Assistive technologies

Web best practice promotes access to content, especially through the use of assistive technologies

Accessibility ensures universal access to the web through different means:

  • improving features for browsers (personalized viewing, favorites, history) and sites (efficient and permanent structure, rapid access, etc.)
  • ensuring access to all information, especially the content of images, videos, and animations
  • offering alternative content, if necessary
  • facilitating access through the use of assistive technologies

Assistive technologies enable or facilitate the use of computers and access to content, whether office applications or web, as well as content creation. They include:

  • software aids, like screen readers and magnifiers
  • hardware aids, including mice, keyboards, microphones, trackballs, Braille terminals, etc.

The "voice" speaking in the video on the "Digital accessibility" page is a voice synthesizer that reads the text displayed on the screen using screen reader software.

At the Sciences Po library, there are soundproof booths equipped for the visually impaired. They have voice synthesizers, screen magnifiers, character recognition for scanned documents, and a Braille keyboard and printer.

A range of mechanisms are in place to ensure access for the hearing impaired to videos, or more generally to events such as conferences and debates, including:

  • simultaneous textual transcription on screens
  • sign language interpretation
  • subtitling of video
  • textual transcription

On this Onine Tools site, we have opted for a text transcript for each video, providing the content of the entire interview (for the hearing impaired) and a description of important onscreen information (for the visually impaired).