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William Schabas

w.schabas@mdx.ac.uk
+44 (0) 74.28784703

 

Courses
Spring 2015:
  • The International Criminal Court and Human Rights
Fall 2015:
  • International Human Rights Law
Spring 2016:
  • The International Criminal Court and Human Rights
Fall 2016:
  • International Human Rights Law
Spring 2017:
  • The International Criminal Court and Human Rights
Fall 2017:
  • International Human Rights Law
  • Law and Conflict
PSIA Programs: Master in Human Rights and Humanitarian Action, Concentration in Human Rights and Humanitarian Action, Master in International Security, Master in International Public Management

Biography

Professor William A. Schabas is professor of international law at Middlesex University in London. He is also professor of international human law and human rights at Leiden University, emeritus professor of human rights law at the National University of Ireland Galway and honorary chairman of the Irish Centre for Human Rights, invited visiting scholar at the Paris School of International Affairs (Sciences Politiques), honorary professor at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, visiting fellow of Kellogg College of the University of Oxford, and professeur associé at the Université du Québec à Montréal. Prof. Schabas is a ‘door tenant’ at the chambers of 9 Bedford Row, in London.

Professor Schabas holds BA and MA degrees in history from the University of Toronto and LLB, LLM and LLD degrees from the University of Montreal, as well as honorary doctorates in law from several universities. He is the author of more than twenty books dealing in whole or in part with international human rights law, including: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: travaux préparatoires (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013); Unimaginable Atrocities, Justice, Politics and Rights at the War Crimes Tribunals (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), The International Criminal Court: A Commentary on the Rome Statute (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), Introduction to the International Criminal Court (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, 4th ed.), Genocide in International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2nd ed., 2009) and The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 3rd ed.). He has also published more than 300 articles in academic journals, principally in the field of international human rights law and international criminal law. His writings have been translated into Russian, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Nepali and Albanian.

Professor Schabas is editor-in-chief of Criminal Law Forum, the quarterly journal of the International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law. He is President of the Irish Branch of the International Law Association and chair of the International Institute for Criminal Investigation. From 2002 to 2004 he served as one of three international members of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Professor Schabas has worked as a consultant on capital punishment for the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, and drafted the 2010 report of the Secretary-General on the status of the death penalty (UN Doc. E/2010/10).

Professor Schabas was named an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2006. He was elected a member of the Royal Irish Academy in 2007. He has been awarded the Vespasian V. Pella Medal for International Criminal Justice of the Association internationale de droit pénal, and the Gold Medal in the Social Sciences of the Royal Irish Academy.

Publications

 

Books and monographs:

Habeas Corpus, Montréal: Wilson & Lafleur, 1990, 62 pp.

International Human Rights Law and the Canadian Charter, Toronto: Carswell, 1991, xxx, 357 pp.

The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law, Cambridge: Grotius Publications, 1993, xxxii, 389 pp. (preface by Gilbert Guillaume, judge of the International Court of Justice).

Les instruments internationaux, canadiens et québécois des droits et libertés, Cowansville: Éditions Yvon Blais, 1994, xic, 289 pp. (with Daniel Turp).

Les infractions d'ordre sexuel, Cowansville: Éditions Yvon Blais, 1995, xix, 378 pp.

The Death Penalty as Cruel Treatment and Torture: Capital Punishment Challenged in the World's Courts, Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1996, xxvi, 288 pp.

International Human Rights Law and the Canadian Charter, 2nd ed., Toronto: Carswell, 1996, xxxvii, 450 pp.

The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law, 2nd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997, xli, 403 pp. (preface by Gilbert Guillaume, judge of the International Court of Justice).

Précis du droit international des droits de la personne, Montréal: Éditions Yvon Blais, 1997, xix, 425 pp.

Introduction to Rwandan Law, Montreal: Éditions Yvon Blais, 1997, xxi, 389 pp. (with Martin Imbleau).

Les instruments internationaux, canadiens et québécois des droits et libertés, 2nd ed., Cowansville: Éditions Yvon Blais, 1998, xii, 367 pp. (with Daniel Turp).

Introduction au droit rwandais, Montreal: Éditions Yvon Blais, 1999, xxv, 434 pp. (with Martin Imbleau).

Genocide in International Law, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000, xvi, 624 pp.

Introduction to the International Criminal Court, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, x, 406 pp.

The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law, 3rd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, lx, 435 pp. (preface by Gilbert Guillaume, president of the International Court of Justice).

Slobodan Milosevic on Trial: A Companion, New York & London: Continuum, 2002, iv, 178 pp. (with Michael Scharf).

Introduction to the International Criminal Court, 2nd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, xii, 481 pp.

Genozid im Völkerrecht, Hamburg: Hamburger Edition, 2003, 792 pp. (German trans. Holger Fliessbach).

The UN International Criminal Tribunals: the former Yugoslavia, Rwanda and Sierra Leone, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, liv, 711 pp.

Gjenocidi në të Drejtën Ndërkombëtare [Genocide in International Law], Pristina: Kosovo Centre for Human Rights, 2003, 764 pp. (Albanian trans. Enver Hasani & Bekim Sejdiu).

An Introduction to the International Criminal Court, Tehran: University of Tehran, 2005, 289 pp. (Persian trans. S.B. Mirabbassi).

An Introduction to the International Criminal Court, Beijing: China State Security Publishing House, 2005, 646 pp. (Chinese trans. Huang Fang).

International Human Rights Law and Canadian Law: Legal Commitment, Implementation and the Charter, 3rd ed., Toronto: Carswell, 2007, lxiv, 532 pp. (with Stéphane Beaulac).

Introduction to the International Criminal Court, 3rd. ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, xiv, 548 pp.

War Crimes and Human Rights: Essays on the Death Penalty, Justice and Accountability, London: Cameron May Publishers, 2008, 1158 pp..

Uluslararasi Ceza Mahkemesine Giriş [An Introduction to the International Criminal Court], Istanbul: Amnesty International Turkey, 2008, 232 pp. (Turkish trans., Güylay Arslan).

An Introduction to the International Criminal Court, Katmandu: FOHRID Human Rights and Democratic Forum, 2008, 220 pp. (Nepali trans.).

The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law, Beijing: Law Press China, 2008, 472 pp. (Chinese trans. Zhao Haifeng).

Genocide in International Law, 2nd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009, xix, 741 pp.

The International Criminal Court: A Commentary on the Rome Statute, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010, lxx, 1,259 pp.

Introduction to the International Criminal Court, 4th ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, xiii, 579 pp.

Unimaginable Atrocities: Justice, Politics and Rights at the War Crimes Tribunals, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, 232 pp.

The travaux préparatoires of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013 (three volumes), cxxv, 3,157 pp.

Kein Frieden ohne Gerechtigkeit? Die Rolle der internationalen Strafjustiz, Hamburg: Hamburger Edition, 2013, 120 pp.

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Edited volumes:

Sourcebook on the Abolition of the Death Penalty, Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1997, xi, 264 pp. (co-editor, with Hugo Adam Bedau, Peter Hodgkinson & Michael Radelet).

Essays on the Rome Statute of the ICC, Vol. I (editor), Rome: Editrice il Sirente, 2000, xxvi, 516 pp. (co-editor, with Flavia Lattanzi).

Essays on the Rome Statute of the ICC, Vol. II (editor), Rome: Editrice il Sirente, 2004, xxvii, 337 pp. (co-editor, with Flavia Lattanzi).

International Criminal Law Developments in the Case Law of the ICTY, The Hague/London/New York: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2003, xxxiv, 309 pp. (co-editor, with Gideon Boas).

Capital Punishment: Strategies for Abolition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, xiv, 374 pp. (co-editor, with Peter Hodgkinson).

Hans Göran Franck, The Barbaric Punishment, Abolishing the Death Penalty, The Hague/London/New York: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2003, xi, 163 pp.

La peine capitale et le droit international des droits de l’homme, Paris: L.G.D.J. Diffuseur, 2003, 275 pp. (co-editor, with Gérard Cohen-Jonathan).

Chinese Yearbook of Human Rights, Vol. I, Beijing: Social Sciences Documentation Publishing House, 2004, 509 pp. (co-editor, with Huang Lie).

Truth Commissions and Courts: The Tension Between Criminal Justice and the Search for Truth, Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004, 272 pp. (co-editor, with Shane Darcy).

Encyclopaedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, Detroit etc.: Thomson Gale, 2004, 1458 pp. (associate editor, with Dinah Shelton, Howard Adelman, Frank Chalk & Alexandre Kiss).

Accountability for Atrocity, Tokyo: UN University, 2007, 285 pp. (co-editor, with Ramesh Thakur & Edel Hughes).

Capital Punishment: Strategies for Abolition, Tokyo: Akashi, 2009, 454 pp. (co-editor, with Peter Hodgkinson) (Japanese trans.).

Sixing Lifa Gaige Zhuanti Yanjiu (‘Reform of the Death Penalty’), Beijing: China Legal Publishing House, 2009, 658 pp. (co-editor, with Zhao Bingzhi).

Hacia la Abolitión Universal de la pena capital, Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2010, 565 pp. (co-editor, with Luis Arroyo & Paloma Biglino).

Towards universal abolition of the death penalty, Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2010, 455 pp. (co-editor, with Luis Arroyo & Paloma Biglino).

Routledge Handbook of International Criminal Law, London and New York: Routledge, 2010, 466 pp. (co-editor, with Nadia Bernaz).

International Criminal Law, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, Vol. I, 975 pp., Vol. II, 875 pp., Vol. III, 901 pp.

New Challenges for the UN Human Rights Machinery, What Future for the UN Treaty Body System and the Human Rights Council Procedures?, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2011, xx, 480 pp. (co-editor, with M. Cherif Bassiouni).

Ashgate Research Companion to International Criminal Law: Critical Perspectives, Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2013, xlv, 558 pp. (co-editor, with Yvonne McDermott and Niamh Hayes).

Contra el espanto, Por la abolitión de la pena de muerte, Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2012, 576 pp. (co-editor, with Luis Arroyo & Paloma Biglino).

International Criminal Justice, Abingdon, UK: Edward Elgar, 2012, 256 pp. (co-editor, with Gideon Boas & Michael Scharf).

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Research reports:

History of the Unemployment Insurance Act for the Commission of Inquiry on Unemployment Insurance (‘Forget Commission’), 1986 (with Robert St-Louis).

Report of the Commission of Inquiry into Human Rights Violations in Rwanda, March 1993 (co-author).

Commission sur le Burundi, Rapport, in La lettre hebdomadaire de la Fédération internationale des droits de l'homme, hors série no 190, July 1994 (co-author).

Report on the Needs of the Judicial System in Rwanda, International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, December 1994 (co-author).

‘Rapport du Comité de la réforme de l'aide juridique’, Department of Justice, Québec, December 1995.

‘Non-refoulement’, in Office for Democratic Initiatives and Human Rights, Final Report, Expert Workshop on Human Rights and Counter-terrorism, February 2007, Doc. ODIHR.GAL/14/07, pp. 20-48.

‘Respect, Protect and Fulfil, A Human Rights-Based Approach to Peacebuilding and Reconciliation’, Border Action, March 2007 (with Peter Fitzmaurice).

