Les études du CERI

Les études du CERI

Les Etudes du CERI series publishes about 10 issues per year following the strict rules of double blind peer reviewed academic publications. The editorial board is composed of members of CERI’s Unit Council.
Les Etudes du CERI is a tool for decision-making and offers to scrutinize and study the transformations of our contemporary world, in more than 200 titles addressing a variety of topics and analyzing political, social and economic questions related to a specific country/region or a global contemporary challenge. Every issue follows, and is the result of, a fieldwork undertaken by its author. In this respect, this publication illustrates CERI’s approach to area studies, based on a direct, empirical experience and methodology.
Previous and current issues are all available online, free of charge. As all publications of this website, Les Etudes du CERI is protected by copyright through the French law.

 

Series editor: Alain Dieckhoff, directeur du CERI

Editor of the journal: Judith Burko, judith.burko@sciencespo.fr, phone +33158717004

Media contact: Karolina Michel, karolina.michel@sciencespo.fr, phone+33158717007

Jean-Pierre Pagé

Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale 2010 (volume 2)
N°172
December 2010
Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Pierre Pagé

, Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale 2010 (volume 2) / Les Études du CERI, N°172, December 2010, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Jean-Pierre Pagé

Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale 2010 (volume 1)
N°171
December 2010
Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Pierre Pagé

, Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale 2010 (volume 1) / Les Études du CERI, N°171, December 2010, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
Amérique latine. Political Outlook 2010
N°169
-170
December 2010
Comment citer ce volume :

Observatoire Politique de l'Amérique latine et des Caraïbes de Sciences Po

, Amérique latine. Political Outlook 2010 / Les Études du CERI, N°169-170, December 2010, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
Algérie : les illusions de la richesse pétrolière
N°168
September 2010
Algeria, Energy / Natural resources, North Africa, Politics / Political Systems, Social policy, State, Violence, Les études du CERI

Thirty years after the nationalisation of hydrocarbons Algeria’s oil wealth seems to have disappeared judging by its absence in the country’s indicators of well being. In Algeria oil led to happiness for a few and sadness for many. The absence of controls over oil revenue led to the industries downfall. Since 2002 Algeria is again seeing oil wealth. The increase in the price per barrel from 30 to 147 dollars between 2002 and 2008 provided the country with unexpected revenue permitting it to accumulate funds estimated, in 2009, at 150 billion dollars. Abdelaziz Bouteflika, returned to a devastated Algeria to restore civil order, unexpectedly benefited from this price increase. Thus, in addition to national reconciliation he was able to offer Algeria renewed economic growth. However, given that the wounds of the 1990s are not entirely healed and the illusions of oil wealth have evaporated this unexpected return of financial abundance raises concerns. To what ends will this manna be put ? Who will control it ? Will it provoke new violence and conflict ?

Comment citer ce volume : Luis Martinez, Algérie : les illusions de la richesse pétrolière / Les Études du CERI, N°168, September 2010, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Christian Milelli, Françoise Hay

La présence chinoise et indienne en Europe : au-delà des clichés
N°167
July 2010
China, Economic transactions, Emerging States, European Union, India, Multinational corporations, Western Europe, Les études du CERI

The arrival in Europe of Chinese and Indian firms is a recent phenomenon, yet it should be viewed as one which will last as it results from the strong economic growth of these two Asian giants. In this light it is useful to spell out the principal traits of these investors which remain largely unknown in Europe outside a narrow circle of experts and which have their own unique characteristics which are, on occasion, similar; this diversity can be explained by their unique national histories. The various modes of interaction can be explained by the manner in which these enterprises establish foreign subsidies. An examination of the impact these firms have on European economies and societies can help avoid unfounded paranoia and better address possible risks. The principal message of this paper is that it is necessary methodically and periodically to follow this phenomenon which is only in its infancy.

Comment citer ce volume :

Christian Milelli, Françoise Hay

, La présence chinoise et indienne en Europe : au-delà des clichés / Les Études du CERI, N°167, July 2010, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Irène Bono

Le « phénomène participatif » au Maroc à travers ses styles d’action et ses normes
N°166
June 2010
Governance, Morocco, NGOs / Civil society, Norms, North Africa, Politics / Political Systems, Poverty, State, Les études du CERI

In Morocco describing an activity as having a « participative » character vests it with all the virtues of civil society and implies it is a panacea. The launch in 2005 of the National Initiative for Human Development (NIHD), a program calling for the mobilization of everyone in the fight against poverty, can be considered a symbol of this « participation phenomenon ». By analyzing its norms and styles of action on which they are based it is possible to discover the internal logic of the participatory phenomenon and to see how it shapes politics. The promotion of certain styles of action, those combining the virtues of civil society with the technical support of participative policies, transforms the criteria of legitimation. Also, the moral values ascribed to participation justify the violation of other social norms, both economic and political, which have nothing to do with participation. Such an approach, developed here on the basis of the INDH at El Hajeb, brings to light the complex ideology on which the subject of participation is based as well as its active and creative role in the political configurations which draw their legitimacy from the value placed on participation.

