Downsian Convergence on Non-Policy Issues

LIEPP seminar - June 6th 2019 - 12:30-14:30
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

L'axe Evaluation de la démocratie du LIEPP a le plaisir de vous inviter au séminaire: 

Downsian Convergence on Non-Policy Issues: Evidence from Campaign Manifestos at French Legislative Elections

suivi de 

Money and Ideology: Evidence from French Legislative elections

Caroline Le Pennec

Jeudi 6 juin 2019

12h30 - 14h30 

Salle du LIEPP

254 boulevard Saint Germain, 75007 Paris 

Inscription

Présentation: 

Downsian Convergence on Non-Policy Issues: Evidence from Campaign Manifestos at French Legislative Elections (joint with Paul Vertier)

In this paper we assess the extent to which individual politicians respond to electoral competition when policy positions are exogenously determined by their party and cannot be credibly altered. We exploit the natural variation in competition in two-round elections. More specifically, we assemble a unique dataset of about 30,000 manifestos circulated by candidates to the French legislative elections before each election round, between 1958 and 1993. Using computational text analysis, we scale manifestos on a left-to-right axis and show that candidates who make it to the runoff moderate their discourse before the second round. This convergence pattern toward the center of a left-to-right scale is not due to a change in views on policy issues. Instead, candidates move away from their party platform and campaign on more personalized and consensual arguments. We provide additional evidence that discourse moderation does not imply policy convergence but reflects convergence on non-policy issues. In particular, candidates who moderate their discourse the most seem less aligned with their voters' preferred platform and have lower chances of winning than other candidates from the same party. Conditional on being elected, they tend to engage in more legislative activity while in office - especially in activities related to constituency service.

Our empirical findings are consistent with a simple model where politicians choose strategically whether to campaign on - and later provide - policy or non-policy representation. As such, they have implications for our understanding of electoral competition and downsian convergence as a mechanism to provide 'good' representation, even when policy positions are fixed.

Money and Ideology: Evidence from French Legislative elections (joint with Julia Cage and Elisa Mougin)

We study the impact of corporate donations on the campaigning messages of the French Member of Parliament candidates and then on the subsequent parliamentary activity of the elected candidates. We construct a novel dataset that combines data on the type and amount of money received by the candidates and the contents of their political manifestos, as well as information on the bills their propose and on their questions to the members of the Government. We first analyze the determinants of corporate donations. Using textual analysis methods, we then examine whether the amount and the nature of donations influence electoral messages. More precisely, we study the impact of donations on candidate polarization and coherence with parties' stance and discourses. Considering the elected candidates, we finally analyze how their funding impact their subsequent parliamentary activity. Our data cover the 9th, 10th, and 11th legislatures: we exploit the French reform of 1988 that allow candidates to receive donations as a first shock on funding and the 1995 ban on corporate donations as a second shock, and use a difference-in-differences strategy to test for the effects of funding.

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Construire les politiques de lutte contre la pauvreté urbaine à partir du terrain ?

International meeting, July 4 and 5, 2019 - 9h00-18h30
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

[language : french] 

Le LIEPP a le plaisir de vous inviter au colloque international : 

Construire les politiques de lutte contre la pauvreté urbaine à partir du terrain ?


De l'analyse de la mise en oeuvre des politiques publiques à l'identification des processus d'insertion sociale et économique 

4 et 5 juillet 2019

9h00 - 18h30

Amphitéâtre Simone Veil 

28 rue des Saints Pères, 75007 Paris

Inscription obligatoire

Présentation : 

Ce colloque entend contribuer aux débats en cours sur la lutte contre la pauvreté en examinant les jeux d’acteurs liés à la mise en œuvre des instruments des politiques de lutte contre la pauvreté urbaine. Pendant ces deux jours, les chercheurs seront invités à échanger leurs points de vue avec les acteurs institutionnels et les acteurs de terrain (professionnels de l’action sociale, militants associatifs, personnes en situation précaire). Ces échanges serviront de base à l’écriture d’un texte commun jetant les bases d’une approche de la lutte contre la pauvreté à partir du terrain, et à large diffusion.

Il est organisé par le Centre d'études européenes (CEE), l'Ecole Urbaine Sciences Po, le LIEPP, l'Université de Tours, CITERES, Université de Poitiers et MIGRINTER.