United Nations, Economic and Social Council, ‘Capital punishment and implementation of the safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty, Report of the Secretary-General’, UN Doc. E/2010/10.

‘Crimes against Humanity in Western Burma: The Situation of the Rohingyas’, Irish Centre for Human Rights, May 2010 (with Nancie Prud’homme & Joseph Powderly).

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Articles, book chapters:

Canadian Policy in Cyprus’, (1983) I:2 Hellenic Studies/Etudes hélleniques 35-44.

‘Le renaissance du bref d'habeas corpus sous la Charte canadienne des droits et libertés’, (1990) 50 Revue du Barreau 409-430.

‘The Greek Diaspora and Canadian Law’, in John M. Fossey, ed., Proceedings of the First International Congress on the Hellenic Diaspora from Antiquity to Modern Times, Vol. II, Amsterdam: Gieben, 1991, pp. 339-351.

‘The Omission of the Right to Property in the International Covenants’, in (1991) 4 Hague Yearbook of International Law 135-160.

‘Substantive and Procedural Issues in the Ratification by Canada of the American Convention on Human Rights’, (1991) 12 Human Rights Law Journal 405-413.

‘La Charte canadienne des droits et libertés et le droit international: les enseignements de la Cour suprême dans les affaires Keegstra, Andrews et Taylor’, (1989-90) 6 Revue québécoise du droit international 12-25 (with Daniel Turp).

‘Kindler and Ng: Our Supreme Magistrates Take a Frightening Step into the Court of Public Opinion’, (1991) 51 Revue du Barreau 673-682.

‘Extradition et la peine de mort: le Canada renvoie deux fugitifs au couloir de la mort’, (1992) 4 Revue universelle des droits de l'homme 65-70.

‘Les recours internationaux en matière des droits de la personne’, in Actes du Congrès du Barreau de Québec, 1992, Cowansville, Éditions Yvon Blais, 1992, pp. 855-880.

‘La Charte devant les tribunaux administratifs: avantages et inconvénients’, in Actes de la 3ième journée en droit social et du travail, La Charte et les tribunaux administratifs: enjeux dans les domaines de droit social et du travail, Cowansville, Éditions Yvon Blais, 1992, pp. 83-98.

Kindler v. Canada’, (1993) 87 American Journal of International Law 128-133.

‘Le rôle du droit européen dans la jurisprudence des tribunaux canadiens’, (1991-92) 7 Revue québécoise du droit international 235-245.

‘International Norms on Execution of the Insane and of the Mentally Retarded’, (1993) 4 Criminal Law Forum 95-117.

‘Greece, Eastern Europe and the Implementation of International Human Rights Norms: Challenges of the 1990s’, in T.A. Couloumbis & T.M. Veremis, The Southeast European Yearbook 1991, Athens: Hellenic Foundation for Defence and Foreign Policy, 1992, pp. 209-224.

‘Les réserves des États-Unis d'Amérique aux articles 6 et 7 du Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques’, (1994) 6 Revue universelle des droits de l'homme 137-150.

‘Article 64’, in L.E. Pettiti, E. Decaux & P.-H. Imbert, eds., La Convention européenne des droits de l'homme, commentaire article par article, Paris: Economica, 1995, at pp. 923-944.

‘Soering's Legacy: the Human Rights Committee and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council Take a Walk Down Death Row’, (1994) 43 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 913-924.

‘Case Comment: Pratt and Morgan v. Jamaica’, (1994) 5 Criminal Law Forum 180-193.

‘La Convention contre la torture, le Comité contre la torture et le traitement des personnes psychiatrisées’, (1994) Revue canadienne droit et société/Canadian Journal of Law and Society 145-162.

‘Le Règlement de preuve et de procédure du Tribunal international chargé de poursuivre les personnes présumées responsables de violations graves du droit international humanitaire commises sur le territoire de l'ex-Yougoslavie depuis 1991’, (1993-94) 8 Revue québécoise du droit international 112-119.

‘La crise yougoslave: Les tentatives internationales de protection des minorités’, in Emmanuel Decaux & Alain Pellet, eds., Nationalités, minorités et successions d'états en Europe de l'est, Paris: Montchréstien, 1996, at pp. 273-287.

‘Reservations to International Human Rights Treaties’, (1995) 32 Canadian Yearbook of International Law 39-81.

‘Le droit à l'intégrité physique’, in Frédéric Sudre et al., eds., La protection des droits de l'homme par le Comité des droits de l'homme des Nations Unies, Les communications individuelles, Montpellier: Institut de droit européen des droits de l'homme, 1995, at pp. 108-129.

‘Free Speech on Campus: Lessons from International and Comparative Law’, (1995) 44 University of New Brunswick Law Journal 111-117.

‘L'universalité des droits de la personne: le bilan des instruments canadien et québécois’, in Carrefour: Philosophie et Droit, Actes du Colloque DIKE, Montréal, ACFAS, 1995, pp. 109-120.

‘Reservations to the Convention on the Rights of the Child’, (1995) 18 Human Rights Quarterly 472-491.

‘Is the United States Still a Party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights?’, (1995) 21 Brooklyn Journal of International Law 277-325.

‘South Africa's Constitutional Court Outlaws the Death Penalty’, (1995) 16 Human Rights Law Journal 133-148.

‘The Death Penalty for Crimes Committed by Persons Under Eighteen Years of Age’, in Eugen Verhellen, ed., Monitoring Children's Rights, Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, 1996, at pp. 603-619.

‘International Legal Aspects of Capital Punishment’, in Peter Hodgkinson & Andrew Rutherford, eds., Capital Punishment: Global Issues and Prospects, London: Waterside Press, 1996, at pp. 17-44.

‘Le Rwanda, le Burundi, et la maladie d'impunité’, in Raymond Verdier, Emmanuel Decaux & Jean-Pierre Chrétien, eds., Rwanda: Un génocide du XXe siècle, Paris: Éditions L'Harmattan, 1995, at pp. 115-124.

‘Génocide, autodétermination et protection des minorités: La prévention des conflits ethniques en Afrique’, in Canada, Department of Foreign Affairs, Rencontre internationale francophone, Prévention des conflits : Perspective africaine, Actes de la rencontre, pp. 174-197.

‘Battling Impunity for Genocide in Underdeveloped States: The Crisis in Rwandese Justice’, Occasional Paper, International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, 1996.

‘Abolition of the Death Penalty in Africa’, in William A. Schabas, ed., Sourcebook on the Abolition of the Death Penalty, Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1997, at pp. 30-65.

‘Universal Norms and International Tribunals: The Case of Cruel Treatment and the Death Row Phenomenon’, in Thomas J. Schoenbaum, Junji Nakagawa & Linda Reif, eds., Trilateral Perspectives on International Legal Issues: From Theory into Practice, Irvington, New York: Transnational Publishers, 1998, at pp. 173-208.

‘Détention et poursuites judiciaires au Canada’, in Jean-François Dupaquier, ed., La justice internationale face au drame rwandais, Paris: Karthala, 1996, at pp. 193-204.

‘Les recours individuels en droit international des droits de la personne: problèmes et perspectives’, Proceedings of the 1995 Conference of the Canadian Council on International Law, at pp. 96-104.

‘Dimensions juridiques et judiciaires des droits de l'homme’, Collection of Lectures, International Institute of Human Rights, 27th Study Session, Strasbourg, 1996, at pp. 75-100.

‘L'universalité des droits de l'homme : ébauche d'un bilan du système interaméricain’, Cahiers de l'Institut du droit européen des droits de l'homme, Montpellier, 1996, pp. 6-12.

‘Sentencing and the International Tribunals: For a Human Rights Approach’, (1997) 7 Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law 461-517.

‘L'affaire Mugesera’, (1996) 7 Revue universelle des droits de l'homme 193-195.

‘Reservations to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child: A comparative analysis’, (1997) 3 William and Mary Journal of Women and the Law 79-112.

‘L'Observation générale du Comité des droits de l'homme au sujet de l'Article 25 du Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques’, in Jacques-Yvan Morin, ed., Les droits fondamentaux, Brussels: Bruylant, 1997, pp. 285-295.

‘Justice, Democracy and Impunity in Post-Genocide Rwanda: Searching for Solutions to Impossible Problems’, (1996) 7 Criminal Law Forum 523-560.

 ‘War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity and the Death Penalty’, (1997) 60 Albany Law Journal 736-770.

‘The United Nations and the Abolition of the Death Penalty’, in Ron Wheeler & Howard McConnell, eds., Swords and Plowshares: The United Nations in Transition, Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press.

‘Human Rights, Democracy and the Apparent Contradiction Between National Reconciliation and Criminal Prosecution’, in Campaign Against Impunity: Portrait and Plan of Action, Montreal: International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, 1997, pp. 215-246.

‘La justice pénale internationale’, Collection of Lectures, International Institute of Human Rights, 28th Study Session, Strasbourg, 1997, pp. 121-134.

‘International Human Rights Law and the Canadian Courts’, in Thomas A. Cromwell, Danielle Pinard & Hélène Dumont, eds., Human Rights in the 21st Century: Prospects, Institutions and Processes, Montréal: Les Éditions Thémis, 1997, at pp. 21-48.

‘Legal Aid Reform in Quebec’, (1997) 16 Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice 280-295.

‘Passagers clandestins, travailleurs migrants et droits de la personne: le traité du 19e siècle triomphe sur les valeurs du 20e siècle’, (1997) 2 Canadian International Lawyer 210-214.

‘Canada and the Adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights’, (1998) 43 McGill Law Journal 403-442.

‘International Law and the Death Penalty: Recent Developments’, (1998) 4 ILSA Journal of International and Comparative Law 535-572.

‘Illegal Reservations to Human Rights Treaties: Spare the RUD and Spoil the Treaty’, in David P. Forsythe, ed., The United States and Human Rights: Looking Inward and Outward, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000, pp. 110-125.

‘International Law and the Abolition of the Death Penalty’, (1998) 55 Washington and Lee Law Review 797-846.

‘Non-State Actors: The Case of Ethnic Minorities’, Proceedings of the XXVI Annual Conference of the Canadian Council on International Law, pp. 156-168.

‘Compensation and Reparations’, in Christopher C. Joyner, ed., Reining in Impunity for International Crimes and Serious Violations of Fundamental Human Rights, Association internationale de droit pénal, 1998, pp. 445-456.

‘Canadian Ratification of the American Convention on Human Rights’, (1998) 16 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 315-342.

‘Penalties’, in Flavia Lattanzi, ed., The International Criminal Court, Comments on the Draft Statute, Naples: Editoriale Scientifica, 1998, pp. 273-299.

‘General Principles of Criminal Law in the International Criminal Court Statute (Part III),’ (1998) 6 European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice 400-428.

‘The International Criminal Court: An Historic Step to Combat Impunity’, (1998) 17 Refuge 21-29.

‘International Human Rights / Les droits de la personne au plan international’, in Donat Pharand, Don McRae & Yves Le Bouthillier, eds., Compendium, Ottawa: Canadian Council on International Law, 1998, pp. 177-182.