Comment citer ce volume :

Irène Bono

, Le « phénomène participatif » au Maroc à travers ses styles d’action et ses normes / Les Études du CERI, N°166, June 2010, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Lukáš Macek

Après Lisbonne, le défi de la politisation de l’Union européenne
N°165
May 2010
European Union, Governance, Politics / Political Systems, Western Europe, Les études du CERI

The ratification of the Lisbon Treaty was, in the words of Jose Manuel Barroso, “an obstacle marathon”. Its entry into force marks the end of the debate over the future of Europe begun in December 2000 at the Council of Europe in Nice. Based on an analysis of this sequence of events the authors offer a diagnosis of the crisis of legitimacy gripping the European Union. They consider that the increase in certain forms of Euroskepticism is a result of the crisis of legitimacy and propose that it be addressed by the politicization of the European political system. This politicization would permit citizens to influence the political orientation of the European Union both in terms of substance and legislative process. Several avenues are available to encourage s pour fig 1b.jpg uch politicization, relating both to institutional practices and to the conduct of political actors.

Comment citer ce volume :

Lukáš Macek

, Après Lisbonne, le défi de la politisation de l’Union européenne / Les Études du CERI, N°165, May 2010, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski

Un exemple de la gestion des minorités ethniques et religieuses dans l’armée russe : le cas des musulmans
N°164
April 2010
Identities, Religions, Russia, Russian Federation, State, Violence, Les études du CERI

The post-Soviet Russian army, having decided to maintain the draft, must address issues associated with the existence of ethnic and religious minorities; specifically the growing numbers of Muslims and the proselytizing by the Orthodox Church. The Russian Orthodox Church’s policy of blessing the troops is the source of growing discontent among the Muslim community. The two conflicts in Chechnya have further contributed to the difficulties faced by the army’s Muslim minority. However, protests by Muslim leaders have lost their legitimacy since 1999. The policies of reconciliation led by Vladimir Putin have born fruit. The Muslim religious authorities have become increasingly involved in the draft, army officers have been educated about the basic principles of Islam, and “stroibaty” have been dismantled. The management of the forces however remains a source of tension, most notably the official policy of using the reorganization of local and ethnic groups to eradicate the “dedovchtchina”. Given the growth of the Muslim population what can we expect from a move to a professional army? Will the armed forces mirror the diversity of the nation or will they be ethnically and religiously homogeneous?

Comment citer ce volume :

Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski

, Un exemple de la gestion des minorités ethniques et religieuses dans l’armée russe : le cas des musulmans / Les Études du CERI, N°164, April 2010, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Anne Daguerre

Gaps in the US Safety Net: A Challenge for the Obama Administration
N°163
February 2010
Health, North America, Politics / Political Systems, Social policy, United States, Les études du CERI

The social policy of the US welfare state is based on a liberal model of social protection. The social contract is based on the idea that individuals of working age individuals should support themselves and their dependants thanks to their earned income. However, to have a job is no longer sufficient in protecting individuals against main social risks. President Obama has been elected on the promise that he will restore the American dream, whereby individual work is rewarded by upward social mobility. However, the Obama administration faces the challenge of rising social inequality and poverty, in an extremely difficult economic context. The Great Recession has laid bare the gaps of the safety net: a growing proportion of families must choose between paying for food or rent. To understand the inadequacies of the US social protection system, it is necessary to study the structure of public assistance programmes, as well as labour market trends and the impact of the recession on low-income households. This analysis will shed light on the main characteristics of the Obama administration’s response to the economic crisis.

Comment citer ce volume :

Anne Daguerre

, Gaps in the US Safety Net: A Challenge for the Obama Administration / Les Études du CERI, N°163, February 2010, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Jean-Pierre Pagé

Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale 2009 (volume 2)
N°162
December 2009
Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Pierre Pagé

, Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale 2009 (volume 2) / Les Études du CERI, N°162, December 2009, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Jean-Pierre Pagé

Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale 2009 (volume 1)
N°161
December 2009
Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Pierre Pagé

, Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale 2009 (volume 1) / Les Études du CERI, N°161, December 2009, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Jean-Marc Siroën

L’OMC face à la crise des négociations multilatérales
N°160
December 2009
Economic transactions, Emerging States, Globalization, Governance, International organizations, Multilateralism, Multinational corporations, Les études du CERI

