate change partnership matters more than ever, CEPS Policy Brief

Journals & book chapters

 

Arnold, S,  Behrends, A, Egenhofer, C, Hunt, A, Markandya, A, van der Welle, A, van der Zwaan, B, ‘Electricity Supply Externalities: Energy Security’, in: Markandya, A, Bigano, A and Porchia, R, (eds), The Social Cost of Electricity. Edward Elgar

Nunez-Ferrer et al, Fiscal Implications of Climate Change Adaptation.  Study for DG ECFIN, European Commission (Project leader: Christian Egenhofer)

Egenhofer, C, ‘A Closer Look at the EU Climate Change Leadership’, in: Intereconomics, Vol. 45, No. 3 2010, pp. 167-170

Egenhofer, C, Climate change post-Copenhagen: The need for transatlantic cooperation

         24/02/201, FRIDE Policy Brief

Egenhofer, C., A. Behrens and A. Georgiev, ‘EU Strategies for Climate Change Policy Beyond 2012’, in Brauch, Hans Günter Brauch; Oswald Spring, Úrsula; Grin, John;  Mesjasz, Czeslaw;  Kameri-Mbote, Patricia; Behera, Navnita Chadha; Chourou, Béchir; Krummenacher, Heinz (Eds.), Facing Global Environmental Change -Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts. Berlin: Springer Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace, Volume 4

Egenhofer, C, A. Behrens and N. Fujiwara EU Energy Efficiency Policy – Achievements and Outlook, Study requested by the European Parliament ITRRE Committee (IP/A/ITRE/ST/2010-02&03; PE 451.482); joint project with Ludwig Bölkow Systemtechnik, HINICIO, VITO and College of Europe, December

Egenhofer, C, A. Behrens and J. Nuñéz-Ferrer, Assessment of Potential and Promotion of New Generation of Renewable Technologies, Study requested by the European Parliament ITRRE Committee (IP/A/ITRE/ST/2009-11&12; PE 440.278); joint project with Ludwig Bölkow Systemtechnik, HINICIO, VITO and College of Europe, June

Egenhofer, C, A. Behrens and A. Rönnholm, EU Energy Markets in Gas and Electricity – State of Play of Implementation and Transposition, Study requested by the European Parliament ITRRE Committee (IP/A/ITRE/ST/2009-14 MAY 2010; PE 433.459); joint project with Ludwig Bölkow Systemtechnik, HINICIO and VITO, May

2009

CEPS reports

 

Egenhofer, C and A Georgiev, 'The Copenhagen Accord: A first stab at deciphering the implications for the EU. Commentary, 25 December 2009.

CEPS, Time for Action: Immediate priorities for the new Commission. CEPS Special Report

Vijgen, J and C Egenhofer, Obsolete Pesticides: a ticking time bomb and why we have to act now. CEPS Special Report (translated into Russian, Mongolian, Armenian).

Checchi, A, Behrens, A, Egenhofer, C., Long-term energy security risks for Europe: a sector-specific approach. CEPS Working Document No. 309, January

Journals & book chapters

Egenhofer, C, D Pumphrey et al, Accelerating Transatlantic Climate Change Cooperation for Copenhagen and Beyond, Atlantic Council  

Egenhofer, C, ‘The New EU Emissions Trading Scheme: A Blueprint for the Global Carbon Market?’, Harris J and N Goodwin (eds), 21st Century Macroeconomics: Responding to the Climate Challenge. Cheltenham UK and Northampton MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009 (Chapter 11, pp. 250-268)

2008

CEPS reports

Egenhofer, C, The Revision of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme – A CEPS Task Force Report for the discussions of the Commission’s Proposal in Council and Parliament, November

Fujiwara, N, Georgiev, A and C Egenhofer, Financing Mitigation and adaptation: where should the funds come from and how should they be delivered? ECP Report No. 7, October

Egenhofer, C, The demonstration phase for carbon capture and storage: the case for public support. CEPS Policy Brief No. 174

Behrens, A, Nunez Ferrer, J and Egenhofer, C, Financial implications of climate change: implications for the EU budget. CEPS Working Document No. 300

Fujiwara, N. and C. Egenhofer, Making the most of the G8+5 Climate Change Process – Accelerating structural change and technology diffusion on a global scale, CEPS Task Force, June  2008, CEPS, Brussels.

