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190404 - Data, Platforms & Cities
Je, 2019-04-04 17:00 - 20:00
Conference "Cities and Digital Technology Chair": Data, Platforms & Cities (PDF, 171 Ko)
Organized by Sciences Po, Urban School and Centre for European Studies and Comparative Politics
Thursday 4 April 2019, 5–8 pm, Sciences Po, Amphitheater Jacques Chapsal 27 rue Saint-Guillaume, 75007
How do data and algorithms transform relationships between actors within cities? How do digital companies aim to manage our daily lives as city dwellers and workers? How does it feel to be managed by an algorithm? What is Google's vision of urban planning? What alternatives can be considered? This conference aims to question the dynamics of power in cities linked to the accumulation of data by digital platforms. First, Alex Rosenblat will present her four-years ethnographic research on Uber drivers’ working conditions. Then, Bianca Wylie will expose the controversial project of Sidewalk Labs, a subsidiary of the Alphabet group (Google), which plans to create Toronto's neighbourhood of the future.
Alex Rosenblat: Uberland: How Algorithms are Rewriting the Rules of Work
Alex Rosenblat is a technology ethnographer and author of Uberland: How Algorithms are Rewriting the Rules of Work (University of California Press, 2018). A researcher at the Data & Society Research Institute, her research has received attention worldwide, and has been covered in the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, MIT Technology Review, WIRED, New Scientist, and the Guardian. Among the scholarly and professional publications in which her prize- winning work has been published are the International Journal of Communications and the Columbia Law Review.
Bianca Wylie: Sidewalk Toronto and Smart City Data
Bianca Wylie is an open government advocate with a dual background in technology and public engagement. She is the co-founder of Tech Reset Canada and a Senior Fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation in the Global Economy program. In 2014, Bianca founded the Open Data Institute Toronto. She is a columnist, guest lecturer, and speaker on open government and public sector technology policy. She is among the most prominent voices of opposition to Sidewalk Labs’ vision for Toronto.
Discussion: Valérie Peugeot, Digital Studies Researcher at Orange Labs
Principal Investigator and Contact: email@example.com
Compulsory registration before April 1st, 2019 - For the external people to Sciences Po: You will have to arrive 10 minutes before the beginning of the seminar and to provide you with your identity papers)
190404 - Do Socially Responsible Corporations Pay Taxes?
Je, 2019-04-04 12:30 - 14:30
Thursday 4 April 2019, 12.30 - 2.30 pm, Sciences Po, Salle du Conseil, 13 rue de l’université, 75007 Paris
The social responsibilities of for-profit corporations have gained importance recently, and CSR (corporate social responsibility) has become both a goal and a set of guidelines for various corporate activities. CSR encompasses a number of dimensions, including environmental impacts, treatment of employees, and relations to local communities. Here we consider the relationship between CSR and corporate taxes: do firms that are “good citizens” also pay higher taxes? Is it the social responsibility of firms to help pay for public services? Focusing on the percentile rank of effective tax rates, and using random effects panel regression of a data set of publicly-traded U.S. firms that includes measures of CSR and many financial variables, we find that the relationship between CSR and taxation is a complicated one that warrants further investigation. Strong corporate governance, a typical component of CSR, is associated with lower tax rates, suggesting that responsibility to shareholders conflicts with broader social responsibilities.
Speaker: Bruce G. Carruthers, Visiting Fellow, Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study, John D. MacArthur Professor, Department of Sociology, Northwestern University
The areas of interest of his research include comparative and historical sociology, economy and society, sociology of law and sociology of organizations. His current research projects include a study of the historical evolution of credit as a problem in the sociology of trust, regulatory arbitrage, what modern derivatives markets reveal about the relationship between law and capitalism, and the regulation of credit for poor people in early 20th Century America. He has had visiting fellowships at the Russell Sage Foundation, the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, the Institute for Advanced Study in Berlin, and received a John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship. He is methodologically agnostic, and does not believe that the qualitative/ quantitative distinction is worth fighting over.
Marie-Laure Salles Djelic, Dean of the Sciences Po School of Management and Innovation and researcher at theCenter for the Sociology of Organizations
Matthias Thiemann, Sciences Po, CEE
Compulsory registration - For the external people to Sciences Po: You will have to arrive 10 minutes before the beginning of the seminar and to provide you with your identity papers)
*Key Theme: The transformations of Capitalism