L'ouverture des données de la recherche - aspects juridiques

Lionel Maurel
Séminaire MetSem, jeudi 3 mai 2018 de 10h à 12h
  • Image d'après mamanamsaiImage d'après mamanamsai

La prochaine séance du séminaire MetSem aura lieu le jeudi 3 mai 2018 de 10h00 à 12h00 au 98 rue de l'Université, à Paris, en salle Annick Percheron.

L'invité sera Lionel Maurel, auteur de S.I.Lex (carnet de veille et de réflexion d'un juriste et bibliothécaire), pour nous parler de l'ouverture des données de la recherche et de ses aspects juridiques.

Pour vous inscrire, rendez-vous sur http://metsem.hypotheses.org.

Résumé de la séance

Lionel MaurelDepuis le début des années 2000, la France est engagée dans un mouvement d’ouverture des données publiques, dit aussi Open Data, visant à favoriser leur diffusion sur Internet et leur libre réutilisation.

Jusqu’à une date récente, les données de recherche restaient néanmoins relativement peu concernées par ce processus. Mais l’adoption en 2016 de la Loi «République numérique» modifie la situation, avec un nouveau principe d’ouverture «par défaut» qui s’impose aux établissements de recherche, comme aux autres administrations.

Les données de recherche gardent des spécificités, notamment du point de vue de la propriété intellectuelle et qu’elles peuvent aussi contenir des données personnelles.

Comment diffuser en ligne des données de recherche et en favoriser la libre réutilisation? Quelles licences utiliser ? Quelles précautions prendre vis-à-vis de la protection de la vie privée ou de la confidentialité des sources ? A qui appartiennent réellement ces données ? Autant de questions à prendre en considération.

Ces perspectives dessinent peu à peu un nouveau paradigme pour la communication scientifique : celui de l’Open Science ou Science Ouverte qui pourrait à terme changer les conditions de production des connaissances scientifiques.

Le MetSem est proposé par : CDSP, CEVIPOF, OSC, Médialab, Chaire USPC de recherche sur les comportements politiques. 

Invisible Boundaries in Cyberspace

A Relational Approach to Understand Racial Hierarchy in the United States
Ken-Hou Lin. MaxPo SCOOPS & OSC Lunch seminar - Friday, April13th
  • Image oatawa - Internet dating, copyspace, Valentines day conceptImage oatawa - Internet dating, copyspace, Valentines day concept

MaxPo logo
SCOOPS SEMINAR MaxPo jointly with OSC

Friday, April 13th 2018 at 12:30 pm - room Goguel (27 rue St Guillaume)

Invisible Boundaries in Cyberspace:
A Relational Approach to Understand Racial Hierarchy in the United States


Ken-Hou Lin

Ken-Hou Lin
Assistant Professor of Sociology, University of Texas, Austin

                      

The internet promises a more connected world. Ken-Hou Lin is studying how social boundaries are produced and reproduced in cyberspace.

Main papers published:

Discussant Marie Bergström, INED.

Please register here.

Nordic Fields of Higher Education in International Comparison

Conference
12-13 April 2018
  • Photo: barnyz, Lund, the university library building (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)Photo: barnyz, Lund, the university library building (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

 Nordic Fields of Higher Education in International Comparison 

International Conference

Organizers
Professor Ivar Bleikeli (University of Bergen),  Professor Mikael Börjesson (University of Uppsala)  
Forsker Agnete Vabø (Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education),
Professor Agnes van Zanten (Sciences Po, OSC-LIEPP)


Higher education has been seen as one of the pillars of the welfare systems of the Nordic countries. Changes during the last three decades appear to have transformed the higher education systems in the Nordic countries into more diverse and complex national and international higher education landscapes.

What do these changes mean for the Nordic welfare state model of higher education? The conference Nordic Fields of Higher Education in International Comparison deals with this questions on basis of recent research focusing on organisational aspects and student recruitment patterns, as well as the interplay between the two. Recruitment patterns offer a key to understanding the effects of restructuring in national systems of higher education, as changes in such patterns over time provide us with indicators of changing valorisations of higher education programs, fields and types of study, and institutions. Analysing recruitment patterns also makes it possible to evaluate the function of higher education in relation to the welfare state, evidencing the role it plays in democratic goals related to equity.

