Nouvelles thèses 2018-2019 à l'OSC

  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po
Tags :

How the Reification of Merit Breeds Inequality: Theory and Experimental Evidence

Fabien Accominotti
Séminaire scientifique de l'OSC, 25 janvier 2019
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Séminaire scientifique de l'OSC 2018-2019

98, rue de l'Université 75007 Paris - salle Annick Percheron

vendredi 25 janvier 2019 de 11h30 à 13h

Fabien Accominotti (LSE)

How the Reification of Merit Breeds Inequality: Theory and Experimental Evidence

In a variety of social contexts, measuring merit or performance is a crucial step toward enforcing meritocratic ideals. At the same time, workable measures are bound to obfuscate the fuzziness and ambiguity of merit, i.e. to reify performance into an artificially crisp and clear-cut thing, such as a rating for example. This paper explores how the reification of employee performance in organizations contributes to legitimize inequality in employee compensation. It reports the findings of a large-scale experiment asking participants to divide a year-end bonus between a set of employees, based on the reading of their annual performance reviews. In the experiment’s non-reified condition, reviews are narrative evaluations. In the reified condition, the same narrative evaluations are accompanied by a crisp rating of the employees’ performance on a scale ranging from “unacceptable” to “exceptional.”

We find that participants are more willing to reward employees unequally when performance is reified, even though employees’ levels of performance do not vary across conditions: most notably, the bonus gap between top- and bottom-performing employees increases by 20% between our non-reified and reified conditions; and it rises by another 10% when performance is presented as a quantified score. Further analyses of the mechanisms at play suggest that reification acts by making participants more accepting of the idea that individuals are indeed more or less talented and valuable, thereby increasing their willingness to reward them unequally. This has direct implications for understanding the legitimacy of economic inequality in contemporary societies – and ultimately for working toward curbing such inequality.

Fabien Accominotti (LSE)

Fabien Accominotti 
Assistant Professor, 
Department of Sociology, 
London School of Economics and Political Science



Register is mandatory for external audience (bernard.corminboeuf@sciencespo.fr).

Tags :

Motherhood Penalty, Immigration, and Ethnicity. The Case of France

Noa Achouche Sulzer
Séminaire scientifique de l'OSC, 9 novembre 2018
Tags :

Ezgi Pinar & Matthew Soener

See(k)ing Authoritarianism Through Labour Regime | Sites and Sources of Financialization (2 talks)
OSC and MaxPo Seminar,16 November 2018
  • Actualité Sciences PoActualité Sciences Po

Joint Seminar OSC & MaxPo

98, rue de l'Université 75007 Paris - Annick Percheron room

Friday 16 November 2018, 11h - 13h

Ezgi Pinar (Research Fellow, OSC & MaxPo)

Matthew Soener (Postdoctoral Fellow, OSC & MaxPo)

 

See(k)ing Authoritarianism Through Labour Regime

Ezgi PinarThis talk is motivated by the need of understanding the dynamics of the authoritarianism discussions and by the need of pointing out conceptual and theoretical drawbacks of existing analyses. Authoritarianism has been on the research agenda of political scientists for a while now and Turkey attracts scholars in this respect. The discussions revolve around the state of emergency discussions and increasing security measures and repressive politics and rising of an authoritarian leader.  I will suggest to go beyond the super-structural analyses and look at the labour side of the issue to have an integrative analysis of the existing political regime in Turkey. Based on the this labour-oriented perspective, I would argue that the so-called authoritarianism in Turkey has a long-history soaring the state of emergency regime in Turkey.  Recalling conceptual and theoretical concerns to the regime discussions is fundamental aim of my research. Turkish case is utilized for the sake of these concerns as a current and internationally debated sample.

Ezgi Pinar is Visiting Researcher at Sciences Po, graduated from Istanbul University.

 
The Sites and Sources of Financialization: Accounting for the Financial Turn Among Non-Financial Companies Across 37 Countries.


Matthew SoenerNon-Financial companies today devote more earnings to financial ends leaving fewer resources to productive investment and other stakeholders like workers. This “financialized” behavior carries many negative consequences. However, we do not know what concrete mechanisms explain it. I test why non-financial sector companies financialize with a novel firm-level database in 37 countries from 1991-2014. Additionally, I weigh in on whether financialization owes to national-level differences or firm-level dynamics.

Matthew Soener is Postdoctoral fellow, graduated from The Ohio State University.

Register is mandatory for external audience (bernard.corminboeuf@sciencespo.fr).

Tags :

Séminaire doctoral du CSO, Jeremy Ward

Les vaccins : des controverses aux comportements
Vendredi 26 octobre 2018
Tags :