‘The Genocide Convention at 50’, Special Report, United States Institute of Peace, Jan. 1999, 10 pp.

‘Article 6’, in Otto Triffterer, ed., Commentary on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Observers’ Notes, Article by Article, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1999, pp. 107-116; ‘Article 23’, in ibid., pp. 463-466; ‘Article 29’, in ibid., pp. 523-526; ‘Article 63’, in ibid., pp. 803-808; ‘Article 66’, in ibid., pp. 833-843; ‘Article 67’, in ibid., pp. 845-868; ‘Article 76’, in ibid., pp. 979-983;  ‘Article 108’, in ibid., pp. 1185-1189; ‘Article 109’, in ibid., pp. 1191-1196.

‘International Sentencing: From Leipzig (1923) to Arusha (1996)’, in M. Cherif Bassiouni, ed., International Criminal Law, 2nd rev. ed., New York: Transnational Publishers, 1999, pp. 171-193.

‘Les droits des minorités: Une déclaration inachevée’, in Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme 1948-98, Avenir d’un idéal commun, Paris: La Documentation française, 1999, pp. 223-242.

‘Mugesera v. Minister of Citizenship and Immigration’, (1999) 93 American Journal of International Law 529-533.

‘Legal and Judicial Safeguards of Human Rights’, Collection of Lectures, International Institute of Human Rights, 30th Study Session, Strasbourg, 1999, at pp. 99-122.

‘Bringing Rwandan Génocidaires to Book’, Yale Center for International and Area Studies Working Paper Series, GS 11, 1999, 20 pp.

‘The Follow-Up to Rome: Preparing for Entry into Force of the International Criminal Court Statute’, (1999) 20 Human Rights Law Journal 157-166.

‘Les recours individuals en droit international des droits de la personne : problèmes et perspectives’, in Canadian Council on International Law, Selected Papers in International Law, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1999, pp. 489-501.

‘Principios generales del derecho penal en el Estatuto de la Corte Penal Internacional (parte III)’, in Kai Ambos & Osca Julian Guerrero, eds., El Estatuto de Roma de la Corte Penal Internacional,  Bogota: Universidad Externado de Colombia, 1999, pp. 269-314.

‘L’affaire Akayesu’, in Katia Boustany & Daniel Dormoy, eds., Génocide(s), Brussels: Éditions Bruylant, Éditions de l’Université de Bruxelles, 1999, pp. 111-130.

‘The International Criminal Court’ [in Russian], (1999) 4 Moscow Journal of International Law 14-33.

‘Freedom from Want: How Can We Make Indivisibility More than a Mere Slogan’, (2000) 11 National Journal of Constitutional Law 187-209.

‘La cour criminelle internationale: Un pas de plus contre l’impunité’, in The Impact of International Law on the Practice of Law, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1999, pp. 3-16.

‘Des peines qui portent atteinte à l’intégrité physique’, Cahiers de l'Institut du droit européen des droits de l'homme, Montpellier, 1999, pp. 150-168.

‘Comment répondre aux violations horizontales des droits de l’homme : la poursuite pénale’, in Marco Borghi & Patrice Meyer-Bisch, eds., Société civile et indivisibilité des droits de l’homme, Fribourg, Switzerland: Editions universitaires Fribourg Suisse, 2000, pp. 365-376.

‘Barayagwiza v. Prosecutor’, (2000) 94 American Journal of International Law 638-645.

‘Groups Protected by the Genocide Convention: Conflicting Interpretations from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, (2000) 6 ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law 375-387.

‘Le génocide’, in Hervé Ascencio, Emmanuel Decaux & Alain Pellet, eds., Droit international pénal, Paris: Editions A. Pedone, 2000, pp. 319-332.

‘The Penalties Provisions in the ICC Statute’, in Dinah Shelton, ed., International Crimes, Peace, and Human Rights: The Role of the International Criminal Court, Ardsley, New York: Transnational Publishers, 2000, pp. 105-136.

‘Life, Death and the Crime of Crimes: Supreme Penalties and the ICC Statute’, (2000) 2 Punishment & Society 263-286.

‘Perverse Effects of the Nulla Poena Principle: National Practice and the Ad Hoc Tribunals’, (2000) 11 European Journal of International Law 521-539.

‘Twenty-five Years of Public International Law at the Supreme Court of Canada’, (2000) 79 Canadian Bar Review 174-195.

‘Hate Speech in Rwanda: The Road to Genocide’, (2000) 46 McGill Law Journal 141-171.

‘Penalties’, in Antonio Cassese, Paola Gaeta & John R.W.D. Jones, eds., The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, A Commentary, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, pp. 1497-1534.

‘International Law and the International Response to Conflict’, in Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson & Pamela Aall, eds., Turbulent Peace, The Challenges of Managing International Conflict, Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2001, pp. 603-618.

‘Prosecutor v. Akayesu, Commentary’, in André Klip & Goran Sluiter, eds., Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 1994-1999, Vol. 2, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2001, pp. 539-554.

‘Islam and the Death Penalty’, (2000) 9 William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal 223-236.

‘Problems of International Codification: Were the Atrocities in Cambodia and Kosovo Genocide?’, (2001) 35 New England Law Review 287-302.

‘L’abolition de la peine de mort en droit international des droits de l’homme: développements récents’, in (2000) 26 Publications de la Revue marocaine d’administration locale et de développement 57-84.

‘International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, in The Global Community : Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence, 2001, Dobbs Ferry, New York: Oceana Publications, 2001, pp. 589-592.

‘Application of the Geneva Convention’, in United Nations International Meeting on the Convening of the Conference on Measures to Enforce the Fourth Geneva Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, Cairo, 14 and 15 June 1999, New York: United Nations, 2000, pp. 73-80.

‘The Genocide Convention at Fifty’, in Institut International des droits de l’Homme, Conférences spéciales, Strasbourg, 2001, pp. 129-137.

 ‘Follow-up to Rome: Preparing for Entry into Force of the Statute of the International Criminal Court’, in Mauro Politi & Giuseppe Nesi, eds., The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, A Challenge to Impunity, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001, pp. 197-216.

‘Enforcing international humanitarian law: Catching the accomplices’, (2001) 82 International Review of the Red Cross 439-459..

‘Faire respecter le droit international humanitaire: attraper les complices’, (2001) 842 Revue internationale de la croix-rouge 439-459.

‘The Crime of Genocide in the Jurisprudence of the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda’, in Horst Fischer, Claus Kress & Sascha Rolf Lüder, eds., International and National Prosecution of Crimes Under International Law, Current Developments, Berlin: Arno Spitz GmbH, 2001, pp. 447-472.

‘The Jelisic Case and the Mens Rea of the Crime of Genocide’, (2001) 14 Leiden Journal of International Law 125-140; reprinted in Olympia Bekou & Robert Cryer, The International Criminal Court, Ashgate Dartmouth: Aldershot, UK, 2004, pp. 85-100.

‘Prosecutor v. Furundzija, Commentary’, in André Klip & Goran Sluiter, eds., Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 1997-1999, Vol. 3, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2001, pp. 753-760.

‘’Common law’, ‘civil law’ et droit penal international: Tango (le dernier?) à la Haye’, (2000) 13 Revue québécoise de droit international 387-408.

‘Case Comment: United States v. Burns’, (2001) 95 American Journal of International Law 666-671.

‘Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity in the Rome Statute’, in ELSA International, ed., International Law as we Enter the 21st Century, Berlin: Arno Spitz Gmbh, 2001, pp. 153-162.

‘International Law and Abolition’, in Edmund Ryden, ed., Taiwan Opposes the Death Penalty, Proceedings of the Fujen University International Conference on Abolition of the Death Penalty, Taipei: John Paul II Peace Institute, 2001, pp. 121-136.

‘Aspects of the Canadian Model: Self-determination, non-discrimination and international human rights protection’, (2001) 1 Wales Law Journal 144-159.

‘Was Genocide Committed in Bosnia and Herzegovina?  First Judgments of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia’, (2001) 25 Fordham International Law Journal 23-53.

‘New Institutional Tools for the Advancement of Peace: The Role of International Law’, in Nicholas N. Kittrie, Rodrigo Carazo & James R. Mancham, eds., The Future of Peace in the Twenty-First Century, Washington, D.C.: Eleanor Roosevelt Institute for Justice and Peace, 2002, pp. 871-888.

‘Canadian Implementing Legislation for the Rome Statute’, (2000) 3 Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 337-346.

‘The ICJ Ruling Against the United States: Is It Really About the Death Penalty?’, (2002) 27 Yale Journal of International Law 445-452.

‘Democratisation, Conflict Resolution and Human Rights: The Role of Justice and Accountability’, in Proceedings of the Fourth Informal ASEM Seminar on Human Rights, Singapore: Asia-Europe Foundation, 2002, pp. 100-114.

‘National Security Interests and the Rights of the Accused’, in H. Roggemann & P. Sarcevic, eds., National Security and International Criminal Justice, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002, pp. 105-113.

‘Droit pénal international et droit international des droits de l’homme: faux frères?’, in Marc Henzelin & Robert Roth, eds., Le droit penal à l’épreuve de l’internationalisation, Paris: LGDJ, Brussels: Bruylant, Geneva: Georg, 2002, pp. 165-182.

‘The Federal Death Penalty and International Law’, (2001) 14 Federal Sentencing Reporter 32-34.

‘Prosecutor v. Kupreskic, Commentary’, in André Klip & Goran Sluiter, eds., Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 1999-2000, Vol. 4, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2002, pp. 888-892.

‘The International Criminal Court: The Secret of its Success’, (2001) 12 Criminal Law Forum 415-428; reprinted in Olympia Bekou & Robert Cryer, The International Criminal Court, Ashgate Dartmouth: Aldershot, UK, 2004, pp. 69-84.

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 ‘Prosecuting Atrocities: Contributing to Democratic Transitions’, in Graça Almeida Rodrigues & Heather Wharton, eds., National Building in East Timor, Clementsport, Nova Scotia: Canadian Peacekeeping Press, 2002, pp. 120-132.

‘L’influence de la Convention européenne des droits de l’homme sur la jurisprudence des Cours suprêmes du Commonwealth (A.F.S., Australie, Canada, Nouvelle-Zélande), in Jean François Flauss, ed., L’influence de la Convention européenne des droits de l’homme sur les États tiers, Brussels: Nemesis/Bruylant, 2002, pp. 29-53.

‘The Death Penalty and European Human Rights Law’, (2002) 1:2 Cyprus Journal of European Studies 7-30.

‘New Perspectives on International Human Rights Law for Administrative Tribunals’, in Stephen G. Coughlan & Dawn Russell, eds., Citizenship and Citizen Participation in the Administration of Justice, Montreal: Editions Thémis, 2002, pp. 331-346.

‘The Rwanda Case: Sometimes it’s Impossible’, in M. Cherif Bassiouni, ed., Post-Conflict Justice, Ardsley, New York: Transnational Publishers, 2002, pp. 499-522.

‘National Courts Finally Begin to Prosecute Genocide, the ‘Crime of Crimes’, (2003) 1 Journal of International Criminal Justice 39-63.

