Les études du CERI

Les études du CERI

Les Etudes du CERI series publishes about 10 issues per year following the strict rules of double blind peer reviewed academic publications. The editorial board is composed of members of CERI’s Unit Council.
Les Etudes du CERI is a tool for decision-making and offers to scrutinize and study the transformations of our contemporary world, in more than 200 titles addressing a variety of topics and analyzing political, social and economic questions related to a specific country/region or a global contemporary challenge. Every issue follows, and is the result of, a fieldwork undertaken by its author. In this respect, this publication illustrates CERI’s approach to area studies, based on a direct, empirical experience and methodology.
Previous and current issues are all available online, free of charge. As all publications of this website, Les Etudes du CERI is protected by copyright through the French law.

 

Series editor: Alain Dieckhoff, directeur du CERI

Editor of the journal: Judith Burko, judith.burko@sciencespo.fr, phone +33158717004

Media contact: Karolina Michel, karolina.michel@sciencespo.fr, phone+33158717007

Leila Seurat

Public Order and Community Policing in Beirut. Ras Beirut Police Station as a Case Study
N°222
July 2016
Crime, Fight against crime and corruption, Governance, Lebanon, Middle East, NGOs / Civil society, Security policy, Sociology, State, Transnational actors, Violence, Les études du CERI

Yet there is ample literature devoted to the sociology of the police in the western world, little research focuses on Arab countries. This study tries to fill this gap by offering an ethnographic study of Ras Beirut police station, the first and the only police station in Lebanon that has been reformed according to the community policing model. The academic works focusing on the importation of this model in developing countries point out how difficult it is to implement and emphasize its negative outcomes due to the local characteristics of each country. Fragmented on a sectarian and a political ground, Lebanon remains a perfect field to explore this hypothesis. Indeed the divisions of the Lebanese state weaken the interactions between the public and the private security forces. Nevertheless, many others factors, beyond the religious and the political divisions, explain Ras Beirut’s failure. The internal dynamics at work inside the police station and the influence of the patronage networks reduce considerably the chances of its success.

Comment citer ce volume :

Leila Seurat

, Public Order and Community Policing in Beirut. Ras Beirut Police Station as a Case Study / Les Études du CERI, N°222, July 2016, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

avec la collaboration de Madhi Mehraeen et Ibrahim Tavalla

War, Reconstruction of the State and Invention of Tradition in Afghanistan
N°221
Afghanistan, Caucasus / Central Asia, Conflict resolution, History, Identities, NGOs / Civil society, Peace / Peacekeeping, Political order, Religions, Sociology, State, Violence, Wars / Conflicts, Anthropology, Les études du CERI

War since 1979 and the reconstruction of the state under Western tutelage since 2001 have led to a simplification of the identity of Afghan society, through an invention of ethnicity and tradition – a process behind which the control or the ownership of the political and economic resources of the country are at stake. Hazarajat is a remarkable observation site of this process. Its forced integration into the nascent Afghan state during the late nineteenth century has left a mark on its history. The people of Hazara, mainly Shi’ite, has been relegated to a subordinate position from which it got out of progressively, only by means of jihad against the Soviet occupation in the 1980s and the US intervention in 2001, at the ost of an ethnicization of its social and political consciousness. Ethnicity, however, is based on a less communitarian than unequal moral and political economy. Post-war aid to state-building has polarized social relations, while strengthening their ethnicization: donors and NGOs remain prisoners of a cultural, if not orientalist approach to the country that they thereby contribute to “traditionalize”, while development aid destabilizes the “traditional” society by accelerating its monetization and commodification.