Results from the Nordic countries will be related to recent trends in France and other European countries. The conference contains eight thematic sessions and four keynotes.

Venue: 98, rue de l'Université, 75007 Paris
Registration: now closed.

Contact: bernard.corminboeuf(at)sciencespo.fr

Job talks: Assistant-Professor

Inequalities, uses and consequences of digital technologies
Thursday, April 19th 2018
  • OSC - 98 rue de l'UniversitéOSC - 98 rue de l'Université

Job talks 

Recruitment for the position of Assistant Professor in sociology at Sciences Po

"Inequalities, uses and consequences of digital technologies"

Thursday, April 19th 2018, room Annick Percheron, 98 rue de l'Université 75007 Paris

 

Public part:  Presentation during 20 min. followed by questions during 20 min.

09:30  Samuel Coavoux, "Taste and context. A study of diversity and eclecticism in music consumption with log data from a streaming service"
10:15  Jen Schradie, "The Myth of Egalitarianism: Digital Inequality and the Internet’s Hidden Costs"

- break -

11:15  Tomasz Drabowicz, "Comparative Research on Digital Inequalities: Towards the Bourdieusian Perspective?"
12:00  Marina Micheli, "Digital inequality among teenagers: The role of parental socialization"

- lunch (offered) -

 

 

 

The Impact of Participation in French Students' Extracurricular Activities

Human Capital and Cultural Capital Revisited
Philippe Coulangeon, Social Forces, 2018
  • Image : Commune Val d'Ajol. Audition école de musique municipale (CC BY 2.0)Image : Commune Val d'Ajol. Audition école de musique municipale (CC BY 2.0)

Philippe Coulangeon (OSC)Philippe Coulangeon

The Impact of Participation in Extracurricular Activities on School Achievement of French Middle School Students: Human Capital and Cultural Capital Revisited 

Social Forces, Online Published 22 March 2018

Read the whole Paper on Oxford Academic Portal

CitationMost controversies in this field relate to the very nature of the impact of extracurricular activities on academic achievement, if any. The main divide is between interpretations in terms of human capital and interpretations in terms of cultural capital (Farkas 1996; Kaufman and Gabler 2004).

The impact of participation in extracurricular activities on academic success has long been studied in the social sciences. This article aims at improving the measurement and understanding of this impact. Based on panel data regression models applied to a panel of French middle school students, it first provides a robust estimation of the impact of extracurricular activities on school outcomes (marks in French and Mathematics) and on a set of cognitive and non-cognitive skills.

It finds a positive and significant impact on marks in French and Mathematics and scores on non-cognitive skills tests. No impact is found on cognitive skills.

The article then investigates the underlying mechanisms of this impact. Its findings do not reinforce the transfer paradigm, according to which extracurricular activities provide students who participate in them with skills that they can reinvest in school life. Neither does it support the notion that such an impact may primarily be the result of students’ greater connivance with the cultural standards of teachers. Instead, it seems likely that what is mainly at stake in participation in extracurricular activities is families’ unequal capacity for extending the time of school supervision in their children’s free time. Therefore, insofar as the varying participation in these activities is strongly correlated to differences in students’ social and cultural background, participation in extracurricular activities would in itself contribute to reinforcing social inequalities in school achievement.

Figure 1


Figure 1

The varying impact of participation according to the nature of extracurricular activities.

Estimated values of the regression coefficients of eight activities on marks in French and Mathematics

 

 

The data comes from a French panel of secondary school students commissioned by the statistical studies department of the French Ministry of Education (Direction de l'évaluation, de la prospective et de la performance [DEPP]). It consists of a random sample of 35,000 French students who entered the first grade of middle school (sixth grade) in September 2007. The panel database includes a large amount of information on students’ trajectories and school outcomes recorded annually. It also includes information on students’ family environment provided by two subsequent mail-out surveys submitted to students’ parents in 2008 and 2011.