‘Indirect Abolition: Capital Punishment’s Role in Extradition Law and Practice’, (2003) 25 Loyola Los Angeles International & Comparative Law Review 581-604.

‘La Cour pénale internationale: un survol du Statut de Rome’, in Josiane Boulad-Ayoub & Luc Bonneville, eds,m Souverainetés en crise, Paris: L’Harmattan; Québec: Les presses de l’Université Laval, 2003, pp. 335-364.

‘Interpreting the Statutes of the Ad Hoc Tribunals’, in L.C. Vohrah et al., eds., Man’s Inhumanity to Man, Essays on International law in Honour of Antonio Cassese, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2003, pp. 847-888.

‘The Crime of Genocide: Recent Problems of Interpretation’, in John Carey, William V. Dunlap & John Pritchard, eds., International Humanitarian Law, Origins, Ardsley, New York: Transnational Publishers, 2003, pp. 239-282.

‘Punishment of Non-State Actors in Non-International Armed Conflict’, (2003) 26 Fordham International Law Journal 907-933; reprinted in Andrea Bianchi, ed., Non-State Actors and International Law, Farnham, UK: Ashgate,  2009, pp. 465-492.

‘From Kindler to Burns: International Law is Nourishing the Constitutional Living Tree’, in Gérard Cohen-Jonathan & William Schabas, eds., La peine capitale et le droit international des droits de l’homme, Paris: L.G.D.J. Diffuseur, 2003, pp. 143-156.

‘Canadian Implementing Legislation for the Rome Statute: Jurisdiction and Defences’, in M. Neuner, ed., National Legislation Incorporating International Crimes, Berlin: Berlinter Wissenschafts-Verlag/Wolf Legal Publishers, 2003, pp. 35-43.

‘Introduction’, in Hans Göran Franck, The Barbaric Punishment, Abolishing the Death Penalty, The Hague/London/New York: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2003, pp. 1-27.

‘Mens Rea and the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia’, (2002-03) 37 New England Law Review 1015-1036.

The Relationship Between Truth Commissions and International Courts: The Case of Sierra Leone’, (2003) 25 Human Rights Quarterly 1035-1066.

‘The Crime of Genocide’, in Kalliopi Koufa, ed., The New International Criminal Law, Athens-Thessaloniki, Sakkoulas Publications, 2003, pp. 467-502.

‘International Law and the Abolition of the Death Penalty’, in Stephen P. Garvey, ed., Beyond Repair?  America’s Death Penalty, Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2003, pp. 178-211.

‘What criminal procedure should govern terrorist offenses: ordinary or special rules?’ (pp. 81-95); Irish Anti-Terrorist Legislation’ (pp. 202-210); United Kingdom Anti-Terrorist Legislation’ (pp. 211-218); The state of anti-Terrorist legislation in other Member States of the European Union (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden)’ (pp. 219-237);Is Terrorism a Crime Against Humanity?’ (pp. 270-276), in Ghislaine Doucet, ed., Terrorism, Victims and International Criminal Responsibility, Paris: SOS Attentats, 2003 (with Clémentine Olivier).

‘La procédure pénale appliquée aux infractions terroristes : droit commun ou régime particulier ? (pp. 113-133); ‘La législation anti-terroriste en Irlande’ (pp. 282-296); ‘La législation anti-terroriste au Royaume Uni‘ (pp. 297-308) ; ‘La législation anti-terroriste dans 9 autres Etats de l’Union Européenne : Autriche, Belgique, Danemark, Finlande, Grèce, Luxembourg, Pays-Bas, Portugal, Suède‘ (pp. 309-335); ‘Terrorisme : crime contre l’humanité ?‘ (pp. 379-388), in Ghislaine Doucet, ed., Terrorisme, victimes et responsabilité internationale, Paris: Calmann-Lévy, 2003 (with Clémentine Olivier).

‘Is Terrorism a Crime Against Humanity?’, in Harvey Langholtz, Boris Kondoch & Alan Wells, ed., International Peacekeeping, The Yearbook of International Peace Operations, Vol.. 8, Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2003, pp. 255-262.

‘Access to Justice: From National Movements to International Standards’, (2003) 23 Global Law Review 391-396 (in Chinese).

‘International Law and the Death Penalty: Reflecting or Promoting Change?’, in Peter Hodgkinson & William Schabas, eds., Capital Punishment: Strategies for Abolition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, 36-62.

‘Public Opinion and the Death Penalty’, in Peter Hodgkinson & William Schabas, eds., Capital Punishment: Strategies for Abolition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, 309-331.

‘Barayagwiza v. Prosecutor, Commentary’, in André Klip & Goran Sluiter, eds., Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 2000-2001, Vol. 6, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2003, pp. 261-266.

‘Criminal Responsibility for Violations of Human Rights’, in Janusz Symonides, ed., Human Rights: International Protection, Monitoring, Enforcement, Paris: UNESCO, 2003, pp. 281-302.

‘”Internationalised” Courts and their Relationship with Alternative Accountability Mechanisms: The Case of Sierra Leone’, in Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Canadian Council on International Law, 2004, The Hague/London/New York: Kluwer Law International, pp. 322-350.

‘The Unfinished Work of Defining Aggression: How Many Times Must the Cannonballs Fly, Before They Are Forever Banned?’, in Dominic McGoldrick, Peter Rowe & Eric Donnelly, eds., The Permanent International Criminal Court, Legal and Policy Issues, Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2004, pp. 123-141.

‘Addressing Impunity in Developing Countries: Lessons from Rwanda and Sierra Leone’, in Hélène Dumont & Anne-Marie Boisvert, eds., La Voie vers la Cour pénale internationale: Tous les chemins mènent à Rome, Montréal: Les Éditions Thémis, 2004, pp. 159-178.

‘The Place of Victims in International Criminal Law’, in International Criminal Law: Quo Vadis, (2004) 19 Nouvelles Études Pénales 505-518.

‘Balancing the Rights of the Accused with the Imperatives of Accountability’, in Ramesh Thakur & Peter Malcontent, eds., From Sovereign Impunity to International Accountability, The Search for Justice in a World of States, Tokyo/New York/Paris: United Nations University Press, 2004, pp. 154-168.

‘International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, in The Global Community : Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence, 2003, Vol. I, Dobbs Ferry, New York: Oceana Publications, 2003, pp. 705-712.

‘’United States Hostility to the International Criminal Court: It’s All About the Security Council’, (2004) 15 European Journal of International Law 701-720.

‘Origins of the Criminalization of Aggression: How Crimes Against Peace Became the ‘Supreme International Crime’’, in Mauro Politi & Giuseppe Nesi, The International Criminal Court and the Crime of Aggression, Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2004, pp. 17-32.

‘Truth Commissions and Courts Working in Parallel: The Sierra Leone Experience’, [2004] Proceedings of the 98th Annual Meeting, American Society of International Law 189-191.

‘Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity: How are they Related?’, in The International Criminal Court and Enlarging the Scope of International Humanitarian Law, Damascus: International Committee of the Red Cross/Damascus University Faculty of Law, 2004, pp. 199-219.

Internationalised Courts and their Relationship with Alternative Accountability Mechanisms: The Case of Sierra Leone’, in Cesare P.R. Romano, André Nollkaemper & Jann K. Kleffner, eds., Internationalised Criminal Courts and Tribunals, Sierra Leone, East Timor, Kosovo and Cambodia, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004, pp. 157-180.

‘”Ethnic Cleansing” and Genocide: Similarities and Distinctions’, (2003/4) 3 European Yearbook of Minority Issues 109-128.

‘Relevant Lessons from the ad hoc Tribunals’, (2002-2003) 12 Palestine Yearbook of International Law 5-26.

‘Conjoined Twins of Transitional Justice?  The Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Special Court’, (2004) 2 Journal of International Criminal Justice 1082-1099.

‘A Synergistic Relationship: The Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Special Court for Sierra Leone’, in William A. Schabas & Shane Darcy, eds., Truth Commissions and Courts, The Tension Between Criminal Justice and the Search for Truth, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishing, 2004, pp. 3-54.

‘The Right fo a Fair Trial’, in Flavia Lattanzi & William Schabas, eds., Essays on the Rome Statute of the ICC, Vol. II, Rome: Editrice il Sirente, 2004, pp. 241-284.

‘A Synergistic Relationship: The Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Special Court for Sierra Leone’, (2004) 15 Criminal Law Forum 3-54.

‘First Report’, International Criminal Court Committee, in International Law Association, Report of the Seventy-First Conference, Berlin, pp. 295-320.

‘Cultural Genocide and the Protection of the Right of Existence of Aboriginal and Indigenous Groups’, in Joshua Castellino & Niamh Walsh, eds., International Law and Indigenous Peoples, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2005, pp. 117-132.

‘Amnesty, the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Special Court for Sierra Leone’, (2004) 11 University of California, Davis Journal of International Law and Policy 145-169.

‘Canada’, in Ben Brandon & Max Du Plessis, eds., The Prosecution of International Crimes, A Guide to Prosecuting ICC Crimes in Commonwealth States, London: Commonwealth Secretariat, 2005, pp. 153-172.

‘The Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission’, in Elin Skaar, Siri Gloppen & Astri Suhrke, eds., Roads to Reconciliation, Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2005, pp. 129-156.

‘The International Legal Prohibition of Genocide Comes of Age’, (2004) 5 Human Rights Review 46-56.

‘Developments in the Law of Genocide’, (2002) 5 Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 131-165.

‘Prosecutor v. Furundzija, Commentary’, in André Klip & Goran Sluiter, eds., Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 2001-2002, Vol. 8, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2005, pp. 1078-1082.

‘War Economics, Economic Actors and International Criminal Law’, in New Reports in Criminal Law, Beijing: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 2005, pp. 485-499 (in Chinese).

‘International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, in The Global Community: Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence. 2004, Vol. II, Dobbs Ferry, New York: Oceana Publications, 2004, pp. 977-987.

‘International Law, Politics, Diplomacy and the Abolition of the Death Penalty’, (2004) 13 William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal 417-444.

‘Genocide Trials and Gacaca Courts’, (2005) 3 Journal of International Criminal Justice 879-895.

‘Article II – Interdiction de la torture’, in Laurence Burgorgue-Larsen, Anne Levade & Fabrice Picod, eds., Traité établissant une Constitution pour l’Europe, Partie II, La Charte des droits fondamentaux de l’Union, Brussels: Bruylant, 2005, pp. 64-75.

‘Darfur and the “Odious Scourge”: The Commission of Inquiry’s Findings on Genocide’, (2005) 18 Leiden Journal of International Law 871-885.

‘Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity and Darfur: The Commission of Inquiry’s Findings on Genocide’, (2005) 27 Cardoza Law Review 101-119.

‘War Economies, Economic Actors and International Criminal Law’, in Karen Ballentine & Heiko Nitzschke, Profiting From Peace: Managing the Resource Dimensions of Civil War, Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005, pp. 425-446.

‘Article 37, Prohibition of Torture, Prohibition of Death Penalty and Life Imprisonment and the Deprivation of Liberty, in André Alen, Johan Vande Lanotte, Eugeen Verhellen, Fiona Ang, Eva Berghmans & Mieke Verheyde, eds., A Commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Leiden / Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2006, xii, 96 pp. (with Helmut Sax).