Comment citer ce volume : Fariba Adelkhah

avec la collaboration de Madhi Mehraeen et Ibrahim Tavalla

, War, Reconstruction of the State and Invention of Tradition in Afghanistan / Les Études du CERI, N°221, , [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
Looking into Eurasia - A review of 2015: the year in politics
N°219
-220
February 2016
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Caucasus / Central Asia, Demography, Economic transactions, Economy, Energy / Natural resources, European Union, Europeanization, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Middle East, Migrations, Nationalism, Political economy, Political science, Regional integration, Religions, Russia, Russian Federation, Sovereignty, State, Tajikistan, Terrorism, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Western Europe, Les études du CERI

"Looking into Eurasia" provides some keys to understand the events and phenomena that have left their imprint on a region that has undergone major mutation since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991: the post-soviet space. With a cross-cutting approach that is no way claims to be exhaustive, this study seeks to identify the key drivers, the regional dynamics and the underlying issues at stake.

Comment citer ce volume :

Anne de Tinguy (Dir.)

, Looking into Eurasia - A review of 2015: the year in politics / Les Études du CERI, N°219-220, February 2016, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
Amérique latine - L’année politique 2015
N°217
-218
December 2015
Comment citer ce volume : , Amérique latine - L’année politique 2015 / Les Études du CERI, N°217-218, December 2015, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Denise Fisher

One Among Many: Changing Geostrategic Interests and Challenges for France in the South Pacific
N°216
December 2015
Australia, Colonization/Decolonization, Oceania, Political economy, Political science, Les études du CERI

France, which is both an external and resident South Pacific power by virtue of its possessions there, pursues, or simply inherits, multiple strategic benefits. But the strategic context has changed in recent years. China's increased presence; consequent changes in the engagement of the US, Japan and Taiwan; and the involvement of other players in the global search for resources, means that France is one of many more with influence and interests in a region considered by some as a backwater. These shifts in a way heighten the value of France's strategic returns, while impacting on France's capacity to exert influence and pursue its own objectives in the region. At the same time, France is dealing with demands for greater autonomy and even independence from its two most valuable overseas possessions on which its influence is based, New Caledonia and French Polynesia. How it responds to these demands will directly shape the nature of its future regional presence, which is a strategic asset.

Comment citer ce volume :

Denise Fisher

, One Among Many: Changing Geostrategic Interests and Challenges for France in the South Pacific / Les Études du CERI, N°216, December 2015, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Dilek Yankaya

Industrial Exhibition, Network Production and Construction of Imaginaries : the International Müsiad Fair and Representations of the Turkish State
N°215
November 2015
Balkans, Political science, Sociology, Turkey, Les études du CERI

Müsiad International Fair held in Istanbul in 2014 aroused great public interest due to the strong presence of political elites as well as to the mobilization of a large network of institutions, firms and media partners. International exhibitions are relevant fields to explore the formation of trade circuits and the creation of sociabilities, as well as to question the political and international issues central to the construction of trade networks and markets. This event appears as the representation of the Turkish state as it is formed under the AKP power. We witness a double trend of reconfiguration and of internationalization of the state constituting processes through the phenomena of increased interactions between private enterprise and public action on one side and the shrinkage of patronage networks on the other. Participating to this event therefore becomes a question of legitimization and delegitimization for private actors regarding these networks of power, the production of which is based on the presentation of economic and industrial productions and goes together with the creation of Imaginaries. The ethnographic study of the fair shows how industrial, cultural and symbolic representations bring about the production of two types of Imaginary, one related to the reinvention of the idea of the ummah across merchant networks and the other referring to the supremacy of Turkey as the carrier of this project.

Comment citer ce volume :

Dilek Yankaya

, Industrial Exhibition, Network Production and Construction of Imaginaries : the International Müsiad Fair and Representations of the Turkish State / Les Études du CERI, N°215, November 2015, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Alvaro Artigas

Energy Insecurity in South America : Network Development and Sectoral Integration in Chile and Peru
N°214
October 2015
Chile, Economic transactions, Economy, Energy / Natural resources, Latin America and the Caribbean, Peru, Political economy, Regional integration, Les études du CERI

The South American continent has experienced a robust economic growth presently overshadowed by an uneven energy integration that fails to meet both an ever-growing industrial and metropolitan demand. Several integration mechanisms co-exist, but a poor integration layout threatens the energy security of the region and individual countries. Several factors contribute to this. Firstly, the very template of regional integration has failed to deliver a valid set of supranational coordination mechanisms aimed at coordinating and sorting out disputes among individual countries. Secondly, national States tie security to self-sufficiency in the face of mutual distrust, thus rendering potential advantages of market and networks integration a less desirable choice. The example of Chile and Peru integration drive reveals many of these dynamics while showing at the same time the windfalls of a transversal sectoral coordination over diplomatic exchange by individual states. What is the potential for an alternative template where the State will play a less intrusive role while consigning territorial disagreements backstage?