Programme général (pdf)

Programme détaillé des ateliers


Programme : 

Jeudi 4 juillet 2019, 9h00 - 18h30

9h00 - 9h30 : Accueil des participants

9h30 - 10h15 : Présentation du colloque par les organisateurs

10h15 - 13h00 : Travail en atelier :  Présentation et discussion des contributions individuelles 

13h00 - 14h00 : Déjeuner

14h00 - 17h00 : Travail en atelier (suite) : Réflexions collectives à partir de la synthèse des contributions écrites

17h00 - 17h30 : Pause-café 

17h30 - 18h30 : Présentation du documentaire réalisé par les étudiantes et étudiants du double diplôme Comparative Urban Governance de l’École Urbaine de Sciences Po dans le cadre du colloque et discussion avec les réalisateurs (Charles Béna, Raphaël Bonet, Laure Guimbail, Paloma Labbé, Maria Ruiz, sous la supervision de Xavier Crombé)

 

Vendredi 5 juillet 2019, 9h00 - 17h00

9h00 - 9h30 : Accueil 

9h30 - 11h30 : Restitution des travaux des ateliers en assemblée plénière et discussion collective (1)

11h30 - 11h45 : Pause-café

11h45-13h00 : Restitution des travaux des ateliers en assemblée plénière et discussion collective (2)

13h00 - 14h00 : Déjeuner 

14h00 - 15h30 : Synthèse des échanges par les organisateurs et discussion autour d’une trame de rédaction pour le texte collectif

15h30 - 15h45 : Pause-café  

15h45 - 17h00 : Échanges sur les suites éventuelles à donner au colloque

 

 

Economists as Policy-Makers

Seminar LIEPP/CEVIPOF June 11, 2019 - 12h15 -13h45
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

 

LIEPP and CEVIPOF are glad to invite you to attend the seminar : 

Economists as Policy-Makers 

Tuesday June 11th, 2019

12h15 - 13h45

Room Percheron 

98 rue de l'Université, 75007 Paris 

Please register here

 

Presentation : 

 

 Joachim Wehner

 Associate Professor in Public Policy 

 London School of Economics and Political Science

 

Finance ministers in the UK have never had an advanced economics education, while in democratic Chile they almost always have a PhD in economics. Why is there such variation in the use of economists as policy-makers – and why should we care? Based on joint research by Mark Hallerberg (Hertie School of Governance) and Joachim Wehner (London School of Economics and Political Science), the seminar introduces a dataset with unique biographical information about the educational and occupational background of 1200 political leaders, finance ministers, and central bank governors from 40 developed democracies from 1973 to 2010, as well as first results from an analysis of the forces of supply and demand for economists. The data show that left leaders appoint economic policy-makers who are more highly trained in economics and finance ministers who are less likely to have private finance backgrounds but more likely to be former central bankers. Finance ministers appointed during financial crises are less likely to have a financial services background. A leader’s exposure to economics training is also related to appointments. This suggests one crucial mechanism for affecting economic policy is through the selection of certain types of economic policy-makers. Next steps in the broader research project include assessing economists’ performance in office in both political and economic terms and the implications for political stability and economic prosperity.

The Rule of Law in Global Governance

Seminar LIEPP/CSO June 17th 2019, 12h00 - 13h45
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

LIEPP and CSO are glad to invite you to attend the seminar : 

The Rule of Law in Global Governance 

Monday June 17th 2019

12h00 - 13h45

Room LIEPP

254 boulevard Saint Germain, 75007 Paris 

Please register here

 

Presentation : 

 

 Ian Hurd

 Professor of Political Sciences

 University of Northwestern

 

Contemporary accounts of international law in global governance rest on a liberal model law. It sees international law in cooperative terms, as a set of choices made by governments that produce both individual and mutual gains. This begins with the idea that there is a harmony of interests across society and it ends with the prescription that governments should follow international law. However, global governance looks very different if we start instead by paying attention to inequality and differences of opinion: if we assume that laws and institutions advance some interests at the expense of others, then international law comes to be seen as taking sides in political struggles over the distribution of gains and loses in society. The ‘losers’ in global governace are not visible to the liberal approach, with the effect that liberal internationalism approaches fantasy as an analysis of global politics. This article sets the liberal approach alongside a more political alternative and shows how different intuitions about the relation between law and politics produce different conceptual, political, and methodological programs for scholars of global governance.

Discussion :

 

 

 Horatia Muir Watt

 PhD in Private International Law

 University of Paris II-Assas