Egenhofer, C., B Kjellén, S. Kartha and V Kumar, Positive incentives for climate change action: some reflections, ECP Report # 5, June, European Climate Platform: Brussels

Asbjørn A., Berkhout, F., McEvoy, D., Mechler, R., Neufeldt, H., Patt, A., Watkiss, P., Wreford, A., Kundzewicz, Z., Lavalle, C., Egenhofer, C., Adaptation to Climate Change: Why is it needed and how can it be implemented? CEPS Policy Brief 161, June

Egenhofer, C and N Fujiwara, Global sectoral industry approaches to address climate change:  The way forward. CEPS Task Force Report, May.

Behrens, A and C Egenhofer, Energy Policy for Europe: Identifying the European Added-Value. CEPS Task Force Report, March

 

Journals & book chapters

Egenhofer, C and N Fujiwara, ‘Sectoral approaches to address climate change: more than wishful thinking?’ European Review of Energy Markets – Special  Issue on Incentives for a low-carbon energy future , 251-268, 2(3), June

Egenhofer, C ‘Noch keine Europäische Energieaussenpolitik’, in: Braml et al, Weltverträgliche Energiesicherheitspolitik. Jahrbuch Internationale Politick 2005/2006, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik, München: R Oldenbourg Verlag, 2008,

Egenhofer, C ‘From inconvenient truths to a Copenhagen Protocol?’, in: C Egenhofer, Beyond Bali: Strategic issues of the global climate change negotiations. CEPS Paperback, pp. 1-10

Fujiwara, N and C Egenhofer, What Lessons can be learned from the EU Emissions Trading Scheme? CEPS Policy Brief No. 153 (February) - Policy Brief published in a bilingual English-Japanese version. The Japanese version was originally published in Nihon Keizai Shimbun, 14 February 2008.

Murphy, D, J Drexhage, A Cosby, D Tirpak and C Egenhofer, Furthering EU Objectives on Climate Change and Energy - building partnerships with major developing economies. International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Egenhofer, C, Behrens, A and Nunez Ferrer, J, Does the EU have sufficient resources to meet its objectives on energy policy and climate change? Report prepared for the European Parliament (Specific contract No. IP/D/BUDGET/CONT/FWF/2006-072/lot 3/C1/SC 3)

2007

CEPS reports

Egenhofer, C, L Milford, N Fujiwara, T Brewer and M Alessi, Low-carbon technologies in the post-Bali period: accelerating their development and deployment. European Climate Platform Report No. 4, CEPS: Brussels.

Egenhofer, C, N Fujiwara and B Stigson, Testing global sectoral industry approaches to address climate change, Interim Report of CEPS Task Force.

Egenhofer, C and N Fujiwara, Shaping the Global Arena: Preparing the EU Emissions Trading Scheme for the Post-2012 Period.  CEPS Task Force Report, March

Egenhofer, C, Looking for the cure-all? Targets and the new EU Energy Strategy. CEPS Policy Brief No. 118

Journals & book chapters

Egenhofer, C ‘The Making of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme: Status, Prospects and Implications for Business’, European Management Journal, Vol. 25, No. 6, pp.453-463, December 2007. 

Carraro, C and C Egenhofer (eds), Climate and Trade Policy. Cheltenham, UK and Nothhampton, Ma, USA: Edward Elgar, ESRI Studies Series on the Environment.

Carraro, C, C Egenhofer and N Fujiwara, ‘Bottom-up approaches towards a global climate agreement: an overview”, in: C Carraro and C Egenhofer (Eds), Climate and Trade Policy. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, Ma, USA: Edward Elgar, ESRI Studies Series on the Environment, pp. 1-15

Fujiwara, N and C Egenhofer, ‘Do regional integration approaches hold lessons for climate change regime formation? The case of differentiated integration in Europe’, in: C Carraro and C Egenhofer (Eds), Climate and Trade Policy. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, Ma, USA: Edward Elgar, ESRI Studies Series on the Environment, pp. 42-69