‘La pratique des comités conventionnels des Nations Unies en matière de measures conservatoires’, in Gérard Cohen-Jonathan & Jean-François Flauss, eds., Mesures conservatoires et droits fondamentaux, Brussels: Bruylant, 2005, pp. 77-90.

‘Preventing Genocide and Mass Killing: The Challenge for the United Nations’, Minority Rights Group International Report, January 2006, 36 pp.

‘The International Legal Prohibition of Genocide Comes of Age’, in Samuel Totten, ed., Genocide at the Millennium: A Critical Bibliographic Review, New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 2005, pp.169-184.

‘Comisiones de la Verdad y Memoria’, in Felipe Gómez Isa, ed., El derecho a la memoria, Bilbao: Giza Eskubideak Derechos Humanos, 2006, pp. 101-112.

‘La relation entre les Commissions Vérité et les poursuites pénales : le cas de la Sierra Leone’, in Hervé Ascensio, Élisabeth Lambert-Abdelgawad & Jean-Marc Sorel, eds., Les juridictions pénales internationalisées, Paris: Société de Législation Comparée, 2006, pp. 209-240.

‘Reparation Practices in Sierra Leone and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’, in K. De Feyter, S. Parmentier, M. Bossuyt & P. Lemmens, eds., Out of the Ashes, Reparation for Victims of Gross and Systematic Human Rights Violations, Antwerp and Oxford: Intersentia, 2006, pp. 289-308.

‘International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, in The Global Community : Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence, 2005, Vol. II, Dobbs Ferry, New York: Oceana Publications, 2005, pp. 935-944.

‘First Prosecutions at the International Criminal Court’, (2006) 25 Human Rights Law Journal 25-40.

‘Recent Developments in the Law of Genocide’, in Alice Yotopoulos-Marangopoulos, ed., L’État actuel des droits de l’homme dans le monde, Défis et perspectives, Paris: Éditions A. Pedone, 2006, pp. 125-146.

‘International Justice for International Crimes: An Idea whose Time Has Come’, (2006) 14 European Review 412-439.

‘Truth Commissions and Memory’, in Felipe Gomez Isa & Koen de Feyter, eds., International Protection of Human Rights: Achievements and Challenges, Bilbao: University of Deusto Press, 2006, pp. 657-666.

‘The Crime of Torture and the International Criminal Tribunals’, (2006) 37 Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 349-363.

 ‘Movement Toward World Wide Abolition of the Death Penalty’, in Chen Zexian, ed., Strengthening the Defence in Death Penalty Cases, Beijing: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 2006, pp. 135-159 (in Chinese).

‘La prévention des génocides et des massacres de masse : un défi pour les Nations unies’, London: Minority Rights Group International, 2006, 38  pp.

‘The Rights of the Child, Law of Armed Conflict and Customary International Law: A Tale of Two Cases’, in Karin Arts & Vesselin Popovski, eds., International Criminal Accountability and the Rights of Children, The Hague: Hague Academic Press, 2006, pp. 19-36.

‘The “Odious Scourge”: Evolving Interpretations of the Crime of Genocide’, (2006) 1 Genocide Studies and Prevention 93-106.

Ireland, the European Convention on Human Rights and the Personal Contribution of Seán Mac Bride’, in John Morison, Kieran McEvoy & Gordon Anthony, eds., Judges, Transition, and Human Rights, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 251-274.

‘The Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Special Court for Sierra Leone’, in Agata Fijalkowski, ed., International Institutional Reform, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2006, pp. 100-107.

‘Convention de Vienne de 1969, Article 23, Procédure relative aux réserves’, in Olivier Corten & Pierre Klein, eds., Les Conventions de Vienne sur le droit des traités, Commentaire article par article, Brussels: Bruylant, 2006, pp. 971-1017 (with Alain Pellet).

‘Convention de Vienne de 1986, Article 23, Procédure relative aux réserves’, in Olivier Corten & Pierre Klein, eds., Les Conventions de Vienne sur le droit des traités, Commentaire article par article, Brussels: Bruylant, 2006, pp. 1019-1022 (with Alain Pellet).

‘Semantics or Substance: David Scheffer’s Welcome Proposal to Strengthen Criminal Accountability for Atrocities’, (2007) 2 Genocide Studies and Prevention 31-36.

‘The Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission’, in Naomi Roht-Arriaza  & Javier Mariezcurrena, eds., Transitional Justice in the Twenty-first Century, Beyond Truth versus Justice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, pp. 21-42.

‘Whither Genocide? The International Court of Justice Finally Pronounces’, (2007) 9 Journal of Genocide Research 183-192.

'Fair Trials and National Security Evidence’, (2006) 4 International Commentary on Evidence Article 9, 4 pp.

‘International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, in The Global Community : Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence, New York: Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 641-654.

‘Has Genocide Been Committed in Darfur? The State Plan or Policy Element in the Crime of Genocide’, in Ralph Henham & Paul Behrens, eds., The Criminal Law of Genocide, International, Comparative and Contextual Aspects, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2007, pp. 35-44.

‘Genocide and the International Court of Justice: Finally, a Duty to Prevent the Crime of Crimes, (2007) 2:2 Genocide Studies and Prevention 101-122.

‘Independence and impartiality of the international judiciary: Some lessons learned, and some ignored’, in in Edel Hughes, William Schabas & Ramesh Thakur, eds., Accountability for Atrocity, Tokyo: UN University, 2007, pp. 182-207.

‘Concluding Remarks: The Questions that Still Remain’, in Edel Hughes, William Schabas & Ramesh Thakur, eds., Accountability for Atrocity, Tokyo: UN University, 2007, pp. 275-285 (with Ramesh Thakur).

‘House of Lords Prohibits Use of Torture Evidence, but Fails to Condemn Its Use by the Police’, (2007) 7 International Criminal Law Review 133–142.

‘Independence and Impartiality of the International Criminal Judiciary’, in Emmanuel Decaux, Adama Dieng  & Malick Sow, From Human Rights to International Criminal Law, Studies in Honour of an African Jurist, the Late Judge Laïty Kama, Leiden and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2007, pp. 571-590.

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‘Regions, Regionalism and International Criminal Law’, (2007) 4 New Zealand Yearbook of International Law 3-24.

‘Prosecutor v. Semanza, Commentary’, in André Klip & Goran Sluiter, eds., Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 2003, Vol. 12, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2007, pp. 724-731.

‘Le Tribunal spécial pour le Liban : Fait-il partie de la catégorie de « certaines juridicstions pénales internationales’?, (2007) Revue québécoise de droit international (Hors-série) 119-132.

‘Preventing the “Odious Scourge”: The United Nations and the Prevention of Genocide’, (2007) 14 International Journal of Minority and Group Rights 379-397.

‘Study of the Right to Enjoy the Benefits of Scientific and Technological Progress and its Applications’, in Yvonne Donders & Vladimir Volodin, eds., Human Rights in Education, Science and Culture, Legal Developments and Challenges, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing and UNESCO, 2007, pp. 273-308.

Lex specialis? Belt and Suspenders? The Parallel Operation of Human Rights Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, and the Conundrum of Jus ad bellum’, (2007) 40 Israel Law Review 592-613.

Genocide and the International Court of Justice: Finally, A Duty to Prevent the Crime of Crimes’, (2007-8) 4 International Studies Journal 17-64.

‘Should active recruitment of health workers from sub-Saharan Africa be viewed as a crime?’, (2008) 371 The Lancet 687-690 (with Edward J. Mills, Jimmy Volmink, Roderick Walker, Nathan Ford, Elly Katabira, Aranka Anema, Michel Joffres, Pedro Cahn & Julio Montaner).

‘« Die verabscheuungswürdige Geissel » :Völkermord, 60 Jahre Danach’, in Gerd Hankel, ed., Die Macht und das Recht, Beiträge zum Völkerrecht und Völkerstrafrecht am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts, Hamburg: Hamburger Edition, 2008, pp. 189-228.

‘Prosecuting Genocide’, in Dan Stone, ed., The Historiography of Genocide, London; Palgrave MacMillan, 2008, pp. 253-270.

‘The International Criminal Court and Treaty Bodies as Quasi-judicial Organs’, in Alice Marangopoulos, ed., Droits de l’homme et politique anticriminelle, Athens: Sakkoulas and Brussels: Bruylant, 2008, pp. 205-230.

‘The Role of International Law in the Reform and Abolition of the Death Penalty’, (2007) 13 Criminal Law Review 2-23 (in Chinese).

‘Complementarity in Practice’: Some Uncomplimentary Thoughts’, (2008) 19 Criminal Law Forum 5-33.

‘Crimes Against Humanity: The State Plan or Policy Element’, in Leila Nadya Sadat & Michael P. Scharf, eds., The Theory and Practice of International Criminal law, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008, pp. 347-364.

‘The Special Tribunal for Lebanon: Is a “Tribunal of an International Character” Equivalent to an “International Criminal Court”?, (2008) 21 Leiden Journal of International Law 513-528.

‘International Law, the United States of America and Capital Punishment’, (2008) 31 Suffoilk Transnational Law Review 377-418.

‘International Criminal Tribunals: A Review of 2007’, (2008) 6 Northwestern Journal of International Human Rights 382-414.

‘International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, in The Global Community : Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence, 2007, Vol. I, New York: Oceana Publications, 2008, pp. 617-632.

‘Complementarity in Practice: Creative Solutions or a Trap for the Court?’, in Mauro Politi & Federica Gioia, eds., The International Criminal Court and National Jurisdictions, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2008, pp. 25-48.

‘Article 6’, in Otto Triffterer, ed., Commentary on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Observers’ Notes, Article by Article, 2nd ed., Munich: C.H. Beck, Hart Publishing, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 2008, pp. 143-158, ‘Article 12’, in ibid., pp. 547-562 (with Sharon Williams); Article 13, in ibid., pp. 563-574 (with Sharon Williams); ‘Article 17’, in ibid., pp. 605-626; ‘Article 23’, in ibid., pp. 731-734;  ‘Article 29’, in ibid., pp. 845-848; ‘Article 61’, in ibid. (with Kuniji Shaibahara); ‘Article 63’, in ibid., pp. 1191-1198; ‘Article 66’, in ibid., pp. 1233-1246; ‘Article 67’, in ibid., pp. 1247-1274; ‘Article 76’, in ibid., pp. 1413-1418;  ‘Article 108’, in ibid., pp. 1671-1676; ‘Article 109’, in ibid., pp. 1677-1682.

‘Origins of the Genocide Convention: From Nuremberg to Paris’, (2008) 40 Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 35-55.

‘Genocide’, in R. Woflrum, ed., The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, online edition [www.mpepil.com].

‘Prosecutor v. Kajelijeli, Commentary’, in André Klip & Goran Sluiter, eds., Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 2003-2004, Vol. 17, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2008, pp. 217-220.

‘La place de la coutume dans les travaux des Commissions Vérité, Justice et Réconciliation: le cas de la Sierra Leone’, in Paul Tavernier & Jean-Marie Henckaerts, eds., Droit international humanitaire coutumier : enjeux et défis contemporains, Brussels : Bruylant, 2008, pp. 149-160.