Comment citer ce volume :

Alvaro Artigas

, Energy Insecurity in South America : Network Development and Sectoral Integration in Chile and Peru / Les Études du CERI, N°214, October 2015, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Alice Ekman

Informal Relations Between Beijing and Taipei: The Expansion of Academic Diplomacy in the Taiwan Strait
N°213
September 2015
Borders, China, Identities, Nationalism, Southeast Asia, Sovereignty, State, Taiwan, Les études du CERI

Since the Kuomintang returned to power in 2008, Beijing has adjusted its communication strategy towards Taiwan, while maintaining the same long-term goal of reunification. This strategy of rapprochement by seduction rather than by threat promotes the rapid growth of exchanges between the Chinese and Taiwanese populations at all levels: students, tourists, farmers, businessmen, academics, retired diplomats and military, politicians, etc. Especially, the multiplication of meetings between academics of both countries is creating new channels of communication over the Strait, allowing on the one hand to compensate for the lack of formal diplomacy between Beijing and Taipei, and on the other hand to compete with informal diplomatic links existing between Taiwan and several of its partners (US and Japan, mainly). These communication channels could ultimately reinforce Beijing’s strategy – and China keeps investing heavily in their development – but could also be used as a conduit to prevent and to manage crisis would tensions reappear in the Strait.

Comment citer ce volume :

Alice Ekman

, Informal Relations Between Beijing and Taipei: The Expansion of Academic Diplomacy in the Taiwan Strait / Les Études du CERI, N°213, September 2015, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Gilles Lepesant

Between Europeanization and fragmentation, what model of development for the Ukrainian territory?
N°212
June 2015
Borders, Central and Eastern Europe, European Union, Europeanization, Memory and politics of the past, Nationalism, Russia, Russian Federation, Sovereignty, State, Territory, Ukraine, Wars / Conflicts, Western Europe, Les études du CERI

One week before the third Eastern Partnership summit in Vilnius on November 28-29, 2013, Ukraine suspended the preparation of an association agreement with the European Union, which had been under negotiation since 2007. When the agreement was finally signed in June 2014, President Yanukovych had fled the country under people’s pressure, and the integrity of Ukraine was challenged in the East by separatists and their Russian allies. These events came paradoxically at a time when the country's cohesion seemed stronger than in the 1990s. Far from being divided into two parts, Ukraine consists of the pieces of broken empires that all have good reasons to join in the state, as recent as this one may be. Indeed, its geography, electoral or economic, does not show a split between two blocks, but various lines of division that do not necessarily herald the breaking up of the state. Since the independence, this diversity had never been translated into new institutions: for several reasons, the reshaping of the centralized regime inherited from the Soviet era was deemed untimely by the country’s political forces. Presented as a priority by the members of the Parliament elected in 2014, the reform of territorial government is being implemented while Ukraine’s driving regions are either paralyzed or threatened by war.

Comment citer ce volume :

Gilles Lepesant

, Between Europeanization and fragmentation, what model of development for the Ukrainian territory? / Les Études du CERI, N°212, June 2015, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Tanja Mayrgündter

The “Enlargement paradox”: Intergovernmental Supranationalism Survives despite the Winds of Change
N°211
April 2015
European Union, Political science, Politics / Political Systems, Transnational, Western Europe, Les études du CERI

In the last decade, the EU has been challenged by major phenomena, such as the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the economic and financial crisis. Unlike other policy areas, where the logic of action and institutional interplays have consequently changed, enlargement constitutes a “paradox”, having largely been resistant to such impact factors. That is, “intergovernmental supranationalism” has remained the dominant feature of the enlargement polity, politics and policy. Even though the overall result has not changed, there has been change in the configuration among the intergovernmental and the supranational elements. That is, while on the one hand intergovernmental forces have increased, on the other hand, all three dimensions have primarily been hit by the “technicality turn”, consequently fostering the supranational momentum. Finally, an overall new balance has been reached under the “old” intergovernmental supranational umbrella.

