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La coopération internationale dans le secteur de l’armement. Apports et critiques de la littérature à la lumière du cas français
Defense policy, Europeanization, France, Multinational corporations, Political economy, Theory of International Relations, Questions de recherche
Samuel B. H. Faure
This article focuses on the decision-making dilemma of arms procurement policy. Why does a State decide sometimes to cooperate internationally with other States and their defense industries, to buy military goods such as jet fighters, tanks and warships, and why does it decide sometimes to not cooperate and prefers autarky? To answer this Research Question, this article brings in the form of a literature review, all the contributions in political science (almost hundred references) that explain this decisional variation. The aim is to map all explanatory models of this dilemma by testing their theoretical and methodological proposals on the case of France, to identify their main contributions and their weakness.
Borders, Central and Eastern Europe, European Union, Europeanization, Memory and politics of the past, Nationalism, Russia, Russian Federation, Sovereignty, State, Territory, Ukraine, Wars / Conflicts, Western Europe, Les études du CERI
One week before the third Eastern Partnership summit in Vilnius on November 28-29, 2013, Ukraine suspended the preparation of an association agreement with the European Union, which had been under negotiation since 2007. When the agreement was finally signed in June 2014, President Yanukovych had fled the country under people’s pressure, and the integrity of Ukraine was challenged in the East by separatists and their Russian allies. These events came paradoxically at a time when the country's cohesion seemed stronger than in the 1990s. Far from being divided into two parts, Ukraine consists of the pieces of broken empires that all have good reasons to join in the state, as recent as this one may be. Indeed, its geography, electoral or economic, does not show a split between two blocks, but various lines of division that do not necessarily herald the breaking up of the state. Since the independence, this diversity had never been translated into new institutions: for several reasons, the reshaping of the centralized regime inherited from the Soviet era was deemed untimely by the country’s political forces. Presented as a priority by the members of the Parliament elected in 2014, the reform of territorial government is being implemented while Ukraine’s driving regions are either paralyzed or threatened by war.
Bulgaria, Central and Eastern Europe, Democratization, Europeanization, Fight against crime and corruption, Governance, Politics / Political Systems, Social policy, Les dossiers du CERI
Central and Eastern Europe, Czech Republic, Democratization, Europeanization, Governance, Hungary, Identities, Poland, Politics / Political Systems, Regional integration, Les dossiers du CERI
Central and Eastern Europe, Democratization, Europeanization, Governance, Hungary, Nationalism, Political order, Politics / Political Systems, Regional integration, State, Les dossiers du CERI
Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale et d'Eurasie 2014 (Volume 1 : Europe centrale et orientale)
Albania, Central and Eastern Europe, Croatia, Czech Republic, Diasporas, Economic transactions, Economy, Estonia, European Union, Europeanization, Hungary, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Markets / Finance, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Political economy, Regional integration, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Trade, Wars / Conflicts, Les études du CERI
Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)
Central and Eastern Europe, Energy / Natural resources, European Union, Europeanization, Regional integration, Western Europe, Les dossiers du CERI
The EU’s external energy policy and the neighbouring suppliers Azerbaijan and Algeria: Is the pipeline half full or half empty?
Algeria, Azerbaijan, Caucasus / Central Asia, Defense policy, Energy / Natural resources, European Union, Europeanization, Foreign policy, North Africa, Security policy, Western Europe, Les dossiers du CERI
Tableau de bord des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale et d’Eurasie 2013 (Volume 1 : Europe centrale et orientale)
Albania, Balkans, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Economic transactions, Economy, Energy / Natural resources, Estonia, European Union, Europeanization, Former Yugoslavia, Hungary, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Markets / Finance, Montenegro, Multilateralism, Multinational corporations, Nationalism, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Western Europe, Les études du CERI
Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)
Le transfert d’expérience de l’Europe centrale et orientale vers le voisinage européen : rhétorique ou réalité ? Les cas polonais et tchèque
Central and Eastern Europe, Czech Republic, European Union, Europeanization, NGOs / Civil society, Poland, Politics / Political Systems, Transnational actors, Les études du CERI
After joining the European Union in 2004 or 2007, all Central and Eastern European countries have expressed their will to transfer their experience of democratization, transition to market economy and introduction of the rule of law to other regions in transition. They have influenced in particular the launching of an EU policy towards the East, which was so far rather absent, and of the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2003. The rhetoric developed is particularly strong and visible, but what about the implementation of the aid policies to transition? Which reality does the political discourse entail, both in its bilateral and multilateral dimensions? Central and Eastern European countries do not represent a homogeneous bloc of countries and have constructed their foreign policy discourse on older ideological traditions and different geographical priorities. Despite the commitment of a group of actors from civil society and reforms in the field of development policy, the scarce means at disposal would need to be better mobilized in order to meet expectations. In the context of the economic crisis, the search for a concensus on interests to protect and means to mobilize, like through the Visegrad Group and other formats like the Weimar Triangle, appears to be a meaningful option to follow in order to reinforce the coherence of foreign policy actions implemented.