The latest WTO Round launched in Doha in 2001 has once again stalled. Even if an agreement were reached it is not certain it would be ratified by the US Congress. The latest delay is due in part to the changing economic context in which the negotiations are taking place, some of which changes are due to decisions made during the course of the negotiations. Governments and public opinion are increasingly in favor of bilateral negotiations in which it is possible to include new subjects rejected in the Doha multilateral negotiations. These include rules on labor and environmental standards, competition policy, investment, and government procurement. The assertiveness of emerging economies has upset the co-leadership positions of the US and the EU and argues for a new, as yet-to-be determined, negotiating process. The latest economic crisis has raised question about the objectives of the agriculture negotiations and has revealed the difficulties faced by an organization that thinks long-term of adapting to changes in the short term. This paper’s recommendations are aimed at improving the ability of the WTO to operate under current conditions and advocates the inclusion of new negotiating topics. If the principle of decision by consensus is not revised the rush to bilateralism is likely to continue, which is dangerous because of its discriminatory character.

Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Marc Siroën

, L’OMC face à la crise des négociations multilatérales / Les Études du CERI, N°160, December 2009, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Gilles Lepesant

Géographies de la crise en Europe centrale
N°159
December 2009
Austria, Bulgaria, Central and Eastern Europe, Czech Republic, Debt, Economic transactions, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Markets / Finance, Multinational corporations, Poland, Political economy, Politics / Political Systems, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Social policy, Les études du CERI

The Central European model of development has until recently rested on a low interest rates, significant increases in consumption, heavy dependence on capital inflows, open markets especially towards Western Europe, and for some specialization in cyclical industries (automobiles). The crisis has highlighted on the one hand the growing divergence between the countries of Central Europe and on the other their high level of interdependence which has necessitated cooperation in their relations with the EU. While Western Europe is unlikely to experience a repeat of the 1930s, it is possible that recovery will prove illusory as it did between the two world wars. Witness the case of the automobile sector which became a major contributor to GDP and source of in Central Europe but whose future prospects are uncertain. Regional policies of which new member states are the beneficiaries should, in theory, encourage innovation, pro-employment policies, and sustainable development as means to ensuring recovery

Comment citer ce volume :

Gilles Lepesant

, Géographies de la crise en Europe centrale / Les Études du CERI, N°159, December 2009, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Adeline Braux

Politique migratoire et gestion de la diversité culturelle en Russie : l’exemple de Moscou
N°158
November 2009
Borders, Demography, Diasporas, Identities, Law, Migrations, Nationalism, Russia, Russian Federation, Social policy, Les études du CERI

Hostile, sometimes even xenophobic discourse towards migrants remains generally the norm in Russia. However, the Russian Federation’s migration policy appears relatively flexible, particularly in regards to the member countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), whose nationals benefit from simplified procedures when it comes to entering Russian territory and obtaining a work permit. Russian authorities, reticent after the Western Europe experience, intend therefore to promote labor immigration and limit family immigration. At the same time, in order to encourage the cohesion of the Russian nation as a whole, the Russian Federation intends to undertake an ambitious policy to promote cultural diversity, including both the many different constituent groups among Russians and the immigrant communities in Russia. This multiculturalism “à la russe” recalls the “folklorization” during the Soviet period involving the cultures and traditions of the Soviet Union’s different populations. In the absence of a real political directive a the federal level, local authorities have been more active on the matter, notably in Moscow.

Comment citer ce volume :

Adeline Braux

, Politique migratoire et gestion de la diversité culturelle en Russie : l’exemple de Moscou / Les Études du CERI, N°158, November 2009, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
Les organisations internationales et la gestion des risques et des catastrophes « naturels »
N°157
September 2009
Disasters, Environment, Expertise, Governance, Health, International humanitarian law, International organizations, International security, Multilateralism, NGOs / Civil society, Risks, Les études du CERI

“Natural” risks and catastrophes appeared in the international arena in the early 1990s. A real « world » of “natural” catastrophes has emerged internationally and has become more and more institutionalized. This study raises questions such as: how has this space been built? How do actors legitimize its necessity? What does it tell us about the way the contemporary world manages fears globally? A diachronic approach of this double process of internationalization and institutionalization allows the author to situate the phenomenon in the historical and global context, and notably of a context of transformation of the notion of security. The sociological analysis of the main multilateral organizations that contribute to forming this space invites us to apprehend the various lines of tension that cross over, and to foresee its complexity. Despite the many attempts to make this space appear as a “community” of sense and practices, strong disparities characterize the actors’ approaches.

Comment citer ce volume : Sandrine Revet, Les organisations internationales et la gestion des risques et des catastrophes « naturels » / Les Études du CERI, N°157, September 2009, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].