‘Complicity Before the International Criminal Tribunals and Jurisdiction over Iraq’, in Phil Shiner & Andrew Williams, eds., The Iraq War and International Law, Oxford: Hart, 2008, pp. 145-160.

‘Genocide Convention Reservations (Advisory Opinion)’, in R. Wolfrum, ed., The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, online edition [www.mpepil.com].

 ‘Genocide’, in R. Wolfrum, ed., The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, online edition [www.mpepil.com].

 ‘State Policy as an Element of International Crimes’, (2008) 98 Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology 953-982.

‘Prosecutorial Discretion vs. Judicial Activism at the International Criminal Court’, (2008) 6 Journal of International Criminal Justice 731-761.

‘International Sentencing: From Leipzig (1923) to Arusha (1996)’, in M. Cherif Bassiouni, ed., International Criminal Law, 3rd ed., Vol. III, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 2008, pp. 613-634.

‘The United Nations and Abolition of the Death Penalty’, in Jon Yorke, ed.., Against the Death Penalty, Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2008, pp. 9-42.

‘Legal Aspects of the Lubanga Case’, (2008) 19 Criminal Law Forum 431-434 (with Carsten Stahn).

‘Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide Case (Bosnia v. Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro)’, in R. Wolfrum, ed., The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, online edition [www.mpepil.com].

‘”O Brave New World.” The Role of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court’, (2008) 83(4) Die Friedens-Warte  11-31.

'„Schöne Neue Welt“: Zur Rolle des Anklägers des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs’, (2008) 83(4) Die Friedens-Warte  11-31.

 ‘Developments Relating to Minorities in the Law on Genocide’, in Kristin Henrard & Robert Dunbar, eds., Synergies in Minority Protection, European and International Law Perspectives, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp. 189-212.

’Prosecutorial Discretion and Gravity’, in Carsten Stahn & Göran Sluiter, eds., The Emerging Practice of the International Criminal Court, Leiden: Brill, 2009, pp. 229-246.

‘International Crimes’, in David Armstrong, ed., Routledge Handbook of International Law, London & New York: Routledge, 2009, pp. 268-280.

‘The Abolition of Capital Punishment from an International Law Perspective’, in Vijay N. Ghormade, ed., Death Sentence, A Struggle for Abolition, Essays in Honour of Padma Bhushan Dr. L.H. Hiranandani, Pune, India: Hyderabad Sind National Collegiate Board and Hind Law House, 2008, pp. 79-104.

‘Genocide Law in a Time of Transition: Recent Developments’, inj Felipe Gomez Isa & Koen de Feyter, eds., International Human Rights Law in a Global Context, Bilbao: University of Deusto, 2009, pp. 319-350.

‘Post-Genocide Justice in Rwanda: A Spectrum of Options’, in Phil Clark & Zachary D. Kaufman, eds., After Genocide, Transitional Justice, Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Reconciliation in Rwanda and Beyond, London: Hurst, 2008, pp. 207-228.

‘Truth Commissions, Accountability and the International Criminal Court’, in Willem J.M. van Genugten, Michael P. Scharf & Sasha E. Radin, eds., Criminal Jurisdiction 100 Years After the 1907 Hague Peace Conference, The Hague, TMC Asser Press, 2009, pp. 126-137.

‘Death Penalty’, in Antonio Cassese, ed., The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 291; ‘Enforcement of Sentences’, in ibid., pp. 310-311; ‘ICC (Structure and Financing’, in ibid., pp. 350-352; ‘Penalties’, in ibid., pp. 452-453.

‘Canada’s Contribution to International Law’, in Robert Bothwell & Jean Daudelin, eds., 100 Years of Canadian Foreign Policy, Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2009, pp. 142-158.

‘International Human Rights and the Canadian Charter’, (2009) 45 Supreme Court Law Review 297-322.

‘In Absentia Proceedings before International Criminal Courts’, in Göran Sluiter & Sergey Vasiliev, International Criminal Procedure: Towards a Coherent Body of Law, London: Cameron May, 2009, pp. 335-380.

‘Crimes Against Humanity’, in Samuel Totten & Paul R. Bartrop, eds., The Genocide Studies Reader, New York & London: Routledge, 2009, pp. 78-86.

‘Genocide Law in a Time of Transition, Recent Developments in the Law of Genocide’, (2008) 61 Rutgers Law Review 161-192.

‘The European Union and the Death Penalty’, in Wolfgang Benedek et al., European Yearbook on Human Rights, 09, Antwerp/Berlin/Vienna/Graz/Zurich, European Academic Press, 2009, pp. 133-146.

‘Customary Law or “Judge-Made” Law: Judicial Creativity at the UN Criminal Tribunals’, in José Doria, Hans-Peter Gasser & M. Cherif Bassiouni, eds., The Legal Regime of the International Criminal Court, Essays in Honour of Professor Igor Blishchenko, Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2009, pp. 77-101.

‘”Порог серъезности” в Римском статуе Международного уголовного суда’, in Г.И. Богуша & Е.Н. Трикоз, eds., Международное уголовное  правосудие Современныепроблемыm, Moscow, 2009, pp. 295-304.

‘Of Politics and Poor Weather: How Ireland Decided to Sue the United Kingdom Under the European Convention on Human Rights’, (2007) 2 Irish Yearbook of International Law 3-30 (with Aisling O’Sullivan).

‘International Tribunals’, in Catarina Krause & Martin Scheinin, eds., International Protection of Human Rights: A Textbook, Turku/Abo: Abo Akademi University Institute for Human Rights, 2009, pp. 637-663.

‘International Human Rights Law and the Charter’, in Joseph Eliot Magnet & Bernard Adell, eds., The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms after Twenty-Five Years, Markham, Ontario: Lexis-Nexis, 2009, pp. 297-322.

‘Anti-Complementarity: Referral to National Jurisdictions by the UN International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, (2009) 13 Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law 29-60.

‘The International Criminal Tribunals’, in Gudmundur Alfredsson, Jonas Grimheden, Bertrand G. Ramcharan & Alfred de Zayas, eds., International Human Rights Monitoring Mechanisms, Essays in Honour of Jakob Th. Möller, Leiden: Brill, 2009, pp. 275-284.

Louise Arbour’, in David P. Forsythe, ed., Encyclopedia of Human Rights, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Vol. 1, pp. 88–91.

Genocide’, in David P. Forsythe, ed., Encyclopedia of Human Rights, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Vol. 2, pp. 294-304.

Right to Life’, in David P. Forsythe, ed., Encyclopedia of Human Rights, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Vol. 3, pp. 440-447.

‘The EU and Capital Punishment’, in Zhao Bingzhi, ed., New Observation on the Death Penalty through the Fog, Beijing: China Legal Publishing House, 2009, pp. 236-245 (in Chinese); ‘International Law and the Death Penalty’, ibid., pp. 255-260 (in Chinese).

‘The United Nations and Abolition of the Death Penalty’, in Zhao Bingzhi & William Schabas, eds., Sixing Lifa Gaige Zhuanti Yanjiu (‘Reform of the Death Penalty’), Beijing: China Legal Publishing House, 2009, pp. 3-30 (in Chinese); ‘”Most Serious Crimes” and the Imposition of Capital Punishment’, ibid., pp. 56-67 (in Chinese); ‘Public Opinion and the Death Penalty’, ibid., pp. 118-136 (in Chinese).

‘International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, in The Global Community : Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence, 2008, Vol. I, New York: Oceana Publications, 2009, pp. 755-768.

‘”Definitional Traps” and Misleading Titles’, (2009) 4 Genocide Studies and Prevention 177-184.

‘Defining Genocide’, in Aristotle Constantinides & Nikos Zakos, eds., The Diversity of International Law, Essays in Honour of Professor Kalliopi K. Koufa, Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2009, pp. 535-546.

La política de Estado como elemento de los crímenes internacionales’, (2009) 63 Derecho PUCP 173-202.

‘Les Naciones Unidas y la abolición de la Pena de Muerte’, in Luis Arroyo, Paloma Biglino & Willliam Schabas, eds., Hacia la Abolitión Universal de la pena capital, Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2010, pp. 256-68.

‘Human Rights, Accountability and Amnesty, with Particular Reference to the Case of Sierra Leone’, [2008] Zhongguo Fazhi Luncong 319-336 (Chinese, trans. Wang Li-feng).

‘Raphael Lemkin, Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity’, in Agnieszka Bieńczyk-Missala & Sławomir Dębski, eds., Rafał Lemkin, A Hero of Humankind, Warsaw: Polish Institute of International Affairs, 2010, pp. 233-256.

‘The Law and Genocide’, in Donald Bloxham & A. Dirk Moses, The Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010, pp. 123-141.

‘Genocide in International Law and International Relations Prior to 1948’, in C. Safferling & E. Conze, eds., The Genocide Convention Sixty Years After its Adoption, The Hague: TMC Asser, 2010, pp. 19-34.

‘The International Criminal Court’, in David R. Black & Paul D. Williams, eds., The International Politics of Mass Atrocities, The Case of Darfur, London and New York: Routledge, 2010, pp. 134-154.

‘International Criminal Law and the Business World’, in Emmanuel Decaux, ed., La responsabilité des entreprises multinationales en matière de droits de l’homme, Bruylant: Brussels, 2010, pp. 227-251.

‘The Genocide Convention at 60’, in Alice Yotopoulos-Marangopoulos & Photini Pazartis, eds., Le génocide revisité / Genocide Revisited, Athens: Ant. N. Sakkoulas, and Brussels: Bruylant, 2010, pp. 15-36.

‘Il rapido progresso verso l’abolizione della pena di morte in Africa’, in Pietro Costa, ed., Il diritto di uccidere, L’enigma della pena di morte, Milan: Feltrinelli,2010,  p. 247-262.

‘Retroactive Application of the Genocide Convention’, (2010) 4 University of St. Thomas Journal of Law & Public Policy 36-59.

‘Le droit à l’égalité et le Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques’, in Race, femme enfant, handicap : les conventions internationales et le droit interne à la lumière des enjeux pratiques du droit à l’égalité’, Cowansville, Québec: Éditions Yvon Blais, 2010, pp. 27-42.

'Commentary on Paul Boghossian, “The concept of genocide'”’, (2010) 12 Journal of Genocide Research 91-99.

‘International Trends Towards Limitation and Abolition in the World’, in Luis Arroyo, Paloma Biglino & Willliam Schabas, eds., Towards universal abolition of the death penalty, Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2010, pp. 27-38.

‘International Criminal Court, in The Global Community : Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence, 2009, Vol. I, New York: Oceana Publications, 2010, pp. 377-384.

‘First ICC Review Conference: Resolutions and Declarations; Introductory Note’, (2010) 49 International Legal Materials 1325-1327.

 ‘International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, in The Global Community : Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence, 2009, Vol. I, New York: Oceana Publications, 2010, pp. 461-478.

‘Gravity and the International Criminal Court’, in Chile Eboe-Osuji, ed., Protecting Humanity, Essays in International Law and Policy in Honour of Navanethem Pillay, Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2010, pp. 689-706.