Carraro, C and C Egenhofer, ‘Bottom-up approaches to climate change control: some policy conclusions’, in: C Carraro and C Egenhofer (Eds), Climate and Trade Policy. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, Ma, USA: Edward Elgar, ESRI Studies Series on the Environment, pp. 116-120

Egenhofer, C, ‘Integrating Security of Supply, Market Liberalisation and Climate Change’, in: M Emerson (ed), Readings in European Security, Volume 4.  CEPS Paperbacks, pp. 79-98

2006

CEPS reports

Carrera, S et al, Priorities for the Finnish Presidency, July-December 2006. CEPS Working Document # 248

Egenhofer, C, N Fujiwara, M Åhman, L Zetterberg, The EU Emissions Trading Scheme: Taking Stock and looking ahead. ECP Report # 2

Fujiwara, C, J Nunez-Ferrer, C Egenhofer, The political economy of environmental taxation in the EU, CEPS Working Document # 245

Egenhofer, C and N Fujiwara, “Reviewing the EU Emissions Trading Scheme – Part II” Update of CEPS Task Force Report of 2005, March 2006

Journals & book chapters

Egenhofer, C and J Jansen, ‘A timetable for harmonisation of support schemes for renewable electricity in the EU’, European Review of Energy Markets, Vol 1 (2); pp. 57-83

Egenhofer, C and L van Schaik, ‘Narrowing the Transatlantic Climate Change Divide’, EuroFuture, 2/2006 (Spring), pp. 52-55

Kruger, J and C Egenhofer, ‘Confidence through compliance in Emissions trading markets’. Sustainable Development Law & Policy, Vol. VI (2); pp. 2-13 (Climate Law Special Edition 2006)

2005

CEPS reports

Egenhofer, C, Technology in a Post-2012 Transatlantic Perspective.  CEPS Policy Brief # 86 December 2005

Jansen, J C, K Gialoglou and C Egenhofer, Market stimulation of renewable electricity in the EU: What degree of harmonisation of support mechanisms is required?,  CEPS Task Force Report

Egenhofer, C, L van Schaik and D Cornland, Improving the Clean Development Mechanism, Report for presentation at the UNFCCC side event in Montréal, Canada, European Climate Pltaform (ECP)

Van Schaik, L and C Egenhofer, The state of the CDM Debate, ECP Background paper # 1, European Climate Platform (ECP), October 2005

Egenhofer, C and N Fujiwara, Reviewing the EU Emissions Trading Scheme. CEPS Task Force Report

Egenhofer, C and L van Schaik, “Towards a global climate regime: priority areas for a coherent EU strategy”. CEPS Task Force Report, May

Van Schaik, L and C Egenhofer, Improving the Climate – Will the new Constitution strengthen the EU’s performance in international climate negotiations?, CEPS Policy Brief, No. 63, February

Egenhofer, C, N Fujiwara and K Gialoglou, Business consequences of the EU emissions trading scheme. CEPS Task Force Report, February

Journals & book chapters

Egenhofer, C, ‘The role of technology in the EU-US climate change debate: the (only)way forward?’, in: Friedemann Müller and Alex Riechel (Eds.), Options for Future Climate Policy: Transatlantic Perspectives. INTACT/SWP: Berlin October 2005, pp. 79-90

Egenhofer, C, ‘Climate change: Could a transatlantic greenhouse gas emissions market work?’, Hamilton, D S and J P Quinlan (eds), Deep Integration. Center for Transatlantic Relations. Johns Hopkins University, Washington D.C.

2004

CEPS reports

Egenhofer, C and K Gialoglou, Rethinking the EU regulatory strategy for the internal energy market”, CEPS Task Force Report

Egenhofer, C and N Fujiwara, The completion of the EU emissions trading scheme and the emerging global climate regime. CEPS Task Force Report

Journals & book chapters

Egenhofer, C et al, ‘Market-based options for security of energy supply’, FEEM Working Paper 117.04, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Milano

Egenhofer, C and N Fujiwara, Institutional requirements. CATEP Policy Brief on emissions trading no. 4

2003

CEPS reports

Egenhofer, C and K Gialoglou, Rethinking the EU regulatory strategy for the internal energy market”. CEPS Task Force Report