Comment citer ce volume :

Tanja Mayrgündter

, The “Enlargement paradox”: Intergovernmental Supranationalism Survives despite the Winds of Change / Les Études du CERI, N°211, April 2015, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

Tableau de bord des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale et d’Eurasie 2014 (Volume 2 : Eurasie)
N°210
December 2014
Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

, Tableau de bord des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale et d’Eurasie 2014 (Volume 2 : Eurasie) / Les Études du CERI, N°210, December 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale et d'Eurasie 2014 (Volume 1 : Europe centrale et orientale)
N°209
December 2014
Comment citer ce volume :

Jean-Pierre Pagé (dir.)

, Tableau de bord des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale et d'Eurasie 2014 (Volume 1 : Europe centrale et orientale) / Les Études du CERI, N°209, December 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
Amérique latine L’année politique 2014
N°207
-208
December 2014
Les études du CERI

  No Abstract  

Comment citer ce volume :

Une publication de l’Observatoire politique de l’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes

, Amérique latine L’année politique 2014 / Les Études du CERI, N°207-208, December 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].

Francesco Ragazzi

Towards a « policed multiculturalism » ? Counter-radicalization in France, Netherlands and the United Kingdom
N°206
September 2014
Crime, European Union, Fight against crime and corruption, France, Netherlands, Security policy, Terrorism, United Kingdom, Violence, Western Europe, Les études du CERI

The French government recently announced a plan to « fight against radicalization », and a series of measures aimed at preventing the passage to violence. Although the term is not entirely new to the French political language, it marks a departure from an anti-terrorism policy justified mainly by a judicial approach and enforced in great part through administrative measures. France is thus moving closer to the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, who have developed such policies since the mid-2000s. Yet what is, exactly, the « fight against radicalization »? How can we explain this new approach of the French government? And what can we learn from a decade of experiences of these two European countries? This study shows that the concept of radicalization serves as an effective discourse to legitimize police action beyond its usual areas of competence, investing many areas of diversity management such as education, religion, and social policies. The study traces the diffusion of the discourse through European institutions and analyzes, through the notion of « policed multiculturalism », the effects of its legal, administrative and preventive forms.

Comment citer ce volume :

Francesco Ragazzi

, Towards a « policed multiculturalism » ? Counter-radicalization in France, Netherlands and the United Kingdom / Les Études du CERI, N°206, September 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].
A Decade of AKP Power in Turkey: Towards a Reconfiguration of Modes of Government?
N°205
July 2014
Balkans, Political science, Politics / Political Systems, Regulation, Social policy, Sociology, Turkey, Les études du CERI

The Justice and Development Party (JDP) has been in power in Turkey since 2002, consolidating its electoral support among an array of social groups ranging from broad appeal among the popular classes to business leaders and a growing middle class. The success of the JDP is a consequence of the manner in which the party inserted itself into certain economic and social sectors. While the party has internalized the principles of reducing the public sphere and outsourcing to the private sector, it has not restricted the reach of government intervention. On the contrary, it has become increasingly involved in certain sectors, including social policy and housing. It has managed this through an indirect approach that relies on intermediaries and private allies such as the businesses and associations that is has encouraged. In this way, the JDP has developed and systematized modes of redistribution that involve the participation of conservative businessmen who benefit from their proximity to the decision-makers, charitable organizations, and underprivileged social groups. These public policies have reconfigured different social sectors in a way that has strengthened the Party’s influence.

Comment citer ce volume : Elise Massicard, A Decade of AKP Power in Turkey: Towards a Reconfiguration of Modes of Government? / Les Études du CERI, N°205, July 2014, [en ligne, www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/papier/etude].