‘Prosecuting Dr Strangelove, Goldfinger, and the Joker at the International Criminal Court: Closing the Loopholes’, (2010) 23 Leiden Journal of International Law 847–853.

“Victor’s Justice: Selecting “Situations’ at the International Criminal Court’, (2010) 32 John Marshall Law Review 535-552.

‘Judicial Activism and the Crime of Genocide’, in Shane Darcy and Joseph Powderly, eds., Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tri bunals, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010, pp. 63-79.

‘La peine de mort et la Convention européene des droits de l’homme’, in Michel Levinet, ed., Le droit au respect de la vie au sens de la Convention europ/enne des droits de l’homme, Brussels: Bruylant, 2010, pp. 243-252.

‘Article 6’, in Emmanuel Decaux, ed., Le Pacte international relative aux droits civils et politiques, Commentaire article par article, Paris : Economica, 2011, pp. 179-199.

‘Deuxième Protocole facultatif se rapportant au Pacte international rlatif aux droits civils et politiques, visant à abolir la peine de mort’, in Emmanuel Decaux, ed., Le Pacte international relative aux droits civils et politiques, Commentaire article par article, Paris: Economica, 2011, pp. 869-882.

‘The International Criminal Court and Non-party States’, (2010) 28 Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice 1-21.

‘Criminology, Accountability, and International Justice’, in Mary Bosworth and Carolyn Hoyle, eds., What is Criminology?, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 346-357.

‘’National amnesties, truth commissions and international criminal tribunals’, in Bartram S. Brown, ed., Research Handbook on International Criminal Law, Cheltenham, UK and Northhampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2011, pp. 373-390.

‘Gaza, Goldstone and Lawfare’, (2011) 43 Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 307-312.

‘1969 Vienna Convention, Article 23, Procedure regarding reservations’, in Olivier Corten & Pierre Klein, eds., The Vienna Conventions on the Law of Treaties, A Commentary, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 594-625 (with Alain Pellet).

‘1986 Vienna Convention, Article 23, Procedure regarding reservations’, in Olivier Corten & Pierre Klein, eds., The Vienna Conventions on the Law of Treaties, A Commentary, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 626-627 (with Alain Pellet).

‘Synergy or Fragmentation? International Criminal Law and the European Convention on Human Rights’, (2011) 9 Journal of International Criminal Justice 609-632.

‘The Human Right To Peace’, in Asbjørn Eide, Jakob Th. Möller and Inete Ziemele, eds., Making Peoples Heard, Essays on Human Rights in Honour of Gudmundur Alfredsson, Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2011, pp. 43-57.

‘Freedom from Fear, Human Rights and the Crime of Aggression’, in Elizabeth Anderson and David M. Crane, eds., Proceedings of the Fourth International Humanitarian Law Dialogs, Washington: American Society of International Law, 2011, pp. 151-172.

‘International War Crimes Tribunals and the United States’, (2011) 35 Diplomatic History 769-786.

 

Ölüm Cezasının Kayıtlanması ve Kaldırlamsina Yönelik Uluslararası Eğilimler’, in M. Semih Gemalmaz, ed., Ölüm Cezasının Kaldırılması, Istanbul: Istanbul University Centre for Research and Practice in Human Rights Law, 2011, pp. 35-44.

International Trends Towards Restriction and Abolition’, in M. Semih Gemalmaz, ed., The Abolition of the Death Penalty, Istanbul Symposium, Istanbul: Istanbul University Centre for Research and Practice in Human Rights Law, 2011, pp. 243-250.

‘The rise and fall of complementarity’, in Carsten Stahn and Mohamed M. El Zeidy, eds., The International Criminal Court and Complementarity, Vol. I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, pp. 150-164.

‘Crimes Against Humanity as a Paradigm for International Atrocity Crimes’, (2011) 20 Middle East Critique 253-269.

The International Criminal Court at Ten’, (2011) 22 Criminal Law Forum 493-509.

‘On the Binding Nature of the Findings of the Treaty Bodies’, in M. Cherif Bassiouni and William Schabas, eds., New Challenges for the UN Human Rights Machinery, What Future for the UN Treaty Body System and the Human Rights Council Procedures?, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2011, pp. 97-106.

‘A Step to Universal Abolition of the Death Penalty: Protocol No. 6 to the European Convention’, in Olivier Delas and Michaela Leuprecht, eds., Liber Amicorum Peter Leuprecht, Brussels: Bruylant, 2012, pp. 297-320.

‘The International Criminal Court: Struggling to Find its Way’, in Antonio Cassese, ed., Realizing Utopia, The Future of International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, pp. 250-260.

‘Transitional Justice and the Norms of International Law’, (2012) 110 Kokusaiho Gaiko Zassi, The Journal of International Law and Diplomacy 563-587.

‘Genocide’, in R. Wolfrum, ed., The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, Vol. IV, pp. 405-414.

 ‘Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide Case (Bosnia v. Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro)’. in R. Wolfrum, ed., The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, Vol. I, pp. 469-475.

‘Genocide Convention Reservations (Advisory Opinion)’, in R. Wolfrum, ed., The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, Vol. IV, pp. 414-419.

‘International Criminal Court’, in The Global Community: Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence, 2010, Vol. I, New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, pp. 371-376.

‘International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda’, in The Global Community: Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence, 2010, Vol. I, New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, pp. 477-488.

‘Freedom from Fear and the Human Right to Peace’, in David Keane and Yvonne McDermott, eds., The Challenge of Human Rights; Past, Present and Future, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2012, pp. 36-51.

‘International Tribunals’, in Catarina Krause & Martin Scheinin, eds., International Protection of Human Rights: A Textbook, 2nd revised ed., Turku/Abo: Abo Akademi University Institute for Human Rights, 2012, pp. 695-721.

Transitional Justice and the African Experience’, (2011) 13 International Studies Review 564-570 (with Carla de Ycaza).

‘Первые десять лет Mеждунapoднoгo yгoлobнoгo сyдa’, (2012) 2:3 Meждyнapoднoe Пravocyдиe 5-16.

‘Le génocide’, in Hervé Ascencio, Emmanuel Decaux & Alain Pellet, eds., Droit international pénal, 2nd ed., Paris: Editions A. Pedone, 2012, pp. 125-139.

‘Building the Narrative : The UN Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia, Rwanda and Sierra Leone’, in Christian Delage and Peter Goodrich, eds., The Scene of the Mass Crime : History, Film and International Tribunals, Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2013, pp. 23-40.

‘Initiation of Investigations and Selection of Cases’, in Goran Sluiter, Håkan Friman, Suzannah Linton, Sergey Vasiliev and Salvatore Zappalà, eds., International Criminal Procedure, Principles and Rules, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 131-170 (with M.M. deGuzman).

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Book reviews:

David McClean, International Judicial Assistance, (1994) 5 Criminal Law Forum 137.

Walter Tarnopolsky, & Joyce Whitman, eds., Discrimination in the Law and the Administration of Justice, (1994) 31 Canadian Bar Review 118.

Yael Danieli, Nigel S. Rodley & Lars Weisaeth, eds., International Responses to Traumatic Stress: Humanitarian, Human Rights, Justice, Peace, and Development Contributions, Collaborative Actions, and Future Initiatives, (1995) 33 Canadian Yearbook of International Law 479-481.

Yoram Dinstein & Mala Tabory, eds., War Crimes in International Law, (1997) 91 American Journal of International Law 570-571.

Desmond H. Brown, ed., The Birth of a Criminal Code, the Evolution of Canada's Justice System, (1997) 76 Canadian Bar Review 268-271.

Patrick Brode, Casual Slaughters and Accidental Judgments, Canadian War Crimes Prosecutions, 1944-1948, (1998-99) 68 University of Toronto Quarterly 550-552.

Paul J. Magnarella, Justice in Africa, Rwanda’s Genocide, Its Courts, and the UN Criminal Tribunal; Aleksandar Fatic, Reconciliation via the War Crimes Tribunal?, (2000) 3:2 Conflict 6-7.

Howard J. De Nike, John Quigley & Kenneth J. Robinson, Genocide in Cambodia: Documents from the Trial of Pol Pot and Ieng Sary, (2001) 23 Human Rights Quarterly 470-477.

Richard Goldstone, For Humanity.  Reflections of a War Crimes Investigator, (2001) 95 American Journal of International Law 742-744.

Richard May & Marieke Wierda, International Criminal Evidence, (2003) 24 Michigan Journal of International Law 887-892.

Roger Hood, The Death Penalty, A Worldwide Perspective, (2003) 38 Irish Jurist n.s. 393-395.

David Hirsh, Law Against Genocide, Cosmopolitan Trials, (2005) 32 Journal of Law and Society 340-343.

Michael Mann, The Dark Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing, (2006) 82 International Affairs 384-385.

Marlies Glasius, The International Criminal Court: A Global Civil Society Achievement, Open Democracy, 17 February 2006 (http://www.opendemocracy.net/globalization-institutions_government/icc_3278.jsp).

Kevin Boyle, ed., Mary Robinson, A Voice for Human Rights, (2008) 30 Human Rights Quarterly 209–211.

John Quigley, The Genocide Convention, An International Law Analysis, (2007) 56 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 960-962.

Roger Hood & Carolyn Hoyle, The Death Penalty, A Worldwide Perspective, (2009) 31 Human Rights Quarterly 537-540.

David T. Johnson & Franklin E. Zimring, The Next Frontier: National Development, Political Change and the Death Penalty in Asia, (2010) 10 Asia Policy 198-201.

Hirad Abtahi & Philippa Webb, eds., The Genocide Convention: The Travaux Préparatoires, (2010) 104 American Journal of International Law318-324.

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Miscellaneous publications:

‘The U.N. Decade on International Law’, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Council of International Law, 1992, pp. 202-204.

‘Atrocities and the Law’, Canadian Lawyer, August-September 1993, pp. 33-36.

‘Ed Broadbent et la crise rwandaise : un rapport qui mérite d'être défendu’, La Presse, 14 September 1994, p. B3 (with André Paradis).

‘Still a Way to Go on Abolition of the Death Penalty’, Inroads, Summer 1994, pp. 156-163.

‘International Law and the Death Penalty’, (1994) 22 American Journal of Criminal Law 250-253.

‘International Law and the Death Penalty’, in The Machinery of Death, New York: Amnesty International USA, 1995, pp. 22-28.

‘Aide judiciaire - une nouvelle partie intégrante de l'aide humanitaire’, interview with Emma Bonino, (1995) 7 Revue universlle des droits de l'homme 153-157.

‘La répression des crimes contre l'humanité’, Relations, September 1995, pp. 217-219.

‘Canada's International Obligations: Protecting Minority Rights’, The Network/Le Réseau, Spring 1996, pp. 13-14.

‘Why Canada should sponsor the Italian resolution on the death penalty in the fifty-first U.N. General Assembly’, [1996] Bulletin of the Canadian Council on International Law, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 3-5.

‘Rwanda should abandon use of death penalty’, The Gazette, February 19, 1997.

‘Pardon, réconciliation et impunité’, Relations, April 1997, pp. 89-91.

‘Justice, Impunity and Accountability in Rwanda’, Inroads, Spring 1997, pp. 130-139.

‘Punishing International Criminals’, International Criminal Court Monitor, No. 6, November 1997, pp. 5, 10.

‘Children in Armed Conflict: Norms of International Humanitarian Law’, Canadian Human Rights Foundation Newsletter, Vol. XII, No. 2, pp. 1-2, 4.

‘International Criminal Court - In the Home Stretch’, Human Rights Tribune, April, 1998, Vol. 5, Nos. 1-2, pp. 6-7.

‘La sentence et l'exécution de la peine’, in Commission nationale consultative des droits de l'homme, 1997. La Lutte contre le racisme et la xenophobie, Exclusion et droits de l'Homme, Paris: La documentation française, 1998, pp. 242-248.

‘Stanley Ryerson and Québec's Enigma’, Direction, Vol. 3, No. 17, May 7, 1998.

‘Carter Center Symposium on the Death Penalty - 24 July 1997’, (1998) 14 Georgia State University Law Review 329, at pp. 427-442.

‘Helping the executioner’, The Montreal Gazette, 10 August 1998, p. B3.

‘Clémence et vérité historique’, Ubutabera, No. 46, 28 September 1998.

‘Pinochet Should be Held Accountable’, The Montreal Gazette, Oct. 28, 1998.

‘The Greatest Crime’, The Washington Times, 7 December 1998, p. A19.

‘Justice was Served’, The Montreal Gazette, 26 December 1998, p. B9.

‘Tell-tale signs of slaughter’, The National Post, 26 March 1999, p. A18.

‘Pinochet Case a Human-Rights Victory’, The Montreal Gazette, 27 March 1999, p. B5.

‘NATO Scores a Direct Hit in The Hague’, The National Post, 3 June 1999, p. A18.

‘Louise Arbour Will be Missed in The Hague’, The National Post, 11 June 1999, p. A18.

‘Looking for Justice in Cambodia’, The National Post, 23 September 1999, p. A18.

‘Remarks on Abolition of the Death Penalty’, (1999) 67 Fordham Law Review 2808-2817.

‘A Deadly Silence’, Hope Magazine, Fall 1999, No. 20, pp. 22-25.

‘Rwanda five years after the genocide’, Inroads, 1999, pp. 205-214.

‘The Lessons of Genocide’, The Ottawa Citizen, 7 December 1999.

‘When There’s No Forgetting’, Irish Red Cross Review, Vol. I, No. 1, March 2000.

‘Armenians and the ‘G’-word’, Conference on Human Rights Issuesin the Eastern Mediterranean and Asia Minor, Toronto: Hellenic Canadian Federation of Ontario, 2000, pp.55-62.

 ‘Droit international des droits de la personne: Source incontournable d’inspiration pour la Cour suprême du Canada’, Canadian Issues/Thèmes canadiens, Spring 2000, pp. 14-16.

‘Should Khmer Rouge Leaders be Prosecuted for Genocide or Crimes Against Humanity?’, Searching for the Truth, No. 22, October 2001 [in Khmer].

‘Human Rights and Terrorism’, Human Rights Tribune, Vol. 8, No. 2, p. 39.

‘Human Rights and Terrorism’, The Lawyers Weekly, Vol. 22, No. 21, p. 6.

‘Human Rights and the Reaction to Terrorism’, The Advocate, Vol. 59, No. 6, pp. 905-906.

‘Human Rights and the Reaction to Terrorism’, in No War, Tokyo, 2001, pp. 141-144 [in Japanese].

‘Genocide: New Interpretations of an Old Crime’, (2002) 14 Interights Bulletin 35-36.

‘Another Step Towards Universal Abolition Taken by the European Court of Human Rights’, International Bar Association Committee 19 News, June 2003, pp. 11-12.

‘Preface’, in Luc Reydams, Universal Jurisdiction, International and Municipal Legal Perspectives, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, pp. ix-xii.

‘Indonesia must abolish the death penalty’, Jakarta Post, 4 January 2005.

‘The right to life: The death penalty’, in Rhona K.M.Smith & Christien van den Anker, eds., The essentials of… Human Rights, London: Hodder Arnold, 2005, pp. 238-242.

‘Freedom from genocide’, in Rhona K.M. Smith & Christien van den Anker, eds., The essentials of… Human Rights, London: Hodder Arnold, 2005, pp. 140-143.

‘Conspiracy, in Dinah Shelton et al., eds., Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, Detroit etc.: Thompson Gale, 2005, pp. 200-202.

‘Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide’, in Dinah Shelton et al., eds., Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, Detroit etc.: Thompson Gale, 2005, pp. 204-205.

‘Crimes Against Humanity’, in Dinah Shelton et al., eds., Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, Detroit etc.: Thompson Gale, 2005, pp. 209-216.

‘Witch-hunts’, in Dinah Shelton et al., eds., Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, Detroit etc.: Thompson Gale, 2005, p. 881.

‘The Influence of International law and International Tribunals on Harmonized or Hybrid Systems of Criminal Procedure’, Panel discussion moderated by Leila Sadat, (2005) 4 Washington University Global Studies Law Review 651-674.

‘Does Saddam Hussein Have a Right to Represent Himself?’, pp. 87-88;  ‘Should Saddam Hussein Be Exposed to the Death Penalty?’, pp. 104-105; ‘Resignation Casts Terrible Pall over Tribunal’, p. 138; ‘Shouldn’t Saddam Hussein Be Prosecuted for the Crime of Aggression?’, pp. 225-227, in Michael P. Scharf & Gregory S. McNeal, eds., Saddam on Trial, Understanding and Debating the Iraqi High Tribunal, Durham, North Carolina: Carolina Academic Press, 2006.

‘Preventing Genocide and Mass Killing, From a Culture of Reaction to prevention’, UN Chronicle, Vol. XLIII, No. 1, pp. 62-64.

‘Commentary: But We Should Be Careful About How We Define “Guilt”’, Europe’s World, Autumn 2006, pp. 125-127.

‘Helen Fein and the Sociological Definition of Genocide’, in Joyce Apsel & Barbara Harff, eds., essays in Honour of Helen Fein, New York: International Association of Genocide Scholars, 2007, pp. 57-61.

‘Préface’, in Nadia Bernaz, Le droit international et la peine de mort, Paris: La documentation française, 2008, pp. 5-8.

‘Introduction’, in Raphael Lemkin, Axis Rule in Occupied Europe, Clark, NJ: Lawbook Exchange, 2008, pp. viii-xvi.

‘Préface’, in Alexandre Morin, Le droit à l’égalité au Canada, Montreal : LexisNexis, 2008, pp. vii-x.

‘The Genocide Convention at 60’, Crimes of War project website, 6 February 2009, http://www.crimesofwar.org/onnews/news-schabas.html

Werfel, Musa Dagh, and the Armenian Genocide’, in Adam Jones, ed., Evoking Genocide, Scholars and Activists Describe the Works That Shaped their Lives, Toronto: Key Publishing, 2009, pp. 32-34.

‘Foreword’, in Michael R. Marrus, Some Measure of Justice, The Holocaust Era Restitution Campaign of the 1990s, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2009, pp. ix-xv.

‘Ausweitung der Kampfzone, Allzweickwaffe mit Nebenwirkungen: Diue Gesichte des Genozid-Begriffs’, (2010) 1 Internationale Politik 23-27.

‘Human Rights, Capital Punishment and the EU-China Relationship’, (2010) 6 EU China Observer 8-12.

‘Commentary on: Environment and Natural Resources’, in Noëlle Quiénivet & Shilan Shah-Davis, eds., International Law and Armed Conflict, Challenges in the 21st Century, The Hague: TMC Asser Press, 2010, pp. 182-186; ‘Commentary on: Children in Armed Conflict’, in ibid., pp. 283-287.

What is Genocide? What are the Gaps in the Convention? How to Prevent Genocide?’, (2010) 47(2) Politorbis Journal 33-47.

‘Foreword’, in Robert J. Currie, International and Transnational Criminal Law, Toronto: Irwin Law, 2010, pp. xix-xxiii.

‘From the Holocaust to the Genocide Convention: A Human Rights Learning Process’, in Rainer Huhle, ed., Human Rights History, A Challenge for Education, Berlin: Stifftung EVZ, 2010, pp. 50-61.

‘Foreword’, in Tom Obokata, Transnational Organized Crime in International Law, Oxford & Portland, OR: Hart Publishing, 2010, pp. v-vii.

‘The Residential Schooling Divide’, Literary Review of Canada, Vol. 18, No. 9, November 2010, pp. 3-5.

‘Incorporating the crime of aggression: a giant step for the Court, and for international law’, EQ: EQuality of Arms Review, Vol. 2, Issue 2, November 2010, pp. 26-28.

‘Preface’, in Ludovic Hennebel and Thomas Hochmann, eds., Genocide Denials and the Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. xiii-xvi.

Human rights, capital punishment and the Commonwealth:
still behind the curve’, Opinions, January 2012, 12 pp.

‘Put North Korea on Trial’, International Herald Tribune, 26 April 2012 (with Sir Geoffrey Nice).

‘International criminal courts’, in George Ritzer, ed., The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization, Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, pp. 1114-1118 (with Yvonne McDermott).

‘Preface’, in Chantal Meloni and Gianni Tognoni, eds., Is There a Court for Gaza? A Test Bench for International Justice, The Hague: TMC Asser Press, 2012, pp. v-x.

‘Put North Korea on Trial’, The New York Times and The International Herald Tribune, 25 May 2012 (with Sir Geoffrey Nice QC).

‘Preface’, in Margaret Eastwood, The Nuremberg Trial of Julius Streicher, The Crime of “Incitement to Genocide”, Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2011, pp. i-ii.

‘Presentation of the Quinquennial Report on Capital Punishment and implementation of the safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty, 2010’, [2009-10] Cahiers de défense sociale 67-73.

‘Sobre el Informe del Secretario General de Naciones Unidas de diciembre de 2010’, in Luis Arroyo, Paloma Biglino & William Schabas, eds., Contra el espanto, Por la abolitión de la pena de muerte, Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2012, pp. 69-80.

‘Preface’, in Fannie Lafontaine, Prosecuting Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes in Canadian Courts, Toronto: Carswell, 2012, vii-ix.

‘Why is There a Need for a Convention for Crimes Against Humanity?’, in Elizabeth Anderson and David M. Crane, eds., Proceedings of the Fifth International Humanitarian Law Dialogs, Washington: American Society of International Law, 2012, pp. 251-270.

‘Foreword’, in Chile Eboe-Osuji, International Law and Sexual Violence in Armed Conflicts, Leiden and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2012,  xv-xvii.

‘Foreword’, in Mohamed Elewa Badar, The Concept of mens rea in International Criminal Law, Oxford: Hart, 2013, pp. ix-xi.

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Blogs:

‘Doctoral studies in human rights’, www.humanrightsdoctorate.blogspot.com, since July 2007, approximately 200 entries per year, regularly consulted or cited by international journalists, judges and scholars.

‘Kampala Review Conference of the International Criminal Court’ .www.iccreviewconference.blogspot.com, May-June 2010, source of daily information and commentary on the Review Conference, regularly consulted or cited by participants, journalists, observers and scholars.

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