Trickle-Down Effects of Affirmative Action: A Case Study in France
- Actualité Sciences Po
Seminar organized by the LIEPP resarch group discriminations and category-based policies
Presentation by José de Sousa.
Project realized with Muriel Niederle (Standford)
Tuesday 1st December
13h00 - 14h00
Abstract: We study chess, an activity where we have access to the universe of participants, a universal and quite accurate measure of performance ability, and where an affirmative action quota has been implemented on the elite level, the French club championship, several decades ago. We find that on the club championship level women perform better over time, to a degree that they outperform more and more men. Furthermore, the quota effects trickle-down on the national level with female players becoming more prevalent, especially at the non-youth level. Both, the increase in representation, as well as the performance gains of female players in France are not due to time trends, since they are not reflected in other EU15 countries. Finally, the gains of women do not appear to come at the cost of men. We end with a discussion on how the findings in chess can apply to other environments.