Van Schaik, L and C Egenhofer, Reform of the EU Institutions: Implications for the EU’s performance in climate negotiations .CEPS Policy Brief No. 40

Journals & book chapters

Egenhofer, C and P ten Brink, “Les instruments des politiques de l’environnement”. Notes de Benchmarking international. Institut de l’entreprise, France

Egenhofer, C, ‘The compatibility of the Kyoto mechanisms with traditional environmental instruments’; in: Carraro C and Egenhofer C (eds), Firms, Governments and Climate Policy: Incentive-Based Policies Cheltenham UK and Northampton, Ma, USA: Edward Elgar, ESRI Studies Series on the Environment

 

 

2002

CEPS reports

Egenhofer, C and T Legge, EU Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading: Conditions for Environmental effectiveness and Economic Efficiency.  CEPS Working Party Report

Journals & book chapters

Tangen, K et al, Russian Green Investment Scheme: Potential for Co-operation of Green Investment Strategies.  Report for Climate Strategies.

C Egenhofer et al, ‘Fitting a GIS into the EU-Russian framework of cooperation’, in: Tangen, K et al, Russian Green Investment Scheme: Potential for Co-operation of Green Investment Strategies.  Report for Climate Strategies.

2001 and before

CEPS reports

Egenhofer, C and T Legge, Security of Energy Supply: A question for policy or the markets?  CEPS Working Party Report, 2001

Schulz, W and C Egenhofer, Completing Energy Reform in Central and Eastern Europe”, CEPS Working Party Report, 2000

Egenhofer, C, Applying Economic Instruments in EU Environment Policy, CEPS Business Policy Report No. 2, 1996

Egenhofer, C (ed), Economic Instruments in EU Environment Policy. With contributions by Jos Delbeke, European Commission, Michel Potier, OECD, and Pirita Sorsa, IMF.  CEPS Business Policy Report No. 1, 1996

Slot, P J and Egenhofer, C, Re-launching the Debate on Energy Policy, White Paper for the Commission of the EC, DG XVII, CEPS Special Report No. 4, 1993

Journals & book chapters

Egenhofer, C, ‘Politika trga elecktrične energije v evropski uniji’ (Energy policy in the EU), in: Andrej Klemenc (Ed.), Mizica Pogrni se in Lonček Kuhaj.  Slovenski E-Forum. Ljubliana 1999 (only available in Slovenian).

Egenhofer, C, ‘Die Strommarktpolitik der europäischen Union’, in CIPRA (Commission Internationale pour la Protection des Alpes): Energiezukunft Alpen - Die Öffnung der Strommärkte und die Folgen für die Berggebiete.  CIPRA Band 1998/16 (translated into French, Italian and Slovenian), 1998

Egenhofer, C, ‘What lessons to be learned from the UK’.  Introduction in: Peter Vass (Ed.), Network Industries in Europe: Preparing for Competition. London (Centre for the study of Regulated Industries) 1998 

Egenhofer, C, ‘The European Public Service Charter and Universal Service Obligations’, in: Vass, P (ed) Universal Service Obligations - A Policy Review. London: CRI (Centre for the Study of Regulated Industries), 1996

Egenhofer, C and G C Goy, Europäische Energiepolitik vor der Regierungskonferenz 1996/97, Vierteljahreshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Vol. 65, No 3, 1996, pp. 369-380

Egenhofer, C, ‘Utilities Policy and the European Union: An Overview’, in: Vass, P (Ed), Regulatory Review 1995. London (Centre for the study of Regulated Industries)

Egenhofer, C, ‘A French retreat? Opposition to Utility Deregulation, in: Utility Week, October 1994

Pelkmans, J and C Egenhofer, ‘Defizite in Politikfeldern der EG-Integration,’ in: Jakobeit & Yenal (Ed.), Gesamteuropa. Leske & Budrich: Opladen 1993. 

Egenhofer, C, ‘EC Energy Policy’, in: CEPS Annual Review of EC Affairs 1991, London CEPS/Brassey’s 1992

Egenhofer, C, ‘EC Transport Policy’, in: CEPS Annual Review of EC Affairs 1991, London CEPS/Brassey’s 1992

